Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigationJump to search
Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football
2024 Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football team
First season1892; 132 years ago
Athletic directorJ Batt
Head coachBrent Key
2nd season, 11–10 (.524)
StadiumBobby Dodd Stadium
(capacity: 55,000)
Field surfaceLegion NXT by Shaw Sports Turf
LocationAtlanta, Georgia
Past conferencesIndependent (1892–1897)
SIAA (1898–1900)
Independent (1901)
SIAA (1902–1913)
Independent (1914–1915)
SIAA (1916–1921)
SoCon (1922–1932)
SEC (1933–1963)
Independent (1964–1982)
All-time record756–540–43 [1] (.581)
Bowl record26–20–0 (.565)
Claimed national titles4 (1917, 1928, 1952, 1990)
Unclaimed national titles3 (1916, 1951, 1956)
Conference titles16
Division titles5 (2006, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2014)
RivalriesGeorgia (rivalry)
Clemson (rivalry)
Virginia Tech (rivalry)
Auburn (rivalry; dormant)
Tennessee (rivalry; dormant)
Vanderbilt (rivalry; dormant)
Consensus All-Americans21
Current uniform
ColorsTech gold and white[2]
Fight song"Ramblin' Wreck from Georgia Tech"
and "Up With the White and Gold"
MascotBuzz, The Ramblin' Wreck[3]
Marching bandGeorgia Tech Yellow Jacket Marching Band

The Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football program represents the Georgia Institute of Technology in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision in the sport of American football. The Yellow Jackets college football team competes in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). Georgia Tech has fielded a football team since 1892 and as of 2023, it has an all-time record of 756–540–43.[4] The Yellow Jackets play in Bobby Dodd Stadium at Historic Grant Field in Atlanta, Georgia, holding a stadium max capacity of 51,913.

The Yellow Jackets claim four national championships across four decades. Of these however, Georgia Tech's only consensus national championship was in 1990, when the team finished No. 1 in the Coaches' Poll. The program has also won 16 conference titles. Among the team's former coaches are John Heisman, for whom the Heisman Trophy is named, and Bobby Dodd, for whom the Bobby Dodd Coach of the Year Award and the school's stadium are named. Heisman led the team to the most lopsided game in football history, 222–0, and both Heisman and Dodd led Tech's football team to national championships. Dodd also led the Jackets on their longest winning streak — 8 straight games — against the University of Georgia in Tech's most time-endured rivalry, called Clean, Old-Fashioned Hate. For his part, Heisman led Georgia Tech to an undefeated 12–0–1 record in the Georgia Tech–Clemson football rivalry.

A number of successful collegiate and professional football players have also played for Tech. The program has 48 first-team All-Americans and over 150 alumni who have played in the NFL. Among the most lauded and most notable players the school has produced are Maxie Baughan, Calvin Johnson, Demaryius Thomas, Keith Brooking, Joe Hamilton, Joe Guyon, Pat Swilling and Billy Shaw.

In the 21st century, Georgia Tech has won their Coastal Division and appeared in the ACC Championship Game four times since 2006. In addition to its conference and national championships, legendary coaches, and talented players, Tech's football program has been noted for its many historic traditions and improbable game finishes throughout the years, including its famed fight song Ramblin' Wreck from Georgia Tech, its famous blocked field goal return against No. 9 Florida State in 2015, and its comeback win over No. 17 Miami in 2023.[5]



Early history (1892–1944)

The 1893 Georgia Tech football team

Tech began its football program with several students forming a loose-knit troop of footballers called the Blacksmiths. On November 5, 1892, Tech played its first football game against Mercer University. The team lost to Mercer 12–6 in Macon, Georgia.[n 1] Tech played two other games during their first season and lost both of them for a season record of 0–3. Discouraged by these results, the Blacksmiths sought a coach to improve their record. Leonard Wood, an Army officer and Atlantan, heard of Tech's football struggles and volunteered to player-coach the team.[7] Over the span of 1892–1903, Tech only won 8 games, tied in 5, and lost 32.[8] In 1893, Tech played against the University of Georgia for the first time. Tech defeated Georgia 28–6 for the school's first-ever victory. The angry Georgia fans threw stones and other debris at the Tech players during and after the game. The poor treatment of the Blacksmiths by the Georgia faithful gave birth to the rivalry now known as Clean, Old-Fashioned Hate.[9][10] In 1902, Jesse Thrash was the team's first All-Southern selection. He began the season as a sub and closed it as the undisputed star of the Tech team.[11] Oliver Jones Huie was selected by Ga Tech's athletic association to coach the football team for the 1903 season when the team won 3 and lost 5 games. A professional coach was desperately needed if Tech wished to build a truly competitive football program. The first game of the 1903 season was a 73–0 destruction at the hands of John Heisman's Clemson; shortly after the season, Tech offered Heisman a coaching position.

Coach Heisman.

John Heisman put together 16 consecutive non-losing seasons, amassed 104 wins, including three undefeated campaigns and a 32-game undefeated streak. From 1915 to 1918 Georgia Tech went 30–1–2 and outscored opponents 1611–93 utilizing his jump shift offense.[n 2] He would also muster a 5-game winning streak against the hated Georgia Bulldogs from 1904 to 1908 before incidents led up to the cutting of athletic ties with Georgia in 1919.[9] Heisman was hired by Tech for $2,250 a year and 30% of the home ticket sales. Heisman would not disappoint the Tech faithful as his first season was an 8–1–1 performance, the first winning season since 1893.[12] One source relates: "The real feature of the season was the marvelus advance made by the Georgia School of Technology which burst from fetters that kept it in the lowest class for ten years."[13] His team posted victories over Georgia, Tennessee, University of Florida at Lake City, and Cumberland, and a tie with his last employer, Clemson. He suffered just one loss, to another first year coach, Mike Donahue of Auburn. The 1905 team went 6–0–1. The 1906 team beat Auburn for the first time. Stars of this early period for Tech include Lob Brown and Billy Wilson. The 1907 and 1908 teams were led by "Twenty Percent" Davis. Pat Patterson was All-Southern in 1910. Patterson was captain in 1911, a season in which future coach William Alexander was a reserve quarterback. Heisman helped students construct Grant Field in 1913, when Alf McDonald was quarterback. The 1915 team went undefeated.

The 1916 scoreboard

Arguably the most notable game of Heisman's career was the most lopsided victory in college football history. In 1916, Cumberland College ended its football program and attempted to cancel a scheduled game with Heisman's Jackets. Heisman, however, was seeking vengeance for a 22–0 baseball loss to Cumberland in the spring of 1916, a game in which Heisman suspected Cumberland of hiring professional players to pose as Cumberland students. Heisman refused the game's cancellation and Cumberland mustered up a group of commonfolk to play Tech.[14] Tech won 222–0.[15] Neither team achieved a first down other than a touchdown, as Cumberland either punted or turned the ball over before a first down and Tech scored on almost every play from scrimmage.[14] Jim Preas, Tech's kicker, kicked 16 point after tries, which is still a record for a single game.

1917 Georgia Tech backfield.

In 1917 Tech won its first national championship behind the backfield of Everett Strupper, Joe Guyon, Al Hill, and Judy Harlan. It was the first national title for a Southern team, and for many years the "Golden Tornado" was considered the finest team the region ever produced. Strupper and captain Walker Carpenter were the first two players from the Deep South ever selected first-team All-American. Heisman challenged Pop Warner's undefeated Pittsburgh team to a decisive national championship game, but he declined. In the next season of 1918, Tech lost a lopsided game to Pitt 32–0. Center Bum Day became the first player from the south selected for Walter Camp's first team. In 1919, Auburn upset Tech for the SIAA crown. By 1919, Heisman had divorced his wife and felt that he would embarrass his wife socially if he remained in Atlanta.[16] Heisman moved to Pennsylvania, leaving Tech in the hands of William Alexander.[17]

William Alexander had attended Georgia Tech and after graduating as valedictorian of his class in 1912, taught mathematics at Tech and served as Heisman's assistant coach.[17] In 1920, he was given the job of head coaching Tech's football team. Alexander retained Heisman's 'jump shift' offense, and in his first season he saw Tech win an SIAA title behind captain Buck Flowers, the first Georgia Tech player inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. Tech suffered its only loss again to Warner's Pitt, and finished the season with a win over rival Auburn.[18][19] Tackle Bill Fincher made Camp's first team All-America.[n 3]

Georgia Tech vs Auburn, 1921

The 1921 and 1922 teams also claimed SIAA titles. The 1921 team suffered its only loss to undefeated, eastern power Penn State. Tech was captained by fullback Judy Harlan. Future Tech fullback Sam Murray was asked about a certain strong runner in the 1930s, "He's good. But if I were playing again, I would have one wish – never to see bearing down upon me a more fearsome picture of power than Judy Harlan blocking for Red Barron."[21] Barron ran for 1,459 yards on the season.[22]

Doug Wycoff

From 1923 to 1925, though Tech failed to claim a conference title, it had one of its best-ever players: fullback Doug Wycoff, "the outstanding back of the South for the past two years."[23] Coach Alexander recalled "The work of Douglas Wycoff against Notre Dame two years in succession was brilliant in the extreme, as was his plunging against Penn. State when we defeated them twice."[24][n 4] Tech and UGA renewed their annual rivalry game in 1925 after an eight-year hiatus. Quarterback Ike Armstrong thought the game clock read five seconds remaining in the game when in actuality it was five minutes. Williams set up his offense for a field goal and kicked it to put Tech up 3–0 on first down. Luckily for Williams, Tech won 3–0.

In 1927, Alexander instituted "the Plan." Georgia was highly rated to start the 1927 season, known as the "dream and wonder team", and justified their rating throughout the season going 9–0 in their first 9 games. Alexander's plan was to minimize injuries by benching his starters early no matter the score of every game before the UGA finale. On December 3, 1927, UGA rolled into Atlanta on the cusp of a national and conference title. Tech's well rested starters were helped by the rain and shut out the Bulldogs 12–0, ending any chance of UGA's first national title, while netting the SIAA title.[26]

Coach Alexander.

