George R. Carter

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George R. Carter
Governor George Robert Carter.png
2nd Territorial Governor of Hawaii
In office
November 23, 1903 – August 15, 1907
Appointed by Theodore Roosevelt
Preceded by Sanford B. Dole
Succeeded by Walter F. Frear
Personal details
Born George Robert Carter
(1866-12-28)December 28, 1866
Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii
Died February 11, 1933(1933-02-11) (aged 66)
Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii
Nationality Hawaiian, American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Helen Strong
Children Elizabeth,
George Robert, Jr.
Parents Henry Alpheus Peirce Carter
Sybil Augusta Judd
Alma mater Phillips Academy, Yale
Occupation Banker; Politician

George Robert Carter (December 28, 1866 – February 11, 1933) was the second Territorial Governor of Hawaii, serving from 1903 to 1907.[1]

Life and career[edit]

He was born December 28, 1866 in Honolulu. His mother was Sybil Augusta Judd (1843–1906), daughter of Gerrit P. Judd, and his father was businessman Henry Alpheus Peirce Carter.[2] Carter was educated at Fort Street School in Honolulu (now McKinley High School), Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, and Yale University.[3] He married Helen Strong, daughter of Eastman Kodak president Henry A. Strong April 19, 1892. They had four children: Elizabeth (born August 25, 1895), Phoebe (born September 27, 1897), a daughter who died on June 17, 1903, and George Robert, Jr. (born November 10, 1905).

After Yale, Carter spent time serving an apprenticeship with Seattle National Bank. He formed a rowing club with W. B. Goodwin, fellow Hawaiian Hiram Bingham and Marshall Latham Bond, whose members turned their boats over to the University of Washington to begin its rowing program when it broke up. In 1895 Carter returned to Hawaiʻi to become the cashier of C. Brewer & Co., where his father had been a senior partner from 1862 to 1874. From 1898 to 1902, he helped organize and manage the Hawaiian Trust Company, and was managing director of the Hawaiian Fertilizer Company. In addition, he served as a director for Bank of Hawaii, C. Brewer, and Alexander & Baldwin.

Carter was elected to the Hawaii Territorial Senate from Oahu in 1901. While a territorial senator, he was sent to Washington as an unofficial agent to discuss territorial matters with President Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt eventually appointed him Secretary of the Territory in 1902, and then Territorial Governor in 1903, succeeding Sanford B. Dole who resigned to become a federal judge.

In 1905, during Carter's administration, the current system of county governments was created; the five county governments (Oahu, Maui, Kauai, Hawaiʻi, and Kalawao) took effect on January 1, 1906. (Oahu County later became the City and County of Honolulu in 1909.)

After his retirement and until his death on February 11, 1933 in Honolulu, Hawaii, Carter remained active in the community. Carter was a member of the Hawaiian Historical Society and engaged in historical research, collecting valuable books and documents. In 1922, Carter donated his collection to the Hawaiian Mission Children's Society, which continues to maintain it as well as the Mission Houses Museum. He was buried in Oahu Cemetery.


  1. ^ To, Wireless (1933-02-13), "George R. Carter is Dead in Hawaii", The New York Times, p. 15, retrieved 2009-09-09 
  2. ^ George R. Carter and Mary H. Hopkins, eds. (July 1922), A record of the descendants of Dr. Gerrit P. Judd of Hawaii, March 8, 1829, to April 16, 1922, Hawaiian Historical Society 
  3. ^ Dyke, C. Y., ed. (1957), Biographical Sketches of Hawaii's Rulers (8 ed.), Honolulu: Bishop National Bank of Hawaii, p. 22 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Sanford B. Dole
Territorial Governor of Hawaii
Succeeded by
Walter F. Frear