Gerald Clarke (artist)
February 24, 1967
|Education||BA University of Central Arkansas
MFA Stephen F. Austin State University
|Known for||Sculpture, conceptual, installation|
Gerald Clarke is a sculptor, installation, and conceptual artist from the Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians. His work often reflects on and questions current issues in Native America and the United States, as well as his personal life.
- 1 Background
- 2 Fine art career
- 3 Major works and themes
- 4 Notable collections
- 5 Major awards
- 6 Major exhibitions
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Bibliography
- 10 External links
Gerald Clarke was born in Hemet, California in 1967 to Carol and Gerald Clarke, Sr., his father being born Cahuilla. At the age of 3 his parents divorced and he moved with his siblings and mother to Orange County, and on the weekends he would return to the reservation to spend time with his father. At age 16, he moved to Arkansas with his mother and sister. He attended Ozarka College, where he majored in welding, electrical maintenance, and hydraulics; three necessary components to the artworks Clarke would create as a full-time artist.
After graduation from vocational school, Clarke worked as a welder, and eventually met Stacy Brown, whom he would eventually marry. Ready for change, Clarke was accepted to University of Central Arkansas where in 1991 he obtained a Bachelor of Arts in painting and sculpture. Clarke then went on to obtain his Master of Arts in 1992 from Stephen F. Austin State University. After graduation he became an adjunct professor of art at Lon Morris College all the while working on his Masters thesis. With his thesis, which looked at the use of traditional American Indian themes and images in contemporary art, accepted Clarke received his Masters of Fine Arts from Stephen F. Austin in 1994.
With his Masters in hand, Clarke headed the art department at Northeast Texas Community College in 1996, eventually moving on to East Central University to serve as assistant professor of art in 1998.
With the death of Gerald Clarke, Sr. in 2003, Clarke and his family returned to the Cahuilla Band of Indians reservation. When not creating his own work or teaching art at Idyllwild Arts Academy, Clarke runs a storage business with wife Stacy, assists in running the Clarke family cattle ranch, and remains heavily involved in Cahuilla culture. He is also a frequent lecturer, speaking regionally about Native art, culture and issues. In 2008 he was elected to the Cahuilla tribal government, which he still serves on. When not working, Clarke participates in Bird Singing, a traditional form of singing that tells the cosmology of the Cahuilla people.
Fine art career
My ultimate goal as an artist is to remind people of our shared humanity. I wish to give Indian culture back the humanity that has been taken from it by stereotypes created over the past five centuries. Neither the super-shaman nor the drunken-indian do anything to convey what we as a people feel. In my work, I search for the unconventional beauty one finds only in the TRUTH. It celebrates, it mourns and out outshines all else. I'm a California Indian- part traditionalist, part Disneyland. I want to express the passion, pain and reverence I feel as a contemporary Native person. -Gerald Clarke, 2000
A traditional art form of the Cahuilla people, basketry is not only a community, but a family tradition for Clarke. While his artworks do not utilize the same materials as seen in traditional basket making, he sees his creation process as similar to theirs: "Cahuilla basket makers go out and gather materials, and they put them together to produce something that is both functional and aesthetic. I kind of do my work the same way. I go out and I gather these things. I combine them."
Major works and themes
...through art, I can come to an understanding of myself, my community and the world around me. - Gerald Clarke
Contemporary Native America
In 1996 Clarke created Artifacts, a collection of four shovels with the blades down, meant to be leaned against a wall. The top handles are wrapped in colored ribbons: black, green, red and yellow, colors indicative of the American Indian community. Writing, in black marker, travels around the handle, until the top of the blade. The four shovels represent his father and one for his three aunts, who are represented on their own shovel by a photograph affixed before the blade. A cattle brand is welded into each shovel blade, like those found on Clarke's family ranch. His goal with Artifacts is to show how one can dig up the past to reveal American Indians in the world today.
In 2009 Clarke's solo show "One Tract Mind" looked at the effects of tract housing on Native communities in Southern California. In this show Clarke experimented heavily in digital art as well as other mixed media forms looking at water rights, the preservation of sacred sites, and the opposition by Native communities to the invasion of suburbia.
- Nesun e' elquish - I am sad
- Nextaxmuqa - I am singing
- Kimul Hakushwe - The door is open
- Ivawen - Be strong
The signs, welcomed by the community, eventually disappeared off the side of the road, plucked off by vandals or road side collectors. Clarke sought to remind his own tribal members that they are valuable to this world.
When Clarke was rewarded an Eiteljorg Fellowship, from the Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art, in 2007 he created three signs relevant to the Miami people, connecting with the Miami Nation of Indians in Indiana. Working with Miami artist and historian Scott Shoemaker the three pieces were installed on the museum grounds where they reside to this day:
- Myaamionki - Place of the Miami
- Oonseentia - Yellow poplar tree
- Seekaahkwiaanki - We held on to the tree limbs
A wider world
Examining not only Native America today, Clarke also looks at the current state of affairs in the United State and beyond. In the video and installation artwork Task (2002 and 2007) he is shown "ironing out the wrinkles that plague our world" in response to September 11, 2001, which he describes as his own type of healing ritual, a ritual and experience that caused him to question the future that his own children would face and how the creation of fine art and freedom of speech is an intricate part to the healing of the United States through this fragile time.
