Georgia State Patrol

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Georgia State Patrol
Abbreviation GSP
GA - State Patrol.png
Patch of the Georgia State Patrol
GA - Trooper Badge.png
Badge of the Georgia State Patrol
Motto WISDOM, JUSTICE, MODERATION
Agency overview
Formed 1937
Employees 1,268 (as of 2004) [1]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Georgia, USA
GA - Troop Map.png
Georgia State Patrol Troop Map
Size 59,425 square miles (153,910 km2)
Population 9,544,750 (2007 est.)[2]
Legal jurisdiction State Wide
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Atlanta, Georgia
Troopers 777 (as of June 2016) [3]
Civilians 412 (as of 2004) [4]
Agency executives
Parent agency Georgia Department of Public Safety
Troops 10
Facilities
Posts 52
Website
Official Site
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Georgia State Patrol (GSP) was established in March 1937 in the U.S. state of Georgia and is a division of the Georgia Department of Public Safety. GSP troopers investigate traffic crashes and enforce traffic and criminal laws on the state's roads.

"Wisdom, Justice and Moderation" has been the motto of the Georgia State Patrol since its inception in March 1937. It was the motoring public who first advocated the need for the Department of Public Safety. Traffic fatalities, increased crime, and a need for a larger law enforcement agency with statewide arrest powers, led Georgia lawmakers to create the State Patrol. In the summer of 1937, the first Trooper School was held at the campus of The Georgia Institute of Technology and graduated 80 troopers. The first Headquarters for the Georgia State Patrol was founded in the Confederate Veterans' mansion on East Confederate Avenue in Atlanta, Ga. The facilities were moved to the newly constructed Headquarters Building next door in the mid-1950s. This building still houses the offices of all command staff members, personnel, supplies, motor pool/garage and the Metro-Atlanta Communications Center, or "Troop C" as it is known. Prior to the construction of the Georgia Public Safety Training Center in Forsyth, Ga, Headquarters was also the site of GSP's "Trooper School". Later in this period, driver training was conducted at the "Atlanta International Raceway", or "Atlanta Motor Speedway" as it is known today. To date, the Georgia State Patrol has graduated 97 Trooper Schools.

Since its beginnings, the Georgia State Patrol has been one of the leading law enforcement agencies in the country with regards to new technology and innovations. Georgia State Patrol was the first agency to equip all of its patrol cars with dash-mounted cameras. Each trooper on patrol in Georgia has specialized training in the Pursuit Immobilization Technique (P.I.T.). This method allows Troopers to end pursuits quickly by putting the fleeing vehicle in a controlled spin.

Rank structure[edit]

Title Insignia
Colonel (Commissioner)
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Lieutenant Colonel (Deputy Commissioner)
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Major
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Captain
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Lieutenant
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Sergeant First Class
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Sergeant
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Corporal
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Trooper No insignia

Patrol troops and posts[edit]

