George Takei at Columbia University in late 2015
|Native name||Hosato Takei|
April 20, 1937
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Residence||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Education||Los Angeles High School|
|Alma mater||University of California, Los Angeles|
|Occupation||Actor, author, and voice artist, director, activist|
|Spouse(s)||Brad Altman Takei (m. 2008)|
George Hosato Takei (武井 穂郷 Takei Hosato?, //; born April 20, 1937) is a Japanese-American actor, director, author, and activist. Takei is best known for his role as Hikaru Sulu, helmsman of the USS Enterprise in the television series Star Trek. He also portrayed the character in six Star Trek feature films and one episode of Star Trek: Voyager.
Takei's involvement in social media has brought him fresh attention. As of February 2017[update] his Facebook page has over 10 million likes since he joined in 2011, and he frequently shares photos with original humorous commentary.
Takei is a proponent of LGBT rights and is active in state and local politics. He has won several awards and accolades in his work on human rights and Japan–United States relations, including his work with the Japanese American National Museum.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Star Trek
- 3 After Star Trek
- 4 Personal life and activism
- 5 Awards and recognition
- 6 Filmography
- 7 Stage/theater
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Takei was born Hosato Takei on April 20, 1937, in Los Angeles, California, to Japanese-American parents, Fumiko Emily (née Nakamura; born in Sacramento) and Takekuma Norman Takei, born in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, who worked in real estate. His father was an Anglophile, and named him George after King George VI of the United Kingdom, whose coronation took place in 1937, shortly after Takei's birth. In 1942, the Takei family was forced to live in the converted horse stables of Santa Anita Park before being sent to the Rohwer War Relocation Center for internment in Rohwer, Arkansas. The family was later transferred to the Tule Lake War Relocation Center in California.
George Takei had several relatives living in Japan during World War II. Among them, he had an aunt and infant cousin who lived in Hiroshima who were both killed during the atomic bombing that destroyed the city. In Takei's own words, "my aunt and baby cousin [were] found burnt in a ditch in Hiroshima."
At the end of World War II, Takei and his family returned to Los Angeles. He attended Mount Vernon Junior High School, where he served as student body president at Los Angeles High School. He was a member of Boy Scout Troop 379 of the Koyasan Buddhist Temple. Upon graduation from high school, Takei enrolled in the University of California, Berkeley where he studied architecture. Later he attended the University of California, Los Angeles, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in theater in 1960 and a Master of Arts in theater in 1964. He attended the Shakespeare Institute at Stratford-upon-Avon in England, and Sophia University in Tokyo, Japan. In Hollywood, he studied acting at the Desilu Workshop.
Takei began his career in Hollywood in the late 1950s, providing voiceover for characters in the English dub of the Japanese monster films Godzilla Raids Again a.k.a. Gigantis the Fire Monster, for the latter of which he recalled, "[T]here was one word that we had tremendous difficulty getting the meaning of and finding an English word that fit the lip movement. The Japanese word was 'bakayaro', which means 'stupid fool'". The director, Takei said, had him use the phrase "banana oil." He went on to appear in the anthology television series Playhouse 90 and the Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Blushing Pearls". He originated the role of George in the musical Fly Blackbird!, but when the show traveled from Los Angeles to Broadway the west coast actors were forced to audition and the role went to William Sugihara instead. Eventually Sugihara had to give up the role and Takei closed out the show's final months.
Takei subsequently appeared alongside such actors as Frank Sinatra in Never So Few (uncredited), Richard Burton in Ice Palace, Jeffrey Hunter in Hell to Eternity, Alec Guinness in A Majority of One, James Caan in Red Line 7000 and Cary Grant in Walk, Don't Run. He featured in a lead role in "The Encounter" (1964), an episode of The Twilight Zone in which he played the guilt-ridden son of a traitor who signaled Japanese pilots during the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
He had an uncredited role in the film PT-109 (1963) as the helmsman who steers the Japanese destroyer over John F. Kennedy's Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109. He guest-starred in an episode of Mission: Impossible (1966) during that show's first season. He also appeared in two Jerry Lewis comedies, The Big Mouth and Which Way to the Front? In 1969 Takei narrated the award winning documentary The Japanese Sword as the Soul of the Samurai.
In 1965, producer Gene Roddenberry cast him as Lt. Sulu in the second Star Trek pilot and eventually the Star Trek television series. It was intended that Sulu's role be expanded in the second season, but Takei's role as Captain Nim, a South Vietnamese Army officer alongside John Wayne's character in The Green Berets, took him away from Star Trek filming and he only appeared in half of that season. Walter Koenig as Pavel Chekov substituted for him in the other episodes. When Takei returned, the two men had to share a dressing room and a single episode script. Takei admitted in an interview that he initially felt threatened by Koenig's presence, but later grew to be friends with him as the image of the officers sharing the ship's helm panel side-by-side became iconic.
Takei has since appeared in numerous TV and film productions, reprising his role as Sulu in Star Trek: The Animated Series from 1973-'74, and in the first six Star Trek motion pictures. Today, he is a regular on the science fiction convention circuit throughout the world. He has also acted and provided voice acting for several science fiction computer games, including Freelancer and numerous Star Trek games. In 1996, in honor of the 30th anniversary of Star Trek, he reprised his role as Captain Hikaru Sulu on an episode of Star Trek: Voyager, appearing as a memory of Lt. Tuvok, who served on the USS Excelsior under Sulu, during the events of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country.
Takei is one of the Star Trek supporting cast members whose difficulties with William Shatner have become public. However, in an interview in the 2004 DVD set for the second season of Star Trek, Takei said of Shatner: "He's just a wonderful actor who created a singular character. No one could have done Kirk the way Bill did. His energy and his determination, that's Bill. And that's also Captain Kirk." He appeared alongside Shatner on the 2006 Comedy Central Roast of William Shatner in which the two mocked each other in good humor and embraced, Takei noting that he was "honored" to be there "despite our past tensions".
