George W. Wickersham

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George W. Wickersham
George Woodward Wickersham cph.3b30281.jpg
47th United States Attorney General
In office
March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913
President William Howard Taft
Preceded by Charles J. Bonaparte
Succeeded by James C. McReynolds
Personal details
Born George Woodward Wickersham
(1858-09-19)September 19, 1858
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died January 25, 1936(1936-01-25) (aged 77)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mildred Wendell Wickersham
Alma mater University of Pennsylvania
Profession Politician, Lawyer

George Woodward Wickersham (September 19, 1858 – January 25, 1936) was an American lawyer and Attorney General of the United States in the administration of President William H. Taft. He was the father of Cornelius Wendell Wickersham, US Army Brigadier General and Lawyer.

Early life[edit]

Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Wickersham graduated from the University of Pennsylvania.

Career[edit]

In 1883, Wickersham entered the old law firm of Strong and Cadwalader, and he became a partner four years later.

He held the office of Attorney General of the United States from 1909 to 1913, in the administration of President William Howard Taft. From 1914 to 1916, Wickersham served as president of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York.

Wickersham was named by Woodrow Wilson to serve on the War Trade Board to Cuba soon after the United States entered World War I.

In 1929, Herbert Hoover named him to the National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement, better known as the "Wickersham Commission" (also, the "Wickersham Committee" as William L. Marbury described it in a 1935 letter seeking the support of U.S. Senator George L. P. Radcliffe for appointment of Alger Hiss, who had served on committee 1929-1930, to the U.S. Solicitor General's office.[1]).

Wickersham served as president of the Council on Foreign Relations from 1933 to 1936.[2]

Personal and death[edit]

Wickersham died in New York City in 1936 and was buried in Brookside Cemetery in Englewood, New Jersey.[3]

Legacy[edit]

Since 1996, the Friends of the Law Library of the Library of Congress have presented an annual award named for Wickersham.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marbury, William L. (30 July 1935). "Personal letter to the Honorable George L. Radcliffe". Maryland Historical Society. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  2. ^ History of CFR - Council on Foreign Relations
  3. ^ George Woodward Wickersham, The Political Graveyard. Accessed August 22, 2007.
  4. ^ "The Wickersham Award". Library of Congress. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Charles J. Bonaparte
U.S. Attorney General
Served under: William Howard Taft

March 4, 1909–March 4, 1913
Succeeded by
James C. McReynolds