Gerard V. Donaghy
Gerard V. "Gerry" Donaghy (20 February 1954 – 30 January 1972), sometimes transcribed as Gerald Donaghey, was a native of the Bogside, Derry who was killed by members of the 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment on Bloody Sunday in Derry, Northern Ireland.
Both of Donaghy's parents had died by 1966, when he was 12 years old, and he was raised by his elder siblings, Mary and Patrick. In 1969, at the age of 15, he and his siblings moved to Meenan Square, where he lived until his death. In 1970, he obtained a job with Carlin's Brewery as a delivery hand on a beer lorry. At the time of his death at age 17, Donaghy was unemployed.
On 30 January 1972, 27 civil rights protesters were shot by members of the 1st Battalion of the British Parachute Regiment during a Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march in the Bogside area of the city. Thirteen people, six of whom were minors, died immediately. Donaghy was shot in the stomach while running to safety between Glenfada Park and Abbey Park, and was brought to a nearby house by bystanders where he was examined by a doctor. His pockets were turned out in an effort to identify him.
A later Royal Ulster Constabulary photograph of Donaghy's corpse showed nail bombs in his pockets. Neither those who searched his pockets in the house immediately after the shooting nor the British army medical officer (Soldier 138) who pronounced his death shortly afterwards say they saw any bombs. Donaghy had been a member of Fianna Éireann, a youth section of the Provisional IRA, sometimes referred to as the "Junior IRA". Paddy Ward, then a leader of the Fianna and an alleged police informant, and who gave evidence at the Saville Inquiry, claimed that he had given two nail bombs to Donaghy several hours before he was shot dead.
The circumstances surrounding Donaghy's death were among the most hotly contested following Bloody Sunday. The British Army and the Royal Ulster Constabulary stated that nail bombs had been found inside the pockets of both his denim jacket and jeans after he was shot. The first inquiry into Bloody Sunday, the since discredited Widgery Tribunal, chaired by Lord Widgery, agreed with the military. Donaghy's family and others claim the nail bombs were planted by troops to blacken Donaghy's name and provide an excuse for the killings.
In his closing statement during the Saville Inquiry, Christopher Clarke, QC, counsel to the inquiry, told the tribunal judges that they must decide if Donaghy had had nail bombs in his possession when he was shot dead. Donaghy was photographed at an army post with four nail bombs in his pockets but a number of civilians who tried to take him to hospital told the tribunal he was unarmed.
After a lengthy examination of the evidence in the Inquiry's Report, Lord Saville concludes "in our view Gerald Donaghy was probably in possession of the nail bombs when he was shot", but also notes "It remains to say, for reasons given elsewhere in this report, that Gerald Donaghy was not shot because of his possession of nail bombs".
- Pringle, Peter. Those Are Real Bullets: Bloody Sunday, Derry (1972), March 12, 2002, pp. 74-75, 114-16; ISBN 0802138799/ISBN 978-0802138798
- Tírghrá, National Commemoration Centre, 2002; ISBN 0-9542946-0-2 (pg. 35)
- "McGuiness 'Bomb Plot' Dismissed". The Guardian. 21 October 2002. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
- McGuinness named as bomb runner, scotsman.com; accessed 23 October 2015.
- "Bloody Sunday Truth 'Was Known 25 Years Ago'". theguardian.com. 1999-09-19. Retrieved 2017-01-31.
- Report of the Tribunal appointed to inquire into the events on Bloody Sunday
- "Gaps, contradiction and the pain of truth", guardian.co.uk; accessed 23 October 2015.
- Bloody Sunday Inquiry - volume 07, chapter 145 Archived 18 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine.