Interstate 16

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This article is about the current Interstate Highway. For the current state highway, see Georgia State Route 16.

Interstate 16 marker

Interstate 16
I-16 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by GDOT
Length: 166.81 mi[2] (268.45 km)
Existed: 1966[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑75 in Macon
 
East end: Montgomery Street in Savannah
Location
Counties: Bibb, Twiggs, Bleckley, Laurens, Treutlen, Emanuel, Candler, Bulloch, Bryan, Effingham, Chatham
Highway system
  • Georgia State Routes
SR 15 SR 16
SR 403 Georgia 404.svg SR 405

Interstate 16 (I-16), also known as Jim Gillis Historic Savannah Parkway is an east–west Interstate Highway located entirely within the U.S. state of Georgia.[3] It carries the hidden designation of State Route 404 (SR 404) for its entire length. I-16 travels from downtown Macon, at an interchange with I-75 to downtown Savannah at Montgomery Street (Exit 167B).[4] I-16's unsigned designation of SR 404 has a spur that is signed in Savannah.

Route description[edit]

Bibb County[edit]

The freeway begins at an interchange with I-75, just northwest of downtown Macon, in Bibb County. The Interstate proceeds southeast, traveling just east of the downtown area. It crosses over the Ocmulgee River and then has an interchange with US 23/US 129/SR 49 (Spring Street/North Avenue). It then has a partial interchange with SR 22 (2nd Street) that is only accessible from the westbound lanes. Almost immediately is an interchange with US 80/SR 87 (Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard/Coliseum Drive). Within the eastern part of this interchange, the highway travels under a railroad bridge that carries railroad tracks of Norfolk Southern Railway. In the east-central part of Macon, I-16 travels through Ocmulgee National Monument but without direct access. Visitors need to first exit at the US 80/SR 87 exit. On the southern edge of the national monument, it crosses over Walnut Creek. It then travels on a bridge over some railroad tracks of CSX and Boggy Branch. After leaving Macon, I-16 curves to the south-southeast and has an interchange with US 23/US 129 Alt./SR 87 (Ocmulgee East Boulevard). In the interchange, the highway crosses over Swift Creek. It crosses over Stone Creek before entering Twiggs County.[4]

Twiggs, Bleckley, and Laurens counties[edit]

I-16 curves back to the southeast and has an interchange with Sgoda Road. It crosses over Flat Creek and then has an interchange with Jeffersonville and Bullard roads. It curves to the east-southeast and crosses over Savage and Turvin creeks. It then curves back to the southeast. The highway has an interchange with SR 96. Almost immediately, it crosses over Richland Creek. It then has an interchange with SR 358. I-16 curves to the east-southeast and enters Bleckley County just before it has an interchange with SR 112 just south of Allentown. It then crosses over Rocky Creek just before entering Laurens County. The interstate curves back to the southeast and crosses over SR 278 before it travels south of Montrose. It crosses over Bay Branch just before an interchange with SR 26. It then enters the southwestern part of Dudley. There, it has an interchange with SR 338. I-16 curves back to the east-southeast and crosses over Little Rocky Creek just before a rest area. Just to the west-northwest of a crossing of Turkey Creek, the westbound lanes have a rest area. On the southwestern edge of Dublin, the highway has an interchange with SR 257. On the southern edge of the city are interchanges with US 319/US 441/SR 31. and SR 19 (Martin Luther King Jr. Drive). It then crosses over the Oconee River. It has an interchange with SR 199 (Old River Road) just before a crossing of Pughes Creek. Southeast of that is a crossing of Red Hill Creek. Just south of Rockledge, the highway crosses over Mercer Creek. On the eastern edge of the Creek, it enters Treutlen County.[4]

Treutlen County[edit]

I-16 curves to the east-northeast and crosses over some railroad tracks of CSX before an interchange with SR 29. It immediately curves back to the east-southeast. It crosses over Red Bluff Creek. Then is an interchange with SR 15/SR 78. The highway travels south of Sand Hill Lake before curving to the east-northeast. It crosses over Pendleton Creek and travels under a bridge that carries SR 86. Then, it begins to curve to the southeast. It has an interchange with US 221/SR 56. It crosses over Reedy Creek and curves to the east-southeast. It has an interchange with SR 297. At the overpass for SR 297, the highway enters Emanuel County.[4]

Emanuel County[edit]

After the SR 297 interchange, I-16 heads more to the southeast. It curves to a nearly due east direction and crosses over the Ohoopee River. Just after crossing over some railroad tracks of Norfolk Southern Railway, it enters the city limits of Oak Park. It curves to the southeast and has an interchange with US 1/SR 4/SR 46. After this interchange, the highway begins to parallel SR 46. It curves to the east-southeast and crosses over Jacks Creek. Then, it enters Candler County.[4]

