George Troup (architect)
Sir George Alexander Troup CMG (21 October 1863 – 4 October 1941) was a New Zealand architect, engineer and statesman. He was nicknamed "Gingerbread George" after his most famous design, the Dunedin Railway Station in the Flemish Renaissance style (he preferred his alternative design in the Scottish Baronial style). He was the first official architect of the New Zealand Railways. He designed many other stations, including Lower Hutt and Petone.
Troup was the 23rd Mayor of Wellington, capital of New Zealand, from 1927 to 1931, after being a Councillor from 1925 (the year he retired from the Railways) to 1927; he was a member of the (anti-Labour) Civic League. He supported many civic improvements, like the widening and paving of many Wellington streets, and the developing of Rongotai Airport and the National Art Gallery and Museum on the Mount Cook site. He decided not to stand for a third term as Mayor in 1930 for health reasons, though with the Depression there was opposition to municipal spending. He was on many boards, e.g. the Wellington Harbour Board.
Early life and education
He was born in London, England. His family returned to Edinburgh, Scotland soon after he was born. His widowed mother sent him to Robert Gordon's College, Aberdeen, where he was entitled to free board and tuition as the son of an Aberdeen burgess.
He trained as an architect and engineer under C.E. Calvert in Edinburgh, and in 1882 was employed as a draughtsman by architect J.J.A. Chesser.
He emigrated to New Zealand in 1884. Joining the Survey Department when he arrived in Dunedin, he worked in remote survey gangs. In 1886 he joined the New Zealand Railways Department as an engineering draughtsman, having studied at the Otago School of Mines to qualify for the position. He soon transferred to the Head Office in Wellington, where he spent 37 of his 39 years in the Railways, and was responsible for the design of railway stations, bridges and viaducts, and for Railways housing.
His crowning achievement was the design and construction of Dunedin Railway Station, of 1906.
He supported the Presbyterian Church including St. John’s in Wellington and the Bible Class movement, the Y.M.C.A., the Wellington Boy’s Institute, and the British and Foreign Bible Society. He was also President of the Friesian Cattle Breeders Association, as he farmed his country property at Plimmerton. He was associated with the development of Kelburn, and the Wellington Cable Car.
Standard Station designs
Under his leadership, a plan book of revised standard station types was produced by 1904:-
- Class A
Replaced the former class 5 station, 13 ft (3.5 m) wide x 34 – 69 ft (10.4 – 21 m) long, with an enclosed lobby, ladies' waiting room and toilet, plus, at larger stations, an office and luggage room. Surviving examples are Hundalee (now at Waikari), Moana (Lake Brunner, Trans-Alpine) and Rotowaro.
- Class B
Gable-roof 17 ft (5.2 m) wide x 44 –103 ft (13.4 - 31.4 m) long, with the same rooms as Class A, plus, at larger stations, ticket office, parcels room, lamp room, stationmaster's office, porters’ room, and postal room, mostly with fireplaces at the apex of the roof. e.g., Glenhope, Kaikoura, Kawakawa, Ohakune, Otaki, Pukekohe, Rangiora, Te Kuiti and Waihi.
- Class C
16 were built between 1900 and 1908 with Tudor-style half-timbering, turrets and towers, large verandahs, tiled roofs and terracotta finials. e.g. Blenheim, Gisborne, Kaiapoi, Lower Hutt, Mataura, Oamaru, Picton and Thames.
Gable-roofed, with, usually identical, doors, windows and verandahs on each side, often with Vintage details. Access was from an overbridge or a subway. e.g. Paekakariki, Plimmerton, Remuera and Wingatui.
He married Annie Mary Sloan on 3 March 1897 in Wellington. He died in Wellington, survived by his wife, one son and three daughters. Troup received the CMG in 1931 and the King George V Silver Jubilee Medal in 1935. He was appointed a Knight Bachelor in 1937.
- "Obituary: Sir George Troup". The Evening Post. 4 October 1941. p. 11. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- George Troup: Architect and Engineer by Gordon Troup (1982, Dunmore Press) ISBN 978-0-9805648-7-7
- Veitch, James. "Troup, George Alexander 1863–1941". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Rail Heritage Trust - Heritage Railway Stations
- Rail Heritage Trust - Hundalee
- Rail Heritage Trust - Moana
- Rail Heritage Trust - Rotowaro
- Rail Heritage Trust - Glenhope
- Rail Heritage Trust - Kaikoura
- Rail Heritage Trust - Kawakawa
- Heritage NZ listing Ohakune - including photo
- Rail Heritage Trust - Otaki,
- Rail Heritage Trust - Pukekohe
- Rail Heritage Trust - Te Kuiti
- Rail Heritage Trust - Waihi
- Rail Heritage Trust - Whangarei
- Rail Heritage Trust -Blenheim
- Rail Heritage Trust - Gisborne
- Rail Heritage Trust - Kaiapoi
- Rail Heritage Trust - Lower Hutt
- Rail Heritage Trust - Mataura
- Rail Heritage Trust - Oamaru
- Rail Heritage Trust - Picton
- Rail Heritage Trust - Thames
- Rail Heritage Trust - Paekakariki
- Rail Heritage Trust - Plimmerton
- Rail Heritage Trust - Remuera
- Rail Heritage Trust - Wingatui
- "Official jubilee medals". Evening Post. 6 May 1935. p. 4. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
|Mayor of Wellington
Media related to George Troup (architect) at Wikimedia Commons