George Tolhurst

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George Tolhurst (5 June 1827[1] – 18 January 1877) was an English composer, resident from 1852 to 1866 in Australia.

Born in Maidstone, Kent, George emigrated to Melbourne with his father, where he practised as a teacher of music.[2] He returned to England in 1866, and died in Barnstaple in 1877. His one large-scale composition, the oratorio Ruth, was first performed in Prahran in Melbourne in 1864, and repeated in London in 1868. Tolhurst is therefore notable as the composer of the first oratorio composed in the colony of Victoria. Though well received by early audiences, Ruth was generally derided for bathos and technical ineptitude in the musical press, and by the early 20th century was generally regarded as the worst oratorio ever composed.[3] It was revived in a re-orchestrated and abridged version at the Royal Albert Hall, London in 1973, conducted by Antony Hopkins and revived in another format in 2007.

works[edit]

  • 1858 O, Call It By Some Better Name [4]
  • 1864 The Post Galop [5]
  • 1864 Christmas in Australia [6]
  • 1864 Ruth

recordings[edit]

  • 2007 Ruth [7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "George Tolhurst 1827-1877". ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  2. ^ "25 Mar 1865 - MUSIC AND THE DRAMA.". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 4 September 2015. 
  3. ^ The Musical Times vol. 61, no. 923 (Jan. 1 1920), p. 21-25
  4. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/215729989
  5. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/21825052
  6. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/21825167
  7. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/43462785

Bibliography[edit]

Royston Gustavson, "Tolhurst, George"; "Ruth", in Warren Bebbington, ed., The Oxford Companion to Australian Music (Melbourne : Oxford University Press, 1997) ISBN 0-19-553432-8