Gepard-class frigate

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A grey ship at dock
A Gepard-class frigate
Class overview
Name: Gepard class (Project 1166.1)
Builders: Zelenodolsk Shipyard/Zelenodolsky Plant Gorky (Зеленодольский завод имени A.M. Горького)
Operators:
Preceded by: Koni class
Built: 1991–
Building: 2
Planned: 8
Completed: 4
Active: 4
General characteristics
Type: Frigate
Displacement:
  • 1,500 tons (standard)
  • 1,930 tons (full load)
Length: 102.14 m (335.1 ft) (93.5 m waterline)
Beam: 13.09 m (42.9 ft)
Draught: 5.3 m (17 ft)
Propulsion: 2 shaft CODOG, 2 × gas turbines (29,300 shp (21,800 kW) each), 1 × Type 61D Diesel (8,000 bhp (6,000 kW)), 3 × 600 kW (800 hp) diesel alternator sets
Speed: 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Range: 4,000 nmi (7,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Endurance: 15 days
Complement: 98
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: Cross Dome surface & air search radar
  • Cruise missile targeting: Bass Stand
  • Navigational radar: (unknown type)
  • Fire control radar: Pop Group SA-N-4, Bass Tilt for AK-630
  • Sonar: Medium-frequency hull mounted, medium-frequency towed variable depth sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:

The Russian Gepard-class frigates (Project 1166.1) is a class of frigates that were intended as successors to the earlier Koni, Grisha, and Parchim-class corvettes. The first unit of the class, Yastreb (Hawk), was laid down at the Zelenodol'sk Zavod shipyard at Tatarstan in 1991. She was launched in July 1993, after which she began fitting out; fitting was nearly completed by late 1995, when it was suspended due to lack of funds. Renamed Tatarstan, the ship was finally completed in July 2002, and became the flagship of the Caspian Flotilla. She has two sister ships, Albatros (renamed Dagestan), and Burevestnik (Storm Petrel), which was still under construction as of 2012.

Design[edit]

These vessels are capable of employing their weapons systems in conditions up to Sea State 5. The hull and superstructure are constructed primarily of steel, with some aluminium-magnesium being used in the upper superstructure. They are equipped with fin stabilizers and twin rudders, and can use either gas turbines or diesel for propulsion in a CODOG configuration.

Export models[edit]

The Gepard class was designed from the outset as a lightweight, inexpensive export vessel. The Russians have offered five variants for foreign sale.

  • Gepard 1: Helicopter platform (no hangar), VDS deleted.
  • Gepard 2: Helicopter platform and hangar, VDS and SA-N-4 deleted.
  • Gepard 3: Increased beam of 13.8 metres (45 ft 3 in), displacement increased to 2,100 tons full load, single forward-placed Kortik CIWS in place of AK-630s, helicopter hangar above VDS housing.
  • Gepard 4: Unarmed version for search-and-rescue, though weapon mountings still in place.
  • Gepard 5: helicopter platform (no hangar), increased range to 6,000 nmi (11,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h) knots, reduced speed of 23 knots (43 km/h), gas turbines replaced with 2 8,000 bhp (6,000 kW) diesels.

The Vietnam People's Navy received in March and August 2011 two Gepard 3.9-class frigates ordered in 2006, built in Russia at Tatarstan's Gorky Shipbuilding Plant. As of 2012 Vietnam was examining a purchase of two more, possibly built in Vietnam under license.[1][2] In late 2011 Vietnam signed a contract for an additional batch of two ships in an anti-submarine version.[3] A further two ships were ordered in 2014 to bring the total order up to six vessels.[4]

Ships[edit]

Operator No. Name Project Builder Laid Down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
 Russian Navy 691 Tatarstan (ex-Yastreb) 11661 Zelenodolsky Shipyard (now Zelenodolsky Plant Gorky) 1993 2 July 2001 31 August 2003 Caspian active
693 Dagestan (ex-Albatros) 11661K 1994 1 April 2011[5] 28 November 2012[6] Caspian active
 Vietnam People's Navy 011 HQ-011 Dinh Tien Hoang 11661E (Gepard 3.9) 10 July 2007 12 December 2010 [7] 23 March 2011 [8] active
012 HQ-012 Ly Thai To 11661E (Gepard 3.9) 27 November 2007 16 March 2011[9] 22 August 2011 [10] active
 ?  ? 11661E (Gepard 3.9) 24 September 2013[11]  ?  ? Under construction
 ?  ? 11661E (Gepard 3.9) 24 September 2013[11]  ?  ? Under construction

Service[edit]

In October 2015, Dagestan, in company with three other Russian Navy ships serving with the Caspian Flotilla, launched cruise missiles at targets in Syria. The missiles flew nearly 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) over Iran and Iraq and struck targets in Raqqa and Aleppo provinces (controlled by the Islamic State) as well as Idlib province (controlled by the al-Qaeda-linked Nusra Front).[12][13] Peshmerga forces (Kurdish armed forces located in northern Iraq) published a video allegedly depicting two cruise missiles mid-flight en route to Syria.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Pike (21 August 2014). "Project 1166.1 Gepard class". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "Vietnam Receives Second Russian-Made Frigate". Defense News. Agence France-Presse. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "Vietnam Bought Second Batch of Russian Gepard-Class Frigates". rusnavy.com. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Vietnam purchases two more Russian frigates". VOV. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Missile ship Dagestan was launched in Zelenodolsk". rusnavy.com. 5 April 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Caspian Flotilla Commissions New Corvette". rusnavy.com. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Russian shipyard built frigate for Vietnam". rusnavy.com. 14 December 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  8. ^ Работы над фрегатами "Гепард" для Вьетнама близки к завершению. flot.com (in Russian). 26 October 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Russia floats out second Gepard class frigate for Vietnam". sputniknews. 16 March 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  10. ^ Tuoi Tre (22 August 2011). "Vietnam gets most modern patrol ship in region". Tuoitrenews.vn. Archived from the original on September 23, 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  11. ^ a b "Russia Starts Building 2 Frigates for Vietnamese Navy". sputniknews. 24 September 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "4 Russian warships launch 26 missiles against ISIS from Caspian Sea". rt.com. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  13. ^ Aji, Albert; Vasilyeva, Nataliya (7 October 2015). "Russia fires cruise missiles from warships into Syria". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  14. ^ http://news.usni.org/2015/10/07/kurdish-video-lends-credibility-to-russian-navy-caspian-sea-strike-mission-claims

External links[edit]