Takei is also one of six actors (the other actors being Jonathan Frakes, Kate Mulgrew, Michael Dorn, Avery Brooks and Majel Barrett) to lend his voice to Star Trek: Captain's Chair, reprising his role of Captain Hikaru Sulu when users visit the bridge of the original Enterprise in the computer game. In the summer of 2007, Takei reprised his role of Sulu in the fan-made Internet based series Star Trek New Voyages: Phase II episode "World Enough and Time".
After Star Trek
In 1972, Takei was an alternate delegate from California to the Democratic National Convention. The following year he ran for a seat on the Los Angeles City Council, finishing second of five candidates in the special election and losing by 1,647 votes; the winner received 42% of the votes cast and Takei received 33%. During the campaign, Takei's bid for the city council caused one local station to stop running the repeats of the original Star Trek series until after the election and KNBC-TV to substitute the premiere episode of the Star Trek animated series scheduled by the network with another in which his character did not appear, in attempts to avoid violating the FCC's equal-time rule. The other candidates in the race complained that Takei's distinctive and powerful voice alone, even without his image on television every week, created an unfair advantage.
Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley later appointed Takei to the board of directors of the Southern California Rapid Transit District, making him part of the team that initiated and planned the Los Angeles subway system. Takei was called away from the set of Star Trek: The Motion Picture in 1978 to cast the tie-breaking vote for the creation of the Los Angeles subway system. He served on the board from 1973 to 1984.
In 1980, Takei began a campaign for California State Assemblyman (District 46) from the greater Los Angeles area. However, he chose to withdraw after his opponent challenged the airing of episodes of Star Trek on local television under the Federal Communication Commission's Fairness Doctrine "equal time" regulations, saying also that "this is the wrong time to interrupt my career as an actor and author." He also appeared as a sadistic Japanese POW camp commander in the WW2 film Return from the River Kwai (1989).
Takei starred as a Japanese officer in the 1990 Australian film Blood Oath, based on the real-life trial of Japanese soldiers for war crimes committed against Allied prisoners of war on the island of Ambon, in the Dutch East Indies. In 1994, Takei published his autobiography, To the Stars. At one point he had hoped to do a movie or telefilm based on chapters dealing with the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II, of which he had personal experience.
In May 2004, Takei appeared on Scrubs as a priest in episode 22 of season 3, "My Best Friend's Wedding".
Takei provided the voice for a ruthless and cowardly Fire Nation warden in season 1 episode 6 "Imprisoned" of Avatar: The Last Airbender, which aired in March 2005.
Takei took a minor role in the 2006 low-budget sci-fi movie A.I. Assault (renamed "Shockwave" for subsequent home release), playing airline pilot Major Lane. Transporting two secret US government robots, Major Lane and all on board are killed by the malfunctioning machines with the stricken plane then crash-landing on a deserted Pacific island where the escaped artificial intelligence robots continue their rampage.
In August 2006, Takei was a guest on the Comedy Central Roast of William Shatner. He sat on the dais, and was one of the many people who took part in the roasting, in which he took the time to verbally poke fun at Shatner.
In January 2007, Takei began appearing on Heroes, as Kaito Nakamura, a successful Japanese businessman and father to one of the main characters, time/space-travelling Hiro Nakamura, who also happens to be an obsessive fan of Star Trek. In the first episode Takei is portrayed, "Distractions", the license plate of the limo he arrives in is NCC-1701, another reference to the Star Trek series. Also, in "Run!", Hiro is called "Sulu" by a feisty vixen named Hope. Nakamura is also George's mother's maiden name. He appeared in all four seasons.
Takei appeared on the first episode of Secret Talents of the Stars, singing country music but was not selected to proceed to the next stage. However the point became moot as the series was abruptly cancelled after the opening episode.
In 2008 he appeared on the 8th season of the reality TV series I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here! on British television. He lived in the Australian bush for 21 days and nights, doing tasks along with fellow campers in order to gain better meals and survive eviction from the show. His politeness and calmness made him popular with the other campers. Out of 15 participants the British public voted him into 3rd place behind 2nd placed Martina Navratilova and winner Joe Swash.
In 2008, he got a role in the real-time strategy game Command & Conquer: Red Alert 3 as the Emperor Yoshiro of The Rising Sun.
In 2009, Takei appeared in an episode of Star Wars: The Clone Wars as the Neimoidian general, Lok Durd, the first time a leading actor from Star Trek worked in a Star Wars production. In April that year , he voiced a fictitious version of himself in the NASA animated short "Robot Astronomy Talk Show: Gravity and the Great Attractor", part of the web-series IRrelevant Astronomy produced by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. Takei (and his husband Brad Altman) appeared in a documentary short titled George & Brad in Bed (2009) that profiled their relationship and was a guest on NPR's Wait, Wait...Don't Tell Me!.
In 2010, Takei recorded a series of public service announcements for the Social Security Administration to help promote applying online for benefits.
Takei marked the 70th anniversary of the internment of Americans of Japanese descent, including himself as a child, by asking his readers to contact the US Congress to block S. 1253, the National Defense Authorization Act, that "would authorize a similar sweeping authority, granted to the President, to order the detention – without charge or trial – of any person even suspected of being associated with a 'terrorist organization'".
Takei was featured with Martin Sheen and Jamie Lee Curtis in a performance of Dustin Lance Black's play, 8 – a staged reenactment of the federal trial that overturned California's Proposition 8 ban on same-sex marriage – as William Tam. The production was held at the Wilshire Ebell Theatre and broadcast on YouTube to raise money for the American Foundation for Equal Rights.
