Georgian cuisine

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Khachapuri
Adjaruli Khachapuri, Restaurant Aragvi.jpg
Adjaran open khachapuri
Type Pie
Course appetizer/street food
Place of origin Georgia
Region or state Caucasus
Serving temperature hot
Main ingredients Cheese, eggs, bread
Variations open, closed
Cookbook: Khachapuri  Media: Khachapuri

Georgian cuisine (Georgian: ქართული სამზარეულო; kartuli samzareulo) refers to the cooking styles and dishes created by Georgian people. The Georgian cuisine is unique to the country, but also carries some influences from other Caucasian, Eastern European and nearby Middle Eastern culinary traditions. Each historical province of Georgia has its own distinct culinary tradition, with variations such as Megrelian, Kakhetian, and Imeretian cuisines. Rich with meat dishes, the Georgian cuisine also offers a variety of vegetarian dishes.

Georgian cuisine is the result of the broad interplay of culinary ideas carried along the trade routes by merchants and travelers alike.[1] The importance of both food and drink to Georgian culture is best observed during a feast called supra, when a huge assortment of dishes are prepared, always accompanied by large amounts of wine, and that can last for hours. In a Georgian feast, the role of the tamada (toastmaster) is an important and honoured position.

Regional Cuisines[edit]

Abkhaz cuisine[edit]

Abkhaz cuisine uses a lot of spices, walnuts.

  • The most popular dishes from Abkhazia are : Abysta (Porridge made of corn, similar to the Mingrelian Ghomi), Apyrpylchara (Pepper skin stuffed with walnut sauce), Achma (Similar to lasagna), Aritsvmgeli (Corn bread with walnut), Achash (Abkhaz chudu, with cheese), Achapa (Kidney beans with walnut).
  • The most popular dessert is Akuarkuar, cookie with honey.
  • The most famous Abkhaz wines are Lykhny, Apsny, Anakopia, etc,...

Adjar cuisine[edit]

Adjar cuisine is considered as a very diversified cuisine, which was influenced by its nature (Seaside, mountainous part) and by history.

  • In the mountainous Adjara, the main products are dairy products and the dishes are more fat and heavy and on the other side, in the seaside of the region, dishes are mostly spiced, and uses a lot of fresh herbs.
  • The most popular dishes in Adjara are : Adjaruli Khachapuri (აჭარული ხაჭაპური), Borano (ბორანო - chopped cheese fried in ghee), Chirbuli (ჩირბული - Omelette with walnuts and tomato), Khavitsi (ხავიწი - Porridge of corn with ghee), Sinori (სინორი, Made of Nadughi and unleavened dough), Pakhlava (პახლავა - Version of the Turkish Baklava) and Shaqarlama (შაქარლამა - Biscuit),

Gurian cuisine[edit]

The cuisine of Guria is based mostly on poultry meat (especially chicken meat), corn-bread (Mchadi) and on walnuts, like the cuisine of Imereti.

  • The most popular dishes from Guria are : Satsivi (საცივი - Meat, mostly of chicken/turkey in walnut sauce called bazhe), Mchadi (მჭადი - Cornbread), Kupati (კუპატი - Sausage made from pork meat), Badrijani Nigvzit (ბადრიჯანი ნიგვზით - Fried eggplant with walnut sauce), Pkhali (ფხალი) and Kuchmachi (კუჭმაჭი - Chicken livers with walnut sauce and pomegranate).

Appetizers[edit]

  • Abkhazura (აფხაზურა) : Caul fat rolled meatballs from Abkhazia.
  • Ajapsandali (აჯაფსანდალი) : Traditional Georgian meal, consisted of eggplants, potatoes, onions and spices.
  • Badrijnis Khizilala (ბადრიჯნის ხიზილალა) : Fried and chopped eggplants. The name means Eggplant Caviar.
  • Ispanakhi (ისპანახი) : Spinach pkhali.
  • Jonjoli (ჯონჯოლი) : Pickled sprouts from a bush that grows in the area.
  • Khachapuri (ხაჭაპური) : Cheese-bread with regional variation. This dish is very popular outside Georgia especially in the ex-USSR.
  • Khizilala (ხიზილალა) : Caviar.
  • Kuchmachi (კუჭმაჭი) : Dish made of chicken livers.
  • Kupati (კუპატი) : Fried sausage from Western Georgia.
  • Lobiani (ლობიანი) : Bean-stuffed Khachapuri.
  • Lobio (ლობიო) : Mashed beans with spices.
  • Matsoni (მაწონი) : Dairy product, Greek yoghurt like.
  • Mchadi (მჭადი) : Corn bread.
  • Muzhuzhi (მუჟუჟი) : Jelly of pork
  • Nadughi (ნადუღი) : Dairy product, cream like.
  • Nigzviani Badrijani (ნიგზვიამი ბადრიჯანი) : Fried eggplant and walnut sauce.
  • Pkhali (ფხალი) : Minced and chopped vegetables, mostly made of spinach, beet, cabbage, etc,...
  • Satsivi (საცივი) : Walnut sauce in which we can put turkey, chicken, fish meats.

