George Rous, 3rd Earl of Stradbroke

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The Earl of Stradbroke
KCMG, CB, CVO, CBE, VD, TD
The Earl of Stradbroke in 1915.jpg
15th Governor of Victoria
In office
24 February 1921 – 7 April 1926
Monarch George V
Premier Harry Lawson (1921–24)
Sir Alexander Peacock (1924)
George Prendergast (1924)
John Allan (1924–26)
Preceded by Sir Arthur Stanley
Succeeded by Lord Somers
Personal details
Born (1862-11-19)19 November 1862
London, England
Died 20 December 1947(1947-12-20) (aged 85)
Henham Park, England
Political party Conservative
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Territorial Army
Years of service 1882–1930
Rank Colonel
Battles/wars First World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Volunteer Officers' Decoration
Territorial Decoration

George Edward John Mowbray Rous, 3rd Earl of Stradbroke, KCMG, CB, CVO, CBE, VD, TD (19 November 1862 – 20 December 1947) was a British nobleman from Suffolk who served as a Territorial Army officer, as a junior government minister and as the 15th Governor of Victoria, Australia.[1][2]

Early years[edit]

He was born on 19 November 1862, the only son and heir of John Rous, 2nd Earl of Stradbroke. Under the courtesy title of Viscount Dunwich, he was educated at Harrow School and at Trinity College, Cambridge (BA 1884, MA 1890). He succeeded his father as 3rd Earl of Stradbroke and owner of the family seat at Henham Park in Suffolk on 27 January 1886.[2]

Military career[edit]

Viscount Dunwich was commissioned captain in the 1st Norfolk Artillery Volunteers (which included Suffolk batteries) in 1882. He was promoted major in 1884, and lieutenant colonel to command the unit in 1888. He was promoted to colonel in the Volunteers in 1902[3] and was awarded the Volunteer Decoration (VD). He was appointed an aide-de-camp to King Edward VII in the 1902 Coronation Honours list on 26 June 1902,[4] serving until the King´s death in 1910 when he was re-appointed by King George V.[2][5]

When the Volunteer Force was replaced by the Territorial Force on 1 April 1908, his unit was split up: Stradbroke became Honorary Colonel of the 1st East Anglian Brigade, Royal Field Artillery (TF) (which contained the Norfolk batteries), while remaining Lt-Col commanding the 3rd East Anglian (Howitzer) Brigade (which contained the Suffolk batteries). He led the 3rd East Anglian Brigade and its successor units on active service on the Western Front in Egypt and Palestine during World War I. He was awarded the Territorial Decoration (TD), CBE (Military) (1919) and KCMG (1920).[2][5]

After the war he remained Hon Col of the Norfolk artillery brigade (now known as the 84th (East Anglian) Brigade) and from 18 May 1927 filled the same role with the Suffolk brigade (now the 103rd Suffolk Brigade) until it was split up, when he continued as Hon Col of the 409th (Suffolk) Independent Anti-Aircraft Battery until its renewed merger with the Norfolk batteries to form the 78th (1st Anglian) Anti-Aircraft Regiment in 1938.[2][5]

He also served as chairman of the Suffolk Territorial Army Association and as president of the Council of the National Artillery Association. He finally retired from an active role with the Territorial Army and as ADC to the King in 1930.[2]

Politics[edit]

Stradbroke was appointed as Governor of Victoria in 1920 and held the position until 1926. He also served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries from 1928 until the defeat of the 1924–1929 Conservative Government.[1][2]

Scouting[edit]

As ex. officio the Chief Scout of Victoria as governor, Lord Stradbroke also sponsored the Victorian Scouting competition, the Stradbroke Cup. This event is still held every year and is immensely popular.[citation needed]

Freemasonry[edit]

A Freemason, Stradbroke was initiated to the craft in the Lodge of Prudence No. 388. After he became Worshipful Master of the Lodge, he was appointed Provincial Grand Master of Suffolk in 1902 holding the position for forty-five years. Two years after being appointed Governor of Victoria, he was elected Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Victoria. He was also Provincial Grand Master of Mark Masons of East Anglia.[2]

Public life[edit]

In addition to his political and military positions, Stradbroke held the office of Vice-Admiral of Suffolk, was Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk and a JP, and an Alderman and chairman of East Suffolk County Council. He was also president of the National Sea Fisheries Protection Association.[2]

Family[edit]

Helena Violet Alice Fraser (died 14 April 1949), daughter of Lt.-Gen. James Keith Fraser, married Stradbroke on 23 July 1898. As Countess of Stradbroke she was created a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in 1927. They had the following children:[2]

  • Lady Pleasance Elizabeth Rous (born 11 May 1899 – died 1 September 1986)
  • Lady Catherine Charlotte Rous (born 5 May 1900 – died 19 September 1983)
  • Lady Betty Helena Joanna Rous (24 April 1901 – 4 November 1969)
  • John Anthony Alexander Rous, 4th Earl of Stradbroke (1 April 1903–1983)[1]
  • William Keith Rous, 5th Earl of Stradbroke (10 March 1907–1983)
  • Major Hon. George Nathaniel Rous (5 April 1911–1982)
  • Major Hon. Peter James Mowbray Rous (23 January 1914 – 17 May 1997), married Elizabeth Alice Mary Fraser on 24 June 1942 and had issue
  • Hon. Christopher Simon Rous (3 January 1916 – 22 Feb 1925)

The 3rd Earl of Stradbroke died on 20 December 1947 and was succeeded by his eldest son. His widow, the Dowager Countess of Stradbroke, died in an accident on 14 April 1949.[2]

Honours[edit]

In addition to the honours noted above, the Earl of Stradbroke was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1904 and a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in 1906. He was a Knight of the Order of St John (KGStJ) and held the Grand Cross of the Order of the Savior of Greece.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Death of the 3rd Earl of Stradbroke, nla.gov.au; accessed 27 March 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 100th Edn, London, 1953.
  3. ^ "No. 27454". The London Gazette. 15 July 1902. p. 4513. 
  4. ^ "No. 27448". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 July 1902. p. 4190. 
  5. ^ a b c Army List, various dates.
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Bledisloe
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry
of Agriculture and Fisheries

1928–1929
Succeeded by
Christopher Addison
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Stanley
Governor of Victoria
1921–1926
Succeeded by
The Lord Somers
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Courtenay Warner, Bt
Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk
1935–1947
Succeeded by
The Earl of Stradbroke
Vacant
Title last held by
The Earl of Stradbroke
Vice-Admiral of Suffolk
1890–1947
Vacant
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Rous
Earl of Stradbroke
1886–1947
Succeeded by
John Rous