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Jump to: navigation, search Logo.jpg Protecting Your Rights
Formation February 2, 2007
Kelly Kennett
Vice President
John R. Monroe
Website, (GCO) is a state-level, grassroots guns-rights organization that is dedicated to preserving and protecting the rights of its members to keep and bear arms as protected by the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution and Paragraph VIII of the Constitution of the State of Georgia. On its website, the organization describes itself as "Georgia's no-compromise voice for gun owners." The organization is also referred to as Georgia Carry in conversation and press coverage. It is a non-profit corporation organized under the laws of the State of Georgia.

It is engaged in activism such passing new legislation to affirm the rights of gun owners, such as Georgia House Bill 89[1] which was passed during the 2008 legislative session,[2] and litigating Second Amendment cases on the behalf of its members. It has recently been involved in litigation against the city of Atlanta regarding the carrying of firearms in non-secure areas of the Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport by citizens licensed to carry open and concealed firearms by the state.[2]

As of August 18th, 2014, has about 8,500+[3] dues-paying members. It has brought at least 13 federal and state lawsuits as of July, 2008.[4]

Lobbying Efforts[edit]

House Bill 60 (2013–2014) Firearms; certain laws regarding carrying and possession by retired judges; provide exemption Introduced by Doug Holt 112th

Current Status: Apr/23/2014 - Signed by Governor, Jul/01/2014 - Effective Date

After passing Senate as a substitute bill, it was transmitted back to the House. The House voted to agree to the Senate substitute and amended the bill by adding the basic HB875 Safe Carry Protection Act sponsored by Rick Jasperse 11th language to the bill effectively making HB60 the Safe Carry Protection Act

Summary of HB60:

Churches / Bars: Removes bars from the off limits list and treats them like every other piece of private property in GA in that the property owner has the right to eject a person from their property. Allows church carry if the church agrees to allow guns in churches and establishes up to a $100 fine if caught carrying in a church that does not allow.

Government Buildings Allows firearms in government buildings that are not restricted or screened by security personnel during the hours the building is open for business.

Public Housing: Require public housing to allow tenants to have firearms in their dwellings unless required by federal law or regulation.

Licensing: Removes fingerprint requirement for license renewals Provides for issuance of GWL to a person who is at least 18 years of age who has completed basic training in the armed forces and is either actively serving in the military or has been honorably discharged from the service. Allows a person who has had his/her GWL revoked to be issued a GWL if the revocation was more than 3 years of the date of his or her application. Restricts any person who has been adjudicated mentally incompetent to stand trial or who has been adjudicated not guilty by reason of insanity at the time of the crime Allows GWL applicant the right to sue if they feel they are wrongfully denied a GWL and to recover their costs and reasonable attorney fees if they are the prevailing party. Prohibits any person or entity from creating or maintaining a multijurisdictional data base of information regarding persons issued GWLs.

Airport Carry: Codifies airport carry in non sterile areas. If a person knowingly enters airport screening with a weapon will be guilty of a misdemeanor unless it is with intent to commit a separate felony offense. A person with a GWL will not be arrested if no intent of an additional felony is involved

GWL When Carrying: Requires carrying of GWL when carrying a weapon or for exempt persons, proof they are exempt. A person carrying a weapon shall not be subject to detention for the sole purpose of investigating whether such person has a weapons carry license. If a person is caught carrying a weapon without a GWL the fine in court will be $10 if GWL is produced and was valid at the time of the arrest. Defense of self or others, shall be an absolute defense to any violation of off limits places.

State Preemption: Preemption law more clearly defined in our favor. Includes firearms and other weapons. Clarifies that no agency, board, department, commission, or authority of this state other than the General Assembly, by rule or regulation shall regulate firearms or other weapons in any manner. Municipalities may still regulate whether or not you may discharge a weapon within their boundaries. Gives the right of any person who has been aggrieved as a result of a violation of 16-11-173 may bring action to enforce this statute shall be entitled to equitable relief.

Mental Health: Requires GA Courts to notify FBI if a person has had involuntary commitment to mental institution, been adjudicated mentally incompetent to stand trial or has been found not guilty by reason of insanity.

Declared Emergency: Strikes firearms and ammunition and components from the Governor’s Emergency Powers Act. No one, while acting during or pursuant to a declared state of emergency, shall: Temporarily or permanently seize, any firearm or ammunition which was not prohibited by law at the time immediately prior to the declaration of a state of emergency Prohibit possession of any firearm or ammunition or any component thereof or Prohibit any license holder from carrying any weapon if such carrying was not otherwise prohibited by law at the time immediately prior to the declaration of a state of emergency; Require the registration of any firearm.

General: Codify into law some common law prohibitions that prohibit a person from being arrested if they go to a prohibited location to save someone’s life. Clarifies that private property owners my eject a person from their property but may not criminalize carrying. Makes hunting with suppressors legal in GA.

