George Washington Vanderbilt III
|George Washington Vanderbilt III|
September 23, 1913|
New York City
|Died||June 24, 1961
Mark Hopkins Hotel
San Francisco, California
|Education||St. Paul's School
Anita Zabala Howard
Louise Mitchell Paine
|Parent(s)||Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt
|Awards||Legion of Merit|
George Washington Vanderbilt III (September 23, 1913 New York City, New York – June 24, 1961 San Francisco, California) was a yachtsman and a scientific explorer who was a member of the prominent United States Vanderbilt family.
Born in New York City, he was the son of Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt and his second wife, Margaret Emerson. He was the brother of Alfred G. Vanderbilt II and a half-brother to William Henry Vanderbilt III from his father's first marriage to Ellen "Elsie" French. In 1915, when George was only a year old, his father perished in the sinking of the RMS Lusitania. His inheritance was estimated as high as US$40,000,000 (equivalent to $946,973,684 in 2016). He received the first quarter of his inheritance at 21, then 25, 30, and the last at 35. His mother, Margaret, remarried two more times, first to Raymond T. Baker, with whom she had a daughter, Gloria Baker (1920–1975), and second, to Charles Minot Amory.
He was the grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt and Alice Claypoole Gwynne and was named in honor of his great-great-uncle George Washington Vanderbilt and his great-uncle George Washington Vanderbilt II. Vanderbilt's maternal grandfather, Isaac E. Emerson, was a very wealthy businessman who made a fortune in a variety of business ventures including patent medicines, the most notable of which was Bromo-Seltzer. A sailing enthusiast, Emerson instilled a love for the sport in young George from an early age and as an adult, he used his sailing skills and wealth for scientific research.
Vanderbilt did not attend college, but by the time he turned 21, he had already led two expeditions to Panama and Africa, with some lasting up to 10 months, bringing back various snakes, fish, insects and birds. In 1937, he went on a six month with the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences to the South Seas, bringing back 20,000 species of birds, fish and reptiles. He owned several yachts and used them to conduct scientific expeditions all over the globe. His voyages conducted important research in expeditions to Africa in 1934 and aboard the schooner Cressida, he made an ocean journey in 1937 to the South Pacific (visiting many islands with a wide geographic range) that carried out a systematic study of more than 10,000 fish specimens (434 species in 210 genera).
He established the George Vanderbilt Foundation, of which he was president, for scientific research around marine biology. However, outside of academic circles, his important work has mostly been overshadowed by the lavish lifestyles and the Vanderbilt mansions of some of the other members of the Vanderbilt family.
George Vanderbilt was married four times throughout his life. His first marriage was in 1935, when he married Louise "Lulu" Miriam Parsons (1912–2013). Lulu was born in Montclair, New Jersey and her father, J. Lester Parsons, founded the international re-insurance firm of Crum & Forster in 1896. Together, George and Louise had:
- Lucille Margaret Vanderbilt (b. 1938), who was married to Philip Brady, Jr from 1958 until their divorce 1962. Later in 1962, she married Robert Mathews Balding, divorcing in 1970. Her third and final marriage was to Wallace Fennel Pate (1933-1993).
In 1946, the Vanderbilts divorced and in 1950, Louise married Ronald Bush Balcom (d. 1994), a champion skier who had previous attained celebrity when he became the third husband of Standard Oil heiress Millicent Rogers. Also in 1950, George Vanderbilt married Anita C. Zabala Howard at his home in South Carolina. She was a descendant of one of California's first Spanish families and the former wife of California sportsman Lindsay C. Howard. They divorced in 1958 after nearly 8 years of marriage.
In 1958, he married for the third time to Joyce "Josh" Branning, (1926–2016) daughter of Enid and Ralph Branning. They later divorced and, in 1963, she married Edward L. Doheny III (d. 1999), grandson of Edward L. Doheny.
On March 23, 1961, he married Louise Mitchell Paine in Scottsdale, Arizona. She was a member of the Board of Directors of the Children’s Cancer Fund of America and was the daughter of Harold E. Mitchell and had previously been married to Edward Bragg Paine (d. 1951). Edward's widow later married Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton. They were only married for three months as Vanderbilt died in June 1961.
