Sir George Yonge, 5th Baronet

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Sir George Yonge, 5th Baronet (17 July 1731 – 25 September 1812), KCB, PC, of Escot House in the parish of Talaton in Devon, England, was a British Secretary at War (1782–1783 and 1783–1794). He succeeded to his father's baronetcy in 1755 which became extinct when he died without children. He is remembered by, among others, the name of Yonge Street, a principal road in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, so named in 1793 by the Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada John Graves Simcoe.

Biography[edit]

Sir George Yonge, 5th Bt

Yonge was born in 1731[1] at Great House in the parish of Colyton, Devon, the son and heir of Sir William Yonge, 4th Baronet (1693–1751) by his second wife Ann Howard.[2] He had a stepbrother, Walter Yonge, from his father's first wife Mary Heathcote.

He was educated at Eton College and then at the University of Leipzig.[3] He served as a Member of Parliament for his family's Rotten Borough of Honiton, Devon, from 1754 to 1761 and again from 1763 to 1796. He was quoted to have often said that he had inherited £80,000 from his father, acquired another £80,000 when he married and £80,000 from Parliament but Honiton had "swallowed it all," This was due to the huge briberies which were commonplace to influence the electorate in rotten borough elections of the time. Yonge was appointed to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in 1782, and acted as Governor of the Cape Colony for a short period from 1799 to 1801. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1784 [4] and was invested as a Knight of the Bath in 1788.

When George died, indebted, on 25 September 1812 at Hampton Court the baronetcy died with him.[3] Initially he was interred at the place of his death but his remains were later exhumed and transported by sea to be laid to rest in the family crypt in the parish of Colyton. The re-burial was reputed to have taken place by night in fear that his creditors may seize the body.

Family[edit]

George Yonge married Ann Cleeve, daughter and sole heir of Bourchier Cleeve, on 10 July 1765[5]. George was then 34 years old and Ann 20 or perhaps just 21. Ann's father, two days before his death, changed his will[6][7] to place restrictions on Ann's inheritance should she marry someone whom her mother deemed inappropriate. Whether this occurred is not clear.

Ann had no children. She died at Hampton on 7 January 1833[8].

There is great confusion in many sources, both online and in print, that give George Yonge's wife's name as Elizabeth. This seems to be a mistake. For a discussion, see the talk page.

Legacy[edit]

Arms of Yonge: Ermine, on a bend cotised sable three griffin's heads erased or

Yonge was considered an expert on Roman roads: 'He was a man of letters, an F.R.S., and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, to which he communicated an excellent memoir on the subject of Roman roads and camps, in connexion with some discoveries that had been made at Mansfied, in Nottinghamshire, and hence the peculiar fitness of naming Yonge-street after him, it being precisely such a road, and adapted to similar uses, as those he had been engaged in examining.'[9]

Yonge Street, one of the principal roads in Toronto, was built between 1795 and 1796 from Eglinton Avenue to Lake Simcoe. Later the road was extended south to Bloor Street and still later, south to Lake Ontario. Yonge Mills Road and Townline Road Escott Yonge in Front of Yonge Township in Mallorytown, Ontario are named for him as well.

References[edit]

Leigh Rayment's list of baronets

  1. ^ Other sources give 1732: Scadding, Henry (January 1878). "Yonge Street and Dundas Street: The Men after whom they were named". The Canadian journal of science, literature and history. 15 (8): 616. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  2. ^ http://thepeerage.com/p22037.htm#i220362
  3. ^ a b http://edrh.rhpl.richmondhill.on.ca/default.asp?ID=s1.4
  4. ^ "Library and Archive catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 2012-02-27. 
  5. ^ Namier, Lewis (1985). "The House of Commons 1754-1790". 
  6. ^ "Bourchier Cleeve Will at the National Archives". 
  7. ^ "Bourchier Cleeve's Will Transcript". 
  8. ^ "Morning Post". 1833-01-15. 
  9. ^ Engineering. Office for Advertisements and Publication. 1879. p. 389. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir William Yonge, Bt
John Heath
Member of Parliament for Honiton
17541761
With: Henry Reginald Courtenay
Succeeded by
Henry Reginald Courtenay
John Duke
Preceded by
Henry Reginald Courtenay
John Duke
Member of Parliament for Honiton
1763–1796
With: John Duke 1763–1768
Brass Crosby 1768–1774
Laurence Cox 1774–1780
Alexander Macleod 1780–1781
Jacob Wilkinson 1781–1784
Sir George Collier 1784–1790
George Templer 1790–1796
Succeeded by
George Chambers
George Shum
Preceded by
George Hardinge
Charles Williams-Wynn
Member of Parliament for Old Sarum
1799–1801
With: George Hardinge
Succeeded by
George Hardinge
John Horne Tooke
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Townshend
Secretary at War
1782–1783
Succeeded by
Richard Fitzpatrick
Preceded by
Richard Fitzpatrick
Secretary at War
1783–1794
Succeeded by
William Windham
Preceded by
The Marquess Townshend
Master of the Mint
1794–1799
Succeeded by
Lord Hawkesbury
Government offices
Preceded by
Francis Dundas, acting
Governor of the Cape Colony
1799–1801
Succeeded by
Francis Dundas, acting
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
William Yonge
Baronet
(of Culliton)
1755–1812
Extinct