Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Major General His Grace
The Duke of Westminster
6th Duke of Westminster Allan Warren.jpg
Photographed by Allan Warren in 1997
Personal details
Born (1951-12-22) 22 December 1951 (age 63)
Spouse(s) Natalia née Phillips
Children Lady Tamara Grosvenor
Lady Edwina Grosvenor
Hugh, Earl Grosvenor
Lady Viola Grosvenor
Parents Robert Grosvenor
Viola née Lyttelton
Residence Eaton Hall, Cheshire
Known for Territorial Army officer
Property development & land owning
Richest Briton
Civilian awards Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Titles 8th Marquess of Westminster
9th Earl Grosvenor
9th Viscount Belgrave
9th Baron Grosvenor
Military service
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1973–2012
Rank Major General
Unit North Irish Horse
Commands Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Reserves and Cadets) (2004–07)
Deputy Commander Land Forces (Reserves) (2011–12)
Military awards Companion of the Order of the Bath

Major General Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster KG CB CVO OBE TD VRD DL (born 22 December 1951) is a British billionaire, landowner, peer, businessman, and former Territorial Army officer in the British Army. He is the son of Robert George Grosvenor, 5th Duke of Westminster, and The Hon. Viola Maud Lyttelton. He is the owner of property company Grosvenor Group.

According to the Sunday Times Rich List 2015 the Duke of Westminster is worth $13 billion, placing him ninth in the list and making him the fourth richest Briton.

He was educated at Harrow School and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. In 2005, he was elected Chancellor of the University of Chester.

Via Grosvenor Estates, the Duke is the richest property developer in the United Kingdom and one of the country's largest landowners, with vast estates in Oxford, Cheshire and Scotland, as well as large areas of Mayfair and Belgravia in Central London, and also elsewhere in Europe.

Military career[edit]

After leaving Harrow with two O-levels,[1] then Earl Grosvenor, he joined the Territorial Army in 1970 as a trooper.

In 1973 he entered Sandhurst, and after passing out as an officer cadet, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve of the Royal Armoured Corps (Queen's Own Yeomanry) on 13 May 1973.[2][3] He was promoted to lieutenant on 13 May 1975 and to captain on 1 July 1980.[4][5] He was subsequently promoted to the acting rank of major on 1 January 1985 and to the substantive rank on 22 December.[6]

Promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 1 April 1992, he subsequently commanded the North Irish Horse, the Cheshire Yeomanry Squadron, founded by his ancestors, and the Queen's Own Yeomanry.[7] He was promoted to colonel on 31 December 1994 and was appointed the Honorary Colonel of the 7th Regt. Army Air Corps (1 January 1996) and the Northumbrian Universities Officer Training Corps (30 November 1995).[8][9][10] Promoted to brigadier on 17 January 2000, he was appointed the honorary Colonel of the Royal Mercian and Lancastrian Yeomanry on 14 May 2001.[11][12] He was also appointed Colonel in Chief of the Canadian Royal Westminster Regiment, the North Irish Horse and as Colonel Commandant Yeomanry.

The Duke was Grand Prior of the Priory of England of the Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem, 1995–2001.[13]

In 2004 the Duke was appointed to the new post of Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Reserves and Cadets), with promotion to the rank of Major-General.

In March 2007, having served in the Ministry of Defence as Assistant CDS for four years, he handed over responsibility for 50,000 Reservists and 138,000 Cadets to Major-General Simon Lalor, in the wake of the Eliot Spitzer prostitution scandal in which he was implicated.[14] The Duke became Deputy Commander Land Forces (Reserves) in May 2011.[15] He retired in 2012.

He was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) for his military service in the 2008 Birthday Honours. He is also an Honorary Vice President of the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), and a member of the International Advisory Board of the RUSI.

He was appointed Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in the 2012 Birthday Honours for his service as a member of the Council of the Duchy of Cornwall.[16]

Personal life[edit]

The Duke behind his desk in 1988

As a child the Duke lived on an island in the middle of Lough Erne. His early education was in Northern Ireland before attending Sunningdale School and Harrow School.

The Duke of Westminster married Natalia Ayesha Phillips, the daughter of Lt Col. Harold Pedro Joseph Phillips and his wife Georgina Wernher, in 1978. His wife is a direct descendant of the Russian poet Alexander S. Pushkin and therefore of his African ancestor Abram Gannibal as well as of King George II, making her distantly in line to the British throne. Their children are:

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 22 December 1951 – 25 February 1967: Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor, Esq.
  • 25 February 1967 – 19 February 1979: Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor
  • 19 February 1979 – present: His Grace The Duke of Westminster



Order of the Bath UK ribbon.png Royal Victorian Order UK ribbon.png Baronet's Badge ribbon.png

Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon.png Order of St John (UK) ribbon -vector.svg Efficiency Decoration (Territorial & Volunteer Reserve).png CD-ribbon.png

QEII Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Volunteer Reserves Service Medal.png



Foreign dynastic orders[edit]


Honorary military appointments[edit]


Arms of Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster
Coat of Arms of the Duke of Westminster.svg
The title Duke of Westminster was created by Queen Victoria in 1874.
A Coronet of a Duke
A Talbot statant Or
Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Azure a Portcullis with chains pendant Or on a Chief of the last between two united Roses of York and Lancaster a Pale charged with the Arms of King Edward the Confessor (City of Westminster); 2nd and 3rd, Azure a Garb Or (Grosvenor)
On either side a Talbot reguardant Or collared Azure
Virtus Non Stemma (Virtue not ancestry)


See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46013. p. 7556. 25 June 1973.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46419. p. 12151. 2 December 1974.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46621. p. 8373. 30 June 1975.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 48337. p. 14267. 13 October 1980.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 50485. p. 5171. 14 April 1986.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 52885. p. 6174. 1 April 1992.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 54027. p. 6604. 5 May 1995.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 54320. p. 2559. 19 February 1996.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 54289. p. 690. 15 January 1996.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 55935. p. 8748. 8 August 2000.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 56249. p. 7221. 19 June 2001.
  13. ^
  14. ^ Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff steps down, Daily Mail, Retrieved 2012-03-31.
  15. ^ "Defence Viewpoints". Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 60173. p. 3. 16 June 2012.
  17. ^ Louis Hugh Lupus van Cutsem, Peerage News, Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  18. ^ Levy, Geoffrey (15 February 2003). "Diana's godchildren". London: Daily Mail. 
  19. ^ Saad, Nardine (23 October 2013). "Prince George christened; William and Kate name seven godparents". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 50800. p. 461. 13 January 1987.
  21. ^
  22. ^ "Key figures awarded Honorary Degrees and Fellowship". Harper Adams University. 27 September 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2015. 
  23. ^

External links[edit]

Military offices
New title Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Reserves and Cadets)
Succeeded by
Simon Lalor
New title Deputy Commander Land Forces (Reserves)
Succeeded by
Ranald Munro
Academic offices
New title Chancellor of the University of Chester
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Grosvenor
Duke of Westminster
Heir apparent:
Hugh Grosvenor
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Duke of Abercorn
His Grace The Duke of Westminster
Succeeded by
The Duke of Fife