Gerald Bard Tjoflat

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Gerald Bard Tjoflat
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
In office
October 1, 1989 – September 20, 1996
Preceded byPaul Hitch Roney
Succeeded byJoseph W. Hatchett
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
Assumed office
October 1, 1981
Appointed byoperation of law
Preceded bySeat established by 94 Stat. 1994
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
In office
November 21, 1975 – October 1, 1981
Appointed byGerald Ford
Preceded byJohn Milton Bryan Simpson
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida
In office
October 16, 1970 – December 12, 1975
Appointed byRichard Nixon
Preceded bySeat established by 84 Stat. 294
Succeeded byHowell W. Melton
Personal details
Born
Gerald Bard Tjoflat

(1929-12-06) December 6, 1929 (age 89)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
EducationDuke University School of Law (LL.B.)

Gerald Bard Tjoflat (born December 6, 1929) is an American lawyer and United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit.[1] He is currently the longest-serving federal appeals court judge still in active service, having chosen not to assume senior status despite eligibility.

Education and career[edit]

Tjoflat was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He served in the United States Army from 1953 to 1955, attaining the rank of corporal. Tjoflat earned his Bachelor of Laws from Duke University School of Law in 1957. He was in private practice in Jacksonville, Florida from 1957 to 1968 and served as a judge of the Fourth Judicial Circuit of Florida in Jacksonville from 1968 to 1970.[2]

Federal judicial service[edit]

President Richard Nixon nominated Tjoflat to the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida on October 7, 1970, to a new seat created by 84 Stat. 294. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 13, 1970, he received his commission three days later. His service terminated on December 12, 1975, due to his elevation to the Fifth Circuit.[2]

President Gerald Ford nominated Tjoflat to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit on November 3, 1975, to a seat vacated by Judge John Milton Bryan Simpson. He was confirmed by the Senate on November 20, 1975, he received his commission the next day and began serving on the court on December 12, 1975. Tjoflat was reassigned by operation of law to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit on October 1, 1981, when that court was established. He served as Chief Judge from 1989 to 1996.[2]

Memberships and honor[edit]

Tjoflat was elected to the American Law Institute in 1972 and became a life member in 1997.[citation needed]

In 1995, the Duke Law Journal at the Duke University School of Law published a tribute to Tjoflat that included articles by then-Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, retired Justices Lewis F. Powell, Jr. and Byron R. White, and Judge Edward R. Becker of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, among others.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hall, K.; Rise, E.W. (1991). From local courts to national tribunals: the federal district courts of Florida, 1821-1990. Carlson Pub. Retrieved 2015-06-03.
  2. ^ a b c Gerald Bard Tjoflat at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  3. ^ "Tribute to Gerald Bard Tjoflat - Duke Law Review". scholarship.law.duke.edu. Retrieved 2015-06-03.

Sources[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Seat established by 84 Stat. 294
Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida
1970–1975
Succeeded by
Howell W. Melton
Preceded by
John Milton Bryan Simpson
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
1975–1981
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Seat established by 94 Stat. 1994
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
1981–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Paul Hitch Roney
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
1989–1996
Succeeded by
Joseph W. Hatchett