Georgia State Route 13

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"GA 13" redirects here. For the congressional district, see Georgia's 13th congressional district.

State Route 13 marker

State Route 13
Route information
Maintained by GDOT
Length: 49.5 mi[1] (79.7 km)
Major junctions
South end: US 19 / SR 9 in Atlanta
 
North end: SR 369 in Gainesville
Location
Counties: Fulton, DeKalb, Gwinnett, Hall
Highway system
  • Georgia State Routes
SR 12 SR 14

State Route 13 (SR 13) is a 49.5-mile-long (79.7 km) state highway in the north-central part of the U.S. state of Georgia, that travels through portions of Fulton, DeKalb, Gwinnett, and Hall counties. It begins at West Peachtree Street and Spring Street (U.S. Route 19 (US 19)/SR 9) just to the north of 17th Street in the northern part of Midtown Atlanta. The section near Downtown Atlanta is a full freeway, from its south end to Sidney Marcus Boulevard. This was the original alignment of Interstate 85 (I-85; Northeast Expressway) through northeast Atlanta. The route ends at Jesse Jewell Parkway (SR 369) in Gainesville. The name changes from Buford Highway to Atlanta Highway at the northeast city limits of Buford.

SR 13 once continued northeast past Gainesville, roughly along present SR 365, to the South Carolina state line on US 123.[citation needed]

Route description[edit]

Spring Street/West Peachtree Street[edit]

SR 13 begins at an intersection with US 19/SR 9, which are aligned onto two one-way streets, Spring Street southbound and West Peachtree Street northbound. The highway starts heading west but curves around to the northeast along a section of freeway adjacent to I-85. A half-interchange provides a shortcut for southbound SR 13 traffic to Peachtree Street and from Peachtree to northbound SR 13. The connection provides a savings of 34 mile (1.2 km) by allowing vehicles to avoid the southernmost section of SR 13.[2][3]

All of SR 13, from its southern terminus to the Gwinnett–Hall county line, is included as part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways important to the nation's economy, defense, and mobility.[4]

Buford Highway[edit]

Main article: Buford Highway

In the Atlanta metropolitan area, Buford Highway is a linear community made up of multi-ethnic suburban neighborhoods and shopping centers. Similar to other Sun Belt cities, immigrants who relocated to Atlanta in the 20th and 21st centuries went straight to the suburbs, where residential and commercial real estate was affordable and where many second-generation immigrant communities were already established. Along Buford Highway, there are few wholly distinct ethnic areas. The more than 1,000 immigrant-owned businesses are owned by, and patronized by, a wide variety of ethnic groups,[5][6] notably Korean, Mexican, Chinese and Vietnamese, and also Indian/South Asian, Central American, Somalis and Ethiopian. The DeKalb County Chamber of Commerce calls the area the "International Corridor."[7]

The interior of the Buford Highway Farmer's Market

The Buford Highway community is home to one of the highest concentration of foreign-born residents in the country, notably Mexican, Central American, Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese. The area attracted many Latino workers during the construction boom that preceded the 1996 Olympic Games. Asian business owners were attracted to the stretch of highway by cheap leases and reliable traffic flow.[8]

Mercado del Pueblo Hispanic supermarket at Northeast Plaza
Market in Plaza Fiesta

Buford Highway is, in most places in the corridor, a seven-lane highway with no median and few sidewalks, a situation which is grossly mismatched with the heavy pedestrian traffic along and across the highway.

Most properties along the corridor are in the form of strip malls, retail businesses surrounded by large parking lots, and large apartment complexes. The largest strip malls are the 466,000-square-foot (43,300 m2) Northeast Plaza, 355,000-square-foot (33,000 m2) Plaza Fiesta and the Buford Highway Farmers Market complex.

SR 13 is referred to as Buford Highway, an international community north of Atlanta, spanning multiple counties including Fulton, Dekalb, and Gwinnett. The area generally spans along, and on either side of, a stretch of SR 13 in DeKalb County. It begins just north of Midtown Atlanta, continues northeast through the towns of Brookhaven, Chamblee, and Doraville, and ends 1.3 miles (2.1 km) northeast of the Perimeter (I-285) at the DeKalb–Gwinnett county line. This area contains a muli-ethnic community which is also officially referred to as the "International Village". It is also referred to as Atlanta's Chinatown, Koreatown, and Little Saigon blended with the Latin American culture such as Little Mexico.