Breads[edit]

Old Georgian bakery oven used to make tone bread (tonis puri)

Traditional Georgian breads are varied, and include tonis puri, khacha puri (cheese bread), Shotis Puri, mesxuri puri, and mchadi. Georgian breads are traditionally baked in a large, round, well-shaped oven called t'one.

Cheeses[edit]

Imeruli cheese in a Tbilisi shop

Salads[edit]

Traditional Georgian vegetable salad with walnuts
Beetroot pkhali with walnuts
  • Ispanakhi Matsvnit
  • Ispanakhis
  • Kartophilis
  • Katmis
  • Khakhvis
  • Khilis
  • Kiborchkhalis
  • Kitris
  • Kombosto vashlit
  • Kombostos
  • Kvertskhis
  • Lobios
  • Pkhali
  • Sagazapkhulo
  • Satatsuris
  • Sokos
  • Staphilos
  • Tarkhunis
  • Tcharkhali vashlit
  • Tcharkhlis

Soups and stews[edit]

  • Arjakelis
  • Balbis
  • Bostneulis
  • Chikhirtma
  • Domkhlis
  • Dos
  • Gholos
  • Gogris
  • Ispanakhis
  • Katmis
  • Kharcho
  • Lobios
  • Makhokhis
  • Matsvnis
  • Mukhudos
  • Nivris
  • Pomidvris
  • Puris Kharsho
  • Qvelis
  • Satatsuris
  • Shindis
  • Staphilos

Fish[edit]

Sterlet with satsivi sauce
  • Chakhokhbili Oraguli
  • Kalmakhi Tarkhunit
  • Kephali
  • Khizilala
  • Kibo Kindzit
  • Kibo Mokharshuli
  • Kibo Tetri Ghvinit
  • Kobri Nigvzit da Brotseulit
  • Loko Kindzmatshi
  • Loko Tsiteli Ghvinit
  • Oraguli Nigvzit
  • Shebolili Kephali
  • Shemtsvari Tarti
  • Sterlet
  • Tarti Tetri ghvinit
  • Tevzi Bazheshi
  • Tevzi Pamidvrit
  • Tsotskhali
  • Tsvera Nigvzit da Brotseulit
  • Zutkhi Kaklis photolshi
  • Zutkhi Shemtsvari
  • Zutkhis Mtsvadi

Meat[edit]

A plate of Khinkali

Poultry[edit]

  • Bati Shavi kliavit
  • Chakhokhbili
  • Chicken tabaka
  • Chikhirtma
  • Chkhmeruli
  • Ikhvi Bostneulit
  • Ikhvis Chakhokhbili
  • Indauris garo
  • Katami Brinjit
  • Katami Gatenili Kuch-gvidzlit
  • Katami Nivrit
  • Katmis Mkhali
  • Kutchmatchi
  • Satsivi Kvertskhit
  • Shemtsvari Indauri
  • Tsitsila Abkhazurd
  • Tsitsila Shindit

Sauces and spices[edit]

Sauces and spices common in Georgian cuisine include:

Vegetarian dishes[edit]

  • Ajapsandali
  • Badrijani Brinjit
  • Badrijani Mtsvanilit
  • Badrijani Nigvzit
  • Badrijnis Borani
  • Badrijnis khizilala
  • Ekala Nigvzit
  • Gogris Guphta
  • Ispanakhi
  • Ispanakhi Kvertskhit
  • Kartopili Kvartskhit
  • Kartopili Nigvzit
  • Kombosto Nigvzit
  • Lobiani
  • Lobio Nigvzit
  • Mtsvane Lobio
  • Satatsuri Nigvzit
  • Sazapkhulo Tolma
  • Soko
  • Soko Naghebit
  • Tolma

Desserts[edit]

  • Alublis Ghvezeli
  • Alublis Muraba
  • Churchkhela
  • Gozinaki
  • Phelamushi
  • Qada
  • Muraba (kaklis muraba, komshis muraba, sazamtros muraba, vardis muraba, etc.)
  • Nazuki
  • Paska
  • Phenovani
  • Qaviani
  • Taphlis kveri

Beverages[edit]

Alcoholic drinks from Georgia include chacha and wine (especially Georgian wine). Some of the most well-known Georgian wines include Pirosmani, Alazani, Akhasheni, Saperavi, and Kindzmarauli. Wine culture in Georgia dates back thousands of years, and many Georgian wines are made from traditional Georgian grape varieties that are little known in the West, such as Saperavi and Rkatsiteli. Georgian wine is well known throughout Eastern Europe, and is a significant national export, with exports of over 10 million bottles of wine per year. Georgia is also home to many beer brands, including Natakhtari, Kazbegi, Argo, Kasri, and Karva.

Lagidze water is a Georgian flavored soda drink, made with a variety of natural syrups, sold bottled or mixed directly in a glass from a soda fountain. Common types of mineral water from Georgia include Borjomi, Nabeghlavi, Likani, and Sairme.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia, Volume 1, Ken Albala, p. 125

External links[edit]