In 1935, he purchased the 32 acre Charles W. Sloane estate on Middle Neck Road in Sands Point on the Long Island Sound, shortly after his first marriage. In 1937, he had commissioned a home by society architects Treanor & Fatio on the property. He sold the home to Henry Lustig, founder of the Longchamps chain of restaurants, in 1945.
In 1946, he purchased 1,500 acres in Siskiyou County near Lake Shastina and the Shasta–Trinity National Forest in Northern California. In 1949, he built a large ranch house, known as "Shadow Valley Ranch" along with a guest cottage, carriage house, tennis court, riding trails, waterfalls and several barns. The home was host to many important people of the times, including overnight guests Harry Truman, John Wayne, Audrey Hepburn, Spencer Tracy, Clark Gable, Alan Ladd and Ginger Rogers. The house was sold by his widow in 1990 and burned down in 2012.
On June 24, 1961, George Washington Vanderbilt apparently committed suicide by leaping from his 10th floor suite at the Mark Hopkins Hotel in San Francisco, California. His wife said he was despondent over unspecified business setbacks. Investigators found large amounts of alcohol in his blood stream.
- "George Vanderbilt Is Killed in Plunge; George Vanderbilt, 47, Is Killed In Plunge From Hotel on Coast". The New York Times. June 25, 1961. Retrieved 19 April 2009.
- "Mrs. Louise Paine Wed To George Vanderbilt | Marriage Is Held in Garden of Home in Scottsdale, Ariz.". The New York Times. March 24, 1961. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Kroplick, Howard. "The Five Vanderbilt Cup Trophies (1904-2007)". VanderbiltCupRaces.com. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
- "George Vanderbilt Honored". The New York Times. July 6, 1935. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "BALCOM, LUCILLE PARSONS". The New York Times. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Columbia, David Patrick; Hirsch, Jeffrey (2 September 2013). "The end of the last long weekend". New York Social Diary. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "MISS VANDERBILT IS. BRIDE m SOUTH; Briarcliff Alumna, Daughter of George' Vanderbilt, Wed to Philip H. Brady Jr.". The New York Times. February 18, 1958. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Robert Balding And Mrs. Brady Marry in Florida | 1956 Debutante, Former Lucille Vanderbilt, Is Wed in Palm Beach". The New York Times. November 24, 1962. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Snoots, Tim. "Wallace F. Pate Memorial Fund | South Carolina Governor's Cup Billfishing Series | govcup.dnr.sc.gov". govcup.dnr.sc.gov. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "WIFE SUES TO DIVORCE GEORGE VANDERBILT". The New York Times. April 30, 1946. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "George Vanderbilt 3d Weds Joyce Branning". The New York Times. December 7, 1958. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Joyce Branning Doheny". Los Angeles Times. March 4, 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "E.L. Doheny 3d Weds Mrs. Joyce Vanderbilt". The New York Times. June 22, 1963. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "LOUISE M. MITCHELL IS WED TO E. B. PAINE | Bride Has Three Attendangs James D. Washington Serves as Best Man.". The New York Times. December 22, 1935. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Yale Obituary Record, New Haven: Yale University, 1951–1952, pp. 116–7
- "Henry Lustig Acquires George Vanderbilt Place". The New York Times. February 28, 1945. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "The George W. Vanderbilt III Estate". www.oldlongisland.com. Old Long Island. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Rohleder, Anna (30 November 2001). "Come To Her Window--And Door And Living Room...". Forbes. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Szydlowski, Joe (January 7, 2012). "Vanderbilt house burns to ground near Weed; historical dwelling hosted many VIPs". Redding Record Searchlight. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Reed, Danielle (17 November 2000). "Shadow Valley Ranch". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Kinkade, Skye (January 11, 2012). "Old Vanderbilt estate destroyed by fire". Mount Shasta Herald. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Arcadia Plantation, Georgetown County (off U.S. Hwy. 17, Waccamaw Neck)". www.nationalregister.sc.gov. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Warner, Gary A. (October 8, 2006). "Tall Sails, Tall Tales". The Orange County Register. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Curiosity served: Biltmore opens servants' quarters, Tim Whitmire, Associated Press via The San Diego Union-Tribune, December 25, 2005.
- John Singer Sargent's George Washington Vanderbilt at jssgallery.org
- Antiques of the Biltmore Estate at go-star.com