George Paxinos

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George Paxinos

Paxinos Brain.jpg
Yiorgos Paxinos (Γιώργος Παξινός)

(1944-12-06) 6 December 1944 (age 74)
Ithaca, Greece
Alma mater

George Paxinos AO FASSA FAA (Greek: Γιώργος Παξινός, born 6 December 1944) is a Greek Australian neuroscientist, born in Ithaca, Greece. He completed his BA in psychology at the University of California at Berkeley and his PhD at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. After a postdoctoral year at Yale University, he moved to the School of Psychology of the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. He is currently an NHMRC Senior Principal Research Fellow at Neuroscience Research Australia and Scientia Professor of Psychology and Medical Sciences at the University of New South Wales.

He is a fellow of the Australian Academy of Science and the Royal Society of New South Wales, and a corresponding member of the Academy of Athens.

Personal life[edit]

He has two children.


Paxinos has published 46 research books, 145 refereed journal articles, 30 book chapters, and 17 CDROMs.[1] He has identified 90 nuclei (areas) in the rat and human brains. Comparing rats and humans, he has identified 61 homologous nuclei. He has identified 180 nuclei and homologies in birds. He was the first to produce a reliable stereotaxic space for the brain of rats, mice, and primates — a factor fueling the explosion in neuroscience research since the 1980s. He developed the first comprehensive nomenclature and ontology for the brain, covering humans, birds, and developing mammals.


Most scientists working on the relation between the human brain and neurologic or psychiatric diseases (or animal models of these diseases) use Paxinos's maps and concepts of brain organisation.[citation needed] His human brain atlases are the most accurate available for identification of deep structures and are used in surgical theatres.[citation needed]

Citation record and grant support[edit]

In the field of neuroscience, he is the author of the most cited publication internationally (The Rat Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates; Paxinos and Watson, 1986.).[2][3] This is the third most cited book in science after Molecular Cloning and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

He holds two National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) project grants. He is a chief investigator at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Integrative Brain Function (20 million)Template:Currency? and of the NIH grant "Towards quantitative cell type-based mapping of the whole mouse brain" (USD160,588 for GP).

Until 2013, he held an NHMRC Australia Fellowship ($4 million) with UNSW support ($1.5 million) as well as two grants from NIH (USD150,000 and USD528,951). He was a member of the first International Consortium for Brain Mapping. Unlike most academic books, some of his atlases have been commercially successful; he was able to obtain grants for his laboratory from the publishers development to fund eight prizes from book royalties.[clarification needed]

Editorial boards of international refereed journals[edit]

Paxinos has served on 14 journal editorial boards, including Frontiers in Neuroanatomy (2008–present),[4] Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy (2004–present),[5] Brain Structure and Function (2007–present),[6] Translational Neuroscience (2008–present),[7] ISRN Neurology (2010–present), PLoS ONE, for the SBMT NeuroMapping and Therapeutics Collection (2012–present), International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal (2013–present),[8] BrainNavigator (2009–12),[9] Neuroscience and Bio-behavioral Reviews (2000–11), Journal of Comparative Neurology[10] Human Brain Mapping, Posters in Neuroscience,[11] Journal fur Hirnforschung, and NeuroImage.

Contribution to teaching[edit]

He wrote the internationally used textbook The Brain: an Introduction to Functional Neuroanatomy (2010). He taught psychology for 27 years and served on the Academic Board and Council of UNSW. He is currently supervising four postdoctoral fellows.[12]

Professional service[edit]

Community service[edit]

  • Founder and President of the Light Rail Association (1989–2000)[15][16][17]
  • Founder and former Secretary of the Migrants' Rights Committee[18][19][20]
  • Member of the Australian Cyclists Party[21]
  • Founder of the Living Junction Facebook Community, the Coastal Walk Group and the Randwick Environmental Group.

Honours and awards[edit]

  • 1968 The Warner Brown Memorial Prize, University of California at Berkeley
  • 1992 The Walter Burfitt Prize, Royal Society of NSW[22]
  • 1994 DSc, The University of New South Wales
  • 1997 The Award for Excellence in Publishing in Medical Science, Assoc American Publishers
  • 1999 Disk of Sacred Truce, International Committee of Olympic Winners; for Community Service
  • 1999 The University of New South Wales Alumni Achievement Award[23]
  • 1999 The Ramaciotti Medal for Excellence in Biomedical Research[24]
  • 1999 FASSA (Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia)[25]
  • 2001 Scientia Professor, The University of New South Wales (Distinguished Professor)[26]
  • 2002 AO (Officer in the General Division of the Order of Australia for service to Neuroscience)[27]
  • 2003 Alexander von Humboldt Award (Prize) (Germany) for contributions to neuroscience
  • 2004 President, Australian Neuroscience Society[28]
  • 2004–7 President, IBRO World Congress of Neuroscience
  • 2007 The Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, The Aus Psychological Society[29]
  • 2008 Doctor Honoris Causa, University of Athens
  • 2009 NHMRC Australia Fellow[30]
  • 2009 FAA (Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science)[31]
  • 2011 Honorary President, School of Psychology, City Unity College (Athens)
  • 2012 Pioneer in Medicine Award, Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics[32]
  • 2012 Academy of Athens, elected foreign member
  • 2013 Scientia Professor, University of New South Wales[26]
  • 2014 Fellow, Royal Society of New South Wales

Nina Kondelos Prize[edit]

The Nina Kondelos Prize[33] has been awarded annually since 2007 to a female neuroscientist for making significant contributions to neuroscience research. The award is named after the late sister of Professor George Paxinos and was initially funded by him.


  1. ^ "Paxinos Group publications | NeuRA – Medical Research Institute". NeuRA. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Paxinos, George; Watson, Charles (2007). The Rat Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates. ISBN 978-0125476126.
  4. ^ "Frontiers in Neuroanatomy | Editorial Board". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  6. ^ "Brain Structure and Function – incl. option to publish open access (Editorial Board)". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Translational Neuroscience – incl. option to publish open access (Editorial Board)". Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  8. ^ "SCIENCEDOMAIN International". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  9. ^ "BrainNavigator [electronic resource] : interactive atlas and 3D brain software for research, structure analysis, and education / [authored by the team around the leading brain cartographers George Paxinos and Charles Watson]. – Version details – Trove". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  10. ^ "George Paxinos – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Paxinos-Watson Award – Australasian Neuroscience Society Inc". 22 February 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Paxinos Group – Scientia Professor George Paxinos AO | NeuRA – Medical Research Institute". NeuRA. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  13. ^ "Past Executive Members – Australasian Neuroscience Society Inc". 22 February 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  14. ^ "IBRO | World Congress Committee". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  15. ^ "The Sydney Morning Herald - Google News Archive Search".
  16. ^ "Trams overtake buses in battle over city network". Sydney Morning Herald. 31 August 2002. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  17. ^ "LIGHT RAIL- AN OPTION FOR SYDNEY? : GEORGE PAXINOS – Transport Research International Documentation – TRID". 29 February 1992. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  18. ^ "Community Relations Commission And Principles of Multiculturalism Bill – 10/10/2000 – 2R – NSW Parliament". 10 October 2000. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  19. ^ "The Age - Google News Archive Search".
  20. ^ "The Sydney Morning Herald - Google News Archive Search".
  21. ^ Dow, Nik (16 February 2015). "Professor George Paxinos AO". Australian Cyclists Party. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  22. ^ "Burfitt Prize". 30 September 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  23. ^ "Past Alumni Award Winners". 20 January 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  24. ^ "Ramaciotti – Supporting Biomedical Research | Award recipients". 20 October 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  25. ^ "Professor George Paxinos". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  26. ^ a b "Scientia Professor George Paxinos | UNSW Research Gateway". 19 September 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  27. ^ "It's an Honour – Honours – Search Australian Honours". 26 January 2002. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  28. ^ "Past Executive Members – Australasian Neuroscience Society Inc". 22 February 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  29. ^ "Australian Psychological Society : Distinguished Contribution to Psychological Science Award". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  30. ^
  31. ^ "Fellowship list – Australian Academy of Science". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  32. ^ "Society for Brain Mapping & Therapeutics – Award Recipients". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  33. ^ "Australasian Neuroscience Society". Retrieved 2017-01-21.