Sir George Walter Prothero
|Born||October 14, 1848|
|Died||July 10, 1922(aged 73)|
Sir George Walter Prothero Royal Historical Society from 1901 to 1905.(14 October 1848 – 10 July 1922) was an English historian, writer, and academic who served as president of the
Life and writings
Prothero was born in Wiltshire to George Prothero, and was educated at Eton, studying classics at King's College at the University of Cambridge, and at the University of Bonn. He went on to become a Fellow of King's College, working as a history lecturer there from 1876. In 1894, he became the first Professor of Modern History at the University of Edinburgh. During his time in Edinburgh he spent a year as a Council member of the local influential conservationist body, the Cockburn Association.
After five years as Professor of Modern History in Edinburgh, Prothero moved to London to take the place of his brother, Lord Ernle, as the editor of the Quarterly Review, a political periodical. He also acted as editor of the Cambridge Historical Series, a set of historical books detailing the history of several European nations and other parts of the world which were published by Cambridge University Press from 1894 onwards. With A. W. Ward and Stanley Mordaunt Leathes he edited the Cambridge Modern History between 1901 and 1912.
In 1903 he was invited to give the Rede Lecture, on which occasion he spoke on the topic of Napoleon III and the Second French Empire. In 1904–1906 he was a member of the Royal Commission for Ecclesiastical Discipline. Following the outbreak of World War I, Prothero worked as Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office, and in this capacity attended the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. For his services to the war effort, he was created Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1920.
He was married to Fanny (née Butcher), one of the 12 members of the Cambridge Ladies Dining Society.
He died in 1922.
- The Life of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester (1877)
- A Memoir of Henry Bradshaw (1888)
- Select Statutes and other Documents Illustrative of the Reigns of Elizabeth and James I (1894); 2nd edition, 1898
- The British History Reader (1898)
- Cambridge Modern History (1902–1912), co-editor
- Peace handbooks (published c. 1920), Briefing books on countries, territorial and economic questions, prepared on behalf of the Foreign Office for British negotiators at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919
- "Prothero, George Walter (PRTR868GW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). Encyclopædia Britannica. 32 (12th ed.). London & New York: The Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 186. .
- "Peace handbooks and works by G. W. Prothero". World Digital Library. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, "Prothero, Sir George Walter (1848–1922), historian" by Algernon Cecil, rev. Peter R. H. Slee.