Native American art and authenticity
The question of authenticity is a frequent discussion in art markets where Native American art is the emphasis. Another connection to his family cattle ranch, Clarke created two works to discuss the topic of authenticity: To the Discriminating Collector in 2002 and Branded in 2006. Creating a branding iron that spells out "INDIAN", To the Discriminating Collector sets aim at collectors that put their stamp of "Indian" on artworks and creators they deem worthy of the term, allowing them to brand books, clothing, films, objects, religion "Indian" with one stamp of the branding iron. He followed up the branding iron with using it, burning the branding into a white sheet of paper. Conceptually the work is simple yet the meaning is meant to question the lack of authenticity that Native American art collectors find in conceptual art by contemporary artists. Many of these collectors seek traditional art forms as a valid form of Native art, while contemporary artists are placed on the back burner in collections and Indian markets.
Performance pieces and other conceptual installation works further to examine Indian markets throughout the country. Native Americans, specifically writers and religious figures, have often been sought by non-Native people to provide guidance and wisdom not often found in traditional Western religions. Artworks such as 1998's Indian Wisdom and Manifest Destiny is an installation piece featuring two gumball machines: Manifest Destiny which is covered in fabric displaying the flag of the United States and a white cowboy hat and Indian Wisdom which is covered in fabric reminiscent of Southwestern Indian blankets, and features a picture of Clarke stating "Indian Wisdom" in it. Clarke describes it as his own form of selling out and while the gumball machines display containers filled dollar bills, which only cost a mere 25 cents to obtain, the purchaser actually receives a print out with politically minded statements on the back.
Performance pieces such as Extreme Makeover and Antiques Road Show depict Clark questioning Native American stereotypes, the "whitening" of Native peoples by Europeans, and further exploration into authenticity of being a "real Indian."
Diabetes and alcoholism
Diabetes and alcoholism are serious factors of reservation life for many Native communities. Responding to the unhealthy social conditions Clark created Continuum Basket (2002); a large wall sculpture that shows the spiraling technique traditional in Cahuilla basketry, it is made of beer and soda cans.
- Agua Caliente Cultural Museum, Riverside County, CA
- Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art, Indianapolis, IN
- Heard Museum, Phoenix, AZ
- Eiteljorg Fellowship for Native American Fine Art, 2007, Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art
- Defying Expectations: Contemporary Native American Art From San Diego County, 2010, Oceanside Museum of Art, San Diego, CA
- One Tract Mind, 2009, C.N. Gorman Museum, Davis, CA
- Seven State Juried Biennial Exhibition, 2001–2002, University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma, Chickasha, OK
- National Juried Exhibition, 2000, Holter Museum of Art, Helena, MT
- Spirit of the Great Plains, 1999, Museum of the Great Plains, Lawton, OK
- Art in Two Worlds: The Native American Fine Arts, 1999, Heard Museum, Phoenix, AZ
- Seventh Contemporary Native American Invitational, 1997, Heard Museum, Phoenix, AZ
- Expressions of Spirit: Contemporary Native American Art, 1995, Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian, Santa Fe, NM
- Jamie Ayala (2006). "Cahuilla homecoming inspires art". Inland News. Hanksville. Retrieved 27 Feb 2011.
- Gerald Clarke (1999). "Biography". Gerald Clarke. Hanksville. Retrieved 26 Feb 2011.
- Gerald Clarke (1999). "Resume". Gerald Clarke. Hanksville. Retrieved 26 Feb 2011.
- Gorman Museum (2009). "About the Artist". One Tract Mind. University of California-Davis. Retrieved 26 Feb 2011.
- Gerald Clarke (2000). "Artist Statement". Gerald Clarke. Hanksville. Retrieved 26 Feb 2011.
- Joanna O. Bigfeather (2006). "Gerald Clarke: From a Place of Recognition" (PDF). Eiteljorg Fellowship of Native American Art. Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western ARt. Retrieved 26 Feb 2011.
- "Winter Viewing: Tract housing, cosmic flow, realism, Beat prints, visible language". Dateline. University of California-Davis. 2008. Retrieved 27 Feb 2011.
- Dubin, Margaret and Sylvia Ross. The Dirt Is Red Here: Art and Poetry from Native California. Heydey Books, 2002. ISBN 1-890771-54-6 A collection of poems by notable Native writers and images by emerging Native artists.
- Owen, Sean. Borderlands: Gerald Clarke, Cahuilla Artist Crossing the Line. 2005. ISBN 978-0-8026-0694-5 Documentary about Clarke's work and includes the performance pieces Antiques Road Show and Extreme Makeover.