|Gerad Abdulahi Kooge Mohamud Harti
جراد عبد الله كوجى محمود هرتى
|1st Sultan of the Warsangali Sultanate
Sovereign of the House of North East of Somaliland Sultanate
Sultan of Sultans of Somaliland
|Successor||Gerad Hamar Gale (1311–1328)|
Gerad Dhidhin (Somali: Abdulaahi Kooge Maxamuud Harti, Arabic: عبد الله كوجى محمود هرتى), also known as Gerad Abdulahi, was the founder of the Warsangali Sultanate in the late 13th century in the territory of present-day northern Somalia.
A well-known Somali imperial ruling house, Gerad Dhidhin's dynasty governed much of northeastern and some parts of southeastern Somalia, such as Kismayo. It was one of the largest sultanates ever established in the territory, and, at the height of its power, included the Sanaag region and parts of the northeastern Bari region of the country, an area historically known as Maakhir or the Maakhir Coast.
Rulers of the Warsangali Sultanate
Rulers of the Warsangali Sultanate after Gerad Dhidhin:
|1||Gerad Dhidhin||1298–1311||Established the Warsangali Sultanate in the late 13th century.|
|2||Gerad Hamar Gale||1311–1328||Son of Gerad Dhidhin. Expanded rule into the southern Somali Peninsula.|
|5||Gerad Mohamud I||1355–1375|
|6||Gerad Ciise I||1375–1392|
|9||Gerad Siciid II||1430–1450|
|10||Gerad Mohamud II||1450–1479|
|11||Gerad Ciise II||1479–1487||Father of Gerad Ali Dable.|
|12||Gerad Omar||1487–1495||Following Gerad Ciise II's death, various pretenders to the throne battled each other to succeed the ruler. Power was eventually transferred for a short period to Ciise II's brother, Gerad Omar.|
|13||Gerad Ali Dable||1491–1503||Exiled in Yemen after the death of his father, Gerad Ciise II. Returned with cannon fire and defeated the Gerad of Dhulbahante's troops in the Battle of Garadag.|
|14||Gerad Liban||1503–1525||Eldest son of Gerad Ali Dable.|
|16||Gerad Mohamud III||1555–1585|
|19||Gerad Mohamud IV||1655–1675|
|23||Gerad Mohamud Ali||1789–1830|
|25||Gerad Ali Shire||1870–1897||Father of Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire, with whom he briefly engaged in a power struggle.|
|26||Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire||1897–1960||Led the Sultanate during some of its most turbulent years. Fought against and signed treaties with the British. Eventually exiled to the Seychelles for ignoring imperial entreaties.|
|27||Sultan Abdul Sallan||1960–1997|
|28||Sultan Siciid Sultan Abdisalaan||1997–present|
- Lewis. I. M. A Modern History of Somalia: Nation and State in Horn of Africa. Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1960.
- Hess. Robert L. "The ‘Mad Mullah’ and Northern Somalia." The Journal of African History, Vol 5, No.3 P.415-433. Cambridge: Ohio Cambridge University Press, 1964.
- Speke. John Hanning. "Sultan/Garad Mohamoud Ali—Hidden Treasure—Royal Reception—Sultan Tries my Abban." What Led to the Discovery of the Source of the Nile. Edinburgh: Edinburgh William Blackwood and Sons 1864.
- British Empire. "Protection treaties with Somaliland tribes." Edinburgh: William Blackwood and sons, 1887.
- Lewis. I.M. "Pastoral Democracy: A study on Pastoralism and Politics among the Northern Somali clans." Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1958.
- Alinur, Said. "Abyssinian Invasion: Reminder of a Seven Century old Animosity." 17 Jan, 2007. Source
- Warsangeli Sultanate