George Roos-Keppel

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George Olaf Roos-Keppel
George Roos Keppel.jpg
Born7 September 1866
Died11 December 1921
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1886–1920
RankLieutenant Colonel
Battles/warsThird Anglo-Afghan War
AwardsKnight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (1917)
Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India(1915)

Sir George Olaf Roos-Keppel, GCIE, KCSI (7 September 1866 – 11 December 1921) was a British military officer who served in the capacities of Political Agent to the Governor-General in Kurram and Khyber, and later as Chief Commissioner, North West Frontier Province from 1908 till 1919. He is also known for his role in 3rd Afghan War.[1]

Roos-Keppel was commissioned a lieutenant in the Royal Scots Fusiliers on 25 August 1886, and was promoted to captain on 1 September 1895.[2] He transferred to the Indian Staff Corps on 19 September 1897,[3] and was POlitical Officer in the Khyber when in 1900 he was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE). Promoted to the brevet rank of major in 1902, he received the substantive rank of major in 1904 and promotion to Brevet lieutenant-colonel in 1907. In 1908, he was knighted with the KCIE and was promoted to full Lieutenant-Colonel in 1912.

In 1913, Roos-Keppel, along with Nawab Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum established Islamia College (Peshawar), which was inaugurated by Haji Sahib Turangzai. Roos-Keppel was also president of Central Committee of Examiners in Pashto. He is credited with foreseeing the genius in the young Cambridge graduate Inayatullah Khan by appointing him, at the age of 24, the Vice Principal of Islamia College (Peshawar) in 1913, and then the Principal in 1917. He was appointed a KCSI in 1915 and a GCIE in 1917. He formally retired from the Indian Army in 1920 and died on 11 December of the following year, aged 55.

Academic contributions[edit]

Roos-Keppel was well versed in the Pashto language:


  1. ^ Sir Olaf Caroe, The Pathans, London: Macmillan, 1958
  2. ^ Hart's Army list, 1901
  3. ^ "No. 27168". The London Gazette. 23 February 1900. p. 1264.
Government offices
Preceded by
Harold Deane
Chief Commissioner of the
North-West Frontier Province

Succeeded by
William Rudolph Henry Merck
Preceded by
William Rudolph Henry Merck
2nd term
Succeeded by
Sir John Stuart Donald
Preceded by
Sir John Stuart Donald
3rd term
Succeeded by
Sir Hamilton Grant