Georgy Lvov

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Georgy Lvov
Георгий Львов
Georgy Lvov 1918.jpg
1st Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government
In office
15 March 1917 – 21 July 1917
Preceded by Nikolai Golitsyn
(Prime Minister of Russia)
Succeeded by Alexander Kerensky
Minister of Interior
In office
15 March 1917 – 21 July 1917
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Alexander Protopopov
Succeeded by Nikolai Avksentiev
8th Prime Minister of Russia
In office
15 March 1917 – 21 July 1917
Preceded by Nikolai Golitsyn
Succeeded by Alexander Kerensky
Personal details
Born Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov
November 2, 1861
Dresden, Saxony, Germany
Died March 7, 1925 (age 63)
Paris, France
Nationality Russian
Political party Constitutional Democratic[citation needed]
Alma mater Moscow State University
Profession Politician

Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov (Russian: Гео́ргий Евге́ньевич Львов; 2 November 1861 – 7/8 March 1925) was a Russian statesman and the first post-imperial prime minister of Russia, from 15 March to 21 July 1917.

Pre-Revolution[edit]

Prince Lvov was born in Dresden, Germany, and descended from the sovereign Viking princes of Yaroslavl. His family moved home to Popovka in the Aleksin district of Tula Governorate from Germany soon after his birth. He graduated from the University of Moscow with a degree in law, then worked in the civil service until 1893. During the Russo-Japanese War he organized relief work in the East and in 1905, and he joined the liberal Constitutional Democratic Party. A year later he won election to the First Duma, and was nominated for a ministerial position. He became chairman of the All-Russian Union of Zemstvos in 1914, and in 1915 he became a leader of the Union of Zemstvos as well as a member of Zemgor, a joint committee of the Union of Zemstvos and the Union of Towns that helped supply the military and tend to the wounded from World War I. In December 1916, after Prince Lvov's tirades at the Congress of Zemstvos, the Voluntary Organisations would allow no one to work for the government unless their collaboration were purchased by political concessions.[1]

He married Countess Julia Alexeievna Bobrinskaya (1867–1903), great-great-granddaughter of Grigory Orlov and Catherine the Great, without issue.

Later years[edit]

During the first Russian Revolution and the abdication of Nicholas II, emperor of Russia, Lvov was made head of the provisional government founded by the Duma on 2 March. Unable to rally sufficient support, he resigned in July 1917 in favour of his Minister of War, Alexander Kerensky.

After the October Revolution he settled in Tyumen. In the winter of 1918 he was arrested and transferred to Yekaterinburg. Three months later, Lvov, and two other prisoners (Lopukhin and Prince Golitsyn) were released before the court under a written undertaking not to leave the place, and Lvov immediately left Yekaterinburg, made his way to Omsk, occupied by the rebellious Czechoslovakian corps. The Provisional Siberian Government, headed by Pyotr Vologodsky, was formed in Omsk and instructed Lvov to leave for the United States (since it was believed that this country was capable of providing the fastest and most effective assistance to anti-Bolshevik forces) to meet with President Woodrow Wilson and other statesmen to inform them on the aims of the anti-Soviet forces and receiving assistance from former allies of Russia in the First World War. In October 1918 he came to the United States but was late as in November of the same year the First World War ended and preparations began for the peace conference in Paris, where the center of world politics moved.

Having failed to achieve any practical results in the USA, Lvov returned to France, where in 1918–1920 he was at the head of the Russian political meeting in Paris. He was at the source of the labor exchanges system to help Russian emigrants, transferred to their disposal the funds of Zemgor, stored in the National Bank of the United States. Later he left politics, living in Paris in poverty, working at handicraft and writing his memoirs.

Memorials[edit]

There is a memorial to Prince Lvov in Aleksin as well as a small exhibition on him in the town museum. In Popovka there is another memorial opposite his local church and a plaque on the wall of the local school he founded. He died in Boulogne-sur-Seine and is buried in Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Russian Cemetery in France.

A relative of his by the name of Prince Andre Nikita Lwoff (1901–1933), variously described as either Georgy Lvov's son or nephew, is buried in the old cemetery in Menton.

Further reading[edit]

Lvov wrote an autobiography, 'Воспоминания' ("Memories"), while in exile and a biography was also written in 1932 by Tikhon Polner entitled 'Жизненный путь князя Георгія Евгеніевича Львова. Личность. Взгляды. Условія дѣятельности' ("The Life Course of Prince Georgy Yevgenievich Lvov. Personality. Views. Conditions of Activity"). Neither has been translated but both have been reprinted and are still available in Russian.

Notes[edit]

Note on transliteration: An older French form, Lvoff, is used on his tombstone. Georgy can be written as Georgi and is sometimes seen in its translated form, George or Jorge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ G. Katkov (1967) Russia 1917. The February Revolution, p. 228.

External links[edit]

  • Wikisource "Lvov, Prince George Eugenievich". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). 1922.
  • (in Russian) Lvov Days and memorials
  • (in Russian) Aleksin Museum of Art and Regional Studies
  • (in Russian) Publishers of Lvov's biographies
Political offices
Preceded by
Nikolai Golitsyn
(Prime Minister)
Nicholas II of Russia
(Emperor)
Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government
15 March 1917 – 21 July 1917
Succeeded by
Alexander Kerensky