Georgina Pope

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Georgina Pope.

Georgina Pope (1862–1938) was a Canadian nurse who served with distinction in the Second Boer War and First World War.

Early life and upbringing[edit]

Georgina Fane Pope was born January 1, 1862 in Prince Edward Island. The daughter of William Pope, a Father of the Confederation, she was a product of P.E.I gentility and could have doubtlessly had a comfortable marriage and became an island socialite.[1] However, she instead travelled to New York, where she trained as a nurse at Bellevue Hospital.

Boer War and Canadian Army Nursing Service[edit]

Statue of Pope in Ottawa

In October 1899, after completing nursing studies at Bellevue Hospital in New York City, she volunteered for nursing service in the Second Boer War. Placed in command of the first group of nurses to go overseas, she served for more than a year in South Africa. For the first five months she and four other volunteer nurses served at British hospitals north of Cape Town. After, Pope and another sister proceeded North to Kroonstadt where, despite shortages in food and medical supplies, took charge of a military hospital and successfully cared for 230 sufferers of entric fever.

In 1901, Pope, along with two other nurses, Deborah Hurcomb and Sarah Forbes, received medals for their war service from the Duke of York, later King George V, during his tour to the Outposts of the British Empire.[2] She returned there in 1902 with the Canadian Army Nursing Service in charge of a second group of 8 Canadian nurses. She served at a hospital in Natal until the end of the war in May that year. In 1903, she became the first Canadian to receive the Royal Red Cross, awarded to her for meritorious and distinguished service in the field.

In 1908 she was appointed first Matron of the Canadian Army Medical Corps.

In 1917, aged 55, Pope, although in poor health went to work near Ypres and served for the remainder of the Great War until 1918.

Later life[edit]

Pope served in England and France during the First World War.

Georgina Pope died June 6, 1938. She was granted a full military funeral. Georgina is one of fourteen figures from Canada's military history commemorated at the Valiants Memorial in Ottawa.


In 2012 Canadian artist Laurie McGaw designed a five dollar coin in honour of four nurses. Georgina Pope stands in the foreground of the coin in front of three others. The coin is made of fine silver and is 99.99% pure, and its production was limited to 10,000.