Alexander's 1928 team amassed a perfect record and won the school's second national title. The team was led at center by captain Peter Pund and upset Notre Dame. "I sat at Grant Field and saw a magnificent Notre Dame team suddenly recoil before the furious pounding of one man–Pund, center", said legendary coach Knute Rockne. "Nobody could stop him. I counted 20 scoring plays that this man ruined."[27] The 1928 team was also the very first Tech team to attend a bowl game. The team was invited to the Rose Bowl to play California.[n 5] The game was a defensive struggle, with the first points scored after a Georgia Tech fumble. The loose ball was scooped up by California center Roy Riegels and then accidentally returned in the wrong direction. Riegels returned the ball all the way to California's 3-yard line. After Riegels was finally stopped by his own teammate at the 1-yard line, he was swarmed by a group of Tech players. The Bears opted to punt from the end zone. The punt was blocked and converted by Tech into a safety giving Tech a 2–0 lead.[n 6] Cal scored a touchdown and a point after but Tech would score another touchdown to win the game 8–7. This victory made Tech the 10–0 undefeated national champion of 1928.[28][29][n 7] Coach Alexander found campus spirit to be particularly low during the Great Depression. His football program (and the other athletic teams) had very few student fans attending the games. He helped to establish a spirit organization known as the Yellow Jacket Club in 1930 to bolster student spirit.[31] The group would later become the Ramblin' Reck Club. Georgia Tech football declined following the 1928 championship, and did not post another winning record until 1937. The 1939 team was SEC co-champion. The only retired jersey in Georgia Tech football history is No. 19.[32] The number belonged to Tech halfback Clint Castleberry. Castleberry played on the No. 5 ranked 1942 Tech team as a true freshman and was third place in the 1942 Heisman Trophy voting. After ending his freshman year at Tech, Castleberry elected to join the war effort and signed up for the Army Air Corps. While co-piloting a B-26 Marauder over Africa, Castleberry, his crew, and another B-26 disappeared and were never heard from again.[n 8] Castleberry has been memorialized on Grant Field ever since, with a prominent No. 19 on display in the stadium.[32] The 1943 and 1944 teams won SEC titles. Coach Alexander finally retired in 1944 after winning 134 games as head coach and taking Tech to the Rose Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl Classic, and Sugar Bowl. To this day, Alexander has the second most victories of any Tech football coach. The record for most coaching victories in Tech history is still held by Alexander's then coordinator and eventual successor Bobby Dodd.

Bobby Dodd era (1945–1966)

Bobby Dodd in 1952

President Blake R Van Leer believed athletics were an important part of collegiate life, he championed that belief with coaches like Dodd where he was recorded being proud of Dodd's accomplishments.[34] Bobby Dodd took over the Georgia Tech football program following Coach Alexander's retirement in 1944. He did not believe in intense physical practices but rather precise and well executed practices. Dodd's philosophy translated to winning. He set the record for career wins at Tech at 165 career coaching wins including a 31-game winning streak from 1951 to 1952.[35] He also managed to capture two Southeastern Conference Titles and the 1952 National Title, which concluded a 12–0 perfect season and Sugar Bowl conquest of previously undefeated, seventh ranked Ole Miss[35] in a season that also included victories over Orange Bowl champions, 9th ranked, Alabama; 15th ranked Gator Bowl champions Florida Gators football; 16th ranked Duke; and a 7–4 rival Georgia. While 9–0 Michigan State would capture the AP and UP titles, the Yellow Jackets' were ranked first in the International News Service poll. Dodd also understood the deep-seated rivalry with the University of Georgia. His teams won 8 games in a row over the Bulldogs from 1949 to 1956 outscoring the Bulldogs 176–39 during the winning streak.[36] This 8–game winning streak against Georgia remains the longest winning streak by either team in the series. Dodd would finish his career with a 12–9 record against the Bulldogs.[36] In 1956, much controversy preceded the 1956 Sugar Bowl. Segregationists tried to keep Pitt fullback/linebacker Bobby Grier from playing because he was black. Georgia's governor publicly threatened to remove funding if Georgia Tech's president Blake R. Van Leer did not cancel the game. Dodd backed Van Leer in his desire to move forward with the game. Ultimately, Bobby Grier played making this the first integrated Sugar Bowl and is regarded as the first integrated bowl game in the Deep South.[5]

Dodd's tenure included Georgia Tech's withdrawal from the Southeastern Conference.[35] The initial spark for Dodd's withdrawal was a historic feud with Alabama Crimson Tide Coach Bear Bryant.[37] The feud began when Tech was visiting the Tide at Legion Field in Birmingham in 1961. After a Tech punt, Alabama fair-caught the ball. Chick Granning of Tech was playing coverage and relaxed after the signal for the fair catch. Darwin Holt of Alabama continued play and smashed his elbow into Granning's face causing severe fracturing in his face, a broken nose, and blood-filled sinuses. Granning was knocked unconscious and suffered a severe concussion, the result of which left him unable to play football ever again. Dodd sent Bryant a letter asking Bryant to suspend Holt after game film indicated Holt had intentionally injured Granning.[37] Bryant never suspended Holt. The lack of discipline infuriated Dodd and sparked Dodd's interest in withdrawing from the SEC.[38] Another issue of concern for Dodd was Alabama's and other SEC schools' over-recruitment of players.[37] Universities would recruit more players than they had roster space for. During the summer practice sessions, the teams in question would cut the players well after signing day thus preventing the cut players from finding new colleges to play for. Dodd appealed the SEC administration to punish the "tryout camps" of his fellow SEC members but the SEC did not. Finally, Dodd withdrew Georgia Tech from the SEC in 1964.[37] Tech would remain an independent like Notre Dame and Penn State (at the time) during the final four years of Dodd's coaching tenure. In 1967, Dodd passed the head coach position to his favorite coordinator, Bud Carson. Dodd simply retained his athletic director position, which he had acquired in 1950. He would not retire from athletic directing until 1976.

Bud Carson era (1967–1971)


Bud Carson was Tech's defensive coordinator in 1966. His job was to appease the Tech fan base Bobby Dodd had accumulated. Carson was not the charismatic leader like Dodd but rather a strategy man that enjoyed intense game planning. Carson's most notable achievements included recruiting Tech's first ever African American scholarship athlete and being the first Tech head coach to be fired. Carson recruited Eddie McAshan to play quarterback in 1970.[39] After several Summer practices, McAshan won the starting quarterback job and became the first African American quarterback to start for a major Southeastern university.[39] This decision initially polarized Georgia Tech's fan base, but after winning his first 4 starts and leading Tech to a 9–3 season after three straight 4–6 seasons, McAshan won the hearts of the Tech faithful. McAshan's besting of UGA in the annual rivalry game made McAshan a fixture on campus. The following season, however, led to Carson's demise. In 1971, Tech went 6–6 and a fan base used to Bobby Dodd's 8 wins per season average forced Carson out by James E. Boyd's hand. Carson went on to form the Steel Curtain Pittsburgh Steelers defense.

Bill Fulcher era (1972–1973)


Bill Fulcher supplanted Bud Carson. Fulcher appeared to be the right choice but quit after two seasons, overwhelmed by racial incidents. Fulcher's tenure included a terrible feud with Eddie McAshan, which peaked before the 1972 UGA game. McAshan had requested additional tickets for the game so that his family could attend. Fulcher refused the ticket request and McAshan sat out of practice in protest.[39] Fulcher responded by suspending the quarterback for the UGA game and the upcoming Liberty Bowl. The story exploded on the national scene when Jesse Jackson attended the UGA game, allowing McAshan to sit with him outside of the stadium in protest.[39]

Pepper Rodgers era (1974–1979)


Alumnus Pepper Rodgers was hired soon after Fulcher quit, hired away from UCLA. Like Carson and Fulcher, he simply could not return Tech to its national prominence of Dodd's era; in six seasons, his overall record was 34–31–2 (.522).[40] Rodgers' flamboyant demeanor shortened his welcome at the school, and athletic director Doug Weaver replaced him with Bill Curry after the 1979 season. Homer Rice became athletic director and attempted to reinvigorate Tech's program by joining the Atlantic Coast Conference in 1980.

Bill Curry era (1980–1986)


Alumnus Bill Curry had no experience as a head coach, but was a refreshing change after the flamboyant Rodgers. Curry's early years saw Tech reach its lowest point in modern history. His first two Tech teams in 1980 and 1981 went 2–19–1 (.114), with the only bright spots being a brilliant 24–21 road victory over Bear Bryant's Alabama team at Legion Field to open the 1981 season and a 3–3 slug fest in 1980 with top-ranked Notre Dame at Grant Field. Things had gotten so bad, they could only get better.[41]

Curry slowly rebuilt the team, restored a winning mentality to the Georgia Tech fan base; Tech won nine games in 1985, including a 17–14 victory over Michigan State in the All American Bowl. Tech's 1984–1985 teams featured the "Black Watch" defense; created by defensive coordinator Don Lindsey, it featured linebackers Ted Roof and Jim Anderson, safety Mark Hogan, and lineman Pat Swilling.[42][43] The elite defensive players were awarded black stripes down the center of their helmets and black GT emblems on the side of their helmets.[43] Curry's leadership and ability to build a winning program sparked interest from the Crimson Tide and Alabama hired Curry away from Tech in 1986.[44]

Bobby Ross era (1987–1991)

1990 AFCA National Championship Trophy Georgia Tech received.

After Curry's departure, Tech hired the talented Maryland Terrapins Coach Bobby Ross,[45] who departed a Maryland athletic program in turmoil after the Len Bias tragedy.[46] Bobby Ross came from Maryland after winning three ACC titles over four years. Ross' first season at Tech experienced a severe talent vacuum after Curry's departure, and the players Ross inherited resisted the changes he demanded. The team only won two games, and Ross contemplated ending his coaching career after a humbling loss to Wake Forest in 1987. Ross decided to remain at Tech and continued to rebuild Tech's program. The turning point came in 1989 with the recruitment of Shawn Jones and several other key freshman. After two seasons and only five total wins, Jones helped the Jackets rebound at the end of the 1989 season.[47] In Jones' sophomore season, Tech powered through their schedule and won the ACC. The four-game unbeaten streak in 1989 extended all the way through 1990 and into the 1991 Citrus Bowl. The key victory in the streak was a huge 41–38 come from behind upset victory over then No.1 ranked Virginia in Charlottesville before a nationwide TV audience. Tech demolished Nebraska 45–21 in the 1991 Citrus Bowl, finishing the season 11–0–1, and earning a share of the 1990 National Title with the Colorado Buffaloes.[48][49] Tech's winning streak ended against Penn State in the 1991 Kick Off Classic. Ross and Jones never replicated that 1990 season but managed to win 8 games in 1991 making Shawn Jones one of the most heralded quarterbacks in Tech history. Ross was offered a head coach position after the 1991 season for the San Diego Chargers, which he took.[50]

Bill Lewis era (1992–1994)


After first considering Ross assistant coaches, Ralph Friedgen and George O'Leary, Tech hired Bill Lewis away from East Carolina soon after Ross' departure.[51] When Lewis was hired, the Tech faithful hoped he would continue to build on Ross' success. He had just led East Carolina to an 11–1 record and a final ranking of ninth in the nation. However, Lewis' first season at Tech in 1992 saw the Jackets collapse to only a 5–6 record just two years removed from a national championship. Preseason All-American Shawn Jones suffered from nagging injuries, leaving Tech's offense inept. After Jones' fourth year ran out, redshirt freshman Donnie Davis stepped in to fill his shoes in 1993, which saw another 5–6 season. In just two years, Lewis had completely squandered the successful momentum established by Bobby Ross. During the Summer of '94, George O'Leary was rehired as defensive coordinator. With Davis injured in spring practice, Lewis recruited Tom Luginbill as his replacement. Luginbill was a proficient passer at Palomar College, a junior college in California, and his first two games in 1994 showed promise. Tech almost upset Arizona who was projected as the No. 1 team in the nation by Sports Illustrated and won 45–26 over Western Carolina. However, Tech lost its next six games before Lewis was fired with three games remaining in the season.[52] O'Leary was named interim coach for the rest of the season.[53]

