|Georgetown College (1789–1814)|
|Motto||Utraque Unum (Latin)|
Motto in English
|Both into One [a]|
|Type||Private nonprofit university|
|Established||January 23, 1789|
|Affiliation||Roman Catholic (Jesuit)|
|Endowment||$1.529 billion (2015)|
|President||John J. DeGioia|
(1,291 full-time / 882 part-time)
|Location||Washington, D.C., US
|Campus||Urban 104 acres (42.1 ha)|
|College yell||Hoya Saxa|
|Colors||Union blue and Confederate gray
|Athletics||NCAA Division I – Big East
Patriot League (football)
|Sports||23 varsity sports teams
11 men's and 12 women's
|Mascot||Jack the Bulldog|
Georgetown University is a private research university in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. Founded in 1789 as Georgetown College, the university has since grown to incorporate nine undergraduate and graduate schools, including the School of Foreign Service, School of Business, a Medical Center and a Law School. Georgetown's main campus is located on a hill above the Potomac River. It is recognizable by its flagship Healy Hall, a National Historic Landmark that towers over Washington's Georgetown neighborhood.
Georgetown offers degree programs in forty-eight disciplines, enrolling an average of 7,500 undergraduate and 10,000 post-graduate students from more than 130 countries. The university is especially known for preparing leaders for careers in government and international affairs. As of 2015, Georgetown produced more diplomats for the U.S. Foreign Service than any other school in the country, and has ranked second in the U.S. by the average number of graduates serving in the U.S. Congress. Georgetown's notable alumni include U.S. President Bill Clinton, U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Antonin Scalia, CIA Director George Tenet, actor Bradley Cooper, King Felipe VI of Spain, as well as the royalty and heads of state of more than a dozen countries.
Georgetown is the oldest Catholic and Jesuit-affiliated institution of higher education in the United States. The Jesuits have participated in the university's academic life, both as scholars and as administrators, since 1805; however, the university has always been governed independently of the church. At present, the majority of Georgetown students are not Catholic.
Georgetown is home to the country's largest student-run business, as well as the largest student-run financial institution. The school’s athletic teams, nicknamed the Hoyas, include a men's basketball team that has won a record-tying seven Big East championships, appeared in five Final Fours, and won a national championship in 1984, as well as a co-ed sailing team that holds nine national championship and one world championship title.
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Campuses
- 4 Student life
- 5 Athletics
- 6 Alumni
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 Bibliography
- 10 External links
Jesuit settlers from England founded the Province of Maryland in 1634. However, the 1646 defeat of the Royalists in the English Civil War led to stringent laws against Roman Catholic education and the extradition of known Jesuits from the colony, including missionary Andrew White, and the destruction of their school at Calverton Manor. During most of the remainder of Maryland's colonial period, Jesuits conducted Catholic schools clandestinely. It was not until after the end of the American Revolution that plans to establish a permanent Catholic institution for education in the United States were realized.
Because of Benjamin Franklin's recommendation, Pope Pius VI appointed former Jesuit John Carroll as the first head of the Roman Catholic Church in America, even though the papal suppression of the Jesuit order was still in effect. Carroll began meetings of local clergy in 1783 near Annapolis, Maryland, where they orchestrated the development of a new university. On January 23, 1789, Carroll finalized the purchase of the property in Georgetown on which Dahlgren Quadrangle was later built. Future Congressman William Gaston was enrolled as the school's first student on November 22, 1791, and instruction began on January 2, 1792.
During its early years, Georgetown College suffered from considerable financial strain. The Maryland Society of Jesus began its restoration in 1805, and Jesuit affiliation, in the form of teachers and administrators, bolstered confidence in the college. The school relied on private sources of funding and the limited profits from local lands which had been donated to the Jesuits. To raise money for Georgetown and other schools in 1838, Maryland Jesuits conducted a mass sale of some 272 slaves to two Deep South plantations from their six in Maryland, ending their slaveholding.
President James Madison signed into law Georgetown's congressional charter on March 1, 1815, creating the first federal university charter, which allowed it to confer degrees, with the first bachelor's degrees being awarded two years later. In 1844, the school received a corporate charter, under the name "The President and Directors of Georgetown College", affording the growing school additional legal rights. In response to the demand for a local option for Roman Catholic students, the Medical School was founded in 1851.
The U.S. Civil War greatly affected Georgetown as 1,141 students and alumni enlisted in one army or the other, and the Union Army commandeered university buildings. By the time of President Abraham Lincoln's May 1861 visit to campus, 1,400 troops were living in temporary quarters there. Due to the number of lives lost in the war, enrollment levels remained low until well after the war. Only seven students graduated in 1869, down from over 300 in the previous decade. When the Georgetown College Boat Club was founded in 1876, the school's rowing team, it adopted blue, used for Union uniforms, and gray, used for Confederate uniforms, as its colors to signify the peaceful unity among students. Subsequently, the school adopted these as its official colors.
Enrollment did not recover until during the presidency of Patrick Francis Healy from 1873 to 1881. Born in Georgia as a slave by law and mixed-race by ancestry, Healy was the first head of a predominantly white American university of acknowledged African descent.[b] He identified as Irish Catholic, like his father, and was educated in Catholic schools in the United States and France. He is credited with reforming the undergraduate curriculum, lengthening the medical and law programs, and creating the Alumni Association. One of his largest undertakings was the construction of a major new building, subsequently named Healy Hall in his honor. For his work, Healy is known as the school's "second founder."
After the founding of the Law Department in 1870, Healy and his successors hoped to bind the professional schools into a university, and focus on higher education. The School of Medicine added a dental school in 1901 and the undergraduate School of Nursing in 1903. Georgetown Preparatory School relocated from campus in 1919 and fully separated from the university in 1927. The School of Foreign Service (SFS) was founded in 1919 by Edmund A. Walsh, to prepare students for leadership in diplomacy and foreign commerce. The School of Dentistry became independent of the School of Medicine in 1956. The School of Business was separated from the SFS in 1957. In 1998 it was renamed the McDonough School of Business in honor of alumnus Robert E. McDonough.
Besides expansion of the university, Georgetown also aimed to expand its resources and student body. The School of Nursing has admitted female students since its founding, and most of the university classes were made available to them on a limited basis by 1952. With the College of Arts and Sciences welcoming its first female students in the 1969–1970 academic year, Georgetown became fully coeducational.
Georgetown ended its bicentennial year of 1989 by electing Leo J. O'Donovan as president. He subsequently launched the Third Century Campaign to build the school's endowment. In December 2003, Georgetown completed the campaign after raising over $1 billion for financial aid, academic chair endowment, and new capital projects. John J. DeGioia, Georgetown's first lay president, has led the school since 2001, and has continued its financial modernization and sought to "expand opportunities for intercultural and interreligious dialogue." He opened a campus in Qatar.
Georgetown University was founded by former Jesuits in the tradition of Ignatius of Loyola; it is a member of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities. Georgetown is not a pontifical university, though seven Jesuits serve on the thirty-six member Board of Directors, the school's highest governance. Catholic spaces at the university fall within the territorial jurisdiction of the Archdiocese of Washington. Fifty-two members of the Society of Jesus live on campus, and are employed by Georgetown mostly as professors or administrators. Jesuit Heritage Week has been held every year since 2001 to celebrate the contributions of Jesuits to the Georgetown tradition.
The role that Georgetown's Catholic heritage has played in its policies has been controversial at times, even as its influence is relatively limited. Stores in University-owned buildings are not allowed to sell or distribute birth control products. Georgetown University Medical Center and Georgetown University Hospital, operated by MedStar Health, are prohibited from performing abortions. As recently as 2004, the hospital did perform research using embryonic stem cells. Georgetown has been criticized by religious groups such as the Cardinal Newman Society for hosting speakers such as John Kerry and Barack Obama, prominent pro-choice politicians. Washington's Archbishop, Donald Wuerl, criticized the university for inviting Kathleen Sebelius to be a commencement speaker. The university hosts the Cardinal O'Connor Conference on Life every January to discuss the pro-life movement.
