|3rd President of the Republic of Cyprus|
February 28, 1988 – February 28, 1993
|Preceded by||Spyros Kyprianou|
|Succeeded by||Glafcos Clerides|
|1st President of United Democrats|
|Succeeded by||Michalis Papapetrou|
20 May 1931 |
|Political party||United Democrats (Enomeni Dimokrates)|
|Alma mater||University of London|
|Religion||Cypriot Orthodox|
Georgios Vasos Vassiliou (Greek: Γιώργος Βασιλείου) (born May 20, 1931 in Famagusta, Cyprus) was the third President of the Republic of Cyprus from 1988 to 1993. He was also the founder and leader of the Cypriot United Democrats party (EDI) and a highly successful businessman.
Vassiliou's father Vasos was a member of the central committee of AKEL, the Cypriot Communist party. He was a doctor by profession, and volunteered as a doctor on the side of the Communists in the Greek Civil War. During the civil war, the rest of the Vassiliou family settled in Hungary. Vassiliou himself went to university in Hungary and was a student of Imre Nagy. He fled Hungary following the Soviet invasion and continued his studies at the University of London.
He was elected president as an independent candidate with support from AKEL in 1988, succeeding Spyros Kyprianou, who had served two presidential terms. During his time in office, Cyprus experienced economic growth and he was responsible for a number of reforms including stopping the police practice of keeping files on Cypriot citizens' political beliefs. He worked towards a negotiated solution to the Cyprus dispute based on the Ghali set of ideas, although the dispute remained unresolved by the time he left office in 1993.
After he lost the 1993 elections to Glafkos Klerides, he founded the Free Democrats Movement and he was elected president of the party. He was elected member of the Cypriot Parliamient, while his political party won two seats (out of 56) in the Parliamentary Elections in 1996. The same year the party was merged with the political party ADISOK and formed a new party United Democrats.
He elected as well president of United Democrats and remained president until 2005. In the Parliamentary Elections of 2001 his party lost one of its seats and he wasn't re-elected. Following the Cyprus referendum of 2004 in which he was a strong supporter of the Annan Plan he resigned from the presidency of United Democrats.
He has also served as Chief Negotiator for the accession of Cyprus to the European Union from 1998 to 2003.
George Vassiliou takes active part in international political and social organizations and events. He is currently Member of the European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation, jointly chaired by Poland's ex-President Aleksander Kwaśniewski and President of the European Jewish Congress Viatcheslav Moshe Kantor. ECTR is designed to monitor tolerance in Europe and prepare recommendations to national governments and IGOs in respect of fighting xenophobia, extremism and anti-Semitism.
Vassiliou has three children and is married to Androulla Vassiliou.
Post Political Career
In 2014 Vassiliou published a book about his life before presidency called 'Odyssey'. In 2015 he began writing a sequel to his book about his life as president of Cyprus. It is expected to be released in late 2016.
- As concerned europeans we urge eurozone leaders to unite, retrieved on 20 February.
- Prime Minister of Malta Website, Honorary Appointments to the National Order of Merit
- The Economist (US) | February 27, 1988 article "His own man, Cypriot President George Vassiliou "
|President of Cyprus