Candler County[edit]

I-16 has an interchange with SR 57 (Aline Road). It crosses over Wolfe Creek and then heads to the east-northeast. It crosses over the Canoochee River and curves to a nearly due east direction. It crosses over Sams Creek before entering Metter. As soon as it enters Metter, it passes the Metter Municipal Airport. Right after the airport is an interchange with SR 23/SR 121. On the southeastern edge of Metter, I-16 travels under a bridge that carries SR 129. It crosses over 15 Mile Creek and then curves to the southeast. It crosses over Tenmile Creek and has an interchange with Pulaski–Excelsior Road just before entering Bulloch County.[4]

Bulloch County[edit]

The Interstate curves to the east-southeast and has an interchange with US 25/US 301/SR 73. Then, it crosses over Lotts and Little Lotts creeks. It then travels northeast of Nevils. It briefly curves to the east-southeast, where it has an interchange with SR 67, and then curves back to the southeast. It crosses over DeLoach Branch and then curves to the east-southeast. It crosses over Luke Branch and then Boggy Branch before curving to a nearly due east direction. It has an interchange with Ash Branch Church Road. After a crossing of Ash Branch, the highway curves to the east-southeast. It has an interchange with SR 119 just before entering Bryan County.[4]

Bryan, Effingham, and Chatham counties[edit]

Northbound I-95 at the interchange with I-16 near Savannah

Almost immediately, the highway crosses over Black Creek. It then curves to the southeast and has an interchange with US 280/SR 30 southwest of Blitchton. It crosses over some railroad tracks of CSX and then crosses over the Ogeechee River, which marks the Effingham County line. It has an interchange with Old River Road south of Meldrim and then enters Chatham County. The first city in the county that I-16 enters is Bloomingdale. There, it has an interchange with SR 17 (Bloomingdale Road). It crosses over the Little Ogeechee River. It very briefly travels along the Bloomingdale–Pooler city line before entering Pooler proper. It has an interchange with Pooler Parkway. It crosses over the Savannah–Ogeechee Canal just before an interchange with I-95. Here, I-16 begins traveling along the southern edge of the city limits of Pooler. Right after the I-95 interchange, the highway crosses over the Hardin Canal. At an interchange with SR 307 (Dean Forest Road), I-16 begins traveling along the SavannahGarden City line. It briefly enters the city limits of Savannah before traveling along the Savannah–Garden City line again. It has an interchange with the Chatham Parkway. It then re-enters Savannah and curves to the east-southeast. It crosses over some railroad tracks of CSX just before an interchange with I-516/US 17/US 80/SR 21/SR 25/SR 26 (W.F. Lynes Parkway). Here, US 17 begins a concurrency with I-16. It crosses over the Springfield Canal just before a partial interchange with SR 204 (West 37th Street). This interchange is only accessible from the eastbound lanes. I-16/US 17 curves to the northeast. At the next interchange, US 17 splits off, where SR 404 Spur begins. This interchange also provides access to Gwinnett Street. The highway has an interchange with Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. The westbound access for this highway is at the eastern terminus. I-16 curves to the north-northeast and reaches its eastern terminus, an interchange with Montgomery Street in downtown Savannah.[4]

Miscellaneous notes[edit]

I-16 serves as a hurricane evacuation route for Savannah and other coastal areas. The road is designed for contraflow travel with railroad-type gates to block most entrance and exit ramps for the normally eastbound lanes. Some ramps are ungated, apparently for entrance to and exit from the contraflow lanes. Just east of exit 42 is a crossover to return all westbound traffic to the westbound travel lanes.

I-16's only two rest areas are between exits 42 and 49 near Dudley.[5]

All of I-16 is included as part of the National Highway System, a system of routes determined to be the most important for the nation's economy, mobility, and defense.[6][7][8]

History[edit]

Macon, Georgia 1955 Yellow Book with I-16 route (to Savannah)

The first part of I-16 opened October 11, 1966 to traffic between US 319 (exit 51) in Dublin to SR 29 (exit 67) near Rockledge.[1] In 1968, the segment between US 280 to downtown Savannah was completed and opened.[9] By early 1970s, I-16 was completed from downtown Macon at I-75 to Jeffersonville Road near Danville. It was also extended from Dublin to Allentown.[10][11] In 1973, the connection between Macon to Dublin was completed.[12] The last part of the I-16 opened on September 22, 1978, placing it in Emanuel, Candler, and Bulloch counties and completing the connection between downtown Macon and Savannah.[13]

Until 2000, the state of Georgia used the sequential interchange numbering system on all of its Interstate Highways. The first exit on each highway would begin with the number "1" and increase numerically with each exit. In 2000, the Georgia Department of Transportation switched to a mileage-based exit system, in which the exit number corresponded to the nearest milepost.[14]

