George Redmayne Murray

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George Redmayne Murray
Born20 June 1865
Died21 September 1939 (1939-09-22) (aged 74)
Alma materEton College
Trinity College, Cambridge
Known forendocrine disorders
Scientific career

George Redmayne Murray (20 June 1865 – 21 September 1939) was an English physician who pioneered in the treatment of endocrine disorders.[1] In 1891, he introduced the successful treatment of myxedema, with injections of sheep thyroid extract,[2] the first instance of hormone replacement therapy.[3]

Murray was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge.[4] He was appointed Heath professor of comparative pathology at Durham University in 1893, and physician to the Royal Victoria Infirmary at Newcastle in 1898. In 1908 he was appointed professor of systematic medicine at Manchester University, which carried with it the post of physician to the Manchester Royal Infirmary.[5]


  1. ^ "George R. Murray (1865–1939). Clinical endocrinologist", JAMA (published 31 July 1967), vol. 201, no. 5, pp. 321–2, 1967, doi:10.1001/jama.201.5.321b, PMID 5339066
  2. ^ Murray, G. R. (1891). "Note on the treatment of myxoedema by hypodermic injections of an extract of the thyroid gland of a sheep". Br Med J. 2 (1606): 796–7. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.1606.796. PMC 2273741. PMID 20753415.
  3. ^ "Thyroid regenerative therapy: new insights | Society for Endocrinology". Society for Endocrinology. Retrieved 14 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Murray, George Redmayne (MRY883GR)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  5. ^ "HoSinDurham". Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2009.