In 2012, Takei starred in the musical Allegiance, which Takei described as his legacy project. The show is based on Takei's own experiences and research into the Japanese American internment of World War II and premiered at the Old Globe Theatre in Balboa Park in San Diego, California. Allegiance debuted on Broadway on November 8, 2015, to mixed reviews. The Guardian said it was "unexceptional though often affecting"; Deadline called it "a triumph of a rare sort, shedding light in a dark corner of our history with uncommon generosity of spirit." The New York Times praised the "well-intentioned and polished" play for tackling a difficult subject while trying at the same time to entertain its audience, but said Allegiance "struggles to balance both ambitions, and doesn't always find an equilibrium." The Associated Press said Allegiance tries to tackle internment camps, discrimination and war, "but does so unsuccessfully in a bombastic and generic Broadway musical." Variety wrote, "In their sincere efforts to 'humanize' their complex historical material, the creatives have oversimplified and reduced it to generic themes." The Hollywood Reporter said "the powerful sentiments involved are too often flattened by the pedestrian lyrics and unmemorable melodies of Jay Kuo's score". USA Today called Allegiance "as corny as Kansas in August and as obvious as Lady Gaga on a red carpet. But darned if it won't get a grip on your heartstrings."
Takei made an appearance in issue no. 5 of Kevin Keller where the titular character cites George Takei as one of his heroes. Upon reading about Kevin with his partner, Takei decides to travel to Riverdale and surprise Kevin. Takei also wrote the foreword for the second volume of the Kevin Keller comics.
Starting in 2013 Takei became spokesperson for Rooms To Go, an American furniture retailer. He was seen in a series of television commercials where he used his famous "Oh Myyy!" tag line.
In January 2014, Jennifer Kroot's documentary film about Takei, To Be Takei, premiered at the Sundance Film Festival. He also participated in Do I Sound Gay?, a documentary film by David Thorpe about stereotypes of gay men's speech patterns.
In early 2017 Takei was featured in television commercials promoting the restaurant Pizza Hut.
The Howard Stern Show
Takei first appeared on The Howard Stern Show on November 12, 1990 to promote a New York play he was taking part in. He appeared via a satellite feed on September 27, 1994 to promote his book To the Stars.... Clips of Takei from his audio book and television interviews would later be played on the show, with prank calls and comedy bits being made using them.
On January 9, 2006, it was announced that Takei would be the new announcer for the show when it moved to Sirius XM Radio. Takei sat in the studio for the first week of broadcasts, and to this day sits in for a week of shows every few months. His most recent in-studio appearance was the week of December 5, 2016.
In June 2006, Takei accepted a Freedom of Speech Award on behalf of Stern, with the award being presented by Talkers Magazine. Takei was in the studio again for two days in late September 2006 where he discussed his participation in an episode of Star Trek: New Voyages as well as his participation in the film The Great Buck Howard. In a visit in December 2007, Stern stated that Takei was the only cast member who got universally positive feedback from audience e-mails; even listeners who claim to dislike Star Trek enjoy Takei's contributions. The show staff has stated that they like his upfront sense of humor and his willingness to talk about almost any issue openly and freely, particularly now that the show is uncensored on Sirius XM.
Takei developed a friendly relationship with former Stern cast member Artie Lange, whom Takei affectionately calls his "cuddly muffin". They became friends despite Lange's penchant for homophobic humor. Lange revealed on the air that Takei sent him a "lovely card" praising his guest performance on a 2007 episode of Entourage, in which Takei expressed the desire to one day act alongside Lange, and that the two talk at least once a week by telephone.
Personal life and activism
In October 2005, Takei revealed in an issue of Frontiers magazine that he is gay and had been in a committed relationship with his partner, Brad Altman, for 18 years; the move was prompted by then California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's veto of same-sex marriage legislation. He said, "It's not really coming out, which suggests opening a door and stepping through. It's more like a long, long walk through what began as a narrow corridor that starts to widen." Nevertheless, Takei's sexuality had been an open secret among Star Trek fans since the 1970s, and Takei did not conceal his active membership in LGBT organizations, including Frontrunners, where he developed public friendships with openly gay couples such as Kevin and Don Norte. In an on-air telephone interview with Howard Stern, in December 2005, Takei explained, "[We (gay people)] are masculine, we are feminine, we are caring, we are abusive. We are just like straight people, in terms of our outward appearance and our behavior. The only difference is that we are oriented to people of our own gender."[this quote needs a citation] Takei also described Altman as "a saint" for helping to take care of Takei's terminally ill mother.
Takei currently serves as a spokesperson for the Human Rights Campaign "Coming Out Project". In 2006 he embarked on a nationwide "Equality Trek" speaking tour sharing his life as a gay Japanese American, his 18-year relationship with Altman, Frontrunners, and Star Trek, encouraging others to share their own personal stories. In the wake of the 2007 controversy over former NBA player Tim Hardaway, who had stated "I hate gay people", Takei recorded a mock public service announcement which began as a serious message of tolerance, then turned the tables on Hardaway by proclaiming that while he may hate gay people, gay people love him and other "sweaty basketball players", and promising Hardaway that "I will have sex with you". This was aired on Jimmy Kimmel Live!. Takei also appeared on the Google float at San Francisco Pride 2007.
On May 16, 2008, Takei announced that he and Brad Altman would be getting married. They were the first same-sex couple to apply for a marriage license in West Hollywood. On June 17, shortly after Takei and Altman obtained their marriage license, they spread the news by holding a press conference outside the West Hollywood city auditorium. They were married on September 14, 2008, at the Democracy Forum of the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles, of which Takei is one of the founders and serves as a member of its board of trustees. Walter Koenig was his best man, and Nichelle Nichols, eschewing the title "matron of honor", was "best woman". Reverend William Briones of the Nishi Hongwanji Buddhist Temple of Los Angeles presided.
Takei and Altman appeared in a celebrity edition of The Newlywed Game TV show, which the GSN cable network aired October 13, 2009. They were the first same-sex couple to be featured on the show. Takei and Altman won the game, winning $10,000 for their charity, the Japanese American National Museum.
In November 2010, Takei released another PSA blasting Clint McCance, who was at the time the vice president of the school board for the Midland School District in southern Independence County, Arkansas. In the video, Takei repeatedly calls McCance "a douchebag". Takei's video was made as a response to McCance making blatantly homophobic remarks, stating that he "enjoys the fact that [gay people] give each other AIDS and die". McCance went on to encourage gay people to commit suicide, and stated that he would disown his children if they were gay. Clint McCance has since resigned from his job at the Midland school board. Takei has been praised for his response to McCance and garnered much media attention with his most recent PSA.
