||George Louis Schaefer
December 16, 1920
||September 10, 1997
Los Angeles, California
George Louis Schaefer (December 16, 1920 – September 10, 1997) was an American director of television and Broadway theatre, who was active from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Life and career
Schaefer was born in Wallingford, Connecticut, and lived in Oak Park, Illinois for much of his boyhood and young adulthood. He was the son of Elsie (née Otterbein) and Louis Schaefer, who worked in sales. Schaefer studied stage directing at the Yale School of Drama. He began his directing career while serving in the U.S. Army Special Services during World War II. He directed over 50 plays for the troops. After being discharged, he directed for the Broadway theatre. His first production was of Shakespeare's Hamlet starring Maurice Evans. In 1953, Schaefer won a Tony Award his production of The Teahouse of the August Moon which he co-produced with Evans.
During the Golden Age of Television, he directed numerous live TV adaptations of Broadway plays for NBC's Hallmark Hall of Fame. His first episode for Hallmark was an adaptation of his Broadway staging of Hamlet starring Evans. In the 1980s, several of his productions for Hallmark aired in syndication under the title George Schaefer Showcase Theatre. His television work garnered him five Emmy wins out of 21 total nominations. He also won four Directors Guild of America Awards out of 17 nominations. He holds the record for the most DGA Award nominations. He also directed five theatrical films but to limited success.
In February 1962, actors who had worked with Schaefer, including Ed Wynn, Ethel Griffies and Boris Karloff, participated in a tribute to him on the late-night talk show PM East/PM West that was based in New York and distributed by Westinghouse Broadcasting to a select few cities, none of them in the Deep South. This telecast holds the distinction of being the only episode of PM East/PM West, which aired five nights a week for more than a year, to survive completely. A videocassette of the 1962 telecast is available for viewing at the UCLA Film and Television Archive.
From 1979 to 1981, Schaefer was president of the Directors Guild of America. He was as a board member of President Ronald Reagan's National Council on the Arts from 1982 to 1988. In 1985, he was appointed Chairman and later associate Dean at the UCLA School of Theater Film and Television where he stayed until 1991.
In 1996, he released his autobiography From Live to Tape to Film: 60 Years of Inconspicuous Directing.
Schaefer continued directing TV movies until his death in 1997. His final TV movie was an adaptation of Harvey. He was survived by his wife, Mildred, whom he married in 1954.
Selected television work
Selected Broadway theatre productions