Gerald Guralnik

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Gerald Guralnik
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Gerald Stanford Guralnik
Born(1936-09-17)September 17, 1936
DiedApril 26, 2014(2014-04-26) (aged 77)
Alma mater
Known for
Scientific career
Doctoral advisorWalter Gilbert

Gerald Stanford "Gerry" Guralnik (/ɡʊˈrælnɪk/; September 17, 1936 – April 26, 2014) was the Chancellor’s Professor of Physics at Brown University. In 1964 he co-discovered the Higgs mechanism and Higgs boson with C. R. Hagen and Tom Kibble (GHK).[2][3][4][5][6][7] As part of Physical Review Letters' 50th anniversary celebration, the journal recognized this discovery as one of the milestone papers in PRL history.[8] While widely considered to have authored the most complete of the early papers on the Higgs theory, GHK were controversially not included in the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

In 2010, Guralnik was awarded the American Physical Society's J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics for the "elucidation of the properties of spontaneous symmetry breaking in four-dimensional relativistic gauge theory and of the mechanism for the consistent generation of vector boson masses".[17]

Guralnik received his BS degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1958 and his PhD degree from Harvard University in 1964.[18] He went to Imperial College London as a postdoctoral fellow supported by the National Science Foundation and then became a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Rochester. In the fall of 1967 Guralnik went to Brown University and frequently visited Imperial College and Los Alamos National Laboratory where he was a staff member from 1985 to 1987. While at Los Alamos, he did extensive work on the development and application of computational methods for lattice QCD.

Guralnik died of a heart attack at age 77 in 2014.[19][20][21]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Paxson, Christina H. (April 28, 2014). "Remembering Professor Gerald Guralnik". Brown University. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  2. ^ Guralnik, G.; Hagen, C.; Kibble, T. (1964). "Global Conservation Laws and Massless Particles". Physical Review Letters. 13 (20): 585. Bibcode:1964PhRvL..13..585G. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.13.585.
  3. ^ Guralnik, G. S. (2009). "The History of the Guralnik, Hagen and Kibble development of the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge Particles". International Journal of Modern Physics A. 24 (14): 2601–2627. arXiv:0907.3466. Bibcode:2009IJMPA..24.2601G. doi:10.1142/S0217751X09045431. S2CID 16298371.
  4. ^ Guralnik, G. S. (Fall 2011). "The Beginnings of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Particle Physics". arXiv:1110.2253 [physics.hist-ph].
  5. ^ Guralnik, G. S. (Fall 2001). "A Physics History of My part in the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge particles" (PDF). Brown University. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  6. ^ Guralnik, G. S.; Hagen, C. R.; Kibble, T. W. B. (1968). "Broken Symmetries and the Goldstone Theorem" (PDF). In Cool, R. L.; Marshak, R. E. (eds.). Advances in Particle Physics. Vol. 2. Interscience Publishers. pp. 567–708. ISBN 0470170573.
  7. ^ "4 July 2012: A Day to Remember,” CERN Courier, 23 August 2012
  8. ^ "Physical Review Letters - 50th Anniversary Milestone Papers". Physical Review Letters. Archived from the original on January 10, 2010. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  9. ^ APS News - 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics and Landmark Papers in PRL History(October 8, 2013)
  10. ^ "Nobel committee’s 'Rule of Three’ means some Higgs boson scientists were left out." Washington Post (October 8, 2013)
  11. ^ "The 2013 Nobel prizes. Higgs’s bosuns." Economist (October 12, 2013)
  12. ^ "Why are some scientists unhappy with the Nobel prizes?" Economist (October 9, 2013)
  13. ^ "House of dreams. Scientists race to explain why the Higgs boson matters." Economist (March 3, 2012)
  14. ^ Guralnik, G. S; Hagen, C. R (2014). "Where have all the Goldstone bosons gone?". Modern Physics Letters A. 29 (9): 1450046. arXiv:1401.6924. Bibcode:2014MPLA...2950046G. doi:10.1142/S0217732314500461. S2CID 119257339.
  15. ^ "Gerald Guralnik, 77, a 'God Particle' Pioneer, Dies". The New York Times. May 3, 2014.
  16. ^ "Tom Kibble, Physicist Who Helped Discover the Higgs Mechanism, Dies at 83". The New York Times. July 19, 2016.
  17. ^ "2010 J.J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics Recipient: Gerald S. Guralnik". American Physical Society. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  18. ^ Luttrell, S. K. (March–April 2010). "Gerald Guralnik '58 and Carl Richard Hagen '58, SM '58, PhD '63". Technology Review. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  19. ^ Brown University Passages - Gerald S. Guralnik, Chancellor’s Professor of Physics
  20. ^ "After death, physics prof remembered for mentorship, imagination and contributions to Nobel-winning work". Brown Daily Herald. May 1, 2014.
  21. ^ Physics Today - Gerald Stanford Guralnik

Further reading[edit]

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