George North, 3rd Earl of Guilford

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George Augustus North, 3rd Earl of Guilford, FRS (11 September 1757 – 20 April 1802), known as the Honourable George North until 1790 and as Lord North from 1790 to 1792, was a British politician.

Guilford was the eldest son of Prime Minister Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (commonly known as Lord North), and his wife Anne (née Speke). He was elected to the House of Commons for Harwich in 1778, a seat he held until 1784, and then represented Wootton Bassett from 1784 to 1790, Petersfield in 1790 and Banbury from 1790 to 1792. The latter year he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords. He was a supporter of his father's policies during the American War of Independence which came under attack from all sides. He was given the honorary post of Captain of Deal Castle in 1786, which he held until his death. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1782.[1]

Lord Guilford married firstly Maria Frances Mary, daughter of George Hobart, 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire, in 1785. After Maria's death in 1794, North remarried in 1796 to Susan, daughter of Thomas Coutts. It was while courting his second wife that Guilford sustained a spinal injury in a fall from his horse and died from lingering illness that resulted in April 1802, aged 44.[2] On his death his junior title of Baron North fell into abeyance between his daughters while he was succeeded in the earldom by his younger brother, Francis. The Countess of Guilford died in 1837.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Fellow Details". Royal Society. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  2. ^ [1] History of Parliament Online article.

References[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Edward Harvey
John Robinson
Member of Parliament for Harwich
1778–1784
With: John Robinson
Succeeded by
John Robinson
Thomas Orde
Preceded by
Henry St John
William Strahan
Member of Parliament for Wootton Bassett
1784–1790
With: Robert Seymour Conway
Succeeded by
John Thomas Stanley
The Viscount Downe
Preceded by
William Jolliffe
The Viscount Downe
Member of Parliament for Petersfield
1790
With: William Jolliffe
Succeeded by
William Jolliffe
Marquess of Titchfield
Preceded by
Lord North
Member of Parliament for Banbury
1790–1792
Succeeded by
Frederick North
Court offices
Preceded by
James Harris
Secretary and Comptroller to Queen Charlotte
1780–1784
Succeeded by
Hon. Richard Howard
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Frederick North
Earl of Guilford
1792–1802
Succeeded by
Francis North
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Frederick North
Baron North
1792–1802
Succeeded by
Abeyant, finally terminated in favour of Susan North, 10th Baroness North in 1841, again abeyant since 1941 after the death of the 13th Baron.