In May 2011, in response to a Tennessee State Legislature bill that prohibited school teachers or students from using any language that alludes to the existence of homosexuality (the "Don't Say Gay" bill), Takei released another PSA in which he offered up his name, suggesting that people could just substitute that for 'gay'. For example, they could support Takei Marriage or watch Takei Pride Parades; or even use slurs like That's so Takei.
Takei is both a Buddhist and an avid Anglophile. On his personal website he had this to say: "Those who know me know that I am an inconvertible Anglophile – or more broadly, a Britanophile, which includes my affection for Scotland and Wales as well. I love things British. My car is British. My wardrobe, to a good extent, is British. I even love the food in London – I think British food has shaken its prevailing perception as indigestible and become quite wonderful. I try to get to Britain for holidays as often as I can. I love things British."
Takei has also gained popularity for his Facebook page where his daily posts of humorous pictures (many of which are related to science fiction, LGBT culture and political satire) have attracted over 9 million followers, some of whom are unfamiliar with Takei or Star Trek. He has been lauded as "the funniest guy on Facebook". In September 2013, Takei used his Facebook page to defend Nina Davuluri, who was targeted by a backlash of racist and xenophobic comments after being named Miss America 2014. He later appeared in a joint ABC interview with Davuluri, in which she revealed that she is a Trekkie. Takei told her, "In Star Trek we have this creed: 'Infinite diversity in infinite combinations'. That's what Starfleet was all about so you're a part of that." Davuluri ended the interview by stating, "I have to say 'Live Long and Prosper'" at which point Takei offered her the Vulcan salute, which she returned. However, Takei also attracted criticism from some people with disabilities in 2014 for his posting of a meme on Facebook and Twitter which shows a wheelchair-using woman standing up to reach something from the top shelf in a store and is captioned "there has been a miracle in the alcohol isle" [sic]. People with disabilities noted that people need not be paralyzed to need wheelchairs, after which Takei removed the post and later posted on Facebook apologizing for his comments.
In 2014, Takei raised $100,000 for an adult eagle scout to start a web series, titled Camp Abercorn, documenting his experiences in the Boy Scouts of America after he was forced to leave, due to their anti-gay adult policy. Takei stated, "As a former Boy Scout myself, it pains me deeply that the BSA still boots out gay Scouts when they turn 18, This web series will help educate and inform, as well as entertain. That gets a big thumbs up from me. Let's make this happen."
In 2015, after the announcement of the U.S. Supreme Court same-sex marriage decision, Obergefell v. Hodges, Takei was critical of Clarence Thomas's dissent and called Thomas "a clown in blackface". After defending his comments for over a week, Takei apologized for his wording.
On December 8, 2015, following Donald Trump's call to ban all Muslims from traveling to the United States, Takei appeared on MSNBC to denounce him: "It's ironic that he made that comment on December 7, Pearl Harbor Day — the very event that put us in those internment camps," Takei said. "[A congressional commission] found that it was three things that brought that about. One was racial hysteria, second was war hysteria and third was failure of political leadership. Donald Trump is the perfect example of that failure.... What Donald Trump is talking about is something that's going to make his logo 'America disgraced again.'" During the transition following Trump's election, Carl Higbie cited the internment of Japanese Americans as a historical precedent for a register of Muslims. Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach, a Trump advisor on immigration matters to Trump, was reportedly proposing the register as the first priority in a suite of proposals for the Department of Homeland Security and as part of the "extreme vetting" of immigrants. Takei quickly described Higbie's comments as "dangerous" and went on to say on The Last Word with Lawrence O'Donnell that "[r]egistration of any group of people, and certainly registration of Muslims, is a prelude to internment." Takei was not alone in his criticisms, Higbie also attracted criticism in the Washington Post, The New York Times, from Megyn Kelly of Fox News, and from Representative Judy Chu (D–CA), who denounced them as "abhorent" idea "based on tactics of fear, division, and hate." The constitutional basis of Higbie's idea was also challenged, even though the Supreme Court has not explicitly overturned Korematsu. Constitutional lawyer Bruce Fein has argued that Korematsu has "joined Dred Scott as an odious and discredited artifact of popular bigotry," while Noah Feldman has declared that "Korematsu's uniquely bad legal status means it's not precedent even though it hasn't been overturned." President-elect Trump’s transition team have since issued a statement to the The Huffington Post denying that Trump supports a Muslim registry. This claim contradicts statements Trump made in 2015, including those which Takei denounced, and the newspaper noted that video evidence of Trump's statements is available.
Awards and recognition
In 2004, the government of Japan conferred upon Takei the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette, which represents the fourth highest of six classes associated with the award. This decoration was presented in acknowledgment of his contributions to US-Japanese relations.
- (7307) Takei = 1994 GT9 Discovered 1994 Apr. 13 by Y. Shimizu and T. Urata at Nachi-Katsuura. George Takei (b. 1937) is an actor best known for his role as Mr. Sulu in the original Star Trek television series. He also has a lengthy record of public service through his involvement with organizations such as the Japanese American Citizens League and the Human Rights Campaign. The name was suggested by T. H. Burbine.
- Upon learning of the decision to name the asteroid after him, he said, "I am now a heavenly body. ... I found out about it yesterday. ... I was blown away. It came out of the clear, blue sky—just like an asteroid."
In May 2014, the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation honored Takei with the GLAAD Vito Russo Award, which is presented to an openly LGBT media professional who has made a significant difference in promoting equality for the LGBT community.
