|Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Peace River
|Preceded by||Solon Earl Low|
|Succeeded by||Albert Cooper|
|Born||Gerald William Baldwin
January 18, 1907
Palmerston, New Zealand
|Died||December 16, 1991(aged 84)|
|Political party||Progressive Conservative|
Life and career
Born in Palmerston, New Zealand, he was educated in Edmonton and became a lawyer. He stood unsuccessfully for the Legislative Assembly of Alberta in the 1935 general election, as the Conservative candidate in the riding of Peace River. During World War II, he served with the Canadian Army in Britain and Europe. .
He first ran for the House of Commons in 1957, as a Progressive Conservative in the riding of Peace River against Solon Low, the leader of the Social Credit Party of Canada. He was defeated, but ran against Low again in the 1958 election and was successful. From 1962 to 1963, he was the Parliamentary Secretary to Prime Minister John Diefenbaker. From 1968 to 1973 and again from 1974 to 1976, he was the Official Opposition House Leader and Progressive Conservative Party House Leader. He retired from Parliament in 1980.
In 1982, he received an honorary Doctor of Law degree from the University of Alberta. In 1985, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. The citation for his investiture reads in part: "His efforts have stimulated many others to take up the cause [of freedom of information], thus encouraging governments in many jurisdictions across Canada to adopt similar legislation." He published his autobiography, Frontier Justice, in 1987.
- Order of Canada citation
- "Peace River Woman Set to Join Trudeau Liberal Government as a Toronto MP". AM 610 Newsroom. October 23, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2015.