In 2001 the Georgia Legislature passed a resolution,[15][16] to designate the Earl T. Shinhoster Interchange at the interchange with Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard in Savannah in honor of Earl Shinhoster, who was a Black civil rights activist. This interchange is located in the economic and cultural center for Black Savannah.[17]

In 2003, the Georgia Legislature passed a resolution[18] to designate I-16 in honor of James L. Gillis, Sr., a Democrat who served as a State Representative, State Senator and Director of the Georgia Department of Transportation, as the Jim Gillis Historic Savannah Parkway.[19] Gillis' sons, Hugh and James, Jr., also served as Democratic state legislators. Hugh was a Representative from 1941 to 1953 and a State Senator from 1953 to 1955 and from 1963 to 2005. James, Jr. was a State Senator from 1945 to 1946.[20]

Future[edit]

Due to congested traffic on rush hour in Savannah, the Georgia DOT has planned to widen the highway from two to three lanes (each way) between I-95 and I-516 (Lynes Parkway). This also includes construction on the Cloverleaf interchange at I-95. The project will start in 2019, and is slated to be complete in 2021. It is expected to coast $150 to $200 million.[21][22]

Exit list[edit]

County Location mi[4] km Old exit New exit Destinations Notes
Bibb Macon 0.0 0.0 1 1 I‑75 (SR 401) – Atlanta, Valdosta Exit 1 is for 75 south; western terminus; Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; I-75 exit 165.
0.7 1.1 2 1A US 23 / US 129 / SR 49 (Spring Street, SR 11/SR 19) – Milledgeville No westbound exit or eastbound entrance from southbound Spring Street
1.0 1.6 3 1B SR 22 (Second Street) to US 129 / SR 49 – Macon Westbound exit only
1.3 2.1 4 2 US 80 / SR 87 (Coliseum Drive, ML King Jr. Boulevard) Phil Walden Memorial Interchange
5.4 8.7 5 6 US 23 / US 129 Alt. (Ocmulgee East Boulevard, Golden Isles Highway, SR 87)
Twiggs 11.3 18.2 6 12 Sgoda Road – Huber
17.4 28.0 7 18 Bullard Road – Jeffersonville
23.1 37.2 8 24 SR 96 – Jeffersonville, Tarversville
26.8 43.1 9 27 SR 358 – Danville
Bleckley 31.6 50.9 10 32 SR 112 – Allentown, Montrose
Laurens 38.4 61.8 11 39 SR 26 – Cochran, Montrose
Dudley 40.9 65.8 12 42 SR 338 – Dexter, Dudley
Rest area
47.7 76.8 13 49 SR 257 – Dublin, Dexter
50.3 81.0 14 51 US 319 / US 441 – Dublin, McRae
52.6 84.7 15 54 SR 19 – East Dublin, Dublin
57.4 92.4 16 58 SR 199 (Old River Road) – Lothair, East Dublin
Treutlen 65.9 106.1 17 67 SR 29 – Vidalia, Soperton
70.1 112.8 18 71 SR 15 / SR 78 – Soperton, Adrian
76.5 123.1 19 78 US 221 / SR 56 – Swainsboro, Soperton
TreutlenEmanuel
county line
83.0 133.6 20 84 SR 297 – Vidalia
Emanuel Oak Park 88.1 141.8 21 90 US 1 / SR 4 / SR 46 – Swainsboro, Lyons SR 4 and SR 46 are not signed on I-16.
Candler 96.7 155.6 22 98 SR 57 – Reidsville, Swainsboro, Stillmore
Metter 102.5 165.0 23 104 SR 23 / SR 121 – Metter, Reidsville
109.7 176.5 24 111 Pulaski–Excelsior Road
Bulloch 114.9 184.9 25 116 US 25 / US 301 / SR 73 – Statesboro, Claxton SR 73 is not signed on I-16.
125.0 201.2 26 127 SR 67 – Pembroke, Fort Stewart, Statesboro
130.2 209.5 27 132 Ash Branch Church Road
134.9 217.1 28 137 SR 119 – Springfield, Pembroke, Fort Stewart
Bryan Ellabell 140.2 225.6 29 143 US 280 / SR 30 to US 80 / SR 26 – Pembroke SR 30 and SR 26 are not signed on I-16.
Truck weigh stations
Effingham 145.7 234.5 30 148 To US 80 / SR 26 / Old River Road SR 26 is not signed on I-16.
Chatham Bloomingdale 149.6 240.8 31 152 SR 17 (Bloomingdale Road) – Bloomingdale
Pooler 151.9 244.5 155 Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport, Pooler Pooler Parkway
154.1 248.0 32 157 I‑95 (SR 405) – Brunswick, Jacksonville, Florence, Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport Signed as exits 157A (south) & 157B (north); I-95 exits 99A-B; cloverleaf interchange; Clarence Thomas Interchange
Garden City 156.7 252.2 33 160 SR 307 (Dean Forest Road)
Savannah 158.9 255.7 33A 162 Chatham Parkway
160.3 258.0 34A 164A I‑516 east / US 17 south / US 80 east / SR 21 south / SR 25 south / SR 26 east (W.F. Lynes Parkway / SR 421 east) West end of US 17 concurrency; I-516 exit 5; SR 25 and SR 26 are not signed on I-16.
160.5 258.3 34B 164B I‑516 west / US 80 west / SR 21 north / SR 25 north / SR 26 west (W.F. Lynes Parkway / SR 421 west) – Garden City I-516 exit 5; SR 26 is not signed on I-16.
161.6 260.1 35 165 SR 204 (37th Street, Abercorn Street) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
161.9 260.6 36 166 US 17 north / SR 404 Spur / Gwinnett Street, Louisville Road – Charleston East end of US 17 concurrency; eastbound exit and westbound entrance; old US 17 Alt.; western terminus of SR 404 Spur
162.3 261.2 37A 167A M. L. King Jr. Boulevard, Gaston Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; Earl T. Shinhoster Interchange; old US 17 south
162.5 261.5 37B 167B Montgomery Street – Savannah Civic Center, Downtown Savannah Eastern terminus; eastbound exit and westbound entrance; old US 17 north
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