Atlanta Highway[edit]

Going north of Buford, the name changes from Buford Highway to Atlanta Highway and continues to SR 369 in Gainesville.

History[edit]

Buford Highway originated as a non-descript state roadway connecting Atlanta and points northeast, including the then-railroad towns of Chamblee and Doraville, as well as points farther north. The towns of Doraville, Chamblee, and Norcross had long been home to a blue collar, largely white, lower middle-class population. The highway was characterized by strip mall development, and apartment complexes sprouted up in the 1960s and 1970s.[5] In 1976, the first ethnic restaurant opened, the Havana Sandwich Shop. In the 1980s, immigrants settled in the area due to affordable housing, available public transportation, and proximity to construction jobs in growing Gwinnett County.[9] The area attracted many Latino workers during the construction boom that preceded the 1996 Olympic Games. Asian business owners were attracted to the stretch of highway by cheap leases and reliable traffic flow.[8]

During the 1996 Olympics, Chamblee embraced the growing international character of Buford Highway, while more conservative Doraville resisted it. As the Southern Foodways Alliance reported:

"'Why would we want to attract more immigrants when we got all we want?' asked Doraville mayor Lamar Lang to the press. 'That’s just not our way of life here,' agreed the city council. 'We’re basically Baptists and Methodists and Presbyterians.'"[9]

[citation needed]

Accidents[edit]

On July 22, 2010 PBS's Need to Know program portrayed the corridor as an example of a high-pedestrian area in suburban America that fails to meet increased demand for walkability due to changing demographics.[10] The program noted that in the previous ten years, 30 people had died and an additional 250 were injured while trying to cross Buford Highway, a rate three times higher than any other road in Georgia. Despite this, there are no plans to improve pedestrian safety in the unincorporated area of the corridor.

Public transportation[edit]

Buford Highway is served by MARTA bus route 39 (Lindbergh Center to Doraville) as well as privately-run "jitneys",[11] or minibuses.[12] Also, the Doraville MARTA metro rail station is a block away from Buford Highway.

In popular culture[edit]

The city of Chamblee, in which part of the Buford Highway community is located, is sometimes referred to as "Chambodia" due to its high Asian population and the concentration of Asian restaurants along Buford Highway in Chamblee. A chapter of Tom Wolfe's novel A Man in Full is titled "Chambodia".[13][14]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi km Destinations Notes
Fulton Atlanta 0.00 0.00 US 19 south / SR 9 south (Spring Street) / Peachtree Street – Downtown Atlanta Southern terminus; freeway section begins
0.42 0.68 US 19 north / SR 9 north (Peachtree Street) – Buckhead Southbound exit and northbound entrance
1.38 2.22 I‑85 south (SR 403) to I‑75 Southbound exit and northbound entrance; I-85 exit 86
2.01 3.23 Armour Drive / Monroe Drive to Piedmont Road south
2.18 3.51 SR 237 north (Piedmont Road) Northbound exit and southbound entrance
2.87 4.62 I‑85 north (SR 403) – Greenville Northbound exit and southbound entrance; I-85 exit 86
3.17 5.10 To SR 237 (Piedmont Road) / SR 400 north / Sidney Marcus Boulevard North end of freeway
DeKalb Brookhaven 4.35 7.00 SR 42 south (North Druid Hills Road) to I‑85 Northern terminus of SR 42
BrookhavenChamblee line 6.69 10.77 US 23 south / SR 155 south (Clairmont Road) to I‑85 – Decatur South end of US 23 concurrency; northern terminus of SR 155
Doraville SR 13 Conn. west (Motors Industrial Way) Eastern terminus of SR 13 Conn.
10.55 16.98 I‑285 (SR 407) to I‑85 I-285 exit 32
Gwinnett Norcross 14.27 22.97 SR 140 (Jimmy Carter Boulevard) to I‑85 / SR 141 – Roswell, Tucker
15.70 25.27 SR 378 east (Beaver Ruin Road) to I‑85 – Lilburn Western terminus of SR 378
Duluth To I‑85 / Pleasant Hill Road Interchange
21.04 33.86 SR 120 (Duluth Highway) / West Lawrenceville Street – Alpharetta, Lawrenceville
Sugarloaf Parkway
Suwanee 27.18 43.74 SR 317 south (Lawrenceville-Suwanee Road) to I‑85 Northern terminus of SR 317
Sugar HillBuford line 31.29 50.36 US 23 north / SR 20 (Nelson Brogdon Boulevard / Buford Drive) to I‑985 – Cumming, Coolray Field North end US 23 concurrency
Hall Buford 35.78 57.58 SR 347 (Lanier Islands Parkway)
Oakwood 44.33 71.34 SR 53 (Mundy Mill Road) to I‑985 – Oakwood, Chestnut Mountain, University of North Georgia
44.58 71.74 SR 332 (Poplar Springs Road) – Talmo
45.19 72.73 I‑985 (US 23 / SR 365 / SR 419) I-985 exit 17
Gainesville 49.53 79.71 SR 369 east (Browns Bridge Road) Northern terminus; no left turn onto SR 369 west from SR 13
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Bannered route[edit]

