Energy in Mexico

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Energy in Mexico describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Mexico. Electricity sector in Mexico is the main article of electricity in Mexico.

In 2008, Mexico produced 234 TWh, from which 86 TWh are coming from thermal plant, 39 TWh from hydro-power, 18 TWh from coal, 9,8 TWh from nuclear power, 7 TWh from geothermal power and 0,255 TWh from wind power.[1] Mexico is among the top oil producers and exporters in the world.

Overview[edit]

Energy in Mexico[2]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 104.0 1,925 2,952 1,002 188 374
2007 105.7 2,143 2,920 723 214 438
2008 106.6 2,100 2,717 549 215 408
2009 107.4 2,031 2,559 492 218 400
2010 108.3 2,071 2,633 508 226 417
2012 109.2 2,165 2,654 418 250 432
2012R 117.1 2,191 2,547 266 246 436
2013 118.4 2,224 2,518 253 255 452
Change 2004-10 4.1 % 7.6 % -10.8 % -49.3 % 20.3 % 11.6 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh. Prim. energy includes energy losses

2012R = CO2 calculation criteria changed, numbers updated

Oil production[edit]

President Lázaro Cárdenas expropriated foreign oil companies in the late 1930s. Since then, Pemex, the national company produces oil in Mexico. Main fields are Chicontepec Field, Cantarell Field and Ku-Maloob-Zaap. In 2008, oil production has declined 9,2% to 3,96 millions barils a day while natural gas production increased 14,2% to 6,92 cubic feet.[3]

According to IEA Mexico was one of the top oil producers in 2009. Top oil producers in 2009 were (Mt): Russia 494 Mt (13%), Saudi Arabia 452 Mt (12%), US 320 Mt (8%), Iran 206 Mt (5%), China 194 Mt (5%), Canada 152 Mt (4%), Mexico 146 Mt (4%), Venezuela 126 Mt (3%), Kuwait 124 Mt (3%) and United Arab Emirates 120 Mt (3%).[4]

Renewable energy[edit]

Geothermal power[edit]

Mexico has the third greatest geothermal energy production with an installed capacity of 959.50 MW by December 2007. This represents 3.24% of the total electricity generated in the country.[5][6][7] Mexico is also home to the largest geothermal power stations in the world, the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Station.

Wind power[edit]

Main article: Wind power in Mexico

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.energia.gob.mx/webSener/portal/index.jsp?id=71
  2. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015, 2014 (2012R as in November 2015 + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  3. ^ http://www.ri.pemex.com/index.cfm?action=statusfilecat&categoryfileid=4406, Pemex fact sheet, visited on 12 December 2009
  4. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 pages 11, 21
  5. ^ Federal Commission of Electricity of Mexico/Geothermal-electric production 2007
  6. ^ Main aspects of geothermal energy in Mexico
  7. ^ IGA electricity generation for Mexico

External links[edit]