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Geotrygon is a bird genus in the pigeon and dove family (Columbidae). Its members are called quail-doves and all live in the Neotropics. The 11 species of this genus have ranges from southern Mexico and Central America to the West Indies and South America. Quail-doves are ground-dwelling birds that live, nest, and feed in dense forests. They are remarkable for their purple to brown coloration with light-and-dark facial markings.
It contains the following species:
- Sapphire quail-dove, Geotrygon saphirina
- Indigo-crowned quail-dove, Geotrygon purpurata
- Grey-fronted quail-dove, Geotrygon caniceps
- White-fronted quail-dove or Hispaniolan quail-dove, Geotrygon leucometopius
- Crested quail-dove, Geotrygon versicolor
- Key West quail-dove, Geotrygon chrysia
- Bridled quail-dove, Geotrygon mystacea
- Violaceous quail-dove, Geotrygon violacea
- Ruddy quail-dove, Geotrygon montana
- Puerto Rican quail-dove, Geotrygon larva - prehistoric
Members of the genera Zentrygon and Leptotrygon are also known as quail-doves and were formerly included in Geotrygon. The species Starnoenas cyanocephala was previously referred to as a quail-dove, though this English name is now incorrect.
- Gibbs, David; Barnes, Eustace; Cox, John (2001). Pigeons and Doves: A Guide to the Pigeons and Doves of the World. Yale University Press. pp. 370–390. ISBN 0-300-07886-2.
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