George O'Leary era (1994–2001)


Georgia Tech lost their final three games, including a 48–10 drubbing at the hands of Georgia. Despite this, Tech dropped the "interim" tag from O'Leary's title and named him head coach in 1995. O'Leary's first season saw Senior Donnie Davis return as starter and Tech won 6 games. O'Leary's second season saw the emergence of Joe Hamilton as starter when Brandon Shaw struggled in his first two starts. Hamilton would eventually lead the Jackets back to bowl contention and Tech attended its first bowl in six years, the 1997 Carquest Bowl. Hamilton's prowess as a runner and passer thrilled the Georgia Tech fans. Offensive coordinator Ralph Friedgen utilized a complex offense with Hamilton that featured option football mixed in with complex timing routes. Hamilton racked up yardage, touchdowns, and wins for Tech. In 1998, Hamilton and Tech's high powered offense won 10 games and a season ending victory over Notre Dame in the Gator Bowl. Hamilton's senior year put him on the national stage. He was a leading candidate for the Heisman Trophy against rushing phenomenon Ron Dayne. Hamilton passed for over 3,000 yards and rushed for over 700 yards.[54] But while Hamilton dazzled, the Georgia Tech defense was a liability (they allowed around 28 points per game), and may have ultimately cost Hamilton the 1999 Heisman Trophy. In a late-season, nationally televised game against Wake Forest, Tech gave up 26 points and Hamilton threw two interceptions and no touchdowns. As an indirect result, Dayne went on to win the Heisman (Joe was runner-up). Hamilton's Georgia Tech career ended on a sour note in the 2000 Gator Bowl against the Miami, where the Jackets lost 28–13.[55] The following season, redshirt junior George Godsey, a more traditional pocket passer, succeeded Hamilton at the helm of Tech's powerful offense. The drop-off was minimal—Godsey continued where Hamilton left off, winning 9 games in 2000 and 8 games in 2001. In 2000, Godsey also led Tech to their third straight victory over the archrival Georgia Bulldogs.[56]

The end of the 2001 season saw George O'Leary entertain a coaching offer from Notre Dame after Bob Davie announced resignation as Irish head coach.[57] O'Leary was eventually awarded the position, but it was revoked shortly thereafter when Notre Dame discovered that O'Leary had fabricated several aspects of his resume.[58] He claimed to have played three years for the University of New Hampshire and to have attained a master's degree from New York University; in actuality, he had attended NYU but did not graduate, and he never played a down of New Hampshire football.[59][60] Following O'Leary's departure, Mac McWhorter was named interim head coach for Georgia Tech's bowl game, a victory over Stanford in the 2001 Seattle Bowl.

Chan Gailey era (2002–2007)


The following spring, Chan Gailey was hired to replace O'Leary as Georgia Tech's head coach.[61] Chan Gailey came to Georgia Tech in 2002 after head coaching stints with the Dallas Cowboys, Samford Bulldogs, and Troy Trojans. Gailey's first team in 2002 managed to win seven games under the quarterbacking of A.J. Suggs. The most notable game of the 2002 season was an upset of National Title Contender North Carolina State. Georgia Tech rallied in the fourth quarter to upset NC State and end Philip Rivers's Heisman Trophy hopes. In 2003, eleven Georgia Tech players were found academically ineligible.[62] Despite the academic losses and the playing of true freshman Reggie Ball, Gailey would lead Tech to a seven-win season and humiliation of Tulsa in the Humanitarian Bowl. P.J. Daniels racked up over 300 yards rushing in the effort.

Calvin Johnson catching a pass

2004 and 2005 saw Georgia Tech improve talent and skill wise but Tech won seven games again. Star Calvin Johnson arrived as a true freshman in 2004. His performance against Clemson in 2004 helped cement Johnson's place in the annals of all-time Tech greats. Two off-the-field problems affected the Yellow Jackets' 2005 season. First, Reuben Houston, a starting cornerback, was arrested for possession of over 100 pounds of marijuana. Houston was dismissed from the football team immediately following this arrest but a later court order forced Coach Gailey to allow Houston to return to the team. Houston would see little playing time following the court order.[63][64] At the end of the 2005 season, an NCAA investigation found that 11 ineligible players had played for the Yellow Jackets between the 1998 and 2005 seasons.[65] These players played while not making progress towards graduation on the NCAA-approved schedule. The football victories for that season were initially revoked, and Georgia Tech was put on two years of NCAA probation. Twelve football scholarships were stricken from Georgia Tech's allotment for the 2006 and 2007 freshman classes.[66] The Georgia Tech Athletic Department appealed this decision by the NCAA, and the records were restored but scholarship reductions and probation remained.[67] Athletic Director Dave Braine retired in January 2006, and Dan Radakovich was hired as athletic director. Gailey's most successful year at Georgia Tech was in 2006 with nine victories and the ACC Coastal Division championship. The Yellow Jackets football team reached its first New Year's Bowl since the 1999 Gator Bowl and played the West Virginia Mountaineers in the Gator Bowl. Tashard Choice led the ACC in rushing yards and Calvin Johnson led the ACC in receptions and receiving yardage. After an impressive 33–3 victory at Notre Dame to open the 2007 season, the team slid to finish 7–6. On the morning of Monday, November 26, 2007, Gailey was fired from the Yellow Jackets, two days after another heartbreaking loss to the University of Georgia.[68] The Yellow Jackets' Athletic Department hired Paul Johnson, then the head coach at Navy and former Georgia Southern head coach, as Gailey's replacement on December 7, 2007.[69]

Paul Johnson era (2008–2018)


On Friday, December 7, 2007, less than two weeks after Georgia Tech announced the firing of Chan Gailey, Paul Johnson was announced as the new Georgia Tech head football coach.[69] Johnson was hired under a seven-year contract worth more than $11 million. Johnson immediately began installing his unique flexbone option offense at Georgia Tech.[70] By the regular season's end, Johnson had led the Yellow Jackets to a 9–3 record including an ACC Coastal Division Co-Championship and a 45–42 win in Athens, Georgia over arch-rival UGA, Tech's first win against the Bulldogs since 2000.[71] In recognition of his accomplishments in his first season, Johnson was named 2008 ACC Coach of the Year by the Atlantic Coast Sports Media Association as well as the coach of the year.[72][73]

GT vs. UNC, 2009

Several weeks after Johnson's defeat of rival Georgia, Georgia Tech rewarded Johnson with a new contract worth $17.7 million, a 53% raise that made him the second highest paid coach in the ACC before he had even completed his first year in the conference.[74] In 2009, Johnson led the Yellow Jackets to historic wins over Florida State in Tallahassee, No. 4 Virginia Tech (breaking an 0–17 losing streak to top five opponents at Grant Field in the past 47 years), and Virginia in Charlottesville. The jackets went on to defeat the Clemson Tigers to make them ACC champions, a title that would be vacated on July 14, 2011, due to NCAA infractions.[75] The Yellow Jackets went on to lose to Iowa in the Orange Bowl, 24–14. Georgia Tech had another significant win over the No. 5 Clemson Tigers on October 29, 2011, giving the Tigers their first defeat of the season and enabling QB Tevin Washington to rush for 176 yards on 27 carries and a touchdown, breaking a school record.[76] In 2012, Georgia Tech was declared the winner of the ACC Coastal Division on November 19, 2012, clinching it with a victory over Duke 42–24 and finishing with a 5-3 ACC record. Georgia Tech played against Florida State in the 2012 ACC Championship Game, which was coach Paul Johnson's second appearance in the title game. The Yellow Jackets lost to the Seminoles 21–15.[77][78][79]

GT vs. Duke 11/17/12

The 2014 Yellow Jackets, despite being predicted to finish 5th in Coastal Division by ESPN, garnered a 10–2 regular season record (6-2 ACC),[80] including wins over then No. 19 Clemson and No. 9 Georgia to finish the regular season ranked No. 11 by the recently created College Football Playoff Committee. The highlight of the season was an overtime thriller that lead to the defeat of the Bulldogs in Athens, featuring Harrison Butker's 53-yard field goal that sent the game into overtime, a 1-yard rushing touchdown by RB Zack Laskey, and a game clinching interception of UGA quarterback Hutson Mason's throw by cornerback D.J. White.[81] Georgia Tech met No. 4 Florida State in the 2014 ACC Championship Game in Charlotte, North Carolina, losing 37–35.[82] Following their conference championship, Florida State was chosen in the top four (ranked No. 3), under which circumstance the Orange Bowl selected Georgia Tech (now No. 12) as its replacement to face the No. 7 Mississippi State Bulldogs on December 31, 2014.[83] Justin Thomas led the Jackets to a dominating 49–34 win for the Yellow Jackets, finishing the season 11–3, No. 8 in AP poll and No. 7 in the American Coaches Poll.

The 2015 season showed the Yellow Jackets a 3–9 record, after numerous injuries throughout the entire year. Their only notable win was a 22–16 upset over No. 9 Florida State on Tech's Homecoming Night, when the Yellow Jackets blocked an attempted field goal by Florida State Kicker Roberto Aguayo, which was picked up by Lance Austin and returned for the game-winning touchdown. This was later coined the "Miracle on Techwood Drive".[84][85] 2015 year marked the first year since 1996 that Georgia Tech did not make a bowl appearance. The next year, 2016, marked a bounce-back season, with the Yellow Jackets, led by team captain Justin Thomas, posting a 9–4 record, including a win over Kentucky in the TaxSlayer Bowl. 2016 also saw a 28–27 victory over Georgia in Athens featuring a 14-point comeback in the 4th quarter topped off by a 6-yard TD rush on third down by Qua Searcy, with 30 seconds left in the game. The Yellow Jackets took a step back in 2017, finishing 5–6 (4–4 ACC) with close losses to Tennessee (42–41 in 2OT) at the Chick Fil A Kickoff Game in the newly constructed Mercedes-Benz Stadium, and at Miami (25–24). Despite starting the 2018 season 1–3, the Yellow Jackets rallied to finish the regular season 7–5. The most notable victory was that against rival Virginia Tech, making Georgia Tech the only conference opponent to win three consecutive games in Lane Stadium against Virginia Tech.[86] The season ended with the 2018 Quick Lane Bowl, where the Jackets fell 34–10 to the Minnesota Golden Gophers.[87] Johnson announced his retirement on November 28, 2018, effective following the team's bowl game.[88] Geoff Collins was named Johnson's replacement on December 7, 2018.[89]

Geoff Collins era (2019–2022)


Geoff Collins was announced on December 7, 2018, as the new head coach, to replace the retiring Paul Johnson, starting the 2019 season.[90] Collins was hired under a seven-year contract worth more than $23 million.[91] Geoff Collins, a native of Conyers, Georgia, was previously the head coach at Temple, defensive coordinator at Mississippi State and Florida, and previously worked with Georgia Tech as a graduate assistant and recruiting coordinator.[92] In his first season the Jackets experienced several significant losses. A loss against The Citadel was the Jackets' first loss against an FCS opponent since 1983, and a 45–0 loss to Virginia Tech was the Jackets' first shutout loss at Bobby Dodd Stadium since 1957.[93][94]. Geoff Collins was fired from Georgia Tech along with athletic director Todd Stansbury on September 25, 2022, after three 3-win seasons and a 1–3 start in 2022. His final record at Georgia Tech was 10–28, one of the worst coaching records in Georgia Tech history.[95]

Brent Key era (2022–present)


Brent Key, a Georgia Tech alumnus and football letterwinner who at the time was the OL coach, was named the interim for the rest of the 2022 season.