Between 1996 and 1999, the administration added crucifixes to many classroom walls, a change that attracted national attention. Before 1996, crucifixes had hung only in hospital rooms and historic classrooms. Some of these crucifixes are historic works of art, and are noted as such. According to Imam Yahya Hendi, the school's on-campus Muslim cleric, pressure to remove the crucifixes comes from within the Catholic community, while he and other campus faith leaders have defended their placement. The Intercultural Center is an exception to this controversy, rotating displays of various faith and culture symbols in the lobby. In 2009, Georgetown's religious symbols were brought back to national attention after the university administration concealed the name of Jesus in preparation for President Barack Obama's speech on campus.
|Graduate School of Arts and Sciences||
|School of Medicine||
|School of Nursing and Health Studies||
|Walsh School of Foreign Service||
|School of Dentistry (defunct)||
|School of Continuing Studies||
|McDonough School of Business||
|McCourt School of Public Policy||
As of 2014[update], the university has 7,636 undergraduate students, and 10,213 graduate students. Bachelor's programs are offered through Georgetown College, the School of Nursing and Health Studies, the Robert Emmett McDonough School of Business, the School of Continuing Studies, and the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, which includes the Qatar campus. The School of Dentistry closed in 1990 after 89 years in operation. Some high school students from Georgetown Visitation are permitted to attend classes for Advanced Placement credit.
Georgetown University offers undergraduate degrees in forty-eight majors in the four undergraduate schools, as well as the opportunity for students to design their courses of study. All majors in the College are open as minors to students in the College, the School of Nursing and Health Studies, and the School of Business. Students in the School of Foreign Service can complete select certificates which complement the school's focus on foreign affairs and attain a minor in one of twelve languages but do not have access to the same minor selection as the other three schools. All courses are on a credit hour system. Georgetown offers many opportunities to study abroad, and about 50% of the undergraduate student body spends time at an institution overseas.
Master's and doctoral programs are offered through the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the Law Center, the School of Medicine, the McCourt School of Public Policy, and the School of Continuing Studies. Masters students occasionally share some advanced seminars with undergraduates, and most undergraduate schools offer abbreviated bachelors and masters programs following completion of the undergraduate degree. The McDonough School of Business and the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service both offer masters programs. The School of Foreign Service is renowned for its academic programs in international affairs. Its graduate program was ranked first in the world by Foreign Policy and its undergraduate program was ranked fourth. The Center for Contemporary Arab Studies also offer a Master's of Arab Studies, as well as certificates.
Each graduate school offers at least one double degree with another graduate school. Additionally, the Law Center offers a joint degree with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The School of Continuing Studies includes the Center for Continuing and Professional Education, and operates four types of degree programs, over thirty professional certificates and non-degree courses, undergraduate and graduate degrees in Liberal Studies, as well as summer courses for graduates, undergraduates, and high school students.
As of 2012[update], Georgetown University employed 1,354 full-time and 880 part-time faculty members across its three Washington, D.C. campuses, with additional staff at SFS-Qatar. The faculty comprises leading academics and notable political and business leaders, and are predominantly male by a two-to-one margin. Politically, Georgetown University's faculty members give more support to liberal candidates, and while their donation patterns are generally consistent with those of other American university faculties, they gave more than average to Barack Obama's presidential campaign.
The faculty includes scholars such as the former President of the American Philological Association James J. O'Donnell, theologian John Haught, social activists Sam Marullo and Chai Feldblum, Nobel laureate George Akerlof, and preeminent hip-hop scholar Michael Eric Dyson. Many former politicians choose to teach at Georgetown, including the former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Jeane Kirkpatrick, U.S. Agency for International Development administrator Andrew Natsios, National Security Advisor Anthony Lake, and CIA director George Tenet. Internationally, the school attracts numerous former ambassadors and heads of state, such as Prime Minister of Spain José María Aznar, Saudi Ambassador Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, and President of Colombia Álvaro Uribe.
Georgetown University is a self-described "student-centered research university" considered by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education to have "very high research activity." As of 2014[update], Georgetown's libraries held over 3.5 million printed items, including 1.25 million e-books, in seven buildings, with most in Lauinger Library. The Blommer Science Library in the Reiss Science Building on campus, houses most of the Science collection. Additionally, the Law School campus includes the nation's fifth largest law library. Georgetown faculty conduct research in hundreds of subjects, but have priorities in the fields of religion, ethics, science, public policy, and cancer medicine. Cross-institutional research is performed with Columbia University and Virginia Tech.
In 2014, Georgetown received $172 million in external research grants, ranking #113 amongst all universities in the United States, for research. In 2012, Georgetown spent $180 million on research, ranking it 108th nationwide. In 2007, it received about $14.8 million in federal funds for research, with 64% from the National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, the United States Department of Energy, and the Department of Defense. In 2010, the school received $5.6 million from the Department of Education to fund fellowships in several international studies fields. Georgetown's Vincent Lombardi Cancer Center is one of 41 research-intensive comprehensive cancer centers in the United States, and developed the breakthrough HPV vaccine for cervical cancer and Conditionally Reprogrammed Cells (CRC) technology.
Centers which conduct and sponsor research at Georgetown include the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs, the Prince Alwaleed Center for Muslim–Christian Understanding and the Woodstock Theological Center. Regular publications include the Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy, the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, the Georgetown Law Journal, the Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, and the Georgetown Public Policy Review.
|U.S. News & World Report||20|
|U.S. News & World Report||279|
Admission to Georgetown has been deemed "most selective" by U.S. News & World Report, with the university receiving nearly 20,000 applications and admitting 16.4% of those that applied during the 2014–2015 admissions cycle. The Fiske Guide to Colleges states that "only Stanford and a handful of Ivy League schools are tougher to get into than Georgetown." As of 2011[update], Georgetown's graduate schools have acceptance rates of 3.6% to the School of Medicine, 19% to the Law Center, 25% to the MSFS, and 34.9% to the MBA program. In 2004, a National Bureau of Economic Research study on revealed preference of U.S. colleges showed Georgetown was the 16th most-preferred choice.
The undergraduate schools maintain a restrictive Early Action admissions program, as students who have applied through an Early Decision process at another school are not permitted to apply early to Georgetown. 94% of students accepted for the class of 2014 were in the top 10% of their class and the interquartile range of SAT scores was 660–760 in Critical Reading and 670–770 in Math. Georgetown accepts the SAT and ACT, though it does not consider the writing portion of either test. Over 55% of undergraduates receive financial aid, and the university meets 100% of demonstrated need, with an average financial aid package of $23,500 and about 70% of aid distributed in the form of grants or scholarships.
Georgetown University has four campuses in Washington, D.C.: the undergraduate campus, the Medical Center, the School of Continuing Studies (in Chinatown) and the Law Center. The undergraduate campus and Medical Center are together in the Georgetown neighborhood and form the main campus. Other centers are located around Washington, D.C., including the Center for Continuing and Professional Education at Clarendon in Arlington, Virginia. Transit between these locations and the Washington Metro is supplied by a system of shuttles, known as GUTS buses. Georgetown also operates a facility in Doha, Qatar, and villas in Alanya, Turkey and Fiesole, Italy. In their campus layout, Georgetown's administrators consistently used the traditional quadrangle design.
Georgetown's undergraduate and medical school campuses are situated on an elevated site above the Potomac River overlooking Northern Virginia. Because of this, Georgetown University is often referred to as "The Hilltop." The main gates, known as the Healy Gates, are located at the intersection of 37th and O Streets NW, and lead directly to the heart of campus. The main campus is relatively compact, being 104 acres (0.4 km2) in area, but includes fifty-four buildings, student residences and apartments capable of accommodating 80% of undergraduates, and various athletic facilities. Most buildings employ collegiate Gothic architecture and Georgian brick architecture. Campus green areas include fountains, a cemetery, large clusters of flowers, groves of trees, and open quadrangles. Georgetown received a B grade on the 2011 College Sustainability Report Card, and new buildings and major renovations are required to meet LEED Silver criteria.
