George Price Hays
|George Price Hays|
September 27, 1892|
|Died||August 7, 1978(aged 85)|
|Buried at||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1917–53|
|Commands held||Sixth Army
10th Mountain Division
World War I
World War II
|Awards||Medal of Honor
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star Medal
George Price Hays (September 27, 1892 – August 7, 1978) was a United States Army general who served during World War I and World War II. He earned the Medal of Honor as a young artillery officer during the Second Battle of the Marne in World War I. During World War II, he commanded the 10th Mountain Division in the last few months of the Italian Campaign.
Hays was born on September 27, 1892, in China, where his parents worked as Presbyterian missionaries. He was raised in El Reno, Oklahoma, and attended Oklahoma A&M College (now Oklahoma State University} before leaving school to enlist for World War I. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in 1917, and by July 14, 1918, was a first lieutenant serving in France with the 10th Field Artillery Regiment, 3rd Division. On that day, during the Second Battle of the Marne near Greves Farm, his unit came under a heavy German artillery barrage and the communication lines were destroyed. Despite the intense fire, Hays rode on horseback between his unit, the command post, and two French batteries for the rest of that day and the next. Although he was severely wounded and had seven horses shot out from under him, his efforts contributed to the halt of the German advance. For these actions, he was awarded the Medal of Honor the next year, in 1919.
He commanded the 99th Field Artillery (Pack) from 1940 to 1941; among his subordinates was Captain William Orlando Darby, who went on to found the U.S. Army Rangers. After the United States' entry into World War II, Hays participated in the Battle of Monte Cassino in early 1944. He commanded the 2nd Infantry Division's artillery on Omaha Beach during the invasion of Normandy in June of that year.
In late November 1944, after returning to the U.S., Hays took over the 10th Mountain Division when its commander, Lloyd E. Jones, fell ill. After training, the division arrived in Italy in January and fought throughout the spring offensive. On April 24, 1945, William Darby was assigned to the division as Hays' assistant commander; he was killed in action six days later. After the end of the war in Europe, Hays became High Commissioner for the US Occupation Zone in Germany from 1949, and was placed in charge of the occupation forces in Austria from 1952. He retired from the military in 1953, having reached the rank of lieutenant general.
Medal of Honor citation
- Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, United States Army, 10th Field Artillery, 3d Division.
- Place and date: Near Greves Farm, France, 14 – July 15, 1918.
- Entered service at: Okarche, Oklahoma.
- Born: September 27, 1892, China.
- General Orders No.34. War Department, 1919.
At the very outset of the unprecedented artillery bombardment by the enemy, his line of communication was destroyed beyond repair. Despite the hazard attached to the mission of runner, he immediately set out to establish contact with the neighboring post of command and further establish liaison with 2 French batteries, visiting their position so frequently that he was mainly responsible for the accurate fire therefrom. While thus engaged, 7 horses were shot under him and he was severely wounded. His activity under most severe fire was an important factor in checking the advance of the enemy.
- "Medal of Honor recipients – World War I". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-30.
- Shelton, Peter (2003). Climb to Conquer: The Untold Story of World War II's 10th Mountain Division Ski Troops. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 114–115. ISBN 978-0-7432-2606-6.
- Zabecki, David T. (2008). American Artillery and the Medal of Honor (4 ed.). Bennington, Vermont: Merriam Press. pp. 180–181. ISBN 978-1-4357-5541-3.
- Brooks, Thomas R. (2003). The War North of Rome: June 1944– May 1945. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Da Capo Press. p. 352. ISBN 978-0-306-81256-9.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
|Commanding General of the Sixth United States Army
Mark W. Clark