Key led the Yellow Jackets to a 4–4 record over the final eight games of the 2022 season. The four wins included two road victories over nationally ranked opponents – a 26–21 win at No. 24 Pitt in his first game at the helm on October 1 and a 21–17 triumph at No. 13 North Carolina on November 19. The Jackets overcame a plethora of injuries (which included its top two quarterbacks.) to finish 5–7 overall and 4–4 in Atlantic Coast Conference play after a 1–3 start. The overall and conference win totals were Tech's highest since 2018, as was its fourth-place finish in the ACC Coastal Division standings. Key's Jackets also defeated the three teams that finished ahead of them in the coastal division. (North Carolina, Pitt and Duke).

Tech enters the field before a game with North Carolina in 2023.

On Tuesday November 29, 2022 the interim tag was stripped and Key was named Georgia Tech's 21st head football coach. One of Key's most memorable wins came on October 7, 2023, when following an embarrassing loss to Bowling Green the week prior, the Yellow Jackets defeated the then 17th ranked Miami Hurricanes'. Miami could have won the game by taking a knee, but they ran the ball before fumbling with 26 seconds left. Tech drove 74 yards in four plays to win the game on a last second 44-yard touchdown pass from Haynes King to Christian Leary. It was Key's third win over a ranked ACC opponent on the road.

Tech finished the 2023 regular season at 6–6 and made its first bowl since 2018. The Jackets went 5–3 in ACC play and finished 4th in the conference. They then defeated UCF 30–17 in the Gasparilla Bowl to finish 7–6. It was their first winning season since 2018 and their first bowl win since 2016.

Conference affiliations


[citation needed]



National championships


Georgia Tech has been named national champions seven times by NCAA-designated major selectors, including the Coaches' Poll national championship in 1990.[96]: 111–114 [97] Georgia Tech claims the 1917, 1928, 1952, and 1990 championships.[98]: 149–150 

Season Coach Selectors Record Bowl Result Final AP Final Coaches
1917 John Heisman Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, NCF 9–0
1928 William Alexander Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, NCF, Parke Davis, Poling, Sagarin (ELO-Chess) 10–0 Rose Bowl W 8–7
1952 Bobby Dodd Berryman, Billingsley, INS, Poling, Sagarin (ELO-Chess) 12–0 Sugar Bowl W 24–7 No. 2 No. 2
1990 Bobby Ross Dunkel, FACT, NCF, Sagarin (ELO-Chess), UPI Coaches 11–0–1 Citrus Bowl W 45–21 No. 2 No. 1

Conference championships


Georgia Tech has won 16 conference championships, nine outright and seven shared. Their 2009 ACC championship was later vacated by the NCAA.[99][100]

Year Conference Coach Overall record Conference record
1916 SIAA John Heisman 8–0–1 5–0
1917 9–0 4–0
1918 6–1 3–0
1920 William Alexander 8–1 5–0
1921 8–1 4–0
1922 Southern 7–2 4–0
1927 8–1–1 7–0–1
1928 10–0 7–0
1939 SEC 8–2 6–0
1943 8–3 3–0
1944 8–3 4–0
1951 Bobby Dodd 11–0–1 7–0
1952 12–0 7–0
1990 ACC Bobby Ross 11–0–1 6–0–1
1998 George O'Leary 10–2 7–1
2009 Paul Johnson 11–3 7–1

† Co-champions
‡ Vacated by the NCAA

Division championships


Georgia Tech has won five division championships, with four of those leading to an appearance in the ACC Championship Game.

Year Division Coach Opponent CG Result
2006 ACC Coastal Chan Gailey Wake Forest L 6–9
2008 Paul Johnson N/A lost tiebreaker to Virginia Tech
2009 Clemson W 39–34
2012 Florida State L 15–21
2014 Florida State L 35–37

† Co-champions

Head coaches


List of Georgia Tech head coaches.[101]

† Interim

Bowl games


Georgia Tech has appeared in 46 bowl games and compiled a record of 26–20.[102] Georgia Tech's first four bowl game appearances, the Rose Bowl (1929), Orange Bowl (1940), Cotton Bowl Classic (1943), and Sugar Bowl (1944), marked the first time a team had competed in all four of the Major Bowl Games.[103]

Year Bowl Coach Opponent Result
1928 Rose Bowl William Alexander California W 8–7
1939 Orange Bowl Missouri W 21–7
1942 Cotton Bowl Classic Texas L 7–14
1943 Sugar Bowl Tulsa W 20–18
1944 Orange Bowl Tulsa L 12–26
1946 Oil Bowl Bobby Dodd Saint Mary's (CA) W 41–19
1947 Orange Bowl Kansas W 20–14
1951 Orange Bowl Baylor W 17–14
1952 Sugar Bowl Ole Miss W 24–7
1953 Sugar Bowl West Virginia W 42–19
1954 Cotton Bowl Classic Arkansas W 14–6
1955 Sugar Bowl Pittsburgh W 7–0
1956 Gator Bowl Pittsburgh W 21–14
1959 Gator Bowl Arkansas L 7–14
1961 Gator Bowl Penn State L 15–30
1962 Bluebonnet Bowl Missouri L 10–14
1965 Gator Bowl Texas Tech W 31–21
1966 Orange Bowl Florida L 12–27
1970 Sun Bowl Bud Carson Texas Tech W 17–9
1971 Peach Bowl Ole Miss L 18–41
1972 Liberty Bowl Bill Fulcher Iowa State W 31–30
1978 Peach Bowl Pepper Rodgers Purdue L 21–41
1985 Hall of Fame Classic Bill Curry Michigan State W 17–14
1990 Florida Citrus Bowl Bobby Ross Nebraska W 45–21
1991 Aloha Bowl Stanford W 18–17
1997 Carquest Bowl George O'Leary West Virginia W 35–30
1998 Gator Bowl Notre Dame W 35–28
1999 Gator Bowl Miami L 13–28
2000 Peach Bowl LSU L 14–28
2001 Seattle Bowl Mac McWhorter Stanford W 24–14
2002 Silicon Valley Football Classic Chan Gailey Fresno State L 21–30
2004 Humanitarian Bowl Tulsa W 52–10
2004 Champs Sports Bowl Syracuse W 51–14
2005 Emerald Bowl Utah L 10–38
2006 Gator Bowl West Virginia L 35–38
2007 Humanitarian Bowl Jon Tenuta Fresno State L 28–40
2008 Chick-fil-A Bowl Paul Johnson LSU L 3–38
2009 Orange Bowl Iowa L 14–24
2010 Independence Bowl Air Force L 7–14
2011 Sun Bowl Utah L 27–30
2012 Sun Bowl USC W 21–7
2013 Music City Bowl Ole Miss L 17–25
2014 Orange Bowl Mississippi State W 49–34
2016 TaxSlayer Bowl Kentucky W 33–18
2018 Quick Lane Bowl Minnesota L 10–34
2023 Gasparilla Bowl Brent Key UCF W 30–17

† Interim

New Year's Six bowl game

Home stadium

Grant Field and the east stands around 1912

The Yellow Jackets play their home games at Bobby Dodd Stadium at Hyundai Field in Atlanta, Georgia. Upon his hiring in 1904, John Heisman insisted that the Institute acquire its own football field. Grant Field was constructed to appease Heisman as well as bring a true home field advantage to Tech football.[104]

From 1893 to 1912, the team used area parks such as Brisbane Park, Ponce de Leon Park, and Piedmont Park as the home field.[105] Georgia Tech took out a seven-year lease on what is now the southern end of Grant Field, although the land was not adequate for sports, due to its unleveled, rocky nature. In 1905, Heisman had 300 convict laborers clear rocks, remove tree stumps, and level out the field for play; Tech students then built a grandstand on the property. The land was purchased by 1913, and John W. Grant donated $15,000 towards the construction of the field's first permanent stands; the field was named Grant Field in honor of the donor's deceased son, Hugh Inman Grant.[105][106]

The stadium now sits amongst a unique urban skyline and is among the oldest Division I FBS football stadiums. In fact, the only Division I stadiums older are Franklin Field at the University of Pennsylvania and Harvard Stadium.[107] Grant Field was natural grass until 1971. The astroturf was replaced by grass in 1995.[104] The stadium officially holds 55,000 but has held up to 56,412 in 2005[108] and 56,680 in 2006.[109]

On February 26, 2019, Georgia Tech officials unveiled plans to hold one home game per season from 2020 to 2024 (five games total) at Mercedes-Benz Stadium, located less than one mile from the Georgia Tech main campus, with the series dubbed "Mayhem at MBS". However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, on July 30, 2020, the 2020 game against Notre Dame was moved back to Bobby Dodd Stadium and the agreement with MBS was extended to six years, running through 2026, comprising six games.[110][111][112][113]

Logos and uniforms


The interlocking GT logo was created in 1967 at the request of Bobby Dodd. One of the varsity players was asked to design a logo for the helmets. Several variations of the design were submitted, including a yellow jacket design. The yellow jacket was not submitted because to make the insect look mean it would have to be stinging and therefore flying backwards. The interlocking GT was selected during the summer of 1967 and formalized into decals for the helmets. Over the years it became the official logo for Georgia Tech Athletics.[114]

When head coach Paul Johnson was hired in 2008, the Yellow Jackets adopted a new uniform style. One year later, the uniforms were altered to change the yellow to gold. A year after that, the uniforms were altered again. This time, the team adopted separate white uniforms for both home and away games, while retaining the previous styles' navy and gold jerseys for occasions when the Yellow Jackets could not wear white at home.[citation needed]

In 2018, after nearly 40 years of being with Russell Athletic, Georgia Tech switched to Adidas. With the change came more consistent branding across all sports and a custom shade of gold for the team as well as new uniforms that entwine progressive and traditional elements. The uniforms were updated in 2022 with a more classic look.





Georgia Tech's fight songs and cheers are tailored to belittle the Georgia Bulldogs, and the perennial catch-phrase for Georgia Tech fans for many decades has been "To Hell with Georgia". Georgia Tech and the Univ. of Georgia have played each other in football over 100 times (and hundreds more times in basketball, baseball, track and field, tennis, etc.) and this rivalry has become known as Clean, Old-Fashioned Hate. They have been heated rivals since 1893. The annual football game is by far the most important game on the schedule for most Georgia Tech sports fans. The winner of this game takes home the Georgia State Governor's Cup. Georgia Tech trails Georgia in the all-time series 71–41–5 through the 2023 season.[115]



The Yellow Jackets have played the Auburn Tigers more than 90 times in football, and the series of football games between the two is the second-oldest in the Southeast. Auburn Univ. or A.P.I. is by far Georgia Tech's second-most-often played opponent in football.[116] The rivalry is also intense in basketball, baseball, etc.

