Georgian suffixes vary by region. The most common Georgian suffixes are:
- -shvili (-შვილი): meaning "child": from western and eastern Georgia. E.g. Baratashvili, Andronikashvili, Guramishvili etc.
- -dze (-ძე): meaning "son": from western Georgia. E.g. Abashidze, Chavchavadze etc.
- -eli (-ელი): meaning "from (place)": from eastern and western Georgia. E.g. Jaqeli, Tsereteli, Amashukeli etc.
- -uri and -uli (-ური) and (-ული): from mountainous eastern Georgia. E.g. Donauri and Burduli
- -ani (-ანი): Svan surname from mountainous western Georgia. E.g. Dadeshkeliani, Dadiani, Kipiani etc.
- -ia, -ua, -ava and -skiri (-ია), (-უა), (-ავა) and (-სკირი): Mingrelian surname from western Georgia. E.g. Abakelia, Chichua, Gvazava, Kvekveskiri etc.
- -shi (-ში): Laz surname from western Georgia. E.g. Tugushi, Khalvashi etc.
- -khi (-ხი): from southern Georgia. E.g. Meskhi, Lashkhi etc.
- -kva (-ყვა): from western Georgia. E.g. Ingorokva, Rokva etc.
- -ioni (-იონი): from eastern and western Georgia. E.g. Bagrationi, Kimerioni etc.
- -ti (-ტი): from western Georgia. E.g. Glonti, Jgenti etc.
- -di (-დი): surname from mountainous eastern Georgia E.g. Dzolbordi.
- -ba (-ბა): from western Georgia. E.g. Ukleba.
- -re (-რე): from western Georgia. E.g.Galogre
- -ri (-რი): from western Georgia. E.g Mudziri.
The first recorded Georgian surnames date to the 7th–8th century. They were mostly toponymic in nature (such as Surameli, Machabeli, Orbeli), patronymic, or derived from the profession, social status, position, or title, which was hereditary in the family (such as Amilakhvari, Amirejibi, Eristavi etc.). Beginning from the 13th century, the surnames became more frequently based upon patronymics, a tradition which became almost universal in the 17th–18th century. Some of the Georgian surnames indicate ethnicity or regional origin of the family, and are also generated as patronymics. Examples are Kartvelishvili ("child of Kartveli", i.e., Georgian), Megrelishvili ("child of Megreli", i.e., Mingrelian), Cherkezishvili ("child of Cherkezi", i.e., Circassian), Abkhazishvili ("child of Abkhazi", i.e., Abkhazian), Somkhishvili ("child of Somekhi", i.e., Armenian), Berdzenishvili ("child of Berdzeni", i.e., Greek), Prangishvili ("child of Prangi", i.e., French).
There are some very rare Georgian surnames like Jolbordi, Galogre, Lapachi, Molodini, Shermadini, Sivsive etc.
According to the Public Service Hall the most common Georgian surnames are: