|Born||13 May 1907|
Taryshta, Tomsk Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||28 December 1994 (aged 87)|
|Rank||Colonel general of the aviation|
Georgy Baydukov was born at the Taryshta railway station in the Tomsk Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia) to a railway worker. He became an orphan at the age of 9 and was homeless for some time. Baydukov was taken to an orphanage and worked in railway construction for some time.
Georgy Baydukov was transferred to the Air Force's Testing institute and became an aircraft test pilot in 1931. He tested a number of fighter planes from 1931-1934 and was instrumental in developing instrument flight rules for the Soviet Air Force.
Ultra-long distance flights
Georgy Baydukov became a student at the Air Force Academy in 1934. During that time, he became involved with a number of ultra-long distance flights conducted by the Soviet Union. He tried to reach North America flying from Russia via the North Pole in August 1935 as a member of Levanevsky's crew, flying the ANT-25. The flight was terminated because of technical problems. Baydukov continued to participate in the testing of the ANT-25 from 1935–1936.
Valery Chkalov, Georgiy Baydukov and A. V. Belyakov flew an improved ANT-25 via the North Pole to Udd Island, in the Sea of Okhotsk (distance 9,374 km, flight time 56 h 20 min) from July 20, 1936 to July 22, 1936. Georgiy Baydukov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for this deed on July 24, 1936.
During the Second World War
Georgy Baydukov participated in the Soviet-Finnish War from 1939–1940. He served in 85th Bomber Regiment.
Soviet leader Josef Stalin sent Baydukov to meet with US president Franklin D. Roosevelt to secure the purchase of warplanes in 1941. He managed to arrange the sale of several P-39 Airacobra fighter planes to the Soviet Union. He returned to the front lines in January 1942.
Baydukov served as deputy commander of the 31st Mixed Aviation Division from December 1941. In February, he became commander of the division. In March 1942, he became commander of the Air Force of the 4th Shock Army. In May 1942, Baydukov was appointed commander of the 211th Mixed Aviation Division. In June 1942, he became commander of the 212th Assault Aviation Division. In May 1943, the division became the 4th Guards Assault Aviation Division. In January 1944, Baydukov became commander of the 4th Assault Aviation Corps.
In December 1945, Baydukov became deputy commander of the 13th Air Army. In July 1946, he became deputy head of the State Red Banner Air Force Research and Testing Institute for flight testing. Baydukov participated in the Tupolev Tu-70 tests in fall 1947. In December 1947, he became head of the Main Department of the Civil Air Fleet (GVF). In September 1949, Baydukov entered the Higher Military Academy, graduating in December 1951.
Georgy Baydukov served with the Soviet Air Force in various capacities until 1988, when he retired with the rank of Colonel General.
Honours and awards
- Knight of the highest number of orders of the USSR (22 orders)
- Hero of the Soviet Union
- Two Orders of Lenin / Hero of the Soviet Union
- Order of the October Revolution
- Four Orders of the Red Banner
- Order of Kutuzov 1st class
- Two Orders of Suvorov 2nd class
- Order of Kutuzov 2nd class
- Order of the Patriotic War 1st class
- Order of the Patriotic War 2nd class
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour
- Order of Friendship of Peoples
- Four Orders of the Red Star
- Order for Service to the Homeland 1st, 2nd, and 3rd class
- Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- campaign and jubilee medals
- State Prize of the USSR
- Officer of the Legion of Merit (USA)
- Army Distinguished Service Medal (USA)
- Distinguished Flying Cross (USA)
- Medal for Odra, Nisso and the Baltic (Poland)
- Medal for Warsaw (Poland)
- Order of the Grunwald Cross 2nd Class (Poland)
- Order of Polonia Restituta 2nd and 3rd classes (Poland)
- Order of Sukhbaatar (Mongolia)
- Order of the Red Znamyani (Mongolia)
- Czechoslovak War Cross (Czechoslovakia)
- Order of the White Lion 1st Class (Czechoslovakia)
- Order of the White Lion 1st Class For Victory
- Baydukov Island
- Picture of Pilots Valery Chkalov, Georgy Baydukov and Alexander Belyakov sitting next to their plane on Udd Island
- Anatoliy Kvochur's Su-30 Airplane Lands at Zhukovskiy
- Gribanov, Stanislav (1998). "The role of US lend‐lease aircraft in Russia in World War II". The Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 11 (1): 96–115. doi:10.1080/13518049808430330.
- "Georgy Baydukov". warheroes.ru (in Russian).
- «Рекорды Советской наградной системы» Емельянов Ю. Н., Шляхтин А. В.