The first game took place on November 25, 1892, in Atlanta, Georgia. They played in the SIAA until it was defunct in 1922, before joining the Southeastern Conference. This rivalry lost some luster when the Georgia Tech Athletics discarded its membership in the Southeastern Conference in 1963 to become an independent institute. However, the Yellow Jackets continued their annual series of football games with the Auburn Tigers through 1987. Georgia Tech and Auburn play football games in occasional years, and games in other sports regularly. Even though the Yellow Jackets have joined the Atlantic Coast Conference for all sports in recent decades, from a historical perspective, the Auburn Tigers are Georgia Tech's second-highest sports rivalry, behind only the Georgia Bulldogs.[116] Auburn leads in the all-time series 47–41–4 with the last game played in 2005.[117]



The Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets and the Clemson Tigers have the fourth-most-played series in Georgia Tech football history. They have been rivals since 1898 and Clemson is Tech's closest opponent, geographically, in the Atlantic Coast Conference. Also, in the ACC's new two-division arrangement, each team has one football opponent in the opposite division which has been selected as the two teams' official cross-division rival that they play every year. The Yellow Jackets and the Clemson Tigers are one of these six pairs.[118] In addition to their geographical closeness and the Heisman connection, the Georgia Tech – Clemson pairing is also a logical one because of both schools' long history in engineering, technology, and science education. Recently, the game has become known for last-minute, extremely close finishes. From 1996 to 2001, each of the six games was decided by exactly three points.

In 1977 (before the Yellow Jackets had even joined the ACC), this football series was being considered for termination by the administration of Georgia Tech. Clemson football fans, in an effort to show their economic impact on the Atlanta, Ga., area, brought with them to Atlanta large stockpiles of two-dollar bills that were stamped with Clemson Tiger Paws.[119] Georgia Tech leads Clemson in the all-time series 50–32–2 through the 2019 season.[120]

Virginia Tech


The rivalry with Virginia Tech has grown considerably since Virginia Tech entered the ACC. In previous years, the teams played infrequently. The intra-conference game has often seen both teams ranked and the outcome has played a key part in determining the winner of the ACC Coastal Division. Since the ACC switched to Division format in 2005, the winner of this game has gone on to win the Coastal Division all but once, with VT winning six times and GT winning four times.[121] Dubbed the Battle of the Techs, the game has seen some very close, very intense match-ups.[122]

Virginia Tech leads the series 11–8 through the 2022 season.[123]



Georgia Tech and Tennessee hadn't met since 1987 until losing a heart breaking Labor Day game in Atlanta in 2017 that renewed the rivalry between the two.[124] When Georgia Tech was part of the Southeastern Conference they played annually. After Georgia Tech left the SEC in 1964, the teams still met until 1987. The series dates back to 1902 and Tennessee leads the series 25–17–2 with the last game played in the 2017 season.[125]



The Yellow Jackets and the Vanderbilt Commodores first met in 1892 in Atlanta, Georgia with Vanderbilt winning 20–10.[126] Since 1924, the winning team in the series has received a silver-plated cowbell with the year and final score of each game engraved on it. The trophy was created by Ed F. Cavaleri was described by the Atlanta Constitution as “a faithful Georgia Tech supporter though he did not attend the Jacket institution,” according to Georgia Tech's website. Cavaleri purchased a cowbell at an Atlanta hardware store to use as a noise-maker while on his way to a game in 1924. The Commodores defeated Georgia Tech 3–0, however another fan in attendance suggested that Cavaleri award the bell to the winning team. The tradition was born and Cavaleri attended every game between the two teams from 1924 to 1967.[127] The cowbell has a gold plate screwed into each side, with “GEORGIA TECH-VANDERBILT FOOTBALL TROPHY” inscribed at the top. Three columns list the year of each game, Georgia Tech's points scored and Vanderbilt's points scored. The results of the games from 1924 to 1967 are engraved on one side; the results from 2002, 2003, 2009 and 2016 are on the other.[128] Georgia Tech is 20–15–3 against Vanderbilt in 38 games. The Yellow Jackets won the last matchup 38–7 in 2016.



The Crimson Tide and the Yellow Jackets have played 52 times in a rivalry that dates back to 1902.[129] With the exception of a four-year break during World War II (1943–1946), they squared off annually from 1922 to 1963 as members of the Southern Conference (1922–1932) and Southeastern Conference (1933–1963). The rivalry continued for one season after Georgia Tech withdrew from the SEC in 1964, then was renewed again with games in six-straight seasons from 1979 to 1984. With 52 previous meetings, Alabama is Georgia Tech's fifth-most-common all-time opponent (behind only Georgia – 114 meetings, Auburn – 92, Duke – 87 and Clemson – 85).[130] Alabama and Georgia Tech announced in January 2020 that they are set to renew the rivalry after 36 years in 2030 and 2031.[131] Alabama leads the series 28–21–3, and the Yellow Jackets won the last matchup 16–6 in 1984.

Significant series


Notre Dame


This series began in 1922. The Fighting Irish were a longtime rival of the Yellow Jackets and the two teams met periodically on an annual basis over the years, particularly from 1963 to 1981 when both schools were independents following Tech's departure from the Southeastern Conference. The 1975 Georgia Tech-Notre Dame game marked the sole appearance in an Irish uniform of Rudy Ruettiger, the subject of the film Rudy. When Georgia Tech joined the Atlantic Coast Conference beginning in 1982, they were forced to end the series after 1981 because of scheduling difficulties. Consequently, the two teams have met very infrequently since then. Georgia Tech was the opponent in the inaugural game in the newly expanded Notre Dame Stadium in 1997, then a year later they met again in the Gator Bowl. The Fighting Irish and Yellow Jackets met in the 2006 and 2007 season openers and split both games. The rivalry resumed in 2015 with a 30–22 Irish win in South Bend, and will continue on a semi-regular basis as Georgia Tech and Notre Dame are scheduled to face off five times in the next ten years starting in 2020.[132] Notre Dame is set to play Georgia Tech at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in 2024. Georgia Tech traveled to South Bend in 2021.[133] Notre Dame leads the series 29–6–1.[134]



The Blue Devils and the Yellow Jackets have played 88 times in a series that dates back to 1933 and every year since.[135] There was a long period of Duke dominance in the series from 1936 to 1945. The Blue Devils won all but one matchup including a six-game win streak, the longest in the series for Duke. The win streak also came in the glory days for Duke football, as the 1930s and 1940s featured the best Duke football teams. From 1946 to 1984, the series would be rather back and forth, teams exchanging periods of dominance over the other. Heading into the 1984 season, the series was deadlock at 25–25–1. But since then it has been nearly all Georgia Tech. In the 36 matchups since 1984, the Jackets have walked away with 26 victories, the Blue Devils have won just ten.[136] Duke is Georgia Tech's third-most common opponent all-time (behind only Georgia – 113 meetings and Auburn – 92).[137] Georgia Tech leads the series 52–35-1. This game decided the ACC Coastal Division champion in 2014. Although Duke won the game 31–25, they had a loss to Miami beforehand followed by losses to Virginia Tech and rival North Carolina, which allowed the Yellow Jackets to claim the division title and a trip to Charlotte for the ACC Championship as they just had 2 conference losses whereas Duke had 3. Georgia Tech won the last matchup 23–20 in 2022.



The Yellow Jackets and the Tulane Green Wave first met on November 4, 1916, in Atlanta, Georgia. Tulane was the opponent at Bobby Dodd Stadium for the Jackets’ first-ever televised football game — a 13–7 win over the Green Wave on WSB-TV on Oct. 2, 1948.[138] Tulane is the seventh-most frequent opponent for Georgia Tech (50 meetings).[139] Tulane and Georgia Tech spent most of their athletic histories as members of the same conference: they were among the first to join the SIAA in 1894 then Georgia Tech left in 1921 and Tulane in 1922 to join the Southern Conference. Both schools moved yet again in 1932 to charter the Southeastern Conference, of which they were members until Tech's departure in 1963 to become independent. Tulane followed suit in 1966, but they played each other yearly until 1982.[citation needed] Georgia Tech is now a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference, while Tulane is a member of the American Athletic Conference. The rivalry was renewed on September 6, 2014, in the first football game played on Tulane's campus since Tulane Stadium was torn down in 1980. Georgia Tech leads the series 37–13. The Yellow Jackets won the last matchup 65–10 in 2015.


The Ramblin' Reck during a football game.
  • Colors – Georgia Tech football features old gold and white uniforms with old gold helmets. Navy blue and black have been used as alternate jerseys. In 2006, Georgia Tech featured a throwback jersey based on Bud Carson-era uniforms. The jerseys were mustard gold and the helmets were white.
  • Songs – The fight songs for Georgia Tech are "Ramblin' Wreck from Georgia Tech" and "Up With the White and Gold". If Georgia Tech scores a touchdown, then both songs are played, with Up With the White and Gold being played after the Yellow Jackets score and Ramblin' Wreck from Georgia Tech being played after the PAT is kicked. If Georgia Tech only kicks a field goal, "Ramblin' Wreck" is played. For some big plays, a shortened version of either song is played.
  • Nicknames – Georgia Tech football teams have had several nicknames over the years including the "Blacksmiths", the "Engineers", the "Golden Tornado", or just the "Techs". Officially, the teams are called the "Yellow Jackets" or the "Ramblin' Wreck".
  • Mascots – The "Ramblin' Reck" and the yellow jacket "Buzz" are the mascots of Georgia Tech football. The "Ramblin' Reck" is a 1930 Ford Model A Sports Coupe, and it has led the football team onto Grant Field every game since September 30, 1961.[140] "Buzz" began pacing the sidelines of Grant Field as a mischievous anthropomorphized yellow jacket during the 1970s.[141] "Buzz" was ranked the number three top mascot in all of college football by "America's Best" and the "Top Ten" Web site.[142]
  • Yellow Jacket Alley – "Yellow Jacket Alley" is an event staged before every game. It is a players' walk in which the team and coaches walk from the buses to the stadium, and the fans surround and cheer the walking players.[143]
  • Steam Whistle – An industrial steam whistle has been present on Georgia Tech's campus ever since the early industrial shop years. It typically was blown for the change of classes at five minutes before the hour. On football game days, the whistle is blown after every Yellow Jackets' score, and again after every Yellow Jackets' victory.[144]
  • Student Section – The student sections for the Yellow Jackets' home football games are primarily located in the North and South End Zones of Grant Field. Until the 2011 season, Flash Card displays were performed by the student section every football season since 1957. A semi-official student cheering section called the "Swarm" is located in the North End Zone adjacent to the marching band. The Swarm began in 1996.[145]
  • RAT Caps - Incoming Georgia Tech freshmen are referred to as RATs, which stands for Recruits At Tech, although in recent years the Student Government has begun incorrectly using Recently Acquired Tech Students. A RAT is encouraged to wear the gold-colored beanie cap with the front bill worn turned up and bearing the student's name, hometown, major, class year, and the letters "RAT". A RAT should record the scores of each football game on the sides of their RAT Cap, written right side up for victories, upside down for losses, and sideways for ties. A RAT should write the "Good Word" on their caps: "To HELL with georgia". It is the responsibility of a RAT to know the fight songs, the Alma Mater, all of the cheers, and the "Good Word". Before ACC conference regulations prohibited the practice, upperclassmen ordered "RATs on the field" before each home game, and RATs would line up in the end zone along both sides of the entryway from the locker room forming an alleyway for the Ramblin' Reck to drive through leading the team out onto the field. The ACC forced an end to this tradition after the 1980 season. The RAT cap tradition is most strictly observed by members of the marching band.
  • Marching Band - Even though Georgia Tech is a high-ranking Institute of Technology, and not a college of the arts and humanities, it still fields a 300+ member marching band at all home football games and Bowl Games. A smaller Pep Band attends road games which the full band doesn't attend. Among other songs, the Yellow Jacket Marching Band always plays the Georgia Tech fight songs and the Alma Mater, and in addition, it plays "When You Say Budweiser, You've Said It All" at the completion of the third quarter.

