George W. Parsons

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
George Whitwell Parsons
George W. Parsons 1883.jpg
George W. Parsons
Born(1850-08-26)August 26, 1850
DiedJanuary 5, 1933(1933-01-05) (aged 82)
OccupationAttorney, banker
Known forHis detailed diary of life in the era of Virgil and Wyatt Earp

George Whitwell Parsons (August 26, 1850 - January 5, 1933) was a licensed attorney turned banker during the 19th century Old West. He is remembered due to his having kept a detailed daily diary of his life in the west, especially while he lived in Tombstone, Arizona Territory from 1879 to 1887. He described life in Tombstone in detail, including his interaction with individuals who became famous such as Wyatt Earp and Ike Clanton.

Early life[edit]

Parsons was born in Washington, D.C., and raised to practice law in his father's law firm. However, he became disillusioned with that field of work, and for a time he worked as a salvager in Florida, salvaging shipwrecks, beginning around 1874. After a near death experience while working in Cape Sable, during a hurricane, Parsons decided to find another line of work, and moved to California, where he worked as a bank clerk for three years in Los Angeles, starting in 1876. He then began working for the National Gold Bank & Trust Co., but when the bank closed down in 1880 he found himself out of work.[1]


He began keeping a diary in 1869 following the death of his mother, an event that profoundly affected him and which he noted on its anniversary every year. He wrote in the diary every day for sixty years, from 1869 to 1929.[1]

Life in Tombstone[edit]

Parsons moved with his friend Milton Clapp to the boomtown of Tombstone, Arizona. He worked as a laborer at first in the mines and later partnered with J. L. Redfern as mining agents.[2] He became acquainted with John Clum, who was mayor as well as editor of The Tombstone Epitaph.

The events he witnessed in Tombstone made the diaries interesting to researchers. He became a member of the "Committee of Vigilance" and served on its leadership "Council of Ten."[1]

Parsons was good friends with Wyatt Earp and John Clum. He knew lawmen Fred White, Virgil Earp, Johnny Behan, and Morgan Earp. He was also acquainted with men on the other side of the law, including Ike Clanton, "Curly Bill" Brocius, Johnny Ringo and others of note. For the next seven years Parsons would keep daily records of his day, and detailed what happened leading up to, during, and after the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.[1]

During the Tombstone fire in June 1881, Parsons helped tear down a balcony to prevent the fire from spreading when he was struck by the falling wood.[3] Parson's upper lip and nose were pierced by a splinter of wood, severely flattening and deforming his nose. Dr. George E. Goodfellow devised a wire framework and in a series of treatments and plastic surgery successfully restored Parson's nose to his pre-injury profile.[4] He refused payment because Parsons had been hurt as he was assisting others.[5]

His diary gives valuable insight into the personalities and characters involved in those events. He also documented and described other notable events, including the grand opening of the Oriental Saloon, which later become famous in Old West history. He became friends with Reverend Endicott Peabody during his six months of residence in Tombstone during early 1882, and when Parsons learned the Reverend was a pretty good boxer, arranged a match between him and the Methodist minister, Joseph P. “Mac” McIntyre.[6] Endicott won.

Parsons was, in 1885, the first librarian for the Tombstone Library, and in 1887 he left Tombstone, which by that time was on the decline.[7]

Later life[edit]

Parsons moved to Los Angeles, California in 1887. He became director of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce and served as president of the Los Angeles Mining and Stock Exchange.[2] Portions of the diary was donated to the Arizona Pioneers Historical Society during the 1930s by Emma Parsons, his widow.

Parsons stopped writing in his diary in 1929. Editor Carl Chafin later spent several years researching the diary, and later published the portions covering 1879 to 1887.[1] Parsons died in Los Angeles, and was buried in "Evergreen Cemetery". His diaries are still published, most notably in the book A Tenderfoot in Tombstone, the Private Journal of George Whitwell Parsons: The Turbulent Years, 1880-82, authored by Lynn R. Bailey.[8]

Period account of his passing[edit]

Even at the time of Parson's death, he was recognized for his place in history. The following account appeared on page 11 of The San Bernardino Daily Sun, San Bernardino, California, on 7 January 1933:[9]

"Desert Pioneer Is Dead in Los Angeles

"Known as 'the man who sign-posted the desert waterholes,' George Whitwell Parsons, pioneer, is dead in Los Angeles at the age of 82.

"He was born in the District of Columbia, and came to the West by way of Panama and San Francisco in 1876. Veteran of the wildest days of Tombstone and an inveterate prospector during the flush gold times, he was a source much employed in later years by noted writers in search of information and color.

"It was when he was a chairman of the mining division of the Los Angeles chamber of commerce that he began a campaign in the California legislature and then in Congress which resulted in the erection of desert signposts to point the way across the wastes to water holes.

"Mr. and Mrs. John Chard, at whose home he lived at Los Angeles, where he died, said he was about to begin a book on southwestern deserts when a heart ailment overcame him.

"He lived in Los Angeles 40 years and was one of the founders of the chamber of commerce and the Sunset club. A surviving sister is Emma Parsons, now visiting at Edgewood, Virginia."


  1. ^ a b c d e "The Private Journal of George Whitwell Parsons". Archived from the original on March 8, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "MS 645 George W. Parsons Papers, 1879 - 1933" (PDF). Arizona Historical Society. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  3. ^ Marks, Paula Mitchell (1996). And Die in the West: The Story of O.K. Corral Gunfight (Oklahoma Paperbacks ed.). Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0806128887. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  4. ^ Allen, Paul L. (October 14, 2006). "Lookin' Back: Temper proves deadly for physician". Tucson Citizen Morgue Part 1. Tucson Citizen. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  5. ^ Trimble, Marshall. "The Horse & Buggy Doctors of Territorial Days". Wild West Gazette. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  6. ^ Egerton, Jeff (September 30, 2008). "Reverend Endicott Peabody: Tombstone's Quiet Hero". Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  7. ^ "Tombstone City Library".
  8. ^ George W. Parsons, Lynn R. Bailey (February 1996). A Tenderfoot in Tombstone, the Private Journal of George Whitwell Parksons: The Turbulent Years, 1880-82 (Great West & Indians Series, Vol 65). Westernlore Publications. ISBN 0-87026-095-2.
  9. ^ Staff, "Desert Pioneer Is Dead in Los Angeles", The San Bernardino Daily Sun, San Bernardino, California, Saturday 7 January 1933, Volume 39, page 11.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]