In May 2015, the Japanese American National Museum honored Takei with the 2015 JANM Distinguished Medal of Honor for Lifetime Achievement and Public Service at the Japanese American National Museum's 2015 Gala Dinner in Los Angeles.
|1955||Godzilla Raids Again||(Voiceovers only)||Voice only|
|1960||Hell to Eternity||George||Live action|
|1961||A Majority of One||Butler||Live action|
|1965||Red Line 7000||Kato||Live action|
|1966||Walk, Don't Run||Police Captain||Live action|
|1968||The Green Berets||Captain Nim||Live action|
|1972||Josie's Castle||Ken Tanaka||Live action|
|1979||Star Trek: The Motion Picture||Lt. Commander Sulu||Live action|
|1982||Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan||Commander Sulu||Live action|
|1984||Star Trek III: The Search for Spock||Commander Sulu||Live action|
|1986||Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home||Commander Sulu||Live action|
|1989||Star Trek V: The Final Frontier||Commander Sulu||Live action|
|1989||Return from the River Kwai||Lieutenant Tanaka||Live action|
|1990||Prisoners of the Sun/Blood Oath||Vice-Admiral Baron Takahashi||Drama|
|1991||Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country||Captain Sulu||Live action|
|1993||Live By The Fist||Uncle Coronado||Live action|
|1998||Mulan||First Ancestor (voice)||Animated|
|2004||Mulan II||First Ancestor (voice)||Animated|
|2008||The Great Buck Howard||Himself|
|2008||Ninja Cheerleaders||Ninja Sensei Hiroshi|
|2008||Futurama: Bender's Game||Himself (voice)||Animated||Cameo|
|2008||You Don't Mess with the Zohan||Himself||Cameo|
|2009||Scooby-Doo! and the Samurai Sword||Old Man Samurai (voice)||Animated|
|2011||Larry Crowne||Dr. Ed Matsutani|
|2012||Strange Frame||Tamadamsa (voice)|
|2013||Free Birds||S.T.E.V.E. (voice)|
|2014||Eat with Me||Himself|
|2014||To Be Takei||Himself||Live action|
|2014||Axel: The Biggest Little Hero||Elder (voice)|
|2015||The Gettysburg Address||Himself|
|2016||Kubo and the Two Strings||Hosato (voice)||Stop-motion|
|2017||Blazing Samurai||Ohga (voice)||Filming|
|1959||Perry Mason||Toma Sakai||Live action||Season 3, Episode 4 - The Case of the Blushing Pearls|
|1964||The Twilight Zone||Arthur Takamori||Live action||Season 5, Episode 151 - The Encounter|
|1965||My Three Sons||Won Tsun||Live action||Season 6 - Episode 12 - The Hong Kong Story|
|1965||Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea||Major Lee Cheng||Live action||Season 2 - Episode 10 - The Silent Saboteurs|
|1965||Death Valley Days||Wong Lee||Live action||Season 14 - Episode 9 - The Book|
|1966||Mission: Impossible||Roger Lee||Live action||Season 1 - Episode 10 - The Carriers|
|1968||It Takes A Thief||Wo||Live action||Season 2 - Episode 12 - To Catch A Roaring Lion|
|1966–1969||Star Trek||Lt. Sulu||Live action|
|1969||The Courtship of Eddie's Father||Mr. Sato||Live action||Season 1 - Episode 9 - Gentleman Friend|
|1970||Marcus Welby, M.D.||Fred||Live action||Season 2 - Episode 5 - To Get Through the Night|
|1973-1974||Star Trek: The Animated Series||Lt. Sulu||Animated|
|1974||The Six Million Dollar Man||Chin Ling||Live action||Season 1 - Episode 15 - The Coward|
|1975||Hawaii Five-0||Nathaniel Blake||Live action||Season 8 - Episode 5 - Death's Name Is Sam|
|1976||Black Sheep Squadron||Maj. Kato||Live action||Season 1 - Episode 8 - Up For Grabs|
|1986||MacGyver||Dr. Shen Wei||Live action||1 episode: Season 2 Episode 4 "The Wish Child"|
|1987||Miami Vice||Kenneth Togaru||Live action||Season 3 - Episode 20 - By Hooker By Crook|
|1987||Murder She Wrote||Bert Tanaka||Live action||1 episode: Season 3 Episode 15 - "The Bottom Line is Murder"|
|1991–present||The Simpsons||Restaurant Owner / Akira / Waiter / Wink, the Game Show Host||Animated||4 episodes: Season 2 Episode 11: "One Fish, Two Fish, Blowfish, Blue Fish" Season 10 Episode 23: "Thirty Minutes Over Tokyo" Season 13 Episode 4: "A Hunka Hunka Burns in Love" Season 24 Episode 17: "What Animated Women Want"|
|1996||3rd Rock from the Sun||Himself||Live action||1 episode: Season 2 Episode 3 "Hotel Dick"|
|1996||Spider-man||Wong||Animated||1 episode: Season 3 Episode 1 "Doctor Strange"|
|1996||Star Trek: Voyager||Capt. Sulu||Live action||1 episode: Season 3 Episode 2 "Flashback"|
|1996-1997||Space Cases||Warlord Shank|
|1996–2004||Hey Arnold!||Kyo Heyerdahl||2 episodes|
|1999||Batman Beyond||Mr. Fixx||2 episodes: Season 1 Episode 1: "Rebirth: Part 1", Season 1 Episode 2: "Rebirth: Part 2"|
|2002–2007||Kim Possible||Master Sensei|
|2002||Futurama||Himself/Hikaru Sulu||Animated||1 episode: Season 4 Episode 11 "Where No Fan Has Gone Before"|
|2002||Jackie Chan Adventures||High Mystic||Animated||1 episode: Season 2 Episode 28 "The Chosen One"|
|2004||Scrubs||Priest||Live action||1 episode: Season 3 Episode 22 "My Best Friend's Wedding"|
