George Paulet, 12th Marquess of Winchester

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George Paulet, 12th Marquess of Winchester (7 June 1722 – 22 April 1800), known as George Paulet or Powlett until 1794, was an English courtier and nobleman.

Early life[edit]

George was the eighth and youngest son of Norton Powlett or Paulet (d. 1741), of Amport. Norton was the grandson of Lord Henry Paulet, of Amport, and the great-grandson of William Paulet, 4th Marquess of Winchester.[1]

Peerage[edit]

Lord Harry Powlett, the 6th Duke of Bolton and 11th Marquess of Winchester, was George's third cousin once removed. George's elder brother was heir apparent to the title, Marquess of Winchester. As George's brother predeceased him, upon the death of Lord Harry Powlett on 25 December 1794, George succeeded to the title as the 12th Marquess of Winchester.[1]

Career[edit]

Paulet held a series of court posts. On 29 October 1750, he was appointed an Extra Gentleman Usher Daily Waiter to Frederick, Prince of Wales, and served until the Prince's death in 1751.[2] From 1758 to 1772, he was a Gentleman Usher Quarterly Waiter to Frederick's widow, Augusta, Dowager Princess of Wales.[3] In 1761, Paulet was appointed High Sheriff of Hampshire.

He was elected Member of Parliament for Winchester as a Tory in 1765, after his third cousin once removed, Lord Harry Powlett, succeeded as Duke of Bolton in July. At the time, his only surviving brother, William, a naval officer, was heir presumptive to the Duke's marquessate of Winchester, although the Duke had taken a second wife in April of that year. Later in 1765, Paulet was appointed Groom Porter to King George III on 23 December 1765, holding the office until it was abolished on 14 November 1782.[4] By the time Paulet left Parliament in 1774, his brother had died and he had become heir presumptive to the Duke.

In 1793, Paulet was the first commissioner for the Lord-Lieutenancy of Hampshire, formerly held by the Duke of Bolton, and in the following year, succeeded as Marquess of Winchester upon the Duke's death (the dukedom becoming extinct). Appointed Vice-Admiral of Dorset and of Hampshire in 1797, he died in 1800 and was succeeded in the marquessate by his eldest son Charles.[1]

Personal life[edit]

On 7 January 1762, he married Martha Ingoldsby (d. 1796), by whom he had three children:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Cracroft's Peerage. 
  2. ^ "Household of Prince Frederick 1729-51". Institute for Historical Research. 2010-08-17. 
  3. ^ "Household of Princess Augusta 1736-72". Institute for Historical Research. 2010-08-17. 
  4. ^ Robert Bucholz (2010-08-17). "Database of Court Officers". 
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Penton
Lord Harry Powlett
Member of Parliament for Winchester
1765–1774
With: Henry Penton
Succeeded by
Henry Penton
Lovell Stanhope
Court offices
Preceded by
Robert Wood
Groom Porter
1765–1782
Office abolished
Honorary titles
Preceded by
William Bennett
High Sheriff of Hampshire
1761
Succeeded by
Thomas Gatehouse
Vacant
Title last held by
The Duke of Bolton
Vice-Admiral of Dorset
1797–1800
Vacant
Vice-Admiral of Hampshire
1797–1800
Vacant
Title next held by
The Lord Bolton
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Harry Powlett
Marquess of Winchester
1794–1800
Succeeded by
Charles Paulet