Georges Duhamel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the former Quebec politician, see Georges Duhamel (politician).
Georges Duhamel
Georges Duhamel 1930.jpg
Georges Duhamel, ca 1930
Born 30 June 1884 Edit this on Wikidata
Paris Edit this on Wikidata
Died 13 April 1966 Edit this on Wikidata
Valmondois Edit this on Wikidata
Citizenship France Edit this on Wikidata
Alma mater Lycée Buffon Edit this on Wikidata
Occupation writer, poet, physician, novelist, screenwriter, literary critic  Edit this on Wikidata
Employer Alliance française, Le Figaro Edit this on Wikidata
Works Civilization: 1914-1917 , Chronicle of Pasquier  Edit this on Wikidata
Spouse(s) Blanche Albane  Edit this on Wikidata
Children Antoine Duhamel Edit this on Wikidata
Awards Prix Goncourt, Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour , Croix de guerre 1914–1918, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres Edit this on Wikidata

Georges Duhamel (June 30, 1884 – April 13, 1966) was a French author, born in Paris. Duhamel trained as a doctor, and during World War I was attached to the French Army. In 1920, he published Confession de minuit, the first of a series featuring the anti-hero Salavin. In 1935, he was elected as a member of the Académie française. He was nominated for the Nobel prize in literature twenty seven times.[1]

Biography[edit]

Georges Duhamel, born Denis Thévenin,[2] was born in the 13th arrondissement of Paris on 30 June 1884. He was the third child of a family which struggled to survive on the income of his unstable father. The strains and tensions of these early years are reflected in his famous autobiographical novel Le Notaire du Havre (1933), the first book of his Pasquier saga.

In spite of this childhood disrupted by numerous crises, which on far too many occasions caused the Duhamel family to relocate abruptly, Georges nonetheless passed his baccalaureate in 1902. His first choice of career was to become a doctor, although he had a great love of literature and the arts and continued to pursue these interests also.

Between 1906 and 1909 he founded an artistic community l'Abbaye de Créteil with Charles Vildrac (who would become his brother in law). The group brought together poets, writers, musicians and painters. From 1912, he became an editor of the literary review Mercure de France. In 1935, he took over the direction of the review and its publishing house. In 1937, he was elected to the French Académie Nationale de Médecine. In 1938, because of Duhamel's anti-war stance, he was replaced by Jacques Bernard, but Duhamel returned to directing the Mercure de France publishers in 1945 (he was majority stock-holder of the company).

When the First World War was declared, Duhamel signed up and worked as an army surgeon for four years, often in dangerous situations. This painful experience provided the subject matter for two narratives which brought him immediate success, Vie des martyrs and Civilization (which won him the Prix Goncourt in 1918). Once he returned to civilian life, Duhamel dedicated himself to literature and defending human civilisation. In 1919, he found two spots in the Val-d'Oise where he would henceforth spend his summers (Sausseron Valley and Valmondois).

In 1935, Duhamel was elected to the 30th chair at the Académie française. Between 1930 and 1940 he traveled to many conferences in France and abroad, speaking brilliantly of French language and culture as well as promoting the idea of a civilisation built on the human heart rather than technological progress.

During the Second World War, Duhamel's work was banned by the Germans. He showed courage in his opposition to the occupation and the Petainist faction of the Académie française, later receiving public praise from Général de Gaulle.

After the war, Duhamel was named president of the Alliance française and returned to public speaking on French culture. He built up numerous schools of the Alliance. Duhamel's health deteriorated from 1960 and he reduced his activities. He died in Valmondois on April 13, 1966.

Works[edit]

General[edit]

Poetry[edit]

  • Des légendes, des batailles (1907)
  • L’homme en tête (1909)
  • Selon ma loi (1910)
  • Compagnons (1912)
  • Elégies (1920)
  • Anthologie de la poèsie lyrique française (1923)
  • Les voix du vieux monde,mis en musique par Albert Doyen (1925)

Criticism[edit]

  • Paul Claudel (1913)
  • Les Poètes et la poésie (1914)
  • Défense des Lettres (1937)
  • Confessions sans pénitence (1941)

Theatre[edit]

  • La lumière (1911)
  • Dans l'ombre des statues (1912)
  • Le combat (1913)
  • Le cafard (1916)
  • l'œuvre de athlètes (1920)
  • Quand vous voudrez (1921)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nomination Database". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2017-01-23. 
  2. ^ Edward Morgan Forster (2008). The Creator as Critic and Other Writings by E.M. Forster. Dundurn. pp. 392–. ISBN 978-1-55002-522-4. 

External links[edit]