|2005||Avatar: The Last Airbender||Warden||Animated||1 episode: Season 1 Episode 6 "Imprisoned"|
|2006||Malcolm in the Middle||Himself||Live action||1 episode: Season 7 Episode 14 "Hal Grieves"|
|2006||Psych||Himself||Live action||1 episode: Season 1 Episode 8 "Shawn vs. the Red Phantom"|
|2006||Will & Grace||Himself||Live action||1 episode: Season 8 Episode 18 "Buy, Buy Baby"|
|2007||Cory in the House||Ronald||1 episode: Season 1 Episode 15 "Air Force One Too Many" (missing info)|
|2007–2010||Heroes||Kaito Nakamura||Live action|
|2008||Star Wars: The Clone Wars||General Lok Durd||Animated||1 Episode: Season 1 Episode 14 "Defenders of Peace"|
|2008–2009||Chowder||Foie Gras||Episodes "Chowder and Mr. Fugu" and "Hands on a Big Mixer"|
|2009||Transformers: Animated||Yoketron||Animated||1 episode: Season 3 Episode 6: "Five Servos of Doom"|
|2009||Party Down||Himself||1 episode: Season 1 Episode 10: "Stennheiser-Pong Wedding Reception"|
|2009||The Super Hero Squad Show||Galactus||episode "Last Exit Before Doomsday!"|
|2010||Futurama||Himself||Animated||1 episode: Season 6 Episode 4 "Proposition Infinity"|
|2010||The Big Bang Theory||Himself||1 episode: Season 4 Episode 4 "The Hot Troll Deviation"|
|2010||The Suite Life on Deck||Rome Tipton||1 episode: Season 2 Episode 26 "Starship Tipton"|
|2010||Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated||Mr. Wang/White Wizard||1 episode: Season 1 Episode 18 "The Dragon's Secret"|
|2010||Community||Himself||1 episode: Season 2 Episode 6 "Epidemiology"|
|2011–2013||Supah Ninjas||Hologramps and Evil Grandpa||Main Character|
|2012, 2014||Archer||Mr. Moto||2 episodes: Season 3 Episode 7 "Drift Problem", Season 5 Episode 3 "Archer Vice: A Debt of Honor"|
|2012||Futurama||Himself||Animated||(Cameo) 1 episode: Season 7 Episode 5 "Zapp Dingbat"|
|2010–2012||Adventure Time||Ricardio the Heart Guy||Two episodes: "Ricardio the Heart Guy", "Lady & Peebles"|
|2012||Hawaii Five-0||Uncle Choi||1 episode, Season 3 Episode 11: "Kahu" playing Chin Ho Kelly's (Daniel Dae Kim) uncle|
|2012||The Celebrity Apprentice||Himself/Contestant||16th place/4 episodes|
|2012–2013||Transformers: Prime||Alpha Trion||Animated||2 episodes, Season 2 Episode 21: "Alpha/Omega", Season 3 Episode 4: "Rebellion"|
|2013||The New Normal||Sam||1 episode|
|2013–2014||The Neighbors||Supreme Commander/Father||recurring role|
|2013||Futurama||Himself||Animated||(Cameo) 1 episode: Season 7 Episode 19 "Saturday Morning Fun Pit"|
|2013||Ultimate Spider-Man||Elder Monk||1 episode, "Journey of the Iron Fist"|
|2013||Lost Girl||Snake Man / Amphisbaena||1 episode|
|2014||King of the Nerds||Himself||Season 2 Episode 6|
|2014||Real Husbands of Hollywood||Himself||Live action||Season 3 Episode 4, "Don't Vote for Nick"|
|2014||Through the Keyhole||Himself||Season 2 Episode 2|
|2015||Penn Zero: Part-Time Hero||Sashi's Dad||1 episode, "Flurgle Burgle"|
|2015||Hot in Cleveland||Rev. Matsuda||1 episode, Season 6 Episode 17, "Duct Soup"|
|2015||Miles from Tomorrowland||Spectryx||1 episode: Season 1 Episode 14, "The Neptune Adventure/Eye to Eye"|
|2015||BoJack Horseman||Audiobook Narrator||1 episode: Season 2 Episode 1, "Brand New Couch"|
|2016||Almost Royal||Himself||1 episode: Season 2 Episode 5, "Future"|
|2016||Elena of Avalor||King Toshi of Satu||Animated||Season 1 Episode 2, "Model Sister"|
|1992||Star Trek: 25th Anniversary||Hikaru Sulu||Video Game|
|1993||Star Trek: Judgment Rites||Hikaru Sulu||Video Game|
|1997||Star Trek: Starfleet Academy||Hikaru Sulu||Video Game|
|1999||Star Trek: Starfleet Command||Hikaru Sulu||Video Game|
|2000||Star Trek: Starfleet Command II: Empires at War||Hikaru Sulu||Video Game|
|2004||Star Trek: Shattered Universe||Hikaru Sulu||Video Game|
|2007||Star Trek New Voyages: Phase II||Hikaru Sulu||Web|
|2008||Command & Conquer: Red Alert 3||Emperor Yoshiro||Video Game|
|2010||Marvel Super Hero Squad: The Infinity Gauntlet||Galactus||Video Game|
|2012||Skylanders: Giants||Arkeyan Conquertron/Drill-X||Video Game|
|2013||Rooms to Go||Spokesperson||TV Commercial|
|2014||Family Guy: The Quest for Stuff||Himself||Video Game|
|2017||Pizza Hut||Himself||TV Commercial|
|1974||"The Year of the Dragon (play)"||Fred Eng|
|1988||Shimon Wincelberg's "Undertow"|
|1990||"The Wash"||Sadao Nakasato|
|2002||Stephen Sondheim's "Pacific Overtures"||Reciter|
|2005||Peter Shaffer's "Equus"||Martin Dysart|
|2012||"8"||William Tam (Ebell of Los Angeles)|
|2012||"Allegiance"||Sam Kimura (present day) / "Ojii-San" (Grandpa) (1940s)|
- Takei, George; Asprin, Robert (1979). Mirror Friend, Mirror Foe. Playboy. Chicago. ISBN 0-87216-581-7.
- Takei, George (1994). To the Stars: The Autobiography of George Takei. New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-89008-5.