Healy Hall, designed by Paul J. Pelz in Neo-Medieval style and built from 1877 to 1879, is the architectural gem of Georgetown's campus, and is a National Historic Landmark. Within Healy Hall are a number of notable rooms including Gaston Hall, Riggs Library, and the Bioethics Library Hirst Reading Room. Both Healy Hall and the Georgetown University Astronomical Observatory, built in 1844, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In front of the Healy and Copley Hall buildings is the large front lawn area, which is crossed by walkways and paths that center on the statue of John Carroll. In addition to the front lawn, the main campus has traditionally centered on Dahlgren Quadrangle behind Healy Hall, which is home to Dahlgren Chapel; however, in recent decades, Red Square has replaced the Dahlgren Quadrangle as the focus of student life. North of Red Square is an extended pathway that is home to buildings such as the Intercultural Center (ICC), the Reiss Science building, and the large Leavey Student Center. The northern terminus of the undergraduate campus is marked by St. Mary's Hall adjacent to Reservoir Road, home to the School of Nursing and Health Sciences. Across Reservoir Road is the Burleith neighborhood, where some upperclassmen rent houses off-campus. The medical school is located in the northwestern part of the main campus on Reservoir Road, and is integrated with Georgetown University Hospital. The Medical campus includes the historic Medical-Dental Building, the Dahlgren Memorial Library, and other research and classroom facilities.
In the last decade, the West side of the Hilltop has emerged as a new developing area of the main campus. The university completed the Southwest Quadrangle Project in late 2003, and brought a new 907-bed upperclassmen residence hall, the Leo J. O'Donovan dining hall, a large underground parking facility, and a new Jesuit Residence to the campus. The school's first performing arts center, named for Royden B. Davis, was completed in November 2005. The new business school headquarters, named for Rafik Hariri, opened in Fall 2009, and Regents Hall, the new science building, opened in the Fall of 2012. These two large buildings, along with the adjacent Leavey Student Center, have become popular study spaces, and overlook a newly developed scenic lawn space. Additionally, in the fall of 2014, the university opened a new student center, the Healey Family Student Center (HFSC) to complement the longstanding Leavey Center. The Healey Family Student Center is located on the 1st floor of New South Hall, a space which had functioned as the university's main dining facility until the opening of the Leo J. O'Donovan dining hall in 2003. It features over 43,000 square feet including a number of study spaces, conference rooms, dance and music studios, as well as a pub called "Bulldog Tavern" and a salad store "Hilltoss," which is operated by The Corp. The university owns many of the buildings in the Georgetown neighborhood east of the main campus and west of 35th Street NW, including all buildings west of 36th Street. This area is known as "East Campus" and is used for upperclassmen housing, classroom space, along with specific institutions, offices, and alumni facilities. Additionally, the Walsh School of Foreign Service and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences both have classroom buildings in this area. Georgetown Visitation, a private Roman Catholic girls high school, is located on the northeast side of campus, on land adjoining the undergraduate campus.
As a location, Georgetown is ranked nationally as the second best college town by the Princeton Review. The Georgetown neighborhood west of Wisconsin Avenue NW, is dominated by the presence of university students. Students have easy access to the M Street commercial area, the Georgetown Waterfront, and numerous trails that lead to the National Mall and other parks. Despite this, "town and gown" relations between the university communities and other Georgetown residents are often strained by facilities construction, enlargement of the student body, as well as noise and alcohol violations. More recently, several groups of neighborhood residents have attempted to slow University growth in Georgetown, creating friction between students and the surrounding neighborhood. Despite the relative safety of the neighborhood, crime is nonetheless a persistent issue, with campus security responding to 257 crimes in 2008.
Law Center campus
The Law Center campus is located in the Capitol Hill neighborhood on New Jersey Avenue, near Union Station and consists of five buildings. First-year students at the Law Center can live in the single on-campus dormitory, the Gewirz Student Center. Most second- and third-year students, as well as some first-year students, live off-campus. As there is little housing near the Law Center, most are spread throughout the Washington metropolitan area. The "Campus Completion Project", finished in 2005, saw the addition of the Hotung International Building and the Sport and Fitness Center. G Street and F Street are closed off between 1st and 2nd Streets to create open lawns flanking McDonough Hall, the main building on the campus.
In December 1979, the Marquesa Margaret Rockefeller de Larrain, granddaughter of John D. Rockefeller, gave the Villa Le Balze to Georgetown University. The Villa is in Fiesole, Italy, on a hill above the city of Florence. The Villa is used year-round for study abroad programs focused on specialized interdisciplinary study of Italian culture and civilization. The main facility for the McGhee Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies was donated to Georgetown in 1989 by alumnus and former United States Ambassador to Turkey George C. McGhee. The school is in the town of Alanya, Turkey within the Seljuq-era Alanya Castle, on the Mediterranean. The Center operates study abroad programs one semester each year, concentrating on Turkish language, architectural history, and Islamic studies.
In 2002, the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development presented the School of Foreign Service with the resources and space to open a facility in the new Education City in Doha, Qatar. SFS-Qatar opened in 2005 as a liberal arts and international affairs undergraduate school for regional students. In December 2007, Georgetown opened a liaison office in Shanghai, China to coordinate with Fudan University and others. In 2008, the Georgetown University Law Center in conjunction with an international consortium of law schools established the Center for Transnational Legal Studies in London, England.
The Georgetown undergraduate student body, at 7,636 as of 2014[update], is composed primarily of students from outside the District of Columbia area, with 34% of new 2010 students coming from Mid-Atlantic states, 11% being international students and the remainder coming from other areas of the US. The student body also represented 129 different countries, with 11% being international, including over 330 undergraduate and 1,050 graduate students who chose to come to Georgetown as a study abroad destination in 2009–10. In 2014–2015, the racial diversity of the undergraduate student body was 57.0% white, 8.8% Asian, 6.2% black, and 7.5% Hispanic; Additionally, 55.1% of undergraduates are female.
Although it is a Jesuit university, only 41% of the student body identify as Roman Catholic, while 22% identify as Protestant as of 2009[update]. Georgetown employs a full-time rabbi, as 6.5% of undergraduates are Jewish. It was the first U.S. college to have a full-time imam, to serve the over four-hundred Muslims on campus, and in 2014, they appointed their first Hindu priest to serve a weekly community of around one hundred. Georgetown also sponsors student groups for Bahá'i, Buddhist, and Mormon traditions. The student body consists of both religious and non-religious students, and more than four-hundred freshmen and transfer students attend a nonreligious Ignatian retreat annually, called ESCAPE.
A 2007 survey of undergraduates also suggests that 62.8% are sexually active, while 6.2% identify as LGBTQ. Discrimination can be an issue on campus, and three-fourths of a 2009 survey considered homophobia a campus problem. Newsweek, however, rated Georgetown among its top "Gay-Friendly Schools" in 2010. A survey by the school in 2016 showed that 31% of females undergraduates reported experiencing unwanted sexual contact, and 86% of LGBTQ students reported some form of sexual harassment at the college. In 2011, College Magazine ranked Georgetown as the tenth most hipster U.S. college, while People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals considered it the third most vegan friendly small U.S. school.
Almost all undergraduates attend full-time. A majority of undergraduates, 76%, live on-campus in several dormitories and apartment complexes, including all underclassmen. As of 2011[update], 1255 undergraduates and 339 graduate students live off-campus, mostly in the Georgetown, Glover Park, Burleith, and Foxhall neighborhoods. Although many of the university's hall directors and area coordinators attend graduate level courses, on-campus housing is not available for main campus graduate students. The school hopes to build such housing by 2020. All students in the Medical School live off-campus, most in the surrounding neighborhoods, with some in Northern Virginia and elsewhere through the region.
As of 2012[update], 92.89% of Georgetown University undergraduates are involved in at least one of the 179 registered student organizations which cover a variety of interests: student government, club sports, media and publications, performing arts, religion, and volunteer and service. Students also operate campus stores, banks, and medical services. Students often find their interests at the Student Activities Commission Club Fair, where both official and unofficial organizations set up tables. The Georgetown University Student Association is the student government organization for undergraduates. There are also student representatives within the schools, to the Board of Directors, and, since 1996, to the Georgetown Advisory Neighborhood Commission.
