Georgi Skalon

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Georgi Skalon with Italian sculptor Pietro Canonica in Saint Petersburg for the inauguration of his monument to Alexander II of Russia in 1913

Georgi Skalon (Polish: Gieorgij Skałon, Russian: Гео́ргий Анто́нович Скало́н; 24 October 1847 – 1 February 1914) was a Russian Empire Governor-general of Warsaw and the commander-in-chief of the Warsaw Military District from 1905 to 1914.

In 1903 he became the general-aide of the court of the Tsar Nicholas II. In 1905 was promoted to a general of cavalry as well as the general-governor of Warsaw. During the Russian Revolution of 1905 he introduced a martial law (on 10 November) and gave orders that led to brutal dispersion of crowds protesting in several Polish cities, with many fatalities among the civilian demonstrators. For that, the Polish Socialist Party decided to assassinate him. On 18 August 1906 Organizacja Bojowa PPS tried to kill him with two bombs thrown at his carriage (by Wanda Krahelska), but he survived.[1]

In 1882 Georgi Skalon married baroness Marie von Korff. She was daughter of the Colonel of the Imperial Russian Cuirassier Regiment, Baron Joseph Korff (1829–1873) and Anna Mjasnikova. Granddaughter of the General of the Artillery, Baron Nikolai Korff (1793–1869).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instytut Historii (Polska Akademia Nauk) (1971). Raporty warszawskich oberpolicmajstrów, 1892-1913. Ossolineum. p. 75. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  2. ^ (in German) Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften, Teil 2,3,: Estland, Bd.:3, Görlitz, 1930 p.145