- Takei, George (2012). Oh Myyy! (There Goes the Internet). Oh Myyy! Limited Liability Company.
- Takei, George (2013). Lions and Tigers and Bears (The Internet Strikes Back) (Life, the Internet and Everything). Oh Myyy! Limited Liability Company.
- Hamamoto, Ben (July 10, 2014). "Seminar traces roots of Buddhists' support for LGBTQ rights". Nichi Bei Times. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- Zoglin, Richard (November 28, 1994). "Star Trek: Trekking Onward". Time. Retrieved June 11, 2015.
- Vankin, Deborah (April 7, 2015). "Actor-activist George Takei takes command in cyberspace and beyond". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 11, 2015.
- "George Takei: From 'Star Trek' to cultural icon". Fox News. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- George Takei on Facebook
- "The Birth of Hosato Takei". California Birth Index. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
- "George Takei". TVGuide.com. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Chen, Melody (interviewer) (2004). George Takei - Archive Interview Part 1 of 6. Archive of American Television (Video). Event occurs at 1:25. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- "George Takei Biography (1937-)". Filmreference. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- Taken from Takei's comments on the Howard Stern Show, 9 January 2006
- To the stars: the autobiography of Takei, Star Trek's Mr. Sulu by George Takei
- "Hosato G. Takei Internment Record". MooseRoots. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
- "2004 interview on life in internment camps (for Archive of American Television)". Youtube. November 29, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- George Takei Reminds Donald Trump Of The Past Horrors Of Nuclear Weapons
- "George Takei - Boy Scouts of America Public Service Announcement". YouTube.
- "History for Commodore Perry Scouts".
- "NOTABLE ALUMNI ACTORS". UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- "George Takei Biography". George Takei. Retrieved 2007-02-05.[dead link]
- Mancini, Mark (n.d.). "The Time George Takei Worked with Godzilla". MentalFloss.com. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- "The Relocation from Los Angeles". Relocation & Moving Division California. 2004-03-27.
- To the Stars
- William Shatner's Star Trek Memories – documentary film, released 1995.
- William Shatner's Star Trek Memories - documentary film, released 1995.
- William Shatner & Chris Kreski, Star Trek Memories. New York: Harper Paperbacks, 1989, ISBN 0-06-166469-3
- George Takei To the Stars: The Autobiography of George Takei, Star Trek's Mr. Sulu. Hollywood: Start Trek, 2007, ISBN 0-671-89009-3
- Howard Stern Show: "George Takei is Still Here & Still Hitched," July 27,2009 Archived September 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., accessed June 29, 2010
- Interview with George Takei by Gary Dell'Abate on The Wrap-Up Show 2009-07-27.
- "George Takei Does Internet 'Star Trek'". George Takei Official site. September 25, 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-05.[dead link]
- "A New Voyages Like You've Never Seen Before". Star Trek: New Voyages. August 8, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
- "George Takei". George Takei. Retrieved 2013-12-04.[dead link]
- Takei, George; Asprin, Robert (1979). Mirror Friend, Mirror Foe. Playboy. Chicago. ISBN 0-87216-581-7.
- "Mr. Sulu Decides Against Running For Assembly Seat". Santa Cruz Sentinel. AP. March 6, 1980. p. 8.
- Adamo, Susan. "TAKEI BACKS SHOW, DROPS OUT OF RACE". Starlog (43). Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- "All Star Mr and Mrs". itv.com.
- George Takei. "Never Forget. Never Again". Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
- "'Glee' Stars 'Touched' By Pitt & Clooney's Support Of '8'". Access Hollywood. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- ""8": A Play about the Fight for Marriage Equality". YouTube. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- "YouTube to broadcast Proposition 8 play live". Pink News. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- "Review Roundup: George Takei Makes Broadway Debut in Allegiance". BroadwayWorld. November 8, 2015. Retrieved November 8, 2015.[dead link]
Stasio, Marilyn (November 8, 2015). "Broadway Review: Allegiance with Lea Salonga and George Takei". Variety. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- "King of The Nerds". TBS. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
- "Takei's Take". AARP. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Adriana Lee (September 17, 2013). "Oh, My: George Takei Dishes About Activism, Google Glass And Becoming A Social Media Star". ReadWrite.
- "'Do I Sound Gay?': Toronto Review". The Hollywood Reporter, September 8, 2014.
- Rothschild, Matthew (May 8, 2006). "George Takei, Mr. Sulu of Star Trek, Comes Out and Speaks Out". The Progressive.
- "George Takei, 'Mr. Sulu,' says he's gay". Associated Press/NBC News. October 27, 2005.
- "Passion Play". Frontiers. October 2005.[dead link]
- "'STAR TREK' STAR AND HUMAN RIGHTS CAMPAIGN TEAM UP FOR 'EQUALITY TREK'". The Official Website of George Takei. Retrieved 27 October 2014.[dead link]
- "George Takei US Tour". Human Rights Campaign. Archived from the original on December 14, 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
- Will O'Bryan (January 10, 2008). "Beam Me Out!: George Takei's Tales from Sulu to Stern". Metro Weekly. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
- "George Takei's Message to Tim Hardaway". 2007-02-20.
- Nick Denton (June 24, 2007). "Sulu joins the Starship Google". Valleywag. Archived from the original on 2008-06-10. Retrieved 2007-07-08.
- Philip Gambone, Travels in a Gay Nation: Portraits of LGBTQ Americans (University of Wisconsin Press, 2010), 264, 269-70
- "George Takei of 'Star Trek' gets marriage license". Boston Herald. Associated Press. June 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-17.[dead link]
- "'Wed Me Up Scotty!' George Takei Weds". AsianWeek. Retrieved on 2008-09-15.
- Michael Weinfeld (June 5, 2008). "George Takei and partner plan to wed in September". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
- "Brad Altman and George Takei "Newlywed Game"". YouTube. 2010-11-19. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "A Day in Gay America". Advocate. November 2011. p. 25.
- "Take That split brought tears to Raging Bull's eyes". This is Glocestershire. February 15, 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-05-04.