Georgetown's student organizations include one of the nation's oldest debating clubs, the Philodemic Society, founded in 1830, and the oldest university theater group, the Mask and Bauble Dramatic Society. Nomadic Theatre, founded in 1982 as an alternative troupe without an on-campus home, produces "plays which educate and challenge all members of the university community through thought-provoking theatre." The Georgetown Improv Association, founded in 1995, performs monthly long-form improvisational shows on-campus at Bulldog Alley in addition to hosting "Improvfest", one of the oldest improv festivals in the country. The Model United Nations team that is run by the Georgetown International Relations Club, the largest club on campus, and its affiliate, Georgetown International Relations Association, has attained the status of best in the world on several occasions.
There are a total of seven a cappella groups on campus, including The Georgetown Saxatones, The Georgetown Chimes, the Phantoms, Superfood, The GraceNotes, the Chamber Singers, Essence, Harmony, and the Capitol G's. These groups perform annually at the "D.C. A Cappella Festival", held since 1991, and the "Cherry Tree Massacre" concert series, held since 1974. The Georgetown University Band is composed of the Georgetown Pep Band and the Georgetown Wind Ensemble, and performs on campus, in Washington, D.C., and at post-season basketball tournaments.
In addition to student organizations and clubs, Georgetown University is home to the nation's largest entirely student-owned and -operated corporation, Students of Georgetown, Inc. Founded in 1972, "The Corp" operates three coffee shops, two grocery stores, a salad and health food service, catering and printing services, as well as running seasonal storage and airport shuttles for students. The business has annual revenues of about $2 million, and surpluses are directly re-invested into the Georgetown student body through Corp Philanthropy, which gave out over $85,000 in scholarships and donations to Georgetown groups in 2014–2015. Georgetown University Alumni & Student Federal Credit Union is the oldest and largest all student-run financial institution, with over $17 million in assets and 12,000 members. The Georgetown University Student Investment Fund is one of a few undergraduate-run investment funds in the United States, and hosted CNBC's Jim Cramer to tape Mad Money in September 2006.
Another student-run group, the Georgetown Emergency Response Medical Service, "GERMS", is an all-volunteer ambulance service founded in 1982 that serves campus and the surrounding communities. Georgetown's Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) unit, the Hoya Battalion, is the oldest military unit native to the District of Columbia, and was awarded the top ranking among ROTC programs in 2012. The proportion of ROTC students at Georgetown was the 79th highest among universities in the United States as of 2010[update]. GUGS, the Georgetown University Grilling Society, has been a Georgetown tradition since 2002, selling half-pound hamburgers in Red Square on most Fridays.
Georgetown University student organizations include a diverse array of groups focused on social justice issues, including organizations run through both Student Affairs and the Center for Social Justice. Oriented against gender violence, Take Back the Night coordinates an annual rally and march to protest against rape and other forms of violence against women. Georgetown Solidarity Committee is a workers' rights organization whose successes include ending use of sweatshops in producing Georgetown-logoed apparel, and garnering pay raises for both university cleaning staff and police. Georgetown Students for Fair Trade successfully advocated for all coffee in campus cafeterias to be Fair Trade Certified.
Georgetown has many additional groups representing national, ethnic, and linguistic interests. Georgetown's has the second most politically active student body in the United States according to the Princeton Review. Groups based on local, national, and international issues are popular, and political speech is protected on campus. Student political organizations are active on campus and engage their many members in local and national politics. The Georgetown University College Republicans represent their party, while the Georgetown University College Democrats, the largest student organization on campus in 2008, represent theirs.
The reproductive rights organization H*yas for Choice is not officially recognized by the university as its positions on abortion are in opposition to university policy, prompting the asterisk in "Hoyas." While not financially supported by the school, the organization is permitted to meet and table in university spaces. The issue contributes to Georgetown's 'red light' status on free speech under the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education rating system. In 2010, the "Plan A: Hoyas for Reproductive Justice" campaign led several protests against the school policy against the sale of birth control on campus, and in 2007, Georgetown University Law Center students protested the university's decision to cease funding for a student's internship at Planned Parenthood's litigation department despite funding it previous years. Law Center student Sandra Fluke petitioned the university to change its health insurance policy to include coverage for contraception for three years prior to addressing the issue before the House Democratic Steering and Policy Committee in 2012. Though the remarks Rush Limbaugh subsequently directed at Fluke were criticized by Georgetown administrators as both misogynist and vitriolic, the school remains opposed to the coverage of contraception.
Georgetown University has several student-run newspapers. The Hoya is the university's oldest newspaper. It has been in print since 1920, and since 1987, has been published twice weekly. The Georgetown Voice, known for its weekly cover stories, is a newsmagazine that was founded in March 1969 to focus more attention on citywide and national issues. The Georgetown Independent is a monthly journal of news, commentary and the arts. Founded in 1966, the Georgetown Law Weekly is the student-run paper on the Law Center campus, and is a three-time winner of the American Bar Association's Best Newspaper award. The Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, established in 2000, is a student-managed, semi-annual publication on current affairs and international relations. The Hoya and The Georgetown Voice both run online blogs, and there are other popular blogs written about the school and its sports teams.
The Georgetown Academy, restarted in 2008 after a hiatus, targets traditionalist Catholic readers, and the Georgetown Review, founded in 2016, purports to bring a conservative and libertarian viewpoint to campus. Other political publications include the Georgetown Progressive, an online publication run by the Georgetown University College Democrats, and Counterpoint Magazine, a liberal monthly founded in the spring of 2011. The Fire This Time is Georgetown's minority newssource. The Georgetown Heckler is a humor magazine founded on the Internet in 2003 by Georgetown students, releasing its first print issue in 2007. The Gonzo was a former student humor magazine, published from 1993 to 1998.
The university has a campus-wide television station, GUTV, which began broadcasting in 1999. The station hosts an annual student film festival in April for campus filmmakers. WGTB, Georgetown's radio station, is available as a webcast and on 92.3 FM in certain dormitories. The station was founded in 1946, and broadcast on 90.1 FM from 1960 to 1979, when university president Timothy S. Healy gave away the frequency and broadcast capabilities to the University of the District of Columbia because of WGTB's far left political orientation. The station now broadcasts through the Internet in its headquarters in the Leavey Center.
Although Jesuit schools are not obliged to disassociate from Greek systems, many do, and Georgetown University officially recognizes and funds only one of the many Greek organizations on campus, Alpha Phi Omega, the national co-ed community service fraternity. Despite this, other Greek organizations exist on campus, however, none require members to live in fraternal housing. Additionally, Georgetown University students are affiliated, in some cases, with fraternities at other nearby universities and colleges.
Active fraternities at Georgetown include Delta Phi Epsilon, a professional foreign service fraternity and sorority; Alpha Kappa Psi, a professional co-ed business fraternity; Alpha Phi Omega, a national co-ed community service fraternity; Alpha Epsilon Pi, a Jewish social fraternity; and social fraternities Sigma Phi Epsilon, Zeta Psi, and Sigma Alpha Epsilon. Delta Phi Epsilon was founded at Georgetown in 1920, and members of their Alpha Chapter include Jesuits and several deans of the School of Foreign Service. The Delta Phi Epsilon foreign service sorority, founded in 1973, is the only professional sorority active at Georgetown. In October 2013 the first social Greek sorority came to the Georgetown campus with the Eta Tau chapter of Kappa Kappa Gamma, followed by the Theta Iota chapter of Kappa Alpha Theta in the spring of 2014. Georgetown's chapter of Alpha Epsilon Pi,was established in 2002. Sigma Phi Epsilon chartered its chapter as a general social fraternity in 2007. The Omega Lambda chapter of professional business fraternity Alpha Kappa Psi replaced Delta Sigma Pi, which lost its charter in 2006. The Zeta Psi chapter, named Gamma Epsilon, was chartered in March 2009 after a year as a colony.
Annual events on campus celebrate Georgetown traditions, culture, alumni, sports, and politics. In late April, Georgetown University celebrates Georgetown Day. Besides the full-day carnival, the day rewards the best professor of the year with the Dorothy Brown Award, as voted by students. Halloween is celebrated with public viewings of alumnus William Peter Blatty's film The Exorcist, which takes place in the neighborhood surrounding the university.
Homecoming coincides with a home football game, and festivities such as tailgating and a formal dance are sponsored by the Alumni Association to draw past graduates back to campus. The largest planned sports related celebration is the first basketball practice of the season. Dubbed Midnight Madness, this event introduces the men's and women's basketball teams shortly after midnight on the first day the teams are allowed by NCAA rules to formally practice together. In 2013, Georgetown hosted the east regional finals round of the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament.