Spur route[edit]

State Route 404 Spur
Location: Savannah – South Carolina state line
Length: 3.07 mi (4.94 km)

State Route 404 Spur (SR 404 Spur) is a 3.07-mile-long (4.94 km) spur route that travels from I-16 exit 166 northward along US 17 to the South Carolina state line. As its number suggests, it is a spur from SR 404, the unsigned route that is designated along the full length of I-16. At the northern end is the Talmadge Memorial Bridge.

Interstate 516[edit]

Main article: Interstate 516

Interstate 516
Location: Garden CitySavannah, Georgia
Length: 6.49 mi[23] (10.44 km)

Interstate 516 (I-516) is a 6.49-mile-long (10.44 km) auxiliary route from Garden City to DeRenne Avenue in Savannah, Georgia. It is also known as W.F. Lynes Parkway, and has an unsigned designation of State Route 421 (SR 421).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Georgia State Highway System (PDF) (Map). Cartography by GSHD. Georgia State Highway Department. January 1, 1966. Retrieved February 5, 2017.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "GDOT_1966" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ Staff (October 31, 2002). "Tabele 1: Main Routes of the Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways". Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  3. ^ Staff (December 31, 2003). Interstate Mileage Report (PDF) (Report). Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 30, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Google (December 21, 2016). "Overview map of I-16" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Rest Areas". Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 30, 2015. 
  6. ^ National Highway System: Georgia (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. March 25, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  7. ^ National Highway System: Macon, GA (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. March 25, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  8. ^ National Highway System: Savannah, GA (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. March 25, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  9. ^ State Highway Department of Georgia (January 1968). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Atlanta: State Highway Department of Georgia. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ State Highway Department of Georgia (January 1971). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Atlanta: State Highway Department of Georgia. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  11. ^ State Highway Department of Georgia (January 1972). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Atlanta: State Highway Department of Georgia. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ Georgia Department of Transportation (January 1973). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  13. ^ Georgia Department of Transportation (January 1977). Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map) (1977–78 ed.). Scale not given. Atlanta: Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 9, 2017. 
  14. ^ Phillips, Noelle (December 1, 1999). "Interstate Exit Signs to Get New Numbers in Georgia". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved March 4, 2017. 
  15. ^ House of Representatives (April 19, 2001). "House Resolution 182". Atlanta, GA: Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  16. ^ State Senate (April 19, 2001). "Senate Resolution 6". Atlanta, GA: Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  17. ^ Elmore, Charles J. (April 26, 2004). "The Ralph Mark Gilbert Civil Rights Museum". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  18. ^ House of Representatives (March 27, 2003). "House Resolution 88". Atlanta, GA: Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  19. ^ "Interstate 16". Interstate Guide. December 6, 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2008. [unreliable source]
  20. ^ Staff (February 2003). "Senator Hugh M. Gillis (D-SS 20)". Georgia General Assembly. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  21. ^ Patrick Donahue. "DOT reveals plans for I-16, I-95 improvements". Effingham Herald. Retrieved March 3, 2017. 
  22. ^ Brittini Ray. "Proposed I-16 work promises widening, safety". Savannah Now. Retrieved March 3, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Table 2: Auxiliary Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of December 31, 2015". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google

KML is from Wikidata