Gepo language

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Gepo Language.png
Native toChina
Native speakers
100,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
ygp – Gupo
yyz – Ayizi

Gepo (Köpu; autonym: ko˧ pʰo˥[3] or ko55 phu21[4]) is a Loloish language of Yunnan, China spoken by 100,000 people. The speakers' autonym is kɔ˨˩, while the "-po" of "Gepo" means 'people'.[5] It is spoken in 6 villages of Fumin County, eastern Luquan County, and other adjacent counties to the northeast.

Gao (2017)[6] classifies Geipo (autonym: ke˥ pʰo˨˩) as a Central Ngwi language. In Wuding County, it is spoken by 250 people in Gubai Village, Shishan Township and by 30 people in Yaoying Village, Shishan Township in Micha-majority villages.

Distribution and varieties[edit]

Gupo 古泼 (autonym: ko˥ pʰo˨˩) is spoken in Mile, Songming, Xundian, Zhanyi, Luoping, Shizong, Luxi, Shilin, Luliang, Yiliang, Fuyuan, Qiubei, Luquan, Huize, and Yiliang counties by about 100,000 speakers.[7] Gupo speakers are also referred as the White Yi 白彝, Gan Yi 甘彝, and Little White Yi 小白彝.[7]

The Ayizi 阿夷子 of Aimailong Village 爱买龙,[8] Shilin County refer to themselves as Ge, and may thus speak a language related to Gepo (Bradley 2007).[9] It is also spoken in Banqiao Township 板桥乡, and other parts of Beidacun 北大村乡.[10]

Epo 峨颇 (autonyms: ŋo˧ phu˨˩, ŋo˧) is an Eastern Yi language variety spoken by about 8,000 people in the following villages of Longlin, Napo, and Xilin counties in western Guangxi.[11]

  • Longlin County (5,000+ people)
    • De'e Township 德峨乡: Agao 阿稿 (main datapoint), Nadi 那地, Zhebang 者帮, Nongbao 弄保, Tangshi 塘石, etc., in 10 villages total
    • scattered in the townships of Zhelang 者浪, Zhuchang 猪场, Changfa 场发, Kechang 克场, and Yancha 岩茶
  • Napo County (2,000+ people): Dala 达腊, Zhexiang 者祥, Nianbi 念毕, Powu 坡五, etc.
  • Xilin County (about 1,000 people): Bada Town 八达镇 (Yanla 岩腊 village, etc.)

A similar dialect called Wopu 窝普 is reported in Xingyi, Guizhou and Luoping County, Yunnan.[12] The Luoping County Almanac (1995:601) reports that Wopu 窝普 (also called Large Black Yi 大黑彝) is spoken in:

  • Majie township 马街镇: Dayiben 大以本, Jiudaogou 九道沟, Jigu 吉古
  • Agang township 阿岗乡: Satuge 洒土格

Guopu 果铺 is reported in Weining County, Guizhou.[13]


  1. ^ Gupo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Ayizi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gepo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Chen Shilin [陈士林], et al. 1985. Yiyu jianzhi [彝语简志], p.108. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社].
  4. ^ Yunnan Province Ethnic Minority Languages Gazetteer (云南省志:少数民族语言文字志), p.30
  5. ^ Bradley, David. 2005. "Sanie and language loss in China".International Journal of the Sociology of Language. Volume 2005, Issue 173, Pp. 159–176.
  6. ^ Gao, Katie B. 2017. Dynamics of Language Contact in China: Ethnolinguistic Diversity and Variation in Yunnan. PhD Dissertation: University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.
  7. ^ a b Wang Chengyou [王成有]. 2003. Yiyu Fangyan Bijiao Yanjiu [彝语方言比较研究]. Chengdu: Sichuan People's Press [四川民族出版社]. ISBN 7540927658
  8. ^ "石林彝族自治县石林镇小密枝村委会爱买龙自然村". Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  9. ^ Bradley, David. 2007. "East and Southeast Asia."
  10. ^
  11. ^ Li Shengfu 李生福. 2007. 彝语峨颇话概况. 《民族语文》2007年第6期.
  12. ^
  13. ^