Georgetown University hosts notable speakers each year, largely because of the success of the Georgetown Lecture Fund and the Office of Communications. These are frequently important heads of state who visit Georgetown while in the capital, as well as scholars, authors, U.S. politicians, and religious leaders. Many prominent alumni are known to frequent the main campus. The Office of the President hosts numerous symposia on religious topics, such as Nostra aetate, Pacem in terris, and the Building Bridges Seminar.
Georgetown fields 23 varsity teams and the Club Sports Board supports an additional 23 club teams. The varsity teams participate in the NCAA's Division I. The school generally competes in the Big East Conference, although the football team competes in the Division I FCS Patriot League, the sailing team in Middle Atlantic Intercollegiate Sailing Association, and the rowing teams in the Eastern Association of Rowing Colleges. U.S. News & World Report listed Georgetown's athletics program among the 20 best in the nation. Georgetown's student athletes have a 94% graduation success rate, and over one-hundred have gone on to play professionally. Georgetown has won two NCAA Division 1 team national championships and 23 NCAA Division 1 individual national championships.
The school's teams are called "Hoyas", a name whose origin is uncertain. Sometime before 1893, students well versed in classical languages invented the mixed Greek and Latin chant of "Hoya Saxa", translating roughly as "what (or such) rocks." The school's baseball team, then called the Stonewalls, began in 1870, and football in 1874, and the chant likely refers to one of these teams. By the 1920s, the term "Hoyas" was used to describe groups on campus, and by 1928, campus sports writers started using it instead of the older team name, the "Hilltoppers." The name was picked up in the local publications, and became official shortly after. Jack the Bulldog has been the mascot of Georgetown athletics programs since 1962, and the school fight song is There Goes Old Georgetown.
The men's basketball team is particularly noteworthy as it won the NCAA championship in 1984 under coach John Thompson. The current coach is his son, John Thompson III, who coached the team to the Final Four in the 2007 NCAA tournament. The team is tied for the most Big East conference tournament titles with seven, and has made twenty-seven NCAA tournament appearances. Well-known team alumni include Sleepy Floyd, Patrick Ewing, Dikembe Mutombo, Alonzo Mourning, Allen Iverson, Jeff Green, and Roy Hibbert. Georgetown's NBA alumni are collectively among the highest earners from a single program.
The sailing team has won fourteen national championships since 2001, as well as one World Championship in match racing. Over that time they have graduated 79 All-Americans and 6 College Sailors of the year. Georgetown has been nationally successful in both cross country and track and field, and in 2011, the women's cross country team won Georgetown's only other team NCAA Championship. The rowing teams are perennial contenders as well for national titles. The men's and women's lacrosse teams have both been ranked in the top ten nationally, as have both soccer teams, with the men making the national championship game in 2012, and the women making the national quarterfinals in 2010. The rugby club team also made it to the Division II Final Four in 2005 and 2009.
Georgetown graduates have found success in a wide variety of fields, and have served at the heads of diverse institutions both in the public and private sector. Immediately after graduation, about 54–61% of undergraduates enter the workforce, while others go on to additional education. Georgetown graduates have been recipients of 23 Rhodes Scholarships, 21 Marshall Scholarships, 26 Truman Scholarships, and 14 Mitchell Scholarships. Georgetown is also one of the top-ten yearly producers of Peace Corps volunteers as of 2010[update], with 35 active and 866 total volunteers since 1961. Georgetown alumni have a median starting salary of $55,000 with a median mid-career salary of $110,000, according to Payscale.com. NNDB, the Notable Names Database, lists 493 notable alumni as of 2015[update].
Eight former heads of state are alumni. Former President of the United States Bill Clinton is a 1968 graduate of the School of Foreign Service, and other former world leaders include Laura Chinchilla of Costa Rica, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo of the Philippines, Saad Hariri of Lebanon, and Alfredo Cristiani of El Salvador. Two SFS graduates are also currently elected presidents, Dalia Grybauskaitė of Lithuania, who completed a six-month program in 1992, and Željko Komšić, one of the tripartite Presidents of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Six alumni serve in the United States Senate, and thirteen in the House of Representatives. Current congressional alumni include Dick Durbin, Senate minority whip, and Steny Hoyer, House minority whip. Governor Pat Quinn of Illinois graduated from the SFS in 1971 while Governor Terry McAuliffe of Virginia received his J.D. from the Law Center in 1984. On the U.S. Supreme Court, alumni include former Associate Justice Antonin Scalia and former Chief Justice Edward Douglass White. Members of the current Obama Administration cabinet include Treasury Secretary Jack Lew who graduated from the law school in 1983 and White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough who received his master's degree in 1996.
King Felipe VI of Spain, King Abdullah II of Jordan, Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg, Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud of the Saudi Arabia royal family, and Prince Pavlos of Greece and Denmark are among the royals who attended Georgetown. Besides numerous members of the senior diplomatic corps, graduates have also headed military organizations on both the domestic and international level, such as former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates and former National Security Advisor General James L. Jones. Notable alumni in business include Mary Callahan Erdoes, CEO of J.P. Morgan Asset Management, Patricia Russo, former Alcatel-Lucent CEO, William J. Doyle of the Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan, and Ted Leonsis, owner of the Washington Capitals, Wizards, and Mystics franchises and former America Online executive. Leonsis is among four other undergraduate alumni who own professional sports teams, making Georgetown the most popular undergraduate university for major North American sports franchise owners. Actor Bradley Cooper, People Magazine's Sexiest Man Alive 2011, is also a graduate of Georgetown and its English program. Actors/comedians Nick Kroll, John Mulaney, Jim Gaffigan, and Mike Birbiglia are also graduates of Georgetown.
b While Patrick Francis Healy inherited African ancestry from his mother and was consequently classified as racially black according to the "one-drop rule" of 19th-century American society, he self-identified racially as white and ethnically as Irish American.
c The undergraduate class of 2016 are students who begin school in August 2012, as the expected matriculation is four years.
d The total undergraduate enrollment numbers 7,636 students. However, the Traditional Undergraduate Student Population, (which is defined as undergraduate students taking at least one course at Georgetown's main campus, excluding non-degree students and students returning for a second degree in nursing but including students studying abroad, required by the 2010 Campus Plan not to exceed 6,675 students) numbered 6,684 students in Fall 2013. See 2013–2014 Compliance Report for the 2010 Campus Plan (page 14)
- Nevils 1934, pp. 1–25
- As of June 30, 2015. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2014 to FY 2015" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2016.
- "Board of Directors". Georgetown University.
- "Georgetown Key Facts". Georgetown University. Fall 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
- "Services and Administration". Georgetown University. 2009. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
- "Georgetown Facts". Office of Communications. Georgetown University. 2009. Retrieved August 24, 2009.
- "Primary and Secondary Colors | Visual Identity | Georgetown University". Visualidentity.georgetown.edu. Retrieved 2016-03-15.
- "Georgetown University Sports".
- "International Students, Faculty, and Researchers". Office of International Programs. Georgetown University. 2012. Archived from the original on March 24, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2012.
- American Foreign Service Association, Top Foreign Service Feeder Schools, Bureau of Human Resources, Department of State, 2015
- Colleges That Produced The Most Members Of Congress, Huffington Post, 19 February 2014
- "Final Report and Recommendations". Student Commission for Unity. Georgetown University. January 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
- Engshuber, Laura. At a Crossroads, The Hoya, 29 March 2012
- Fitzpatrick, Edward A.; Nevils, William Coleman (January 1936). "Miniatures of Georgetown, 1634 to 1934". The Journal of Higher Education. Ohio State University Press. 7 (1): 56–57. doi:10.2307/1974310. JSTOR 1974310.
- Devitt, E.I. (1909). "Georgetown University". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
- Curran 1993, pp. 33–34
- "Georgetown's Catholic and Jesuit Identity". Georgetown University. February 15, 2008. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- O'Neill & Williams 2003, p. 12
- Curran, Robert Emmett (July 7, 2007). "Georgetown: A Brief History". Georgetown University – Undergraduate Bulletin. Archived from the original on May 24, 2007. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
- Thomas Murphy, SJ. Jesuit Slaveholding in Maryland, 1717–1838, New York: Routledge, 2001, p. 4
- Swarns, Rachel (April 17, 2016). "272 Slaves Were Sold to Save Georgetown. What Does It Owe Their Descendants?". The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2016.