- "Cries grow louder, anti-gay school board official".
- Sean O'Neal (November 5, 2010). "Watch George Takei call homophobic Arkansas School Board member a douchebag". AV Club.
- Wing, Nicholas (October 27, 2010). "Clint McCance, Arkansas School Board Member, Wants 'Fags' To Commit Suicide". The Huffington Post.
- "Board of Directors". East West Players. Archived from the original on February 6, 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
- An Anglophile Angeleno[dead link], George Takei Official Website, Blog, March, 2003. Retrieved Nov 2010.
- "George Takei". Facebook (official). Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Knapp, Alex (2012-03-23). "How George Takei Conquered Facebook". Forbes. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
- Cabalona, Jeremy (2012-04-20). "How George Takei Went From Star Trek to Social Media Superstar". Mashable. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
- "George Takei's Facebook Page". Facebook. September 16, 2013. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
- "George Takei Defends Miss America Nina Davuluri After Racist Tweets". The Inquisitr. September 16, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
- "After Defending Miss America From Racial Comments, George Takei Meets Nina Davuluri For First Time". ABC News. September 18, 2013. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
- "Bullying Disabled People Is Never Ok - But It's Even Worse When You've Got 8.7Million Fans Watching". The Huffington Post UK. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- "George Takei - I've just come back from an extended trip... - Facebook". facebook.com. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- Esselink, Jean Ann (14 August 2014). "George Takei Helps A Former Boy Scout Realize His Dream". The New Civil Rights Movement. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- Chen, Kelly (July 3, 2015). "George Takei Apologizes For Calling Clarence Thomas A 'Clown In Blackface'". The Huffington Post. New York. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
But my choice of words was regrettable, not because I do not believe Justice Thomas is deeply wrong, but because they were ad hominem and uncivil, and for that I am sorry.
- "George Takei on Donald Trump". msnbc.com. 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-12-09.
- Bobic, Igor (November 17, 2016). "Trump Supporter Cites Japanese Internment As 'Precedent' For Muslim Registry". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Railton, Ben (November 17, 2016). "The Real Precedents Set By Japanese American Internment". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Caldwell, Alicia A. (November 21, 2016). "Trump supporter pitches hard-line immigration plan for Homeland Security". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Raymond, Adam K. (November 21, 2016). "Trump Cabinet Hopeful Kris Kobach Forgets Cover Sheet, Exposes DHS Plan for All to See". New York. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Engel, Pamela (November 22, 2016). "Magnified version of photo shows potential Homeland Security secretary's plan for 'extreme vetting' of immigrants". Business Insider (Australia). Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Herreria, Carla (November 17, 2016). "Remember When George Takei Said He Loves A 'Country That Once Betrayed Me'?". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Dicker, Ron (November 19, 2016). "George Takei Blasts Muslim Registry As 'Prelude To Internment'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Hawkins, Derek (November 17, 2016). "Japanese American internment is 'precedent' for national Muslim registry, prominent Trump backer says". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- Bromwich, Jonah Engel (November 17, 2016). "Trump Camp's Talk of Registry and Japanese Internment Raises Muslim Fears". The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- Abadi, Mark (November 17, 2016). "Megyn Kelly shut down a Trump supporter who said Japanese internment camps were precedent for a Muslim registry". Business Insider (Australia). Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Chow, Kat (November 17, 2016). "Renewed Support For Muslim Registry Called 'Abhorrent'". NPR Code Switch. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Ford, Matt (November 19, 2015). "The Return of Korematsu". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Fein, Bruce (November 25, 2016). "History Overrules Odious Supreme Court Precedent". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Feldman, Noah (November 18, 2016). "Why Korematsu Is Not a Precedent". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Lucey, Catherine; Colvin, Jill (November 19, 2015). "Trump says he would 'absolutely' implement a database to track Muslims". Business Insider (Australia). Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- Gabriel, Trip (November 20, 2015). "Donald Trump Says He'd 'Absolutely' Require Muslims to Register". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- "| Actor, Assemblyman Honored By Japanese Government | NBC | 06/28/2008". Knbc.com. Retrieved 2010-04-09.[dead link]
- NASA reference: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=7307
- Tattle | Mr. Sulu makes a name for himself in space|Philadelphia Daily News|10/03/2007[dead link]
- "American Humanist Association 71st Annual Conference". June 7, 2012. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
- Townsend, Megan (May 3, 2014). "George Takei, "Orange is the New Black," "Concussion" among #GLAADAwards recipients in New York City". GLAAD. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
- "Through The Keyhole". comedy.co.uk.
- "Miles from Tomorrowland (TV Series 2015– )". IMDb.
- http://www.disney.co.uk/disney-junior/brand/miles-from-tomorrow.jsp Miles From Tomorrowland
- Miles from Tomorrowland "Eye to Eye" ft George Takei. YouTube. 14 May 2015.
- "Model Sister". disneyabcpress.com.
- "Pizza Hut: George Takei – Oh My". Daily Commercials. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- Takei, George (2015-03-10). To The Stars: Autobiography of George Takei. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9780743434201.
- "The globality of pantomime: a brief excursion". Retrieved 2015-09-28.
- "George Takei". www.georgetakei.com. Retrieved 2015-09-28.[permanent dead link]
- "George Takei Gallery". georgetakei.com. Retrieved 2015-09-28.
- Willis, John (2000-02-01). Theatre World 1990-1991. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 9781557831262.
- "George Takei". georgetakei.com. Retrieved 2015-09-28.
- "George Takei". georgetakei.com. Retrieved 2015-09-28.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Takei.|
- Official website
- George Takei at the Internet Movie Database
- George Takei at the TCM Movie Database
- George Takei at AllMovie
- George Takei at the Internet Broadway Database
- George Takei at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- George Takei biography at StarTrek.com
- George Takei Interview at the Archive of American Television portal
- Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture
- Japanese American Relocation Record
- Takei's personal blog[dead link]
- Appearances on C-SPAN