Georges Lemaître ATV

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Georges Lemaître ATV
Georges Lemaître ATV final approach for docking.jpg
Georges Lemaître ATV on approach for docking to the ISS on 12 August 2014
Mission typeISS resupply
OperatorEuropean Space Agency
COSPAR ID2014-044A
SATCAT no.40103
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeATV
ManufacturerAirbus Defence and Space
Thales Alenia Space
Launch mass20,293 kilograms (44,738 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date29 July 2014, 23:47:38 (2014-07-29UTC23:47:38Z) UTC
RocketAriane 5ES
Launch siteKourou ELA-3
ContractorArianespace
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited
Decay date15 February 2015, 18:04 (2015-02-15UTC18:05Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude412 kilometres (256 mi)[2]
Apogee altitude422 kilometres (262 mi)[2]
Inclination51.65 degrees[2]
Period92.77 minutes[2]
Epoch14 December 2014, 02:33:36 UTC[2]
Docking with ISS
Docking portZvezda Aft
Docking date12 August 2014, 13:30 UTC
Undocking date14 February 2015, 13:42 UTC
Time docked186 days, 0 hour, 12 minutes
Cargo
Mass6,555 kilograms (14,451 lb)
Pressurised2,622 kilograms (5,781 lb)
Fuel2,978 kilograms (6,565 lb)
Gaseous100 kilograms (220 lb)
Water855 kilograms (1,885 lb)
ATV-GeorgesLemaitre.jpg
← ATV-4
 

The Georges Lemaître ATV, or Automated Transfer Vehicle 5 (ATV-5), was a European uncrewed cargo spacecraft, named after the Belgian astronomer Georges Lemaître.[3] The spacecraft was launched during the night of 29 July 2014 (23:44 GMT, 20:44 local time, 30 July 01:44 CEST),[4] on a mission to supply the International Space Station (ISS) with propellant, water, air, and dry cargo. It was the fifth and final ATV to be built and launched. Georges Lemaître was constructed in Turin, Italy, and Bremen, Germany. Cargo loading was completed in Guiana Space Center on 23 July 2014.[5]

Georges Lemaître was launched on an Ariane 5ES rocket from the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. The launch was conducted by Arianespace on behalf of the European Space Agency.

Artist Katie Paterson sent artwork to the International Space Station aboard ATV-5.[6][7][8]

Mission payload[edit]

Georges Lemaître ferried 6.6 tonnes of experiments, spare parts, clothing, food, fuel, air, oxygen and water to the ISS. Included was a Haptics-1 joystick which is an advanced force feedback joystick to be used for physiological experiments on tactile feedback.[5][9]

In addition to transporting cargo ATV-5 performed 2 experiments:

LIRIS (Laser InfraRed Imaging Sensors) was a new autonomous rendezvous sensor set that allowed future ships to dock with uncooperative targets, like debris or sample capsules - the ATV used a demonstration version of this advanced sensor system instead of the standard optical sensors bouncing light off the reflectors around ISS docking port.[10]

Break-Up Camera recorded the ATV in infrared as it disintegrated during atmospheric reentry above the Pacific Ocean. After completion of recording, a reinforced SatCom capsule doubling as a prototype "black box" began transmitting the recorded data to one of the Iridium satellites through the gap in plasma behind the vehicle. One message was received, which included accelerometer, magnetometer and temperature readings. Transmission of the nearly 6000 images, which were apparently successfully recorded, would have involved further messages. It was unclear why but none of these were received.[11]

Cargo Mass[12]
Dry Cargo 2,695 kilograms (5,941 lb)
Water 843 kilograms (1,858 lb)
Oxygen (2 tanks) & Air (1 tank) 100 kilograms (220 lb)
Propellant 4,356 kilograms (9,603 lb) (includes 2,118 kilograms (4,669 lb) ISS prop support)
Refuelling propellant 860 kilograms (1,896 lb)
Total cargo 8,854 kilograms (19,520 lb)
Total launch mass 20,235 kilograms (44,611 lb)

ATV missions[edit]

Designation Name Launch date ISS docking date Deorbit date Sources
ATV-1 Jules Verne 9 March 2008 3 April 2008 29 September 2008

[13]

ATV-2 Johannes Kepler 16 February 2011 24 February 2011 21 July 2011

[14]

ATV-3 Edoardo Amaldi 23 March 2012 28 March 2012 3 October 2012[15]

[16]

ATV-4 Albert Einstein 5 June 2013 15 June 2013 2 November 2013

[17] [18]

ATV-5 Georges Lemaître 29 July 2014[19][20] 12 August 2014[19] 15 February 2015[20]

[21] [22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniel Marín (31 July 2014). "Lanzamiento del ATV-5 Georges Lemaître (Ariane 5 ES)" [Launch of the ATV-5 Georges Lemaître (Ariane 5 ES)]. Eureka (in Spanish).
  2. ^ a b c d e "ATV 5 Satellite details 2014-044A NORAD 40103". N2YO. 14 December 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Fifth ATV named after Georges Lemaître". Feb 16, 2012. Retrieved Feb 20, 2012.
  4. ^ "Arianespace Flight VA219; Ariane 5 ES – ATV 5: Launch scheduled for Tuesday, July 29" (Press release). Arianespace. July 22, 2014. Archived from the original on July 25, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2014.
  5. ^ a b "ATV-5: loaded and locked". 23 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  6. ^ "Big Cargo Post 5.0 – Orion blog".
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-28. Retrieved 2014-07-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Meteorite Sculpture is ISS's First Artwork". 28 July 2014.
  9. ^ "Touchy-Feely joystick heading to space station". Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  10. ^ "ATV-5 set to test new rendezvous sensors". 18 March 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  11. ^ "ATV's internal camera delivered data, but not images". 20 February 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  12. ^ "ATV STATUS: Ready for flight". Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  13. ^ "ATV-1: Jules Verne". ESA – ATV. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  14. ^ "ATV-2: Johannes Kepler". ESA – ATV. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  15. ^ "Mission accomplished for ATV Edoardo Amaldi" (Press release). ESA. 3 October 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  16. ^ "ATV-3: Edoardo Amaldi". ESA – ATV. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  17. ^ "ATV Albert Einstein" (AdobeFlash). ESA. April 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  18. ^ "ATV-4: Albert Einstein". ESA – ATV. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  19. ^ a b "ATV completes final automated docking". ESA – ATV. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Last ATV reentry leaves legacy for future space exploration". ESA – ATV. 15 February 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  21. ^ "Fifth ATV named after Georges Lemaitre". ESA – ATV. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  22. ^ "Europe's Space Freighter" (AdobeFlash). ESA. 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2018.

External links[edit]