George Owen of Henllys
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He was born the eldest son to Elizabeth Herbert and William Owen in Henllys of the parish of Nevern, which is located near Newport, Pembrokeshire. William Owen was a wealthy Welsh lawyer who purchased the Lordship of Kemys, and the family dwelled in a Tudor manor house. At the time of George's birth the records indicate his father was 82 and the heir to the barony of Kemys. William Owen died at 102 years old in 1574, when George was 15.
Lordship of Kemys
George Owen was educated in law at the Inns of Court in London. After he was married he inherited his father's estate. Later he would further add to the family estate, including the Lordship of Kemys. However he spent considerable time fighting a series of lawsuits against family enemies in the county over ownership of manorial franchises.
During his life span he collected antiquarian information about Wales, including the heraldry, genealogy and historical buildings and structures. He also studied the topography of the county of Pembrokeshire and other parts of Wales. During his studies he performed observations of the geology of Wales, including the strata of limestone and coal. Although he did not actually form geological theories about the formations of these strata, he has earned a certain reputation as the progenitor of British geology.
He was a literary man who was reflective of this period of interest in history and antiquities during the Elizabeth era. He associated with a small circle of writers in Pembrokeshire, and was the patron to numerous Welsh bards.
From 1587 until 1590 he served as the Deputy Lieutenant of Pembrokeshire, and he reprised this role from 1595 until 1601. In this service he was responsible for the military defensive, including the fortification of Milford Haven against possible Spanish invasion, and he trained the local militia for the county. He also served as the High Sheriff of Pembrokeshire in 1587 and 1602.
- A Dialogue of the present Government of Wales, 1594.
- The Number of the Hundreds, Castells, Parish Churches and ffayres...in all the Shiers of Wales later more commonly called the Description of Wales, 1602.
- The Description of Penbrokshire, 1603. Reprinted in Cambrian Register, Volume 2, 1799
- a map of Pembrokeshire (1602), which was published in the sixth edition of the Britannia (1607).
- B. G. Charles, George Owen of Henllys: A Welsh Elizabethan (NLW, 1973).
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1895). "Owen, George (d.1665)". Dictionary of National Biography. 42. London: Smith, Elder & Co.