George Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon

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The Earl of Clarendon
George Herbert Hyde Villiers in October of 1899.jpg
5th Governor-General of South Africa
In office
26 January 1931 – 5 April 1937
MonarchGeorge V
Edward VIII
George VI
Prime MinisterJames Barry Munnik Hertzog
Preceded byThe Earl of Athlone
Succeeded bySir Patrick Duncan
Personal details
Born
George Herbert Hyde Villiers

7 June 1877
Died13 December 1955(1955-12-13) (aged 78)
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Adeline Verena Isabel Cocks
Children3
Parent(s)Edward Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon
Lady Caroline Agar
OccupationPolitician, Colonial administrator
Garter-encircled shield of arms of George Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon, KG, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel, viz. Argent on a cross gules five escallops or.

George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon, KG GCMG GCVO PC DL (7 June 1877 – 13 December 1955), styled Lord Hyde from 1877 to 1914, was a British Conservative politician from the Villiers family. He served as Governor-General of the Union of South Africa from 1931 to 1937.

Background[edit]

Clarendon was the only son of Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon and his wife Lady Caroline Elizabeth Agar, daughter of James Agar, 3rd Earl of Normanton. George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon, three times Foreign Secretary, was his grandfather.

Political career[edit]

Lord Hyde was in November 1902 appointed an extra aide-de-camp to the Earl of Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.[1]

Clarendon took his seat on the Conservative benches in the House of Lords on his father's death in 1914. When Bonar Law became Prime Minister in 1922 he appointed Clarendon Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms (government chief whip in the House of Lords), a position he also held under Stanley Baldwin until January 1924, and again from December 1924 to 1925. He then served as the first Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs until 1927. In 1931 Clarendon was appointed Governor-General of South Africa, in which position he remained until 1937. During his tenure as Governor-General of South Africa, he also served as Chief Scout of South Africa.[2] Clarendon High School for Girls and its associated schools, Clarendon Primary School and Clarendon Preparatory School in East London, South Africa are named after him.[3]

Clarendon was later Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1938 and 1952. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1931 and made a Knight of the Garter in 1937.

Family[edit]

Lord Clarendon married Adeline Verena Ishbel Cocks, daughter of Herbert Haldane Somers Cocks, in 1905.[4]

They had three children:[citation needed]

  • George Villiers, Lord Hyde, killed in a shooting accident in South Africa in 1935, leaving a son George Frederick Laurence and a posthumous daughter, Rosemary. [5]
  • (Nina) Joan Villiers, Lady Newman
  • (William) Nicholas Villiers.

He died in December 1955, aged 78. His eldest son George Villiers, Lord Hyde, had been killed in a shooting accident in 1935; the earldom was inherited by George's son Laurence.

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ireland". The Times (36930). London. 20 November 1902. p. 7.
  2. ^ Wilson, John S. (1959). Scouting Round the World (1st ed.). Blandford Press. p. 94.
  3. ^ "Clarendon Primary". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2007.
  4. ^ "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com.
  5. ^ "Lady Rosemary Steel 1935-2018". Peerage News. 19 February 2018.
  6. ^ Council, Watford Borough. "Who is the Chairman?". www.watford.gov.uk.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Lord-in-waiting
1921 – 1922
New government
Preceded by Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms
1922 – 1924
Succeeded by
Preceded by Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords
1922 – 1924
Succeeded by
Preceded by Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms
1924 – 1925
Succeeded by
Preceded by Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords
1924 – 1925
New office Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs
1925 – 1927
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor-General of South Africa
1931 – 1937
Succeeded by
Court offices
Preceded by Lord Chamberlain
1938 – 1952
Succeeded by
Media offices
Preceded by Chairman of the BBC Board of Governors
1927–1930
Succeeded by
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by Earl of Clarendon
1914 – 1955
Succeeded by