House Bill 615 (2009–2010)[edit]

Representative Timothy Bearden of the 68th, a GCO member, introduced HB 615 to the 2009–2010 session of the Georgia General Assembly. If passed the legislation would:[5]

  • Repeal the public gathering law, that some believe to have its roots in the 1868 massacre at Camilla, Georgia[6][7]
  • Repeal the requirement to possess a license to carry a handgun openly, that was passed by the General Assembly following the Atlanta Race Riot of 1906.[8] The open carry of a handgun without a license is generally lawful in twenty-four (24) states.[9]
  • Repeal the prohibition of carrying a firearm on a college campus
  • Prohibit the seizure of privately owned firearms during a declared state of emergency

House Bill 89 (2007–2008)[edit]

GCO was instrumental in crafting the 2007–08 session HB 89, which was passed into law with the May 14, 2008, signature of Governor Sonny Perdue. The legislation made many changes to the laws of the State of Georgia with regards to the carry of firearms. As of July 1, 2008, changes were made to laws that governed the carry of firearms by both those with a Georgia Firearms License and those who do not possess a license to carry.[1] (Unless otherwise noted, the text of the bill itself is the source for this section.)

For unlicensed persons, a man or women who is eligible for a Georgia Firearms License, but does not have one yet, can carry a firearm anywhere in his or her private motor vehicle. Previously a handgun could only be carried in the glovebox or center console. Among those who are enumerated as ineligible for a license are men and women who have not yet reached twenty-one (21) years of age and those who are not residents of the State of Georgia.[10]

For licensed persons, a man or women who possess a Georgia Firearms License (or a recognized out-of-state carry license),[11] the following locations became lawful for the carry of firearms:

  • A restaurant that derives more than fifty percent (50%) of its revenue from the sale of prepared meals or food
  • Georgia state parks, historic sites, recreational areas, and wild life management areas
  • Publicly owned buildings within state parks, historic sites, recreational areas, and wild life management areas
  • Public transportation, including buses and trains
  • Publicly accessible parking lots without regard to a company policy against the carry of firearms by employees

For a man or women who holds the office of constable, the law now permits the carry a firearm at school functions and on school property by added such persons to the exemption list in OCGA § 16-11-127.1.

The bill also created a new State felony offense for "Any person who attempts to solicit, persuade, encourage, or entice any dealer to transfer or otherwise convey a firearm other than to the actual buyer, as well as any other person who willfully and intentionally aids or abets such person".[12] This section is said to have been designed to prohibit gun dealer entrapment schemes, such as those orchestrated by Mayor of New York City Michael Bloomberg.[13]

Court Briefs and Actions[edit]

United States Federal Court[edit]

MARTA Case[edit]

GCO has sued the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority on behalf of Christopher Raissi, one of its members. It is claimed that Mr. Raissi's 4th amendment and 14th amendment rights were violated by his 30 minute detention,[14][15] at the Avondale station, by police for legally carrying a firearm.[16] The lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia, Atlanta Division.

On Monday, March 9, 2009, Senator John Douglas publicly, on the floor of the Georgia General Assembly, took MARTA to task regarding the agency's apparent difficulty coming to grips with the HB 89 statute. He expressed concern over detention of Christopher Raissi by five MARTA police officers and the agency's failure to respond to various open record requests regarding their policy changes in light of the 2008 changes to OCGA 16-11-127.[17]

Zachary Nelson Mead v. Richmond County, GA, Sheriff[edit]

In December, 2008, GCO settled its 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (Federal Civil Rights) lawsuit against Richmond County, Georgia, Sheriff Strength.[18] The order declared that the August 1, 2008, seizure, by Deputy Kadum Townsend, of Staff Sergeant Zachary Nelson Mead's openly carried pistol was a violation of the 4th amendment. The court awarded court costs and attorney fees to Staff Sergeant Mead and dismissed the remaining charges with prejudice[19]

District of Columbia v. Heller[edit], through its attorneys John R. Monroe and Edward A. Stone, submitted an amicus curiae brief to the United States Supreme Court regarding District of Columbia v. Heller. The GCO brief's argument is summarized as:

The Petitioners recite a selective portion of the history of gun control laws in the District of Columbia, but omit portions of that history which demonstrate that the Petitioners' laws are deeply rooted in a racist attempt to keep arms out of the hands of the politically and economically disadvantaged. This brief will explore the racist history of gun control in the District of Columbia and throughout the country. It also will show how the principles of black oppression via gun control laws of yesterday are used to oppress the politically weak today via those same, and additional, laws.[20]

Dick Heller, the plaintiff in District of Columbia v. Heller, in an interview with radio talk show host Mark Walters, said that the GCO brief really opened his mind that the nascence of Jim Crow laws as gun control in the South. He said that when talking with the press or testifying before the city council, he will be sure to bring up that Jim Crow is alive in Washington, D.C.[21]

Georgia Court[edit]

