Georgia National Guard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Georgia National Guard
Seal of the Georgia National Guard.png
Seal of the Georgia National Guard
Country United States
Allegiance Georgia
Branch U.S. Army National Guard
MG Thomas Carden, Jr.[1]
A joint operation between the Alabama and Georgia National Guard

The Georgia National Guard is the National Guard of the U.S. state of Georgia, and consists of the Georgia Army National Guard and the Georgia Air National Guard. (The Georgia State Defense Force is the third military unit of the Georgia Department of Defense, part of the Government of Georgia.) The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. The state functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control.

The National Guard may be called into federal service by the President under either Title 10 or Title 32 status. When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-in-Chief. The federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."[2]

The Governor may call individuals or units of the Georgia National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."

As authorized under the Constitution, Congress has the power to regulate National Guard units; hence they are trained and equipped as a part of the United States Army, even when under state command. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. All Georgia National Guard soldiers are also eligible for a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Georgia.

Georgia also maintains its own State Defense Force. This force is separate from the National Guard and reports to the Governor of Georgia as Commander-in-Chief. The GSDF services the state exclusively, especially when the National Guard is deployed and unavailable.[3]

The Georgia National Guard has a State Partnership Program relationship with the Georgian Defence Forces since 1994, and Argentina since 2016.[4]

In 2021, in response to a massive spike in COVID-19 cases, more than 100 National Guard personnel were deployed to 20 hospitals across Georgia.[5]

Army Units[edit]

Annual training of the 118th Field Artillery Regiment.
48th Georgia Army National Guard Soldier of the Year Competition
A platoon from 3rd Squadron, 108th Cavalry Regiment, in Kosovo.
Georgia National Guardsmen being honored at a Purple Heart ceremony.
3rd Battalion, 121st Infantry Regiment guardsmen secure Centennial Olympic Park during Operation Defender Cyprus, the Georgia National Guard's security mission in Atlanta during mass protests in June 2020.
  • 48th Infantry Brigade Combat Team
  • 78th Aviation Troop Command
    • 1st Battalion (General Support), 171st Aviation Regiment, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta
    • Company H, 171st Aviation Regiment, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta
    • 2d Battalion (Service and Support), 151st Aviation Regiment, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta
    • 1st Battalion (General Support), 169th Aviation Regiment, Hunter Army Airfield, Savannah
    • Company C, 1st Battalion (General Support), 111th Aviation Regiment, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta
    • 1st Battalion (Assault), 185th Aviation Regiment, Winder
    • 935th Combat Service Support Battalion, Hunter Army Airfield, Savannah
    • Detachment 9, Operational Airlift, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta
    • Company C, 2d Battalion (Security and Support), 151st Aviation Regiment, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta
    • Army Fixed Wing Support Activity, Robins Air Force Base, Warner Robins
    • Army Aviation Support Facility No. 1, Winder Barrow Airport, Winder
    • Army Aviation Support Facility No. 2, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta
    • Army Aviation Support Facility No. 3, Hunter Army Airfield, Savannah
  • 648th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade
    • 878th Engineer Battalion, Augusta
    • 348th Brigade Support Battalion, Cumming
    • 1st Battalion, 214th Field Artillery Regiment, Elberton
    • Joint Task Force 781st CERFP, Kennesaw
  • 78th Troop Command
    • 122d Regiment (Regional Training Institute), Clay National Guard Center, Marietta
    • Regional Training Site-Maintenance, Georgia Guard Garrison Training Center, Hinesville
    • 116th Army Band, Joint Forces Headquarters, Ellenwood
    • 124th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment, Clay National Guard Center, Marietta
    • 848th Engineer Company, Douglas
    • 122nd Rear Operations Center, Hinesville
    • 139th Chaplain Detachment, Clay National Guard Center, Marietta
    • Headquarters Detachment, 265th Regional Support Group, Metter
    • Headquarters Detachment, 110th Combat Service Support Battalion, Tifton
    • 82d Maintenance Company, Fort Benning, Columbus
    • 1148th Transportation Company, Fort Gordon, Augusta
    • 1230th Transportation Company, Thomasville
    • 277th Maintenance Company, Kennesaw
    • Georgia Medical Command, Joint Force Headquarters, Ellenwood
    • Recruiting and Retention Detachment, Joint Forces Headquarters, Ellenwood
    • North Georgia College and State University Detachment, Dahlonega
    • Detachment 2, Training Site Support Detachment, Georgia Guard Garrison Training Center, Hinesville
  • 201st Regional Support Group (Region 4 Homeland Response Force)
    • 4th Civil Support Team, Marietta
    • 170th Military Police Battalion, Decatur
    • 781st Troop Command Battalion (JTF 781st CERFP), Marietta
      • 138th Chemical Company, Marietta
      • 1177th Transportation Company, LaGrange
      • 202nd Ordnance Detachment (EOD), Marietta
      • 248th Medical Company, Marietta
      • 810th Engineer Company, Swainsboro
      • 870th Engineer Detachment, Decatur