Individual achievements


Heisman Trophy finalists


Georgia Tech has had several players receive votes in the Heisman Trophy balloting. Eddie Prokop finished fifth in the 1943 Heisman voting,[146] Lenny Snow was fourteenth in 1966,[147] Eddie Lee Ivery was eighth in 1978,[148] and Calvin Johnson was tenth in 2006.[149] Billy Lothridge is the only Tech player to receive votes in multiple years. He was eighth in 1962 and runner-up in 1963.[147] Clint Castleberry was the only freshman in the history of the Heisman to finish as high as third until Herschel Walker's third-place finish in 1980.[150] Castleberry and Walker, however, were both surpassed in 2004 by true freshman Adrian Peterson's Heisman runner-up season. Joe Hamilton tied Lothridge's runner-up status in 1999.[151]

Year Name Position Finish
1942 Clint Castleberry HB 3rd
1943 Eddie Prokop QB 5th
1963 Billy Lothridge QB 2nd
1999 Joe Hamilton QB 2nd



Georgia Tech has fielded 50 First Team All-Americans. The first All-Americans at Tech were Walker Carpenter and Everett Strupper in 1917 while the most recent were Durant Brooks in 2007,[152] Michael Johnson in 2008, Derrick Morgan in 2009, and Shaquille Mason in 2014.

Name Position Selected Hometown
Maxie Baughan C 1959 Bessemer, Alabama
Ray Beck G 1951 Cedartown, Georgia
Don Bessillieu DB 1978 Decatur, Georgia
Jim Breland C 1966 Blacksburg, Virginia
George Broadnax E 1948 Atlanta
Durant Brooks P 2007 Macon, Georgia
Chris Brown T 2000 Augusta, Georgia
Pete Brown OC 1952 Rossville, Georgia
Gerry Bussell DB 1964 Jacksonville, Florida
Walker Carpenter T 1917 Newnan, Georgia
Marco Coleman OLB 1990 Dayton, Ohio
Bobby Davis T 1947 Columbus, Georgia
John Davis T 1985 Ellijay, Georgia
A.M. Day C 1918 -
Paul Duke C 1946 Atlanta
Bill Fincher E 1918, 1920 -
Smylie Gebhart DE 1971 Meridian, Mississippi
Rufus Guthrie G 1962 Atlanta
Joe Guyon T, HB 1918 White Earth, Minnesota
Joe Hamilton QB 1999 Alvin, South Carolina
Leon Hardeman HB 1952 LaFayette, Georgia
Harvey Hardy G 1942 Marion, Alabama
Pressley Harvin III P 2020 Alcolu, South Carolina
Bill Healy DG 1948 -
Robert Ison E 1939 -
Calvin Johnson WR 2005, 2006 Tyrone, Georgia
Michael Johnson DE 2008 Selma, Alabama
Billy Lothridge QB 1963 Gainesville, Georgia
Billy Martin E 1963 Gainesville, Georgia
Buck Martin E 1952 Haleyville, Alabama
Shaquille Mason OG 2014 Columbia, Tennessee
Hal Miller OT 1952 Kingsport, Tennessee
Warner Mizell HB 1928 -
Derrick Morgan DE 2009 Coatesville, Pennsylvania
Bobby Moorhead DB 1952 Miami, Florida
George Morris LB 1952 Vicksburg, Mississippi
Larry Morris C 1953 Decatur, Georgia
Craig Page C 1998 Jupiter, Florida
Rock Perdoni DT 1970 Wellesley, Massachusetts
Peter Pund C 1928 Augusta, Georgia
Randy Rhino DB 1972 Charlotte, North Carolina
Coleman Rudolph DT 1992 Valdosta, Georgia
Lucius Sanford LB 1977 Atlanta
Scott Sisson K 1992 Marietta, Georgia
Lenny Snow TB 1966 Daytona Beach, Florida
Frank Speer T 1928 Atlanta
John Steber G 1943 -
Don Stephenson C 1956 Bessemer, Alabama
Everett Strupper HB 1917 Columbus, Georgia
Ken Swilling FS 1990 Toccoa, Georgia
Pat Swilling DE 1985 Toccoa, Georgia
Phil Tinsley E 1944 Bessemer, Alabama
Lamar Wheat DT 1951 Chattanooga, Tennessee

Position award winners


Four Georgia Tech players have been awarded the highest collegiate award possible for their position. Joe Hamilton won the Davey O'Brien Award after his senior season in 1999, Calvin Johnson won the Fred Biletnikoff Award after his junior season in 2006, and Durant Brooks and Pressley Harvin III won the Ray Guy Award in 2007 and 2020 respectively. Hamilton and Johnson were the only Tech players to be named ACC Player of the Year until Jonathan Dwyer received the honor in 2008.[153]

Name Award Year
Joe Hamilton O'Brien 1999
Calvin Johnson Biletnikoff 2006
Durant Brooks Ray Guy 2007
Pressley Harvin III Ray Guy 2020

Post-collegiate accolades


College Football Hall of Fame


Georgia Tech has had three coaches and 14 players inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame just down the street in Atlanta.[154][155] Coaches Heisman, Alexander, and Dodd were inducted in the 1954, 1951, and 1993 classes respectively.

Name Position Played Inducted
Maxie Baughan C 1957–1959 1988
Ray Beck G 1948–1951 1997
Bobby Davis T 1944–1947 1978
Bill Fincher E, T 1916–1920 1974
Buck Flowers HB 1918–1920 1955
Joe Guyon HB, T 1917–1918 1971
Joe Hamilton QB 1996–1999 2014
Calvin Johnson WR 2004-2006 2018
George Morris C 1950–1952 1981
Larry Morris C 1951–1954 1992
Peter Pund C 1926–1928 1963
Randy Rhino S 1972–1974 2002
Everett Strupper HB 1915–1917 1972
Pat Swilling DE 1982–1985 2009

NFL Draft


Georgia Tech has over 150 alumni that have played in the National Football League.[156] Tech has had ten players selected in the first round of the NFL draft since its inception in 1937.[157] The first Georgia Tech player ever to be drafted was Middleton Fitzsimmons in 1937. He was drafted 2nd in the 10th round by the Chicago Bears.[158] The first Tech player selected in the first round was Eddie Prokop in 1945 and the most recent first round Yellow Jackets were Demaryius Thomas and Derrick Morgan in 2010.[157]

First round draft picks
Name Position Year Overall pick Team
Eddie Prokop QB 1945 4 Boston Yanks
Larry Morris LB 1955 7 L.A. Rams
Rufus Guthrie OG 1963 10 L.A. Rams
Kent Hill OG 1979 26 L.A. Rams
Eddie Lee Ivery RB 1979 15 Green Bay Packers
Marco Coleman DE 1992 12 Miami Dolphins
Keith Brooking LB 1998 12 Atlanta Falcons
Calvin Johnson WR 2007 2 Detroit Lions
Demaryius Thomas WR 2010 22 Denver Broncos
Derrick Morgan DE 2010 16 Tennessee Titans

Pro Football Hall of Fame


Three Yellow Jackets have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.[159] Joe Guyon played professional football from 1920 to 1927. Guyon was a collegiate teammate of Jim Thorpe at Carlisle Indian Industrial School before transferring to Georgia Tech. His playing career began with the Canton Bulldogs and finished with the New York Giants. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in the class of 1966.[160] Billy Shaw played professional football for the Buffalo Bills from 1961 to 1969. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in the class of 1999.[161] Calvin Johnson played for the Detroit Lions from 2007 to 2015. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in the class of 2021, his first year of eligibility.[162]

Name Position Played Inducted
Joe Guyon HB, T 1920–1927 1966
Billy Shaw OG 1961–1969 1999
Calvin Johnson WR 2007–2015 2021

Future opponents


Announced schedules as of November 17, 2023.[163][164] With the ACC announcing a 17-team schedule, Georgia Tech plays the following games with no annual rival. Georgia Tech plays each team in the ACC at minimum once every 4 years.

Year Non-conference opponents Home ACC games Away ACC games
2024 vs. Georgia State (8/31) vs. VMI (9/14) vs. Notre Dame1 (10/19) at Georgia (11/30) vs. Florida State2 (8/24) vs. Duke vs. Miami (FL) vs. NC State at Louisville at North Carolina at Syracuse at Virginia Tech
2025 at Colorado (8/30) vs. Gardner-Webb (9/6) vs. Temple (9/20) vs. Georgia (11/29) vs. Clemson vs. Pittsburgh vs. Syracuse vs. Virginia Tech at Boston College at Duke at NC State at Wake Forest
2026 vs. Colorado (9/5) at Georgia State (9/19) at Georgia (11/28) vs. Boston College vs. Duke vs. Louisville vs. Wake Forest at Clemson at Pittsburgh at Stanford at Virginia Tech
2027 vs. Arkansas State (9/4) at Notre Dame (10/2) vs. Georgia (11/27) vs. California vs. North Carolina vs. Louisville vs. Virginia at Florida State at Miami (FL) at Southern Methodist at Wake Forest
2028 at Georgia (11/25) vs. Clemson vs. Pittsburgh vs. Southern Methodist vs. Stanford at California at Duke at Louisville at Virginia
2029 at Notre Dame (11/3) vs. Georgia (11/24) vs. Florida State vs. Louisville vs. Virginia vs. Virginia Tech at Boston College at Clemson at Southern Methodist at Wake Forest
2030 vs Alabama (8/31) at Georgia (11/30) vs. Boston College vs. California vs. Southern Methodist vs. Wake Forest at Louisville at Miami (FL) at Stanford at Syracuse
2031 at Alabama (8/30) vs. Georgia (11/29)
2032 vs. Notre Dame (10/30) at Georgia (11/27)
2033 vs. Georgia (11/26)
2034 at Georgia (11/25)
2035 vs. Georgia (11/24)
2036 vs. Notre Dame (9/27) at Georgia (11/29)
2037 vs. Georgia (11/28)

1. The 2024 game with Notre Dame will be played at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, GA
2.The 2024 game with Florida State will be played at Aviva Stadium in Dublin, Ireland


  1. ^ The Macon Telegraph reported, "The game, while not brilliant, was full of earnest and determined effort, and this sort of playing, is after all, the most enjoyable to watch."[6]
  2. ^ From 1915 to 1920 the team went 45–5–2 and outscored opponents 2180 to 142.
  3. ^ The yearbook remarked, "Bill began his great work on the sand lots of Tech Hi here in Atlanta years ago and ended it up by smearing "Fatty" Warren of the Auburn Tigers all over the flats of Grant Field on Turkey Day last."[20]
  4. ^ Morgan Blake, sports writer for the Atlanta Journal, said of an all-time All-Southern list:[25]

    "It seems to us that one name is left out in this collection, who may have been the best all-around player the South has had. "We have reference to Doug Wycoff of Tech who, for three straight years, was practically the unanimous all-Southern football choice, despite the fact that Georgia Tech had very lean years during his period of play at this institution. If Wycoff had been flanked by such a pair of halfbacks as Red Barron and Buck Flowers, or Thomason and Mizell while he was with the Jackets, he would have been an all-American. As it was he had to carry all of the offensive load and on the defense he was a wheelhorse. He was a great punter and passer. If Wycoff was not the best all-around player the South had produced then he was very close to the peak."

