George Washington Cullum
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|George Washington Cullum|
George Washington Cullum
February 25, 1809|
New York City, New York
|Died||February 28, 1892
New York City, New York
|Place of burial||Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York|
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Army
|Years of service||1833–1874|
|Rank|| Colonel (Regular Army)
Brevet Major General
|Unit||Corps of Engineers|
|Commands held||United States Military Academy|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Awards||Cullum Geographical Medal (establisher)|
George Washington Cullum (February 25, 1809 – February 28, 1892) was an American soldier, engineer and writer. He served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, primarily serving in the Western Theater. Cullum also served as the 16th Superintendent of the United States Military Academy.
Birth and early years
Cullum was born in New York City, but was raised in Meadville, Pennsylvania. He graduated from the United States Military Academy, ranking third in the Class of 1833. He designed the Independent Congregational Church at Meadville and it was built in 1835–1836. He joined the Corps of Engineers and supervised a number of construction projects on the East Coast. Cullum served as the engineer in charge of the construction of Fort Trumbull in New London, Connecticut. He was promoted to captain in 1838 and held this rank until the outbreak of the civil war. He was an instructor of engineering at West Point from 1848 to 1855, and published the forerunner of his Biographical Register in 1850. Cullum took two years leave of absence for health reasons, and traveled throughout Europe, Asia, Africa and the West Indies while recuperating.
Civil War service
From April 1861 Cullum was a lieutenant colonel and aide-de-camp to General Winfield Scott, before becoming chief engineer of the Department of the Missouri in November 1861. He was appointed brigadier general of volunteers to rank from November 1, 1861 on November 12, 1861 but President Lincoln had to submit the nomination four times before the U.S. Senate finally confirmed it on March 11, 1863. He later superintended engineering works on the Western rivers and was chief engineer at the Siege of Corinth. He was superintendent of the military academy from 1864 to 1866. On March 8, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Cullum to be appointed to the grade of brevet major general, USA, to rank from March 1866, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the award on May 4, 1866 and reconfirmed it July 14, 1866 after the dates of rank of staff officers were adjusted to follow those of field officers. He was mustered out of the volunteers on September 1, 1866.
After the war, Cullum remained in the Regular Army at a variety of engineering posts, supervising several projects to strengthen America's coastal defenses. He retired from active service January 13, 1874 with the rank of colonel and returned to New York City. Following his retirement, he married Elizabeth Hamilton, sister of Major General Schuyler Hamilton and widow of Major General Henry W. Halleck.
- Systems of Military Bridges (1863)
- Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy (1868; third edition, 1891–1910)
- Campaigns and Engineers of the War of 1812–15 (1879)
On his death in New York City in 1892, he left part of his fortune to be used for the erection of the Memorial Hall at West Point, for the continuance of his Biographical Register and for an award of the American Geographical Society (of which he was vice-president) “to those who distinguish themselves by geographical discoveries or in the advancement of geographical science”, known as the Cullum Geographical Medal. Cullum is interred at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York.
Dates of rank
- Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1829
- Bvt. Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, July 1, 1833
- Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers, Apr. 20, 1836
- Captain, Corps of Engineers, July 7, 1838
- Lieut.‑Col., Staff — Aide-de‑Camp to the General-in‑Chief, Apr. 9, 1861
- Major, Corps of Engineers, Aug. 6, 1861
- Col., Staff — Aide-de‑Camp to the General-in‑Chief, Aug. 6, 1861
- Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Nov. 1, 1861
- Lieut.-Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863
- Bvt. Colonel and Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
- Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for "Faithful, Meritorious, and Distinguished Services during the Rebellion"
- Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Sep. 1, 1866.
- Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 7, 1867
- "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System. Note: This includes Mrs. Anne Stewart and William K. Watson (August 1977). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Independent Congregational Church" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2012-08-18.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 720
- Eicher, 2001, p. 707
- Eicher, 2001, p. 193
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
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|Superintendents of the United States Military Academy
Thomas Gamble Pitcher