Air Units[edit]

Georgia's Adjutant General Lineage[edit]

The adjutant general is the senior military officer and de facto commander of the Georgia National Guard. Also known as TAG, they are subordinated to the governor, the chief executive. As of today, there have been 36 adjutants general in Georgia and the position has changed hands 42 times.[6]

Rank Name Appointment Date of Relief
Lieutenant Colonel Augustus C. G. Elholm Dec. 19, 1792 Jan. 15, 1795
Lieutenant Colonel Jonas Fauche Feb. 20, 1796 Nov. 2, 1806
Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Newman Dec. 13, 1796 Nov. 2, 1796
Lieutenant Colonel John C. Easter Nov. 13, 1817 Nov. 11, 1835
Brigadier General Daniel Newman Dec. 25, 1837 Dec. 22, 1840
Major General Henry C. Wayne Dec. 12, 1860 May 10, 1865
Colonel John. B. Baird Oct. 16, 1879 Nov. 5, 1882
Colonel Jon S. Stephens Nov. 6, 1882 Dec. 31, 1886
Brigadier General John M. Kell Jan. 1, 1887 Oct. 5, 1890
Brigadier General Phil G. Byrd Oct. 11, 1890 Nov. 11, 1890
Brigadier General James W. Robertson Nov. 12, 1890 Nov. 30, 1903
Brigadier General Sampson W. Harris Dec. 1, 1903 July 1, 1907
Brigadier General Andrew J. Scott July 2, 1907 July 1, 1911
Brigadier General William G. Obear Aug. 7, 1911 Dec. 31, 1912
Brigadier General J. Van Holt Nash Jan. 1, 1913 Aug. 26, 1917
Major Arthur McCollum Dec. 4, 1917 March 1, 1919
Brigadier General J. Van Holt Nash March 1, 1919 Oct. 22, 1922
Brigadier General Lewis C. Pope Oct. 28, 1922 June 30, 1923
Brigadier General Charles M. Cox July 2, 1923 June 27, 1927
Brigadier General Homer C. Parker June 28, 1927 June 30, 1932
Brigadier General Charles M. Cox July 1, 1932 Jan. 8, 1933
Brigadier General Lindley W. Camp Jan. 11, 1933 Jan. 12, 1937
Brigadier General John E. Stoddard Jan. 12, 1937 Sept. 30, 1940
Brigadier General Marion Williamson Oct. 1, 1940 Jan. 14, 1941
Brigadier General Sion B. Hawkins Jan. 14, 1941 Jan. 12, 1943
Brigadier General Clark Howell Jan. 12, 1943 Sept. 28, 1944
Brigadier General Marvin Griffin Sept. 28, 1944 March 22, 1947
Brigadier General Alpha A. Fowler, Jr. March 22, 1947 Nov. 16, 1948
Brigadier General Ernest Vandiver Nov. 17, 1948 June 20, 1954
Major General George J. Hearn June 21, 1954 July 9, 1957
Major General Charlie F. Camp July 10, 1957 Jan. 12, 1959
Major General George J. Hearn Jan. 13, 1959 Jan. 11, 1971
Major General Ernest Vandiver Jan 12, 1971 Nov. 1, 1971
Major General Joel B. Paris III Nov. 2, 1971 Jan. 13, 1975
Major General Billy M. Jones Jan. 14, 1975 Oct. 31, 1983
Major General Joseph W. Griffin Nov. 1, 1983 Jan. 14, 1991
Colonel Jerry D. Sanders Jan. 15, 1991 March 15, 1991
Major General William P. Bland April 1, 1991 Jan. 31, 1999
Lieutenant General David B. Poythress July 1, 1999 Oct. 28, 2007
Major General William T. Nesbitt Oct. 28, 2007 Sep. 30, 2011
Major General James B. Butterworth Sep. 30, 2011 Jan. 8, 2015
Major General Joseph F. Jarrard Jan. 8, 2015 Jan. 26, 2019
Major General Thomas M. Carden Jr. Jan. 26, 2019 Present


  1. ^ Williams, Ross (January 27, 2019). "New Georgia defense chief takes command in Marietta". Marietta Daily Journal. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  2. ^ "Army National Guard".
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Georgia National Guard announces State Partnership with Argentina".
  5. ^ "Georgia orders National Guard to hospitals as virus spreads". AP NEWS. 2021-08-24. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  6. ^ "TAG Lineage". Georgia Department of Defense 2010 Annual Report. Georgia National Guard Issuu.

External links[edit]