George Schaefer (director)
George Louis Schaefer|
December 16, 1920
September 10, 1997 (aged 76)|
Los Angeles, California
George Louis Schaefer (December 16, 1920 – September 10, 1997) was an American director of television and Broadway theatre, who was active from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Life and career
Schaefer was born in Wallingford, Connecticut, and lived in Oak Park, Illinois for much of his boyhood and young adulthood. He was the son of Elsie (née Otterbein) and Louis Schaefer, who worked in sales. Schaefer studied stage directing at the Yale School of Drama. He began his directing career while serving in the U.S. Army Special Services during World War II. He directed over 50 plays for the troops. After being discharged, he directed for the Broadway theatre. His first production was of Shakespeare's Hamlet starring Maurice Evans. In 1953, Schaefer won a Tony Award his production of The Teahouse of the August Moon which he co-produced with Evans.
During the Golden Age of Television, he directed numerous live TV adaptations of Broadway plays for NBC's Hallmark Hall of Fame. His first episode for Hallmark was an adaptation of his Broadway staging of Hamlet starring Evans. In the 1980s, several of his productions for Hallmark aired in syndication under the title George Schaefer Showcase Theatre. His television work garnered him five Emmy wins out of 21 total nominations. He also won four Directors Guild of America Awards out of 17 nominations. He holds the record for the most DGA Award nominations. He also directed five theatrical films but to limited success.
In February 1962, actors who had worked with Schaefer, including Ed Wynn, Ethel Griffies and Boris Karloff, participated in a tribute to him on the late-night talk show PM East/PM West that was based in New York and distributed by Westinghouse Broadcasting to a select few cities, none of them in the Deep South. This telecast holds the distinction of being the only episode of PM East/PM West, which aired five nights a week for more than a year, to survive completely. A videocassette of the 1962 telecast is available for viewing at the UCLA Film and Television Archive.
From 1979 to 1981, Schaefer was president of the Directors Guild of America. He was as a board member of President Ronald Reagan's National Council on the Arts from 1982 to 1988. In 1985, he was appointed Chairman and later associate Dean at the UCLA School of Theater Film and Television where he stayed until 1991.
Selected television work
- Hamlet (1953)
- Macbeth (1954)
- Richard II (1954)
- One Touch of Venus (1955)
- Alice in Wonderland (1955)
- The Taming of the Shrew (1956)
- Man and Superman (1956)
- The Green Pastures (1957)
- The Yeomen of the Guard (1957)
- Kiss Me, Kate (1958)
- The Gift of the Magi (1958)
- Meet Me in St. Louis (1959)
- A Doll's House (1959)
- Winterset (1959)
- The Tempest (1960)
- Macbeth (1960)
- Victoria Regina (1961), adapted from Laurence Housman's play of the same name
- Arsenic & Old Lace (1962)
- Pygmalion (1963)
- Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1964)
- Inherit the Wind (1965)
- The Magnificent Yankee (1965)
- Eagle in a Cage (1965)
- Lamp at Midnight (1966)
- Barefoot in Athens (1966)
- Saint Joan (1967)
- The Admirable Crichton (1968)
- Gideon (1971)
- A War Of Children (1972)
- F. Scott Fitzgerald and 'The Last of the Belles' (1974)
- Carl Sandburg's Lincoln (1974–76)
- The Last of Mrs. Lincoln (1976)
- Amelia Earhart (1976)
- Our Town (1977)
- The Second Barry Manilow Special (1978)
- First, You Cry (1978)
- Mayflower: The Pilgrims' Adventure (1979)
- The Bunker (1981)
- The People vs. Jean Harris (1981)
- Deadly Game (1982)
- A Piano for Mrs. Cimino (1982)
- The Best Christmas Pageant Ever (1983)
- Right of Way (1983)
- Stone Pillow (1985)
- Mrs. Delafield Wants to Marry (1986)
- Laura Lansing Slept Here (1988)
- The Man Upstairs (1992)
- Harvey (1996)
Selected Broadway theatre productions
- Hamlet (1945–1946)
- Man and Superman (1947–1948)
- The Teahouse of the August Moon (1953–1956) (co-producing only)
- The Apple Cart (1956–1957)
- Zenda (1963; closed out-of-town)
- The Last of Mrs. Lincoln (1972–1973)
- Pendulum (1969)
- Generation (1969)
- Doctors' Wives (1971)
- Once Upon a Scoundrel (1974)
- An Enemy of the People (1978)
- Children In The Crossfire (1984)
- "George Schaefer Biography (1920-1997)". filmreference.com.
- Editor (June 10, 1994). National Student Film Institute/L.A: The Sixteenth Annual Los Angeles Student Film Festival. The Directors Guild Theatre. pp. 10–11.
- Editor (June 7, 1991). Los Angeles Student Film Institute: 13th Annual Student Film Festival. The Directors Guild Theatre. p. 3.
- Schaefer, George (1996). From Live to Tape to Film: 60 Years of Inconspicuous Directing. Directors Guild of America. ISBN 9781882766048. OCLC 36145736.
- Mann, Delbert. "A Tribute to George Schaefer". Archived from the original on 2006-10-01. Memorial remarks for Schaefer from Mann and several others.
- Goodman, Harry (2011). "George Louis Schaefer, Theatre Arts: Los Angeles". University of California - Los Angeles. Obituary for Schaefer.