- "The Federal Charter". Georgetown University – About Georgetown. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved March 6, 2007.
- "Charter of the University". Georgetown University. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
- "History" (PDF). Georgetown University School of Medicine. March 23, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 4, 2009. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- O'Neill & Williams 2003, pp. 36–39
- "Georgetown Traditions: The Blue & Gray". HoyaSaxa.com. August 17, 2005. Retrieved April 26, 2007.
- "Patrick Francis Healy Inaugurated". American Memory. Library of Congress. July 31, 2006. Retrieved July 9, 2007.
- Spindle, Lindsey (July 30, 2003). "Georgetown University School of Nursing and Health Studies Appoints New Director of Development". Office of Communications. Georgetown University. Retrieved April 26, 2007.
- "Third Grammar Class, Second Section, on the steps of Healy Hall at Georgetown University". Loyola Notre Dame Library. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved September 6, 2007.
- "Dental Alumni History 1970s and 1980s – Georgetown Alumni Online". alumni.georgetown.edu. Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2015-09-12.
- Lyons, Emily (October 9, 1998). "GSB Takes New Name". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Georgetown University history: Co-Ed". Georgetown University – About Georgetown. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved July 17, 2007.
- Timiraos, Nick (April 1, 2003). "Areen Outlines Women's Role". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Sullivan, Tim (February 16, 2001). "DeGioia Named Next GU President". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Timiraos, Nick (September 12, 2003). "Capital Campaign Close to $1 Billion". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Biography". Office of the President. Georgetown University. Georgetown University. February 2005. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- "Jesuit Ideals Drive Daily Life at Georgetown". Blue & Gray. November 5, 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2007.
- "Board of Directors". Georgetown University. 2015. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- "About Us". Archdiocese of Washington. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
- "Jesuit Community Members". Jesuit Community. Georgetown University. 2012. Retrieved December 9, 2012.
- Fasoranti, Oluseyi (February 2, 2010). "GU Celebrates Jesuit Heritage Week". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Wildes, Kevin (February 13, 2004). "Shades of Gray Define Catholic Complexities". The Hoya. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- "Chains Effective for Georgetown Protesters". NBC Washington. March 29, 2010. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- Haggerty, Tim (February 25, 2000). "University, MedStar Agree to Hospital Sale". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Argetsinger, Amy and Avram Goldstein (January 30, 2004). "GU to Continue Controversial Research". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
- Murugesan, Vidhya (September 9, 2005). "Catholic Group Criticizes GU Profs". The Hoya. Retrieved 2011-04-26.
- Sahrmann, Marie (April 14, 2009). "Protests Come to Campus Alongside Obama". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Boorstein, Michelle (May 15, 2012). "Washington's Catholic archbishop, Georgetown president spar over graduation invitation to Kathleen Sebelius". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Kaplan, Sarah (January 25, 2011). "Anti-Abortion Summit at GU". The Hoya. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
- Burke, Heather (October 8, 1999). "The Catholic Question". The Hoya. Archived from the original on October 24, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
- Fuchs, Marek (June 12, 2004). "At One Catholic College, Crucifixes Make a Comeback". The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- Fiore, Liz; Jim Rowan; Jon Soucy (April 20, 1999). "Crucifix Leaders Angry at University". The Hoya. Archived from the original on May 6, 2004. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- Allen Jr., John L (May 14, 2004). "Muslim chaplain sees value in crucifixes". National Catholic Reporter. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
- "Crucifixes and Religious Symbolism". Georgetown's Catholic and Jesuit Identity. Georgetown University. June 16, 2005. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
- "Jesus Missing From Obama's Georgetown Speech", NBC News, 13 July 2009
- Lewin, Tamar (1987-10-29). "Plagued by Falling Enrollment, Dental Schools Close or Cut Back". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-09-12.
- "Application Checklist". Admissions. Georgetown Visitation Preparatory School. 2007. Archived from the original on November 3, 2007. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
- "Undergraduate Bulletin". Georgetown University. 2006–2007. Archived from the original on June 30, 2007. Retrieved July 3, 2007.
- "Overseas Study – Statistics". Georgetown University. Archived from the original on October 3, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "The Best International Relations Schools in the World". Foreign Policy.
- "Academic Programs". Center for Contemporary Arab Studies. 2015. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- "Listing of Joint / Dual Degrees Offered". Georgetown University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. 2007. Archived from the original on August 14, 2007. Retrieved September 20, 2007.
- Castronuovo, Jenny (December 1, 2000). "Joint Public Health Center Launched". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "About SCS". The School of Continuing Studies. Georgetown University. June 11, 2007. Archived from the original on July 9, 2007. Retrieved July 26, 2007.
- Blazey, Elizabeth (October 3, 2008). "Student Life Begins to Boom in SFS-Q's Infant Years". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Sahrmann, Marie (October 17, 2008). "Faculty Gender Ratio Favors Males". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Heberle, Robert (September 21, 2004). "Faculty Funds Favor Kerry". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Hu, Dawn (November 21, 2008). "GU Faculty Among Highest Donors to Obama Campaign". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "List all faculty experts". Georgetown University – Faculty Experts. 2007. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
- "Faculty and Administration". Georgetown University Law Center. 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2009.
- "George Akerlof (aka Mr. Janet Yellen) Heads to Georgetown – Real Time Economics – WSJ". blogs.wsj.com. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- "Colombia Reports". September 8, 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2010.
- Sarubbi, Andrea E. (March 7, 2006). "Former President of Poland Joins Georgetown Faculty as Distinguished Scholar". Georgetown University Department of Communications. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
- Heller, Chris (August 11, 2010). "Former Colombian President to teach at Georgetown". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
- "University Mission Statement". Office of the President. Georgetown University. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
- "Georgetown University". The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2010. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
- "The Library in Numbers". Georgetown University Library. 2014. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
- "Library Resident Program". Georgetown Law Library. 2007. Retrieved July 9, 2007.
- "Research centers, institutes and programs". Georgetown University – Research & Scholarship. 2007. Retrieved July 13, 2007.
- "NSF – NCSES Academic Institution Profiles – Rankings by total R&D expenditures". Ncsesdata.nsf.gov. Retrieved 2016-03-15.
- Anderson, Nick (December 9, 2013). "Johns Hopkins again tops in university research spending". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
- Ponder, Meredith; Anna Cheimets (February 27, 2008). "Science at Georgetown: Research and the Real World". The Georgetown Independent. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Weber, Lauren (September 10, 2010). "Georgetown Receives $5.6 Million Department of Education Grant". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Georgetown Research Leads To First Cancer Vaccine". Science Daily. June 9, 2006. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
-  Archived January 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016: USA". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- "America's Top Colleges". Forbes. July 5, 2016.
- "Best Colleges 2017: National Universities Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. September 12, 2016.
- "2016 Rankings - National Universities". Washington Monthly. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2016. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- "QS World University Rankings® 2016/17". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- "World University Rankings 2016-17". THE Education Ltd. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
- "Best Global Universities Rankings: 2017". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- "Georgetown University". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- Shrinath, Kshithij (31 March 2015). "Admissions Rate Remains Steady at 16.4 Percent". The Hoya. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Fiske 2010, p. 66
- "10 Medical Schools With Lowest Acceptance Rates". USNWR. April 5, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- "ABA Law School Data". American Bar Association. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
- "Statistical Profiles of Admitted Students 2007–2010 – MSFS". Georgetown University. Archived from the original on March 17, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-21.