  5. ^ Tech traveled by train to meet the awaiting Golden Bears.
  6. ^ Vance Maree blocked the punt.
  7. ^ After the game, "Stumpy" Thomason acquired a live bear cub. He brought the cub back to Atlanta, where it lived under the bleachers of Grant Field for several years before it moved along with Stumpy up to Pittsburgh.[30]
  8. ^ Despite an extensive six-day search involving American and British search crews, on November 23, 1944, all crew members were officially re-classified from MIA to KNB (killed, no body).[33]


  1. ^ NCAA Statistics✓&org_id=255&sport_code=MFB&commit=Search
  2. ^ "Georgia Tech Athletics – Athletics Brand Guidelines". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  3. ^ "The Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets Official Athletic Site". Archived from the original on June 27, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
  4. ^ NCAA Record✓&org_id=255&sport_code=MFB&commit=Search
  5. ^ a b Thamel, Pete (2006-01-01). "Grier Integrated a Game and Earned the World's Respect". New York Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2015. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  6. ^ Macon Telegraph, November 6, 1892 Archived February 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Byrd, Joseph (Spring 1992). "From Civil War Battlefields to the Moon: Leonard Wood". Tech Topics. Georgia Tech Alumni Association. Archived from the original on February 9, 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2007.
  8. ^ Wallace 1969, p. 467
  9. ^ a b Cromartie, Bill (1977). Clean Old-fashioned Hate: Georgia Vs. Georgia Tech. Strode Publishers. ISBN 0-932520-64-2.
  10. ^ Nelson, Clark (November 19, 2004). "For Tech fans, victory against UGA means far more than ordinary win". The Technique. Archived from the original on February 20, 2006. Retrieved May 17, 2007.
  11. ^ "JESSE THRASH MADE CAPTAIN". Atlanta Constitution. December 14, 1902. p. 35. Retrieved March 18, 2015 – via Open access icon
  12. ^ McMath et al. 1985, p. 96
  13. ^ "On Gridiron In South". Atlanta Constitution. December 25, 1904. p. 7. Retrieved March 10, 2015 – via Open access icon
  14. ^ a b Burns, G. Frank. "222–0: The Story of The Game of the Century". Archived from the original on November 15, 2006. Retrieved March 23, 2007.
  15. ^ "Cumberland 0, Tech 222". Tech Topics. Georgia Tech Alumni Association. Archived from the original on January 3, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
  16. ^ "Tech Timeline: 1910s". Tech Traditions. Georgia Tech Alumni Association. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
  17. ^ a b McMath et al. 1985, p. 140
  18. ^ McMath et al. 1985, p. 141
  19. ^ Wallace 1969, p. 84
  20. ^ "The Blueprint". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  21. ^ Lynn Hogan (1973). "They Walked Away Into Legend..." Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine. 51 (4): 15–19. Archived from the original on March 19, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  22. ^ "Georgia Tech statistics" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  23. ^ "1925 Football Captains". The Stanford Daily. Vol. 68. October 27, 1925. Archived from the original on May 30, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  24. ^ W. A. Alexander (1926). "Forty-Five Yards for Georgia Tech" (PDF). Kansas City Star. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 13, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  25. ^ "Famous Footballers". Times-Picayune. January 30, 1932.
  26. ^ Wallace 1969, pp. 88–90
  27. ^ Stout, Glenn (October 23, 2012). Against All Odds. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780547985381. Archived from the original on May 11, 2017. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
  28. ^ Wallace 1969, pp. 92–93
  29. ^ "Wrong Way Reigels". Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine. Georgia Tech Alumni Association. Spring 1998. Archived from the original on December 27, 2005. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  30. ^ "Stumpy's Bear". Tech Traditions. Georgia Tech Alumni Association. Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
  31. ^ "What is the Ramblin' Reck Club?". Ramblin' Reck Club. Archived from the original on February 10, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
  32. ^ a b "Ramblins – Tech player was legendary on the field and in the sky". The Technique. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2007.
  33. ^ Edwards, Pat (December 6, 1996). "Ramblins". The Technique. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2007.
  34. ^ "Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine Vol. 34, No. 05 1956 by Georgia Tech Alumni Association - Issuu". 3 October 2013.
  35. ^ a b c "Bobby Dodd Bio". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. Archived from the original on July 1, 2007. Retrieved August 10, 2007.
  36. ^ a b "Georgia Tech vs Georgia". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on May 17, 2007. Retrieved August 10, 2007.
  37. ^ a b c d Dodd, Bobby; Jack Wilkinson (1988). Dodd's Luck. Golden Coast Publishing Company. ISBN 0-932958-09-5.
  38. ^ "A Rough Day for the Bear". Sports Illustrated Vault |
  39. ^ a b c d Lapchick, Richard (February 5, 2007). "Georgia Tech's McAshan helped pave the way". ESPN Black History Month. ESPN. Retrieved May 15, 2007. [dead link]
  40. ^ "Bill Fulcher Bio". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. Archived from the original on November 3, 2007. Retrieved August 10, 2007.
  41. ^ "Georgia Tech Yearly Totals 1980-1984". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on April 7, 2007. Retrieved August 11, 2007.
  42. ^ "Ted Roof Bio". GoDuke.Com. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  43. ^ a b Chavez, Luciana (November 24, 2006). "Duke's faith in Roof far from blind". The News & Observer. Archived from the original on November 29, 2006. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  44. ^ "CURRY, SLOAN LIKELY TEAM AT ALABAMA". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. 1987-01-04. ISSN 0190-8286. OCLC 1330888409.
  45. ^ Sally Jenkins (1987-01-06). "ROSS QUITS NFL JOB TO COACH AT GEORGIA TECH". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. ISSN 0190-8286. OCLC 1330888409.
  46. ^ "Ross New Georgia Tech Coach". Chicago Tribune. 7 January 1987.
  47. ^ Clarke, Michael (Winter 1990). "Mays Days". Georgia Tech Alumni Association Technotes. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  48. ^ Clarke, Michael (September 16, 2005). "Football program builds on strong history". The Technique. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 10, 2007.
  49. ^ "1990 National Championship". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved August 10, 2007.
  50. ^ "SPORTS PEOPLE: PRO FOOTBALL; Ross to Leave Ga. Tech And Coach Chargers". The New York Times. January 1, 1992. Archived from the original on April 9, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2007.
  51. ^ "Lewis named Georgia Tech coach".
  52. ^ "Ga. Tech Fires Football Coach". Chicago Tribune. 8 November 1994.
  53. ^ "FSU loss closes out Lewis' career with Georgia Tech".
  54. ^ Sivasubramanian, Raj (January 21, 2000). "Despite bowl loss, '99 football season still memorable to fans". Retrieved September 15, 2007. [dead link]
  55. ^ Ramos, Phil (January 21, 2000). "Hamilton era comes to a stormy end against Hurricanes". The Technique. Retrieved September 15, 2007. [dead link]
  56. ^ Stanger, Derick (July 13, 2001). "Godsey returns to health, ready to start new season". The Technique. Archived from the original on February 20, 2006. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  57. ^ " NCF - Georgia Tech's O'Leary accepts Notre Dame job in principle". Retrieved 2022-12-20.
  58. ^ "Notre Dame Coach Resigns After 5 Days and a Few Lies". The New York Times. December 15, 2001.
  59. ^ "O'Leary out at Notre Dame after one week". Sports Illustrated. December 14, 2001. Archived from the original on September 17, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2007. {{cite magazine}}: Unknown parameter |agency= ignored (help)
  60. ^ "Coach has no one to blame but himself". Sports Illustrated. December 14, 2001. Archived from the original on February 13, 2002. Retrieved September 15, 2007. {{cite magazine}}: Unknown parameter |agency= ignored (help)
  61. ^ "Gailey Hits the Job Running". January 16, 2002.
  62. ^ Handelman, Michael (June 27, 2003). "Shuffle at Athletic Association replaces Moore". The Technique. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
  63. ^ "Sports Shorts: Court rules in favor of Houson". The Technique. November 18, 2005. Archived from the original on May 5, 2006. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
  64. ^ Joshi, Nikhil (July 1, 2005). "Houston arrested in marijuana conspiracy". The Technique. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
  65. ^ "Georgia Tech Penalized for Allowing Academically Ineligible Student-Athletes to Compete, Lack of Institutional Control". NCAA. November 17, 2005. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved September 16, 2007.
  66. ^ Clarke, Michael (December 2, 2005). "NCAA adds to self-imposed sanctions". The Technique. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
  67. ^ "NCAA Preserves Football Record". Buzz Words. Georgia Tech Athletic Association. June 2006. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved September 17, 2007.
  68. ^ "Gailey Relieved Of Duties As Georgia Tech Head Coach". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. November 26, 2007. Archived from the original on November 28, 2007. Retrieved November 26, 2007.
  69. ^ a b Schlabach, Mark (December 7, 2007). "Johnson accepts offer to become Yellow Jackets coach". ESPN. Archived from the original on December 8, 2007. Retrieved December 7, 2007.
  70. ^ "Johnson introduced as Tech coach". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. December 7, 2007. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved April 9, 2008.
  71. ^ "Ga. Tech overcomes 16-point halftime deficit, snaps 7-game skid to Georgia". ESPN. Associated Press. November 29, 2008. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved November 29, 2008.
  72. ^ Ken Sugiura (December 2, 2008). "Ga. Tech's Paul Johnson wins ACC coach of the year". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
  73. ^ Dodd, Dennis (December 2, 2008). " coach of year: Johnson's confidence runneth over". Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  74. ^ "Tech's Johnson gets 53 percent pay raise". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. December 18, 2008. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
  75. ^ "GT hit hard by NCAA: Must vacate 2009 title". 2011-07-14. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  76. ^ "Tevin Washington runs for 176 yards as Georgia Tech knocks off Clemson". Archived from the original on August 31, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
  77. ^ Sugiura, Ken (November 19, 2012). "Miami self-imposes, Tech headed to ACC title game". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on November 22, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  78. ^ Sugiura, Ken (December 2, 2012). "Tech rally falls short in ACC title defeat". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
  79. ^ Scott, David (December 2, 2012). "Seminoles close the deal, beat Georgia Tech to win ACC title". Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
  80. ^ "Georgia Tech 2014 Schedule - Yellow Jackets Home and Away - ESPN". Archived from the original on July 10, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
  81. ^ "Rankings". College Football Playoff. Archived from the original on October 23, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
  82. ^ Final (December 7, 2014). "Florida State vs. Georgia Tech - Game Recap - December 6, 2014 - ESPN". Archived from the original on May 14, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
  83. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  84. ^ "Breaking down 'The Miracle on Techwood Drive'". myajc. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  85. ^ "Relive the Miracle on Techwood Drive |". Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  86. ^ Sugiura, Ken. "Georgia Tech trying to keep run going vs. Hokies". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on October 26, 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  87. ^ Zucker, Joseph (December 26, 2018). "Minnesota Routs Georgia Tech in 2018 Quick Lane Bowl". Bleacher Report. WarnerMedia. Archived from the original on December 27, 2018. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  88. ^ "JOHNSON STEPS DOWN AS HEAD COACH". Ramblin Wreck. Georgia Tech. November 28, 2018. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  89. ^ "Georgia Tech tabs Temple's Collins as coach". 2018-12-06. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  90. ^ "COLLINS NAMED GEORGIA TECH FOOTBALL HEAD COACH". Ramblin Wreck. Georgia Tech. December 7, 2018. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  91. ^ Sugiura, Ken. "Geoff Collins' contract averages $3.3 million annually". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on July 2, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  92. ^ Patterson, Chip; Sallee, Barrett (7 December 2018). "Georgia Tech hires Temple coach Geoff Collins to lead Yellow Jackets football program". CBS Sports. CBS INTERACTIVE. Archived from the original on December 17, 2018. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  93. ^ Northam, Mitchell (September 14, 2019). "FCS over FBS: The Citadel shocks Georgia Tech in overtime". NCAA. Archived from the original on September 23, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  94. ^ Sugiura, Ken (November 18, 2019). "Remembering Georgia Tech's 382-game home non-shutout streak". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Cox Enterprises. Archived from the original on November 19, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  95. ^ "Georgia Tech fires Geoff Collins after 1-3 start to fourth season, AD also ousted amid upheaval, per report". 26 September 2022.
