George North, 3rd Earl of Guilford
The Earl of Guildford
|Member of Parliament for Banbury|
|Preceded by||Lord North|
|Succeeded by||Frederick North|
|Member of Parliament for Petersfield|
Serving with William Jolliffe
|Preceded by||William Jolliffe|
The Viscount Downe
|Succeeded by||William Jolliffe|
Marquess of Titchfield
|Member of Parliament for Wootton Bassett|
Serving with Robert Seymour Conway
|Preceded by||Henry St John|
|Succeeded by||John Thomas Stanley|
The Viscount Downe
|Member of Parliament for Harwich|
Serving with John Robinson
|Preceded by||Edward Harvey|
|Succeeded by||John Robinson|
George Augustus North
11 September 1757
|Died||20 April 1802(aged 44)|
Lady Maria Frances Mary Hobart
(m. 1785; died 1794)
|Parents||Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford|
Guilford was the eldest son of Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (commonly known as Lord North) who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782, and his wife Anne (née Speke), Ranger of Bushy Park from 1771 to 1797. Among his siblings was Francis North (later the 4th Earl), Catherine Anne North (wife of Sylvester Douglas, 1st Baron Glenbervie), Lady Charlotte North (wife of Lt.-Col. The Hon. John Lindsay, a son of the 5th Earl of Balcarres), Frederick North (later the 5th Earl), and Lady Anne North (wife of John Baker-Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield).
His paternal grandfather was Francis North, 1st Earl of Guilford. His mother was the daughter and heiress of George Speke of White Lackington, by his third wife Anne Peer-Williams (a daughter of William Peer-Williams).
The latter year he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords. He was a supporter of his father's policies during the American War of Independence which came under attack from all sides. He was given the honorary post of Captain of Deal Castle in 1786, which he held until his death. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1782.
Lord Guilford married firstly Lady Maria Frances Mary Hobart, daughter of George Hobart, 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire, on 24 September 1785. Before her death on 23 April 1794, they were the parents of one child, a daughter:
- Lady Maria North (1793–1841), who married, as his first wife, John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess of Bute, in 1818.
After Lady Maria's death, North remarried on 28 February 1796 to Susan, daughter of Thomas Coutts, founder of the banking house of Coutts & Co. with his brother, James Coutts, MP for Edinburgh. Together, they were the parents of:
- Lady Susan North (1797–1884), later suo jure Baroness North.
- Lady Georgiana North (d. 1835), who died unmarried.
It was while courting his second wife that Guilford sustained a spinal injury in a fall from his horse and died from lingering illness that resulted in April 1802, aged 44. He was buried at Wroxton in County Oxford. On his death his junior title of Baron North fell into abeyance between his daughters while he was succeeded in the earldom by his younger brother, Francis. The Countess of Guilford died in 1837.
- "Guilford, Earl of (GB, 1752)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
- "NORTH, George Augustus (1757-1802), of Wroxton Abbey, nr. Banbury, Oxon". www.histparl.ac.uk. History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
- "Fellow Details". Royal Society. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1895). . Dictionary of National Biography. 41. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage.[unreliable source]