- "Full-Time MBA Profile". McDonough School of Business. 2008. Archived from the original on February 16, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
- Avery, Christopher, Glickman, Mark E., Hoxby, Caroline Minter and Metrick, Andrew (December 2005). "A Revealed Preference Ranking of U.S. Colleges and Universities" (PDF). Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "First Year Accepted Students' Profile". Georgetown University. 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- "Preparation Process for First Year Applicants". Georgetown University. 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- "Undergraduate Financial Aid". Georgetown Facts. Georgetown University. August 31, 2009. Archived from the original on June 13, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
- "Georgetown University Transportation Shuttle (GUTS)". Georgetown University. 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
- Bachman, Jessica (May 1, 2007). "Years After Blueprint Ditched, Some Lament Missed Chance". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Georgetown Key Facts". Georgetown University. 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- "Georgetown Goes Greener". Blue & Gray. July 5, 2007. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
- "Georgetown University". College Sustainability Report Card. 2011. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- George, Hardy (October 1972). "Georgetown University's Healy Building". The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. Society of Architectural Historians. 31 (3): 208. doi:10.2307/988766. JSTOR 988766.
- "Map of Healy Hall". Georgetown University. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "District of Columbia Inventory of Historic Sites". District of Columbia: Office of Planning. September 28, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 1, 2011. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Simpao, Bernadette. "Red Square". The Hoya. Archived from the original on April 1, 2004. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
- "Georgetown Map Directory". Georgetown University. 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
- Timiraos, Nick (August 22, 2003). "From Hole to Home, Southwest Quad Completed". The Hoya. Archived from the original on October 24, 2007. Retrieved May 7, 2007.
- "$20 Million Gift to Benefit New MSB Building". Office of Communications. Georgetown University. July 10, 2009. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- Richardson, Katherine (9 September 2014). "HFSC Opens to Students". The Hoya. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
- "About Visitation: Map & Directions". Georgetown Visitation Preparatory School. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved March 28, 2007.
- Bellmore, Ryan (August 2, 2011). "Princeton Review justifies its existence, ranks colleges". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- Cho, Ah-Hyun (February 21, 2008). "Not Always a Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood". The Hoya. Archived from the original on March 1, 2008. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- Burke, Brian (October 7, 2009). "Campus Crime Rose 7% in 2008, DPS Report Says". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Georgetown University Law Center – On-Campus Housing. January 10, 2007. Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- "Washington Neighborhoods". Office of Housing and Residential Life. Georgetown University Law Center. May 3, 2007. Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- Mlyniec, Wally (October 26, 2004). "Construction Notes". Georgetown University Law Center – Campus Completion Project. Retrieved July 8, 2007.
- "Welcome to the Villa". Georgetown University – Villa le Balze. April 23, 2008. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved July 26, 2007.
- "Study Abroad in Italy". Georgetown University – Villa le Balze. April 23, 2008. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- "About". McGhee Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies. Georgetown University. December 18, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- "Fall 2008: Semester Abroad". McGhee Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies. Georgetown University. February 22, 2008. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- Heberle, Robert (May 20, 2005). "SFS to Establish Qatar Campus". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Studying International Affairs". School of Foreign Service in Qatar. Georgetown University. Archived from the original on July 10, 2007. Retrieved July 26, 2007.
- "乔治敦大学联络办公室 Georgetown University Liaison Office". Georgetown University Office of the Provost. 2009. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2009.
- Parks, Ann W. (November 3, 2008). "The Center for Transnational Legal Studies Kicks off in London". Georgetown University Law Center. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
- "Student Profile — Class of 2015". Office of Undergraduate Admissions. Georgetown University. 2010. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- "Most International Students: National Universities". US News and World Report. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- "Statistics on Georgetown's International Community". Office of International Programs. Georgetown University. June 30, 2010. Archived from the original on June 9, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
- "Georgetown University 2014–2015". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- Heneghan, Tom (July 9, 2007). "U.S. imam questions if "American" Islam exists". Reuters. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
- "Georgetown University appoints first Hindu priest". The Hindu. October 8, 2014. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
- "Other Traditions". Campus Ministry. Georgetown University. Archived from the original on July 18, 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
- "Volunteerism and Service at Georgetown". Georgetown University – Georgetown Facts. June 16, 2005. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
- "Georgetown's Great Escape". Georgetown Magazine. Georgetown University. February 27, 2006. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
- Norton, Chris (April 26, 2007). "Suggestive figures, Grading on curves, Georgetown gets down". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
- Salinas, Anna (January 30, 2009). "SCU Report Prescribes Change, Inclusion". The Hoya. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Heller, Chris (September 16, 2010). "Newsweek ranks Georgetown among the nation's most diverse and LGBTQ-friendly schools". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
- Kurzius, Rachel (June 17, 2016). "Survey: Three In 10 Female Georgetown Undergrads Report Non-Consensual Sexual Contact". DCist.com. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
- Farra, Emily (December 8, 2011). "The 10 Most Hipster Campuses". College Magazine. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
- "Most Vegan-Friendly College Contest 2011". December 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
- "COOL: College Opportunities Online Locator". National Center for Education Statistics. 2005. Retrieved July 11, 2007.
- Marush, Gabrielle (June 13, 2011). "Neighbors ask Georgetown to house all students on campus". The GW Hatchet. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
- Koester, Anne Y. (June 13, 2011). "Spring 2011 Semester Report" (PDF). Off Campus Student Life. Georgetown University. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Georgetown University – Prospective Students. Archived from the original on July 2, 2007. Retrieved July 25, 2007.
- Mac Neal, Caitlin (November 13, 2009). "2010–2020 Campus Plan Drafted". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Student Life". Georgetown University School of Medicine. 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "Student Life Report 2012" (PDF). Georgetown University Student Association. February 24, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Palko, Ian (September 21, 1999). "SAC Fair Is Opportunity for Most, Exclusion for Some". The Hoya. Archived from the original on October 24, 2007. Retrieved July 27, 2007.
- Giblin, Adam (October 1, 2002). "Support Your Neighborhood, Vote in D.C.". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Philodemic Society". Georgetown University. March 19, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2007.
- Jarvis, Nicole (September 7, 2012). "Country's Oldest Theater Troupe Shines". The Hoya. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- "About Us". Nomadic Theatre. Georgetown University. 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- "About". The Georgetown Improv Association. Georgetown University. 2010. Retrieved June 20, 2010.
- Moore, Maddy. "Model UN Wins Award". The Hoya (28 March 2014). Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "Collegiate-Acappella Directory of College A Cappella Groups A-G". Collegiate-acappella.com. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
- Bayer, Michael (November 5, 2003). "A capella abounds at DCAF". The Georgetown Independent. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- "History of The Chimes". Georgetown Chimes. August 5, 2008. Archived from the original on May 15, 2008. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- "Pep Band Homepage". Georgetown University. 2008. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- "About The Corp". The Corp. April 29, 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-06-29. Retrieved July 9, 2007.
- "Non-profit report for Students of Georgetown, Inc.". GuideStar USA. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- Riley, Anna (10 April 2015). "The Corp Adds Social Impact Chair to Board". The Hoya. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Cauterucci, Christina. "GUASFCU Celebrates 30th Anniversary". Online Magazine. Georgetown Alumni Online. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Swan, John (October 3, 2006). "GU Goes 'Mad' for Financial Advice". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Battalion History". The HOYA Battalion. August 4, 2010. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Goldberg, Roxanne (February 27, 2012). "ROTC ranked nation's best". GW Hatchet. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- "National University Rankings 2010". Washington Monthly. 2010. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Georgetown University Grilling Society (GUGS): About". Studentorgs.georgetown.edu. 2003-02-20. Retrieved 2011-05-01.
- Baldwin, Leslie (November 8, 2001). "Events educate GU on violence against women". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
- Amend, Andy (February 9, 1999). "Compromise Reached". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Somers, Bailey (March 6, 2003). "Cafeterias to offer only Fair Trade coffee". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
- Toporek, Bryan (May 2008). "Georgetown Students Struggle to Endorse Candidates". Georgetown Journalism. Georgetown University. Washington, D.C. Archived from the original on December 15, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
- Walters, Anne K. (May 12, 2006). "Gimme an 'O'!". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Johnson, Andrew (November 6, 2003). "Jesuit colleges lack pro-choice groups". Marquette Tribune. Retrieved April 25, 2007.
- Rosier, Kevin (September 14, 2002). "FIRE group gives GU 'red light'". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved July 17, 2007.
