George Shiras III

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George Shiras III
Born January 1, 1859
Allegheny, Pennsylvania
Died March 24, 1942 (aged 83)
Marquette, Michigan
Residence Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Nationality American
Education Cornell University
Law Yale College
Occupation Photographer, lawyer, politician
Style Black-and-white nature photography
Spouse(s) Frances White

George Shiras, III (January 1, 1859 – March 24, 1942) was a U.S. Representative from the state of Pennsylvania.

George Shiras (son of George Shiras, Jr.) was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. He attended the public schools and Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. He graduated from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, in 1881 and from the law department of Yale College in 1883. He was admitted to the Connecticut and Pennsylvania bars in 1883 and commenced the practice of his profession in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He served as a member of the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives in 1889 and 1890. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination for Congress in 1890.

Shiras was elected as an Independent Republican to the Fifty-eighth Congress. He did not seek renomination in 1904.

Photography[edit]

Both during and after his time in Congress, Shiras participated in biological research and photography, to the extent that National Geographic has described him as "the father of wildlife photography" for his early use of camera traps and flash photography.[1]

On February 14, 1906, Shiras was elected Associate Member of the Boone and Crockett Club, a conservation organization founded by Theodore Roosevelt in 1887.[2] He was attributed with the discovery of a moose subspecies in Yellowstone National Park, which was named Alces alces shirasi, Shiras's Moose.[3] He died in Marquette, Michigan. Interment in Park Cemetery.

In 1935, Shiras published Hunting Wild Life with Camera and Flashlight : a Record of Sixty Five years' Visits to the Woods and Waters of North America a two-volume set of over 960 of his wildlife photographs including some of the earliest 'flash' photography.

Collections of his papers are held at the National Library of Medicine[4] and the Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives[5]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meet Grandfather Flash, the Pioneer of Wildlife Photography, by Jessie Wender, in National Geographic; published November 20, 2015; retrieved November 29, 2015
  2. ^ "Boone and Crockett Club Archives". 
  3. ^ "Northern Michigan University" (PDF). 
  4. ^ "George Shiras Papers 1897-1923". National Library of Medicine. 
  5. ^ "George Shiras III papers". Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives. 
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
At-large:
Galusha A. Grow,
Robert H. Foerderer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 29th congressional district

1903–1905
Succeeded by
William H. Graham