State Route 13 Connector
Location: Doraville
Length: 1.1 mi[15] (1.8 km)

State Route 13 Connector (SR 13 Conn.) is a 1.1-mile-long (1.8 km) connector route that connects US 23/SR 13 (Buford Highway NE) to SR 141 (Peachtree Industrial Boulevard) in Doraville, within DeKalb County. The entire route travels along Motors Industrial Way, a four-lane divided highway with a grassy median. The highway is separated from the inner lanes of Interstate 285 (I-285) by a Jersey barrier.

SR 13 Conn. is not part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways important to the nation's economy, defense, and mobility.[4]

The entire route is in Doraville, DeKalb County.

mi[1] km Destinations Notes
0.0 0.0 US 23 / SR 13 (Buford Highway NE) Southern terminus
1.0 1.6 I‑285 east (SR 407 / Atlanta Bypass) No access to I-285 West from SR 13 Conn. and no access from I-285 to SR 13 Conn.
1.1 1.8 SR 141 (Peachtree Industrial Boulevard) – Chamblee, Norcross Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Google (January 6, 2017). "Overview map of SR 13" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 6, 2017. 
  2. ^ Google (July 12, 2011). "SR 13 to Peachtree via SR 13" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  3. ^ Google (July 12, 2011). "SR 13 to Peachtree via exit" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b National Highway System: Atlanta, GA (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. March 25, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "What Is Buford Highway?". Buford Highway Project. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Buford Highway" (PDF). Creative Loafing Ultimate Neighborhood Guide. Atlanta, Georgia: Creative Loafing Atlanta. 39 (48). March 31 – April 6, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-21. 
  7. ^ "Visitor Information". DeKalb County Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on May 25, 2009. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b Moreno Gonzales, John (March 10, 2009). "Immigrants along Buford Highway face mixed signals". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Associated Press. Retrieved March 10, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "City Guide Atlanta/Buford Highway" (PDF). Southern Foodways Alliance. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 16, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  10. ^ Larson, John (Correspondent), Moore, Fae (Producer) (July 22, 2010). Dangerous Crossing. PBS. Retrieved July 29, 2010. 
  11. ^ CCTgirl (11 August 2010). "A dummy's guide to jitney buses". 
  12. ^ "Response to Recent Conversation", '"Atlanta Journal-Constitution, August 26, 2013
  13. ^ Neal Becton, "Atlanta's 'Chambodia,' a 'Burb With a Global Flavor", Washington Post, April 18, 1999
  14. ^ Cliff Bostock, We heart Chambodia", Creative Loafing, January 8, 2004
  15. ^ Google (January 6, 2017). "Overview map of SR 13 Connector" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 6, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google

KML is from Wikidata