GCO has proceeded against various county and city governments that have enacted or are enforcing gun regulations contrary to the State of Georgia's preemption law. The law specifies that "No county or municipal corporation, by zoning or by ordinance, resolution, or other enactment, shall regulate in any manner gun shows; the possession, ownership, transport, carrying, transfer, sale, purchase, licensing, or registration of firearms or components of firearms; firearms dealers; or dealers in firearms components".[22]

City of Atlanta Park Gun Ban[edit]

Based on precedence set in the Coweta County case, sued the City of Atlanta over Atlanta Ordinance ~ 110-66, which prohibited the carry of firearms in Atlanta parks. On May 9, 2008, Doris L. Downs, Chief Judge of the Fulton Superior Court, ordered that "The City of Atlanta is hereby ENJOINED from enforcing Atlanta Ordinance ~ 110-66 to the extent it prohibits the possession of firearms in city parks".[23]

Coweta County Park Gun Ban[edit]

One of GCO's first court actions was a lawsuit against Coweta County's ban on firearms in parks.[24] The organization lost the original case, but won on appeal. The Court of Appeals of Georgia reversed the lower court, ruling that "the county was prohibited from regulating carrying firearms 'in any manner' and that it was error for the lower court to have ruled otherwise".[25]

Corporate Structure[edit]

Two related corporations share the same Fayetteville, Georgia, principle mailing address and key people according to records kept by the Corporations Division of the office of the Secretary of State of Georgia.

GEORGIACARRY.ORG, INC., is a non-profit corporation that was incorporated in the State of Georgia on February 2, 2007.[26] GuideStar categorizes this corporation as a Civil Rights, Social Action, and Advocacy organization.[27]

GCO FOUNDATION, INC., is a non-profit corporation that was incorporated in the State of Georgia on February 11, 2008.[28] GuideStar categorizes this corporation as a Crime, Legal Related / (Crime Prevention N.E.C.) organization.[29]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b HB89 from the GA General Assembly 2007-2008 Session
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ HB615 Full-Text Current Version. Retrieved 2009-07-26
  6. ^ The Public Gathering Prohibition - The Bloody Legacy of the Camilla Massacre. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  7. ^ Law banning guns at 'public gatherings' has racist past, group claims. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
  8. ^ History Of Georgia's Carry Laws: The Continuing Legacy of Slavery and Racism "In the years following the riot, white voters and the all white General Assembly systematically disenfranchised and then disarmed blacks in Georgia. In 1910, the General Assembly imposed licensing requirements with the intent to disarm blacks by using the same seemingly non-discriminatory manner that successfully disenfranchised Blacks two years earlier. To possess a firearm a license issued by the Ordinary (now known as probate judge) must be applied for and granted. Applicants had to be: a) at least eighteen years old or over b) give a bond payable to the Governor of the State in the sum of one hundred dollars, AND c) a fee of fifty cents. $100 in 1910 is equivalent to over $2000 in 2007 dollars. In the unlikely event a black man could post the bond, the Ordinary, who was always white, since blacks could not hold office, could be counted on to deny the application. Judicial Immunity applicable to the Ordinary meant that Blacks were unable to challenge the license denials." Retrieved 2009-07-27.
  9. ^ Open Carry of Loaded Handgun Map. Retrieved 2009-07-26
  10. ^ O.C.G.A. § 16-11-129
  11. ^ Georgia's Firearm Permit Reciprocity. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
  12. ^ 2007-2008 Georgia House Bill 89, Section 2.
  13. ^ NRA Fights for Self-Defense Rights in Georgia. Retrieved 2009-07-27
  14. ^, Inc. and Christopher Raissi v. MARTA Complaint. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  15. ^ Man with gun sues MARTA after being detained. Retrieved 2009-07-25
  16. ^ Pro-Gun Group Takes Aim at MARTA (Video)
  17. ^ mms:// March 9, 2009 Senate Session, John Douglas' remarks from 00:33:03 - 00:37:05. General Assembly Video Archive | Georgia Public Broadcasting. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  18. ^ Spirit: Richmond County - Packing Heat. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
  19. ^ Consent Order and Judgment in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia Augusta Division. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
  20. ^ Georgia Carry's Amici Brief for the Supreme Court of the United States regarding District of Columbia v. Heller
  21. ^ AAR Broadcast Interview with Mr. Dick Heller and Mr. Dane von Breichenruchardt. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
  22. ^ OCGA 16-11-173. Retrieved 2009-07-26
  23. ^ Order Granting Motion for Summary Judgment in Favor of Plaintiffs and Against the City of Atlanta
  24. ^ No ruling on lawsuit over guns in county parks (May 20, 2007). Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  25. ^ GCO Settles With Coweta County Over Parks Ban
  26. ^ GA Business Entity record for, Inc., control number 07010121
  27. ^ GuideStar report on, Inc. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
  28. ^ GA Business Entity record for GCO Foundation, Inc., control number 08011841
  29. ^ GuideStar report on GCO Foundation, Inc. Retrieved 2009-05-30.

External links[edit]