  • Troops (A-I) and Posts (1-52)
    • Troop A - Includes the following counties: Bartow, Catoosa, Chattooga, Cherokee, Dade, Floyd, Gordon, Haralson, Murray, Paulding, Pickens, Polk, Walker, Whitfield.
      • Post 3 - Cartersville, Post 5 - Dalton, Post 28 - Jasper, Post 29 - Paulding, Post 38 - Rome, Post 41 - LaFayette, Post 43 - Calhoun.
    • Troop B - Includes the following counties: Banks, Barrow, Clarke, Elbert, Dawson, Fannin, Forsyth, Franklin, Gilmer, Habersham, Hall, Hart, Jackson, Lumpkin, Madison, Oconee, Rabun, Stephens, Towns, Union, White.
      • Post 6 - Gainesville, Post 7 - Toccoa, Post 27 - Blue Ridge, Post 32 - Athens, Post 37 - Cumming, Post 52 - Hartwell
    • Troop C - Includes the following counties: Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton and Gwinnett
      • Post 9 - Marietta, (Cobb and Fulton north of I-20 and I-285), Post 47 - Forest Park (Outside I-285), Post 48 - Atlanta (Inside and including I-285), Post 49 - Motorcycle Unit (Metro Atlanta Enforcement), Post 50 - Capitol Hill (Georgia State Capitol Complex), Post 51 - Gwinnett (I-85, I-985, and State Route 316)
    • Troop D - Includes the following counties: Bibb, Butts, Carroll, Crawford, Coweta, Douglas, Harris, Heard, Henry, Fayette, Lamar, Meriwether, Monroe, Muscogee, Pike, Spalding, Talbot, Taylor, Troup, Upson
      • Post 1 - Griffin, Post 2 - LaGrange, Post 4 - Villa Rica, Post 24 - Newnan, Post 26 - Thomaston, Post 34 - , Post 44 - Forsyth
    • Troop E - Includes the following counties: Baldwin, Columbia,Glascock, Greene, Hancock, Jasper, Jones, Lincoln, Putnam, McDuffie, Morgan, Newton, Oglethorpe, Richmond, Rockdale, Taliaferro, Walton, Warren, Washington, Wilkes
      • Post 8 - Madison, Post 17 - Washington, Post 25 - Grovetown, Post 33 - Milledgeville, Post 46 - Monroe
    • Troop F - Includes the following counties: Appling, Bleckley, Bulloch, Burke, Candler, Davis, Dodge, Emanuel, Evans, Jefferson, Jenkins, Johnson, Laurens, Montgomery, Screven, Tattnall, Telfair, Toombs, Treutlen, Twiggs, Wheeler, Wilkinson
      • Post 16 - Helena, Post 18 - Reidsville, Post 19 - Swainsboro, Post 20 - Dublin, Post 21 - Sylvania, Post 45 - Statesboro
    • Troop G - Includes the following counties: Baker, Calhoun, Chattahoochee, Clay, Colquitt, Decatur, Dougherty, Early, Grady, Lee, Marion, Miller, Mitchell, Quitman, Randolph, Schley, Seminole, Stewart, Sumter, Terrell, Thomas, Webster, Worth
      • Post 10 - Americus, Post 12 - Thomasville, Post 14 - Colquitt, Post 39 - Cuthbert, Post 40 - Albany
    • Troop H - Includes the following counties: Atkinson, Ben Hill, Berrien, Brooks, Crisp, Coffee, Cook, Dooly, Echols, Houston, Irwin, Lanier, Lowndes, Macon, Peach, Pulaski, Tift, Turner, Wilcox
      • Post 13 - Tifton, Post 15 - Perry, Post 30 - Cordele, Post 31 - Valdosta, Post 36 - Douglas
    • Troop I - Includes the following counties: Bacon, Brantley, Bryan, Camden, Charlton, Chatham, Clinch, Effingham, Glynn, Liberty, Long, McIntosh, Pierce, Ware, Wayne
      • Post 11 - Hinesville, Post 22 - Waycross, Post 23 - Brunswick, Post 35 - Jekyll Island, Post 42 - Rincon
  • Troop J (Safety Education and Implied Consent) - Troop J contains two units:
    • Safety Education Unit - Promotes the safe operation of motor vehicles.
    • Implied Consent Unit - Provides support to the Forensics Science Division of the Georgia Bureau of Investigation (GBI) by overseeing and maintaining the breath-alcohol program for the State of Georgia.
  • Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) includes the Crisis Negotiations Team (CNT)
  • Specialized Collision Reconstruction Team (SCRT)
  • Commercial Motor Vehicle - Criminal Interdiction Unit (CMV-CIU)
  • Aviation Unit - Operates 15 helicopters and a Cessna 182 from six locations throughout the State. These are located in Kennesaw, Gainesville, Augusta, Albany, Reidsville, and Perry.[5]
  • Nighthawks DUI Task Force - A 10-member DUI Task Force which patrols Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton and Gwinnett counties during peak DUI related hours.
  • Motorcycle Unit - Post 49 - Patrols the Interstate Highways of metropolitan Atlanta with 30 motorcycles.

Other divisions of the Georgia DPS[edit]

Capitol Police[edit]

Officers with the Capitol Police Division investigate criminal incidents and traffic crashes; manage street closures for events; patrol the streets on Capitol Square and those adjacent to other state buildings; provide courtroom security for Georgia's Supreme Court and Court of Appeals; conduct security assessments and surveillance detection; and deliver personal safety training for state employees and others.

Executive Security[edit]

The Executive Security Division is, by law, responsible for two distinct functions: executive security and executive protection.

Executive Security The Executive Security Unit provides facility security for the Governor's Mansion and provides personal security for the residents.

Executive Protection Operating under the Lt. Colonel, this unit provides continual security for the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Speaker of the House and their families.

Motor Carrier Compliance[edit]

The Motor Carrier Compliance Division (MCCD) performs driver and vehicle inspections of commercial motor vehicles at roadsides, inspection stations, and at carriers' terminals. The inspections range from "full" vehicle and driver inspections—which include mechanical components—to "driver only" inspections. These may also include inspections of vehicles transporting hazardous materials.

This division consists of the following units and programs:

  • HOV Unit - responsible for the enforcement of High Occupancy Lane restrictions and communications.
  • School Bus Safety Unit - responsible for the annual safety inspection of the state's 17,000 public school buses
  • Compliance Review Program/Safety Audit - consists of 20 officers who conduct interstate and intrastate compliance reviews.
  • Size and Weight Enforcement - the operation of 19 permanent weight/inspection stations provides enforcement coverage on the interstates and related by-pass routes.
  • Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Program - contains five federally funded and required program areas, Driver/Vehicle Inspections, Traffic Enforcement, Compliance Reviews, Public Information and Education and Data Collection.

Equipment[edit]

Current equipment[edit]

Previously issued equipment[edit]

Fallen officers[edit]

Since the establishment of the Georgia State Patrol, 26 officers have died in the line of duty.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]