- "Chains Effective for Georgetown Protesters". WRC-TV. March 29, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- Harbourt, Sam (April 13, 2007). "Law Center Divided Over Denial Of Funds for Abortion Rights". The Hoya. Archived from the original on January 18, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Viator, Margaret (March 1, 2012). "Law Student Mired in Birth Control Debate". The Hoya. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
- Waddell, Justin (April 19, 2012). "Sandra Fluke, 780 law students to Georgetown: comply with contraception mandate in 2012". Georgetown Law Weekly. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "The Hoya: A Brief History". Digital Georgetown. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- Zumbrun, Josh (January 14, 2005). "How Georgetown Found a Different Voice". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "About The Georgetown Independent". November 10, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- Free, Elissa (October 21, 2004). "Georgetown Law Weekly Wins ABA's Best Newspaper Award Three Years Running". Georgetown University Law Center. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- "About the Journal". Georgetown Journal of International Affairs. 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
- Redden, Molly (October 23, 2008). "Controversial Catholics...and the third coming of The Georgetown Academy". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
- Jubber, Eric (October 18, 2016). "Conservative Blog To Launch". The Hoya. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- "Students start progressive political magazine". Georgetown Voice. March 30, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- "The Fire This Time". Georgetown University. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
- "The Georgetown Heckler". January 23, 2007. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Cho, Ah-Hyun (January 27, 2006). "The Revolution Will Be Televised". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Dillon, Liam (October 17, 2002). "Finding a Place for Campus Radio". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- Singh, Suma (September 19, 2000). "Greek Life: Alive and Well At Georgetown". The Hoya. Archived from the original on November 22, 2005. Retrieved March 10, 2007.
- Boyle, Terrence (December 2, 2007). "The Other Georgetown Fraternities". Delta Phi Epsilon. Retrieved December 2, 2007.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Delta Phi Epsilon. November 22, 2006. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- "Sorority". Delta Phi Epsilon. April 16, 2007. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- "Kappa Kappa Gamma is making history at Georgetown". August 14, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "Dare to go greek? Exploring Georgetown's sorority scene". The Georgetown Voice. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- Glick, Michael (October 29, 2002). "AEPi Fosters Greek and Jewish Life". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Haviland, Erica (April 27, 2007). "SigEp Receives National Charter". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Washington, Vanessa (April 21, 2006). "Weakly Greek". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Johnson, Lindsay (March 26, 2009). "Life of a Frat on a Greek-Free Campus". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Schedule of Events". Georgetown Day. Archived from the original on April 28, 2009. Retrieved October 8, 2009.
- Skeehan, Patrick (October 31, 2003). "Exorcist Showings, Pumpkin Carving Highlight Activities". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Mellott, Sarah (October 25, 2005). "Parties, Pageantry Mark Homecoming". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Tarnow, George (October 21, 2004). "Clock strikes midnight, basketball stars come out". The Georgetown Voice. Retrieved July 27, 2007.
- Bonesteel, Matt (May 16, 2012). "Verizon Center to host 2013 NCAA tournament East Regional". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Alolod, Gerard P. (May 3, 2005). "Lecture Fund Brings Diversity to Georgetown". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Initiatives, projects and lecture series". Office of the President. Georgetown University. 2008. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- Witkin, Gordon and Jodi Schneider (March 10, 2002). "Why they're not just about winning and losing anymore". U.S. News and World Report. Archived from the original on May 7, 2005. Retrieved July 26, 2007.
- "Graduation Rates Report" (PDF). NCAA. October 21, 2011. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- Shoup-Mendizabal, Jon (January 23, 2004). "Glory Days". The Hoya. Archived from the original on March 14, 2007. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
- O'Neill & Williams 2003, pp. 54, 62–63
- "What's A Hoya?". HoyaSaxa.com. August 17, 2005. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2007.
- Reynolds, Jon K. (September–October 1983). "The Dogs of Georgetown". Georgetown Magazine. Georgetown University Library. Retrieved June 30, 2008.
- "Hoyas claim their 1st Big East tourney title since 1989". ESPN.com. Associated Press. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
- "Rams hope to charge past Hoyas in Southwest Regional clash". 9news. The Sports Network. March 18, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Goode, Harlan and Brenna McGee (February 13, 2007). "Former Greats Celebrate Hoops at 100 Years Gala". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Diamond, Jared (February 8, 2012). "Basketball's Alumni Loot Index". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- "A National Championship". We Are Georgetown. November 13, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
- "Georgetown wins World University Match Racing Championships". Scuttlebutt Sailing News. July 5, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- Jammet, Nicolas (November 23, 2004). "Georgetown's Track Program Quietly Dominates". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Owings, Matt (November 21, 2011). "Wisconsin men, Georgetown women earn cross country titles". USA Today. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- Mendoza, Moises (May 20, 2005). "Experience, Leadership and Vision Propel Hoya Crew to National Prominence". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Georgetown Men's Lacrosse Moves Up to No. 4 in National Rankings". Georgetown University Official Athletic Site. April 24, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2007.
- Bohbot, Samantha (April 21, 2009). "Ford, Hubschmann Lead GU to Big East Crown". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Goff, Steven (December 9, 2012). "Indiana soccer defeats Georgetown in College Cup final". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- El-Bashir, Tarik (November 26, 2010). "Georgetown women's soccer has reached new heights". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Finn, Dave (November 17, 2009). "Hoyas Finish Off Undefeated Season". The Hoya. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- Chiang, Jessie (November 20, 2008). "Georgetown Grads Earn Top Salaries". The Hoya. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "Grad Student Wins Rhodes, University Also Had Four Finalists – Georgetown University". Georgetown.edu. November 21, 2011. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- "2012 Marshall and Mitchell Scholars – Georgetown University". Georgetown.edu. 2012-11-20. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- "Truman Scholar to Continue Research, Advocacy with Immigrants – Georgetown University". Georgetown.edu. 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- "Georgetown Student Wins Mitchell Scholarship to Study in Ireland". Georgetown University. November 17, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
- "Peace Corp Top Colleges 2011" (PDF). Peace Corps News Releases. September 30, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- Westergaard, Lily (February 3, 2012). "GU Ranked 10th Among Peace Corps Volunteers". The Hoya. Archived from the original on May 16, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- "Georgetown University". NNDB. 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
- Long, Chrissie; Llana, Sara Miller (February 8, 2010). "Costa Rica elects first woman president, inspiring the region". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- "Profile: Gloria Arroyo". BBC News. February 24, 2006. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- Yazbeck, Natacha (June 28, 2009). "Lebanon's new PM pledges unity". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- "Biography". Office of the President of the Republic of Lithuania. 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- Wurth, Julie (October 1, 2013). "Bosnian leader calls for end to ethnic divisions". The News-Gazette. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- "Hoyas Serving the Nation". Office of Federal Relations. Georgetown University. 2010. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- "Prominent SFS Alumni". Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service. 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- Schwartzman, Paul (October 15, 2013). "McAuliffe is man in a hurry to try to get from fundraising background to governor spotlight". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- Minder, Raphael (June 18, 2014). "Spain's Incoming King Takes Over a Throne Heavy With Political Tension". The New York Times. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- "Civic Engagement and National Service". Quarterly Reports. Georgetown University. Spring 2009. Archived from the original on December 25, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- "Alcatel-Lucent (ALUA): Executive Profile". BusinessWeek. 2007. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
- Wilson, Craig (January 18, 2008). "AOL exec and Capitals owner Leonsis' estate isn't just for show". USA Today. Retrieved October 27, 2009.
- Diamond, Jared (December 13, 2011). "Where the People in Charge Went to School". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- Morris, Wesley (November 17, 2011). "Bradley Cooper, Sexiest Man Alive?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
- Mettlen, Shane (August 29, 2014). "Georgetown University: A Breeding Ground for Comics". Washingtonian. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- Curran, Robert Emmett (1993). The Bicentennial History of Georgetown University. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. ISBN 0-87840-485-6.
- Fiske, Edward B. (2010). Fiske Guide to Getting Into the Right College. Sourcebooks, Inc. ISBN 1-4022-4309-X.
- Nevils, William Coleman (1934). Miniatures of Georgetown: Tercentennial Causeries. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. OCLC 8224468.
- O'Neill, Paul R.; Williams, Paul K. (2003). Georgetown University. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-1509-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Georgetown University.|