  96. ^ 2018 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records (PDF). The National Collegiate Athletic Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 7, 2020. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  97. ^ Christopher J. Walsh (2007). Who's #1?: 100-Plus Years of Controversial National Champions in College Football. Taylor Trade Pub. pp. 72–73. ISBN 978-1-58979-337-8.
  98. ^ "2018 Information Guide" (PDF). Georgia Tech Athletics. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 25, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  99. ^ Steve Wieberg (July 14, 2011). "Georgia Tech stripped of 2009 ACC title win due to NCAA violations". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 17, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
  100. ^ Brett McMurphy (July 14, 2011). "Georgia Tech vacates 2009 ACC Title". Archived from the original on January 26, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
  101. ^ 2022 Georgia Tech Football Information Guide. Georgia Tech Athletics. 2022. pp. 196–215.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  102. ^ "Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets Bowls". College Football at Archived from the original on January 21, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  103. ^ "100 Years of Georgia Tech Football". Tech Topics. Georgia Tech Alumni Association. Fall 1992. Archived from the original on March 13, 2006. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  104. ^ a b "Bobby Dodd Stadium at Historic Grant Field". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. Archived from the original on April 16, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
  105. ^ a b Edwards, Pat (October 15, 1999). "Students build first stands at Grant Field". The Technique. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  106. ^ McMath et al. 1985, p. 111
  107. ^ "Football's Oldest Stadiums: Witnesses to Game's Evolution". ESPN. December 27, 2007. Archived from the original on January 17, 2008. Retrieved February 17, 2008.
  108. ^ "Georgia vs Georgia Tech (Nov 26, 2005)". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. November 26, 2005. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
  109. ^ "Notre Dame vs Georgia Tech (Sep 02, 2006)". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. September 2, 2006. Archived from the original on February 10, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  110. ^ Associated Press (February 26, 2019). "Georgia Tech to play 5 games at Mercedes-Benz". ESPN. Archived from the original on March 5, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  111. ^ Taylor, John (February 26, 2019). "Georgia Tech announces five future games at Mercedes-Benz Stadium". CollegeFootballTalk. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  112. ^ "One Year from Mayhem at MBS". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. November 14, 2019. Archived from the original on November 19, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  113. ^ "Georgia Tech-Notre Dame football moving from Mercedes-Benz Stadium to Bobby Dodd this year". Gwinnett Daily Post. July 30, 2020. Archived from the original on July 31, 2020. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
  114. ^ Link-Wills, Kimberly (January–February 2010). "The Story Behind GT". Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine. Georgia Tech Alumni Association. p. 96. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
  115. ^ "Winsipedia - Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets vs. Georgia Bulldogs football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on November 27, 2018. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  116. ^ a b "Freshman Auburn, Georgia Tech Rekindle Old Rivalry". CSTV. September 3, 2003. Archived from the original on July 12, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  117. ^ "Winsipedia - Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets vs. Auburn Tigers football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on November 27, 2018. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  118. ^ "Clemson rivalry adds to homecoming fun". The Technique. October 28, 2005. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 28, 2007.
  119. ^ Memories of two dollar bills surround '77 game Archived December 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  120. ^ "Winsipedia - Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets vs. Clemson Tigers football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on November 27, 2018. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  121. ^ "Hokie tackle relishes rematch". November 3, 2010. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
  122. ^ "The Battle of the Techs". College Sports Matchups. October 15, 2009. Archived from the original on November 21, 2010. Retrieved September 20, 2010.
  123. ^ "Winsipedia - Virginia Tech Hokies vs. Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on November 12, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  124. ^ "Georgia Tech, Tennessee to meet in 2017 Chick-Fil-A Kickoff -". Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved November 5, 2021.
  125. ^ "Winsipedia - Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets vs. Tennessee Volunteers football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on November 27, 2018. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  126. ^ "Winsipedia - Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets vs. Vanderbilt Commodores football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on July 1, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  127. ^ "College Football News, Videos, Scores, Teams, Standings, Stats". FOX Sports. Archived from the original on June 29, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  128. ^ "Inside The Chart: The Cowbell". Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. September 15, 2016. Archived from the original on July 2, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  129. ^ "Winsipedia - Alabama Crimson Tide vs. Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on July 13, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  130. ^ "Tech Announces Football Series with Alabama, Georgia State". Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. January 15, 2020. Archived from the original on July 1, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  131. ^ "Alabama and Georgia Tech to Renew Rivalry After 36 Years". Roll 'Bama Roll. January 15, 2020. Archived from the original on July 1, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  132. ^ "Future Georgia Tech Football Schedules". Archived from the original on July 1, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  133. ^ "BlueAndGold - Notre Dame To Play Georgia Tech At Mercedes-Benz Stadium In 2020, 2024". February 26, 2019. Archived from the original on July 3, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  134. ^ "Winsipedia - Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets vs. Notre Dame Fighting Irish football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  135. ^ "Winsipedia - Duke Blue Devils vs. Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on June 22, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  136. ^ "Georgia Tech Football: A quick historical look at the Jackets' series against Duke". November 15, 2017. Archived from the original on July 1, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  137. ^ "Tech Set for 87th All-Time Matchup with Duke". Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. October 8, 2019. Archived from the original on July 4, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  138. ^ "An Old Rivalry Renewed: No. 16 Football Hosts Tulane". Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. September 7, 2015. Archived from the original on July 3, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  139. ^ "Winsipedia - Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets vs. Tulane Green Wave football series history". Winsipedia. Archived from the original on September 18, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  140. ^ "History of the Ramblin' Reck". The Ramblin' Reck Club. Archived from the original on February 10, 2007. Retrieved March 4, 2007.
  141. ^ McNair, Cam (Winter 2004). "Give My Wife Some Credit" (PDF). Tech Topics. Georgia Tech Alumni Association. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 28, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2007.
  142. ^ "College Mascots – Top 25 in the USA". October 3, 1959. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  143. ^ Edwards, Pat (September 16, 1999). "Yellow Jacket Alley gets the game going". The Technique. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 16, 2007.
  144. ^ "Freshman Survival: You certainly won't find these in Webster's..." The Technique. August 23, 2002. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
  145. ^ Cunningham, Robert (October 12, 2001). "Techsters swarm to join student-run cheering squad". The Technique. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 16, 2007.
  146. ^ "Angelo Bertelli Heisman Voting". Archived from the original on August 5, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  147. ^ a b "Player Honors" (PDF). Georgia Tech Athletic Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2016. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  148. ^ "Eddie Lee Ivery Stats". Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  149. ^ "2006 Expanded Heisman Trophy voting results". MSNBC. Archived from the original on May 14, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  150. ^ Heerji, Asif (September 1, 2006). "Legend of Castleberry remains in Tech lore". The Technique. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  151. ^ "Player Bio: Joe Hamilton". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  152. ^ "Georgia Tech All-Americans". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. Archived from the original on April 1, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  153. ^ "Calvin Johnson Player Achievements". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. Archived from the original on November 24, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  154. ^ "National Football Foundation - Official Athletics Website". National Football Foundation. Archived from the original on September 13, 2020. Retrieved September 12, 2020.
  155. ^ "Randy Rhino to Enter College Football Hall of Fame". Georgia Tech Athletic Association. May 7, 2002. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  156. ^ "NFL Players who attended Georgia Institute of Technology". Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  157. ^ a b "NFL All-Time First Round Picks". Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  158. ^ "1937 NFL Player Draft". Archived from the original on October 15, 2007. Retrieved October 4, 2007.
  159. ^ "Hall of Famers by College". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  160. ^ "Joe Guyon". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  161. ^ "Billy Shaw". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  162. ^ "Calvin Johnson". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 7, 2021. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  163. ^ "Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets Football Future Schedules". Archived from the original on January 19, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
  164. ^ "ACC Announces Future Conference Football Schedule Model". 30 October 2023. Retrieved November 17, 2023.


  • McMath, Robert C.; Bayor, Ronald H.; Brittain, James E.; Foster, Lawrence; Giebelhaus, August W.; Reed, Germaine M. (1985). Engineering the New South: Georgia Tech 1885-1985. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press.
  • Wallace, Robert (1969). Dress Her in WHITE and GOLD: A biography of Georgia Tech. Georgia Tech Foundation.