George Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


The Duke of Marlborough

George Charles Spencer-Churchill00.jpg
The Duke of Marlborough, 1876.
Member of the House of Lords
as Duke of Marlborough
In office
16 April 1883 – 9 November 1892
Preceded byJohn Spencer-Churchill
Succeeded byCharles Spencer-Churchill
Personal details
Born13 May 1844
Died9 November 1892(1892-11-09) (aged 48)
Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)
Children
Parents

George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough, DL (13 May 1844 – 9 November 1892), styled Earl of Sunderland until 1857 and Marquess of Blandford between 1857 and 1883, was a British peer.

Early life[edit]

Marlborough was born in England on 13 May 1844.[1] He was the eldest son of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough (1822–1883), who served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Lord President of the Council, and Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane (1822–1899). He was the elder brother of Lord Randolph Churchill and the uncle of Winston Churchill.

His paternal grandparents were George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough, and Lady Jane Stewart, daughter of Admiral George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway. His maternal grandparents were Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry and Frances Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry.[1]

Like his father before him, he was educated at Eton College, entering in 1857 and being expelled in 1860.

Career[edit]

In 1863 Marlborough joined the British Army, purchasing a commission in the rank of Lieutenant in the Royal Horse Guards.[2] He was initiated into the Freemasonry in January 1871 along with his brother Randolph, in the Churchill Lodge in London.[3][4]. In the following years, he was also initiated into the Ancient Order of Druids[5].

Personal life[edit]

Marlborough was twice married. On 8 November 1869, he was first married to Lady Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn, at Westminster Palace. She was unkindly described by her mother-in-law as "stupid, pious and dull". Before they divorced on 20 November 1883, shortly after Marlborough inherited the dukedom after the death of his father,[2] they were the parents of four children:

While married to Albertha, he fathered an illegitimate son, initially known as Guy Bertrand and later known as Guy Bertrand Spencer (b. 4 November 1881),[6] by Edith Peers-Williams (d. 1897)[7][8] who was still married to Heneage Finch, 7th Earl of Aylesford (1849–1885). In an attempt to pressure Lord Aylesford to drop his divorce suit, Lady Aylesford and Marlborough's younger brother, Lord Randolph Churchill, threatened the Princess of Wales that they would subpoena the Prince of Wales (who was touring India at the time) as a witness in the divorce.[9]

  • Guy Bertrand Spencer, whom Marlborough reportedly cared more for than his legitimate children,[10] worked in a brewery.[11] He married, in 1910,[12][13] Lily Blanche Minnie Saville (1876-1953),[14]who was a coachman's daughter.[15] Spencer served in the Royal Garrison Artillery during World War I.[16] At the end of his life he lived at 2 Glaziers Lane, Normandy, Surrey, England, and died in hospital at Knaphill, Woking, Surrey, on 31 March 1950.[17]

The Duke was cited as one of four co-respondents in the sensational divorce trial of Lady Colin Campbell.[citation needed] He married, as his second wife, (Jane) Lilian Warren Price (1854–1909), the widow of Louis Carré Hammersley, a New York real-estate millionaire, and a daughter of retired United States Navy Commodore Cicero Price. The civil marriage took place on 29 June 1888 at New York City Hall, with the ceremony officiated by the Mayor of New York City, Abram S. Hewitt. A religious ceremony followed the same day, in the chancel of Tabernacle Baptist Church and presided over by its minister, Dr. Daniel C. Potter.[18] There were no issue from this marriage.

The 8th Duke of Marlborough died in 1892, aged 48 at Blenheim Palace,[1] and was succeeded by his only legitimate son, Charles, Marquess of Blandford.[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The Duke of Marlborough; Found Dead in His Bed in the Blenheim Palace. Romance of a Dissipated English Nobleman and an American Belle -- Marriage of the Duke to Mrs. Hamersley, and the Hard Work of the Duchess to Secure Social Recognition" (PDF). The New York Times. 10 November 1892. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Lundy, Darryl. "p. 10595 § 105941 George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
  3. ^ Churchill, Lord Randolph. "Churchill Freemason". Churchills who were Freemasons. freemasons-freemasonry/com. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  4. ^ Churchill, Randolph. "Masonic Papers". The Development of the Craft in England. freemasons-freemasonary.com. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  5. ^ His son, the 9th Duke of Marborough, is mentionned as his "successor as patron" of the AOD Albion Lodge at Oxford in the welcome adress of the initiation of Winston Churchill as a Druid, on 10th august 1908, at Blenheim palace.(Wilhelm North, Albion Lodge, Oxford, London, 1928, 12p.).
  6. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p. 5658 § 56577 Guy Bertrand". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
  7. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p. 2731 § 27301 Edith Peers-Williams". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
  8. ^ Lovell, Mary S. (2011). The Churchills: In Love and War. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 75. ISBN 9780393082265. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  9. ^ Richard Toye (2007) Lloyd George and Churchill
  10. ^ Lady Henrietta Spencer-Churchill and Alexandra Parson, Blenheim and the Churchill Family, Rizzoli, 2005, page 151
  11. ^ 1911 England Census, accessed on ancestry.com on 25 July 2018
  12. ^ 1911 England Census, access on ancestry.com on 25 July 2018
  13. ^ England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1837-1915, accessed on ancestry.com on 25 July 2018
  14. ^ England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966, 1973-1995, accessed on ancestry.com on 25 July 2018
  15. ^ 1881 English Census, accessed on ancestry.com on 25 July 2018
  16. ^ British Army WWI Service Records, 1914-1920, access on ancestry.com on 25 July 2019
  17. ^ England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966, 1973-1995, accessed on ancestry.com on 25 July 2018
  18. ^ "An American Duchess; The Duke of Marlborough Marries Mrs. Hamersley; A Civil Marriage Ceremony before Mayor Hewitt and a Religious Ceremony in Church", The New York Times, 30 June 1888, page 1

External links[edit]

Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Spencer-Churchill
Duke of Marlborough
1883–1892
Succeeded by
Charles Spencer-Churchill