George Plater

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George Plater III
George Plater portrait.jpg
6th Governor of Maryland
In office
November 14, 1791 – February 10, 1792
Preceded byJohn E. Howard
Succeeded byJames Brice
Member of the Maryland State Senate
In office
1777–1790
Delegate to the Continental Congress from Maryland
In office
1778–1780
Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
In office
1757–1766
Personal details
Born(1735-11-08)November 8, 1735
Sotterley Plantation, Province of Maryland, British America
(located in modern Hollywood, Maryland)
DiedFebruary 10, 1792(1792-02-10) (aged 56)
Annapolis, Maryland, U.S.
Resting placeSotterley Plantation
Spouse(s)Hannah Lee; Elizabeth Ann Rousby

George Plater III (November 8, 1735 – February 10, 1792) was an American planter, lawyer, and statesman from Saint Mary's County, Maryland. He represented Maryland in the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1780, and briefly served as the sixth Governor of Maryland in 1791 and 1792.

Early life and education[edit]

George Plater III was born at Sotterley, the family plantation near Leonardtown, Province of Maryland.[1] His father (George II) had married Rebecca Addison Bowles, the widow of the plantation's founder, in 1729. His grandfather, George Plater I, was the acting Attorney General, 1691-1692; Receiver for Patuxent 1691-1707; Collector of Patuxent, 1691-1696; Receiver for Pocomoke, 1696-1697; Receiver General for Maryland, 1693-1696; and naval officer at Patuxent, 1693-1707.[2][3][4] His siblings include Rebecca Plater Tayloe (born 8/8/1731 at Leonards Town, St. Marys Co, MD), wife of John Tayloe II; Anne (born 10/31/1732 at Leonards Town, St. Marys Co, MD), wife of Edward Lloyd (married 1767); Thomas Addison (born 10/27/1738 at Sotterley, St. Marys Co, MD, died in infancy); and Elizabeth Norton (born 8/7/1742 in St. Marys Co, MD), wife of Rodham Kenner and later, wife of Thomas Davis.[5]

Political career[edit]

After receiving his early schooling at home, he attended the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, graduating in 1752. In 1753 he studied law in England and was admitted to the bar in Maryland. During 1757-1759 he was a delegate in the Maryland Lower House of Assembly. In 1767-77 he was a naval officer of the Patuxent District, and in 1771-74 he was a member of the Governor's Council. As the Revolution neared, he represented St. Mary's County in the Annapolis Convention, which became a revolutionary government. He was appointed by the Maryland Council of Safety to collect funds for the attack on Quebec. On August 14, 1776 he was appointed to the ninth convention to draft Maryland's first Constitution.

Under the new constitution, Plater served as President of the Maryland State Senate from 1781 until 1790.[6] Maryland sent him as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1778, and he represented his state until 1781.

When Maryland held a convention to consider the U.S. Constitution, Plater attended and was the president of the convention when they voted for ratification on April 28, 1788. The following year he was chosen as a Presidential elector. However, he did not vote.[7]

In late 1791 Plater was elected Governor, and took office in December. However, his term was short; he died after less than three months in office. He was buried at Sotterley, Maryland, but the site of his grave is unknown.

Personal life[edit]

Plater was an active Protestant who served twenty-eight years as a vestryman of St. Andrew's Episcopal Church (which he helped to found and build).

He was first married to Hannah Lee and their only child was Charlotte (born circa 9/1763; died young). He later married Elizabeth Ann Rousby, and they had six children: Rebecca, George, John, Thomas, Edward, and Ann. Rebecca Plater (born 3/8/1765) married General Uriah Forrest, a statesman and military leader. She was the grandmother of Alice Green, wife of Prince Don Angel Maria de Iturbide y Huarte, who were in turn the parents of Prince Don Agustín de Iturbide y Green- Head of the Imperial House of Mexico. George Plater IV (born 9/21/1766 in St. Mary's Co, Maryland, died 4/10/1802 at Sotterley) married Cecelia Brown Bond (on 3/22/1798), and later married Elizabeth Somerville. John Rousby Plater (born 10/15/1767 at Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland) married Elizabeth Tuttle and was a lawyer and judge. Thomas Plater (born 5/5/1769 at Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland) married Ann Lingan and later married Evelina Hite Buchanan. He was a lawyer and would go on to represent Maryland in the United States House of Representatives. Ann Plater (born 9/23/1770 at Sotterley, St. Marys Co, Maryland) married Philip Barton Key. Their daughter Elizabeth Rousby Key was the wife of Louisiana's fifth governor, Henry Johnson and a first cousin to Francis Scott Key. Their son, Philip Barton Key, Jr., served prior to the American Civil War as a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives for Lafourche Parish, Louisiana. He was educated in the law by his cousin Francis Scott Key.

When Plater died on February 10, 1792 in the capital city of Annapolis, Maryland, his body was returned home and buried at Sotterley, on the banks of the Patuxent River in St. Mary's County. At least ninety three enslaved persons lived on the plantation at the time of the subject's death.[8] The house is maintained and operated as a museum by a foundation created for that purpose. The property is on Route 245, just outside Hollywood, Maryland, and is open to visitors during the summer (An entrance fee is charged).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lloyd, Richard (2004). The Satterlees & Playters in England and North America. Sotterley Charitable Trust, Sotterley, Suffolk, England.
  2. ^ Archives of Maryland Historical List Collectors, 1673-1776. from Edward C. Papenfuse, et al., (1990). Archives of Maryland, Historical List, new series, Vol. 1. Annapolis, MD: Maryland State Archives. Maryland State Archives website Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Plater, George ( 1664 - 1707 )." St. Mary's City Men's Career Files MSA SC 5094. Maryland State Archives website Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  4. ^ "America and West Indies: October 1702, 6-10." Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 20, 1702. Ed. Cecil Headlam. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1912. 650-653. British History Online Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  5. ^ Lloyd, Richard (2004). The Satterlees & Playters in England and North America. Sotterley Charitable Trust, Sotterley, Suffolk, England.
  6. ^ Lloyd, 2004)
  7. ^ Gordon DeBoer, 'The Documentary history of the first Federal elections, 1788–1790', Volume 2 page xix
  8. ^ "Our History-Sotterley:Federal Time Period." Historic Sotterley website Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External links[edit]

  • United States Congress. "George Plater (id: P000377)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Sotterly Plantation website
Political offices
Preceded by
Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer
President of the Maryland State Senate
1780–1782
Succeeded by
Matthew Tilghman
Preceded by
Charles Carroll of Carrollton
President of the Maryland State Senate
1784
Succeeded by
John Smith
Preceded by
John Smith
President of the Maryland State Senate
1785
Succeeded by
Daniel Carroll
Preceded by
Daniel Carroll
President of the Maryland State Senate
1786
Succeeded by
John Smith
Preceded by
Daniel Carroll
President of the Maryland State Senate
1787–1788
Succeeded by
Daniel Carroll
Preceded by
John Smith
President of the Maryland State Senate
1790
Succeeded by
William Smallwood
Preceded by
John E. Howard
Governor of Maryland
